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Sustainable cities dr p_davey2012

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  • 1. Planning Healthy and Sustainable Cities Dr Peter Davey PhD
  • 2. LOCATION / Australia 2
  • 3. Brisbane CRICOS Provider No: 00233E
  • 4. Science Research at GriffithUrban Research ProgramAustralia’s leading national centre for urban research, and aiming to become aleading international centre, especially in Asia-Pacific regionThree main themes:1. Sustainable Transport Research2. Managing Metropolitan Growth3. Urban Ecological Systems
  • 5. Science Research at GriffithUrban Research ProgramSustainable Transport Research• Reducing urban greenhouse emissions• Enhancing urban accessibility• Energy security for public transport• Oil vulnerability of households and businesses• Green freight systems
  • 6. Science Research at GriffithUrban Research ProgramManaging Metropolitan Growth• Strategic metro-planning for sustainability• Managing growth at the urban fringe• Urban structure and energy use• Sustainable urban water management
  • 7. Science Research at GriffithUrban Research ProgramUrban Ecological Systems• Reducing urban footprints• Protecting urban biodiversity• Conserving ‘environmental infrastructure’• Transition to sustainable energy and water systems
  • 8. Climate Change and Human Health Climate change is a significant and emerging threat to public and environmental health, and changes the way we must look at protecting vulnerable populations. http://www.who.int/globalchange/climate/en/
  • 9. Schematic framework of anthropogenic climate change drivers, impacts and responsesSynthesis Report2007An Assessment of theIntergovernmental Panel onClimate Changehttp://www.ipcc.ch/
  • 10. Reduced food production in Australia
  • 11. Impacts of Climate Change on Coastal Environments!!• Increased rainfall-induced flooding• Increased storm surge• Overtopping of dune fields during storms• Dune breaching• Modified coastal processes particularly sediment transport• Accelerated erosion due to higher water levels and increased storm intensity• Large scale modification to coastal landforms 11
  • 12. MDGs – GOAL 7: ENSURE ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY http://www.un.org/millenniumgoals/environ.shtml
  • 13. United Nations Division for Sustainable Development http://www.un.org/esa/sustdev/documents/agenda21/english/agenda21chapter7.htm
  • 14. UN HABITAT - Environmental Planning and Management http://www.unhabitat.org/content.asp?typeid=19&catid=271&cid=233
  • 15. Los Angeles Healthy City http:// Source: www.healthycity.org
  • 16. Healthy Cities and urban governanceWHO Regional Office for Europe http://www.euro.who.int/Healthy-cities
  • 17. WHO Healthy Cities and Settings Healthy marketplaces Healthy workplaces Healthy hospitals Healthy communities Health-promoting schools
  • 18. The Alliance for Healthy Cities (AFHC)A network of 150 cities in the Asia Pacific Region and otherstakeholders (NGOs, national coordinators, internationalagencies, private sector and universities) established to:Facilitate more effective communication and mutual supportamong citiesProvide cities and other stakeholders with recognition of goodpractices and innovative projects
  • 19. Alliance for Healthy Cities AFHCAustralian ‘Healthy Cities’ Chapter Mayor Sandra McCarthy, AC AFHC CHAIR Kiama Council NSW Australia Dr Peter Davey, AC AFHC Secretariat Queensland Australia Ph: +61 408887651
  • 20. Australian Chapter Membership Townsville City Council Northern Territory Queensland Western Australia Logan City Council Griffith University South Australia Gold Coast City Council New South Wales Healthy City Illawarra Kiama Municipal Flinders University Victoria l Marian Council Deakin University Onkaparinga Council City of Casey Tasmania Norlane HousingCurrently: 12 members in 2011
  • 21. AFHC QUEENSLAND NETWORK HEALTHY CITY APPROACH PHP 18 Cities
  • 22. 7. Plan Implementation Monitoring, Review and Evaluation – Interagency Implementation Committee 6. Refining Strategies, Writing the Draft Plan, Draft Plan for Community and Agency Comment Agency Commitment Council Endorsement of Plan 5. Developing Strategies for each theme by Intersectoral Theme Working Parties 4. Selecting Priority Issues for Action Theme identification and finetuning of priorities by Intersectoral Theme Working Parties 3. Assessing Community Health Needs (Lifestyle Profile, Service Providers Gap Analyses and Community Focus Groups) 2. Setting up a structure for managing the project Formation of Consultative Committee, Visioning 1. Doing the Groundwork - Awareness raising and gaining political and agency commitmentSeven Steps to the Development, Implementation andEvaluation of Healthy City Community Lifestyle Plan
  • 23. Agencies work together on the “PLATFORM” The Healthy Cities „Community Plan‟ is a mechanism to manage local and regional partnerships • Building Partnership • Joint grant writing • Networking • Information exchange • Benchmarking and Monitoring • Problem solving THE PLATFORM APPROACH “All agencies on the same track”
  • 24. We invite you to join us in Brisbane Australia for the5th Global Alliance for Healthy Cities Conference 24-27 October 2012 See www.afhcglobalconference.org
  • 25. AUSTRALIA – 23 million people3 LEVELS OF GOVERNMENTHealth in All PoliciesAustralian Government HealthyCommunities :
  • 26. HEALTHY SPACESHEALTHY PLACES
  • 27. Healthy Spaces Healthy PlacesThe environment we live in today have a big influence on how active we are…Incorporate active living principles into the built environment.Aims to promote the on-going developmentand improvement of built environments whereAustralian live, work and play.See www.healthyplaces.org.au
  • 28. Queensland Government:High Level Political Planning inENV and HEALTH and TRANSPORTRegional Infrastructure Planning
  • 29. Toward Q2020 Tomorrows QueenslandSTRONG GREEN SMART HEALTHY FAIR
  • 30. The Queensland Government hasframed its 2020 vision forQueensland around five ambitionsthat address current and futurechallengesTomorrows Queensland Toward Q21. Strong economy2. Green education environment3. Smart Queenslanders4. Healthy5. Fair communities
  • 31. Strong Queensland targets Target 1: Queensland is Australias strongest economy, with infrastructure that anticipates growth. Target 2: 50% increase in proportion of Queensland businesses that undertake research and development or innovation Green Queensland targets Target 1:Cut Queenslanders carbon footprint by one third with reduced car and electricity use. Target 2: Protect 50% more land for nature conservation and public recreation.
  • 32. Smart Queensland targets Target 1: All children have access to a quality early childhood education, so they are ready for school. Target 2: Three out of four Queenslanders will hold trade, training or tertiary qualifications Healthy Queensland targets Target 1: Shortest public hospital waiting times in Australia. Target 2: Cut obesity, smoking, heavydrinking and unsafe sun exposure by one third.
  • 33. Fair Queensland targetsTarget 1: Halve the proportion of Queensland children living in a household without a working parent.Target 2: Increase by 50% the proportion of Queenslanders involved in their communities as volunteers.
  • 34. Regional Policies1. Sustainability2. Natural environment3. Regional landscape4. Natural resources5. Rural futures6. Strong communities7. Engaging Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples8. Urban development9. Economic development10.Infrastructure11.Water management12.Integrated transport
  • 35. EXAMPLES of AUSTRALIAN HEALTHY CITIES
  • 36. THE SUSTAINABLE COMMUNTYPLANNING APPROACHGuiding PrinciplesThe ‘guiding principles‟ of the Healthy Cities Framework Collaboration Participation Equity Socio-ecological health
  • 37. Benefits of a sustainable communityhave been identified as: Viability (remaining within ecological limits); Conviviality (people living well together); Adequate prosperity (consuming less but with sufficiency and creative alternatives to economic production); Liveability (natural and built environments for public and environmental health and easy living); Sustainability (sufficient development without threatening viability); Equity (equal opportunity for the development of human potential).
  • 38. Many Examples of Global and Local Planning asking… What do we need to do more of or do differently to achieve the best future for the City or Community?Healthy cities has a focus on environmental health risks, lifestyle and well-being issues…
  • 39. EXAMPLES of AUSTRALIAN HEALTHY CITIES
  • 40. Townsville Healthy City – Industrial City 200,000 residents Townsville. Queensland. Australia.
  • 41. Townsville…Vibrant Tropical City• Largest City in Northern Australia• Regional Population of approximately150,000• Strong Links with the Asia PacificRegion• Healthy City
  • 42. Contexts of Health Adequately Prosperous Economy Equitable Sustainable Healthy and Sustainable Human DevelopmentConvivialCommunity Viable Liveable Environment
  • 43. Townsville… By DesignTownsville has been designed to encourage Healthy Lifestyles
  • 44. Townsville… By Design
  • 45. http://www.townsvillesolarcity.com.au/TownsvilleSolarCity/ProjectOverview/tabid/64/Default.aspx
  • 46. EXAMPLES of AUSTRALIAN HEALTHY CITIES
  • 47. CASE STUDY: Logan Public Health PlanFacilitatingHealthyPartnerships Website: www.logan.qld.gov.au
  • 48. Logan‟s Healthy Initiatives -Healthy Eating and Physical Activities -Disaster Management Planning -Safe Cities -Sharps Management program -Active Logan Programs -Bike ways -Parks and playgrounds -Arts & Cultural activities -Healthy Workplace setting -Health Coalition Logan-Beaudesert
  • 49. © 2004 Thurs 16 November 2006Live „Vegeman‟ appearance Damn Edna Character Go for 2 Fruit and 5 Vegetable for Good Health
  • 50. EXAMPLES of AUSTRALIAN HEALTHY CITIES
  • 51. Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
  • 52. CRICOS Provider No: 00233E
  • 53. Active and Healthy City Our role • Service provider • Community leader • Partner • Facilitator • Funder Council programs • Community Life • Environment and Parks • Pollution Prevention • Organisational CapabilityAn active and healthy city providespeople with opportunities to pursuehealthy leisure time activities thatsuit their age, interests and physicalabilities
  • 54. Public transportA compact and walkable regionReliable and user friendly public transport system including river ferries and City Cats, buses, trains and taxisNew CityCycle program launched October 2010
  • 55. Citybe a thing gas busescould Councils of the past. City Councils cleaner andThe trial hopes to reducegreenhouse gas emissions greener GASbut will be a taste tempter too. busesVirginia depot will play hostto 25 bio-diesel run councilbuses beginning this week.Thecarbon dioxide and cutdown trial will attempt tosulphur dioxide emissions byat least 80 per cent.
  • 56. EXAMPLES of AUSTRALIAN HEALTHY CITIES
  • 57. Liveable Cassowary Coast Whole of Community Plan 2020 60
  • 58. Strong Green and Social and Community Economic Sustainable Cultural LeadershipDevelopment Environment Wellbeing Community Innovative Economic Green and Wellbeing and Social Development Sustainable (Natural Infrastructure Leadership and Employment and and Built Governance Tourism environments) Community Spirit and Belonging Getting around in the tropics Objectives and Objectives and Strategies Strategies Objectives and Objectives and Strategies Strategies Liveable Cassowary Coast Whole of Community Plan 2020 61
  • 59. EXAMPLES of AUSTRALIAN HEALTHY CITIES
  • 60. CASE STUDYGold Coast City has a Bold FutureExerciseShow Bold Futures CDOpen Discussion community priority health andenvironmental issues
  • 61. Our Bold Future Vision sets out our ambitions to inspire thecity’s leaders and the community to achievesocial, environmental and economic sustainability into thefuture. Bold Future will evolve as we continue on thejourney. The Bold Future vision comprises six themes (keyareas of focus) that frame an overarching vision statement. Source: http://www.boldfuture.com.au/
  • 62. EMERGING GREEN ISSUES TOWARDS MAKING CITIES LIVEABLE
  • 63. Green Cities 09 - Australia http://www.gbca.org.au/media-centre/media-releases/green-thinking-from-green-cities-09/2081.htm
  • 64. Creating Ecocities...
  • 65. Green Cities is not a new concept - Older Cities havea green design... Honolulu, Calgary, Montreal Honolulu – US - Among American cities, Honolulu tops the list of the least polluted cities. The industries situated in this region are very light and non-polluting. An excellent bus transit system, has reduced the exhaust and traffic fume levels. The proximity to the ocean also adds to the clean air and healthy environment.
  • 66. Helsinki – Finland A fairly large city, Helsinki, the capital ofFinland, is the least polluted city in Europe. The citizens of the citytake much pride in keeping the city clean and pollution free.Their light rail commuter system is very popular, and the use of carsand other vehicles is limited.Stockholm About 5% of the cars present in Stockholm arehybrid versions. The city also has very little heavy industry in oraround it. Like in all other green cities, the public transportationsystems are clean and efficient.Zurich is known as the city with multiple public transport systems which make a good choiceto private cars. This reduces many polluting vehicles on the road.Katsuyama With a population of only 30,000and a total areaof only 253.68 sq. km, Katsuyamas‟ tourismBeing its major income, there is a great amountof effort being made to keep the city green.Brisbane is a modern city and a a liveable city.
  • 67. GREEN DESIGN but still ROADS andTRAFFIC and Air Pollution ???
  • 68. The „Green Mega City‟ Design Challenge !!!
  • 69. Ecovillages Case Study
  • 70. Definitions and Concepts Design elements of Ecovillages ....passive house, rainwaterutilisation, insulation, house design for efficient heating and cooling etc
  • 71. HEALTHY CITIES and ECOVILLAGESDEFINITIONS...Ecovillages are intentional communities with the goal of becomingmore socially, economically and ecologically sustainable.Some aim for a population of 50–150 individuals.Larger ecovillages of up to 2,000 individuals exist as networks ofsmaller sub-communities to create an ecovillage model that allows forsocial networks within a broader foundation of support.Certain ecovillages have grown by the nearby addition of others, notnecessarily members, settling on theperiphery of the ecovillage andeffectively participating in theecovillagecommunity.
  • 72. Ecovillage members are united by shared ecological, social-economic andcultural-spiritual values.An ecovillage is often composed of people who have chosen an alternative tocentralized electrical, water, and sewage systems.Many see the breakdown of traditional forms of community, wastefulconsumerist lifestyles, the destruction of natural habitat, urban sprawl,factory farming, and over-reliance on fossil fuels, as trends that must bechanged to avert ecological disaster.They see small-scale communities with minimal ecological impact asan alternative.However, such communities often cooperate with peer villages in networksof their own (see Global Ecovillage Network).http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ecovillage
  • 73. The Ecovillage achieves:Preservation of natural landforms and rehabilitation of the degraded site‟s environmental integrityExtensive wildlife corridors, negligible vegetation loss and extensive native plant regenerationFood and material self-sufficiency through edible landscaping and streetscaping, household farming and other productive strategies
  • 74. The Ecovillage at Currumbin...Self-sufficiency in energy usagecomplete autonomy in waterwaste water recyclingThe Ecovillage is a Queensland Govt Energywise and Waterwise Demonstration Projectand involves significant partnership with community universities, industry and various tiersof government. The Ecovillage has won 21 Awards from Industry and Government.
  • 75. In passive solar building design, windows, walls, andfloors are made to collect, store, and distribute solarenergy in the form of heat in the winter and reject solarheat in the summer.This is called passive solar design or climatic design because, unlike activesolar heating systems, it doesnt involve the use of mechanical andelectrical devices.
  • 76. http://aussieinsulations.rtrk.com.au/?scid=37841&kw=1190381:2487
  • 77. Solar power connected to the electricity gridIn a grid-connect system, electricity is received from both thesolar panels and the utility grid. Surplus electricity from the solarpanels is exported to the utility grid and `bought back whenrequired. Thereby reducing your carbon footprint and yourelectricity bills immediately.Queensland Government Solar Bonus Scheme - Feed in TariffThe Queensland Government Solar Bonus Scheme pays householdsfor the surplus electricity generated by their solar photovoltaic (PV)systems that is exported to the Queensland electricity grid.Customers participating in the scheme will be paid a Feed in Tariff @ 44 cents per kilowatt hour (kWh) for surplus electricity fed into the grid—around three times the current generaldomestic use tariff of 16.29c/kWh (inc GST as at 1 July 2008).
  • 78. http://bushmantanks.rtrk.com.au/?scid=29541&kw=3410585:2487
  • 79. Construction began this week on the Recycling Centre – thecommunity building that will be one of the most importantcentres in the village.
  • 80. Ecoliving...Food producing streetscapingFood is grown locally in the streets and in the landscaping throughout the villageproviding opportunities to pick your own fruit and vegetables not only in yourown backyard but throughout the entire site!Local people and groups forming ...The Ecovillage Earthcarers Group (EVE)meet regularly to plant, weed and attendto maintenance of open space areas.Ecoliving includes ideas of growing,harvesting and creating resources.
  • 81. Case Study Brisbane City Governments„Green Heart‟ Programs
  • 82. http://www.brisbane.qld.gov.au/bccwr/_assets/main/lib820/greenheartplan_partfive_business&council.pdf
  • 83. Summary of Sustainable City Planning and Evaluation
  • 84. A planet of smartercities and communities… „This unprecedented urbanisation is both an emblem of our economic and societal progress and a huge strain on the planets infrastructure‟ Now with over two-thirds of our population living in capital cities, and the other one-third in regional and rural areas?We need to work ‘with’ our Cities, regional and rural communities and continue to plan communities
  • 85. 20 year Liveability Planning Implementation Management Model Dimension Dimension Dimension Platform Governance Foundation Implement G A High Level ORGANISATIONAL CONTEXT P Planning S PARTNERSHIP PLATFORM & O U D T 20 Year • HEALTHY ALLIANCES U C Vision Liveable Cities - • STRATEGIC P O MANAGEMENT M Green L • EVALUATION I E Health Advisory Committee • CAPACITY BUILDING C S Comm/State/ Regional • WEBSITE Plans • ACTIONING OF A STRATEGIES T • Eg ECOCITIES and I ECOVILLAGES O Town Planning Acts - IPA TERMS OF REFERENCE • Green Buildings N Regulations Council Strategies Project TeamDavey, 2006
  • 86. Liveability Planning: Quality Evaluation Framework Towards Integrated Community Planning… Improving People Skills Development Role Definition Levels of Participation PLANNING PLANNING IMPLEMENTATION Political Support PROCESS OUTPUTS Improving Organisations Have the aims CP Impacts on Organisations and Structural Change Individuals and main Governance elements of CP Impacts on Communities Partnerships the CP Project Investment in Implementation been achieved? Improving Planning Liveability and Sustainability Planning Components Legitimacy LinkagesLiveability Outcomes… The Framework can directly address measurement of health andenvironment gains. Over time the priority strategies of the LP that are implemented incommunities will contribute along with other factors and lead to improved economic, socialand cultural lifestyle and make liveable communities.
  • 87. ConclusionLocal Universities can assist with research into making cities liveable and move towards a sustainable society…
  • 88. Areas of Strategic Investment> Asian politics, trade and development> Criminology and crime prevention> Water science> Drug discovery and infectious diseases> Health and chronic diseases> Climate change adaptation and public health> Sustainable tourism> Regional and Local Community Planning
  • 89. Postgraduate Coursework• Master of Environment – Env Protection 1 yr duration; tuition fee AUD$22,000 (total)• Master of Urban & Environmental Planning – 1.5yrs duration; tuition fee AUD$33,000• Master of Health Services Management – 1 yr duration; tuition fee AUD$17,120 (total)• Master of Science in Public Health (International) – 1 yr duration; tuition fee AUD$23,040 (total)• Master of Human Services – 1 yr duration; tuition fee AUD$20,960 (total)• Master of Social Work – 2 yrs duration; tuition fee AUD$45,850 (total)• Master of Organisational/Clinical Psychology – 2 years duration; tuition fee AUD48,000 (total)• Master of Criminology & Criminal Justice – 1 yr duration; tuition fee AUD$19,040 (total)• Master of Training & Development – 1 yr duration; tuition fee AUD$17,280 (total)
  • 90. Questions? www.griffith.edu.au Dr Peter Davey PhDSecretary Australian Chapter Alliance For Healthy Cities Griffith School of Environment, Brisbane, Australia Peter.Davey@griffith.edu.au