Imperialism the quest for colonial empires Imperialism is driven by – 1) markets for new products 2) sources of raw materials for industry 3) desire for power and prestige
Henry Cabot Lodge Of the sympathies of the American people, generous, liberty-loving, I have no question. They are with the Cubans in their struggle for freedom. I believe our people would welcome any action on the part of the United States to put an end to the terrible state of things existing there. We can stop it. We can stop it peacefully. We can stop it, in my judgment, by pursuing a proper diplomacy and offering our good offices. Let it once be understood that we mean to stop the horrible state of things in Cuba and it will be stopped. The great power of the United States, if it is once invoked and uplifted, is capable of greater things than that.
supporter of the gold standard
a strong backer of U.S. intervention
in Cuba in 1898
Massachusetts Senator (1893-1924)
Alfred Thayer Mahan
The U.S. need a strong navy to protect its economic interests in foreign markets around the world.
The Influence of Sea Power Upon History, 1660-1783 (1890)
(1874 —1891) Hawaii is exempted from U.S. tariffs on sugar --1875 McKinley Tariff removed the sugar tariff on other countries and paid a subsidy on U.S. sugar.
Queen Liliuoukalani Economic Imperialism Sanford B. Dole
Kalakaua becomes king of Hawaii in 1874.
The Hawaiian League forces Kalakaua
to sign the Bayonet Constitution .
The McKinley Tariff creates a crisis in the
Liliuokalani announces her intent to write
a new constitution.
Annexationists carry out a revolt.
The United States annexes Hawaii
on July 7, 1898.
Eventually several European nations followed suit, forcing China to sign a series of unequal treaties . Extraterritoriality guaranteed that European citizens in China were only subject to the laws of their own nation and could only be tried by their own courts. Eventually western nations weary of governing foreign lands, established spheres of influence within China which guaranteed specific trading privileges to each nation within its respective sphere. Spheres of Influence
Eventually the United States demanded equal trading status within China, and rather than carve out its own sphere of influence, simply announced the Open Door Policy in 1899. This stated that all nations should have equal trading rights regardless of spheres of influence. While this may have prevented the further expansion of spheres of influences, it did little to restore Chinese sovereignty. . John Hay U.S. Secretary of State (1898-1905) Open Door Policy
Open Door Policy
Keep all ports in their spheres open to all nations
Allow Chinese officials to collect all tariffs and duties
Guarantee equal harbor, railroad, and tariff rates in their spheres to all nations trading in China.
Boxer Rebellion (1899-1901) Fists of Righteous Harmony Boxers Chinese nationalists seeking to expel the foreign devils. Seige at Peking (Beijing) 55 days
The Great White Fleet Tour
1. Kalakaua becomes king of Hawaii in 1874. 2. The Hawaiian League forces Kalakaua to sign the Bayonet Constitution . 3. The McKinley Tariff creates a crisis in the sugar industry. 4. Liliuokalani announces her intent to write a new constitution. 5. Annexationists carry out a revolt. 6. The United States annexes Hawaii on July 7, 1898.