Beginning of horror<br />Origin - Latin, from horrere ‘shudder, (of hair) stand on end’<br />Gothic literature inspired many novels to be made into movies. The first gothic novel was 1764<br />Some popular nineteenth century books that were later turned into just as popular films were: A Christmas carol, Moby Dick, Wuthering heights and Dracula<br />
Silent horror movies<br />The first horror films were silent movies, which laid out the codes and conventions of the horror genre, and are still used today. <br />The Golem (1915-1920) – several versions of this were made and it was said to be “the first monster movie” <br />The Cabinet of Dr Caligari (1919) – this was popular with the German audience at the time as they were suffering economic consequences of war reparations<br />Nosferatu (1922) – very first vampire movie<br />
1930s<br />Sound was added to movies and had a huge impact on the horror genre, monsters now grunt, groan and howl. <br />Dracula (1931) – very successful for universal and paved the way for a series of high profile horror classics<br />Frankenstein (1931)<br />The Mummy (1932)<br />Freaks (1932) – banned in many countries for more than 30 years as it offended people<br />1933 – The year that Hitler came into power, there was a peak in mad scientist movies<br />
1940’s<br />Wolves were the main concept of horror films in the 1940s. The concept came from the threat of Hitler, who strongly identified himself with the legends of wolves. <br />The Wolf man (1941) – was a mishmash of wolf legends, and was a big hit written by Curt Siodmak<br />Universal were quick to pick up on this and then developed Frankenstein meets the wolf man (1943) this was a hit. So Universal continued to add a wolf into their older monsters movies and came up with; House of Frankenstein (1944) and House of Dracula (1945) – Which weren’t so popular.<br />Feline alternatives were also used in movies. Such as; Cat People (1942)<br />
1950’s<br />The 50’s horror monsters were about all mutation which stems from the fears of co existing with the atom bomb.<br />The Beast From 20,000 Fathoms (1953) – one of the top-grossing movies of 1953<br />The fly (1958) <br />At the end of the 50’s low budget horror films were the most popular<br />House on a Haunted Hill (1959)<br />The Tingler(1959)<br />
1960’s<br />Psycho (1960)<br />The Birds (1963)<br />Carnival of sounds (1962)<br />Blood feast (1963)<br />Lots of low budget films<br />
1970’s<br />Big budget films made a comeback<br />The Exorcist (1973) – voted scariest film of all time<br />Jaws (1975)<br />The Texas chainsaw massacre (1974)<br />The omen (1976)<br />Carrie(1976)<br />Halloween (1978)<br />
1980’s<br />Special visual effects now used in horror films<br />The thing (1982)<br />The evil dead (1981)<br />Nightmare on elm street (1986)<br />Childs play (1988)<br />
1990’s<br />Psycho killers were a big focus for films this decade <br />Silence of the lambs (1991)<br />Trauma (1993)<br />Natural born killers (1994)<br />Se7en (1995)<br />Copy cat (1995)<br />
2000’s<br />Monsters and psychopaths were gone as it was thought they were too reminiscent of bin laden and reminders of 9/11/2001<br />28 days later (2002)<br />Dog soldiers (2002)<br />Deathwatch (2002)<br />
2000’s cont.<br />Horror films now are mixtures of things from gore, psychological thrillers, the ending of the world and monsters. <br />Saw franchise <br />Alien vs predator<br /> 2012<br />The day after tomorrow <br />
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