Surpassing finland


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Finland's Education System

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Surpassing finland

  1. 1. Surpassing Finland By: Natalie West By: Natalie West
  2. 2. Education Reform A new sector, not continued programmatic initiatives from a central government, that accounts for Finland’s success.
  3. 3. Education System Chart
  4. 4. 1950’s Finnish Education Most Finns left school after six years. Only two types of middle grade education: civic schools (2-3 yrs. vocational) & grammar schools (5 yrs. led to academic high school). Only 25% had access to grammar schools and two- thirds of grammar schools were privately funded.
  5. 5. Comprehensive (peruskoulu) School “The comprehensive school is not merely a form of school organization. It embodies a philosophy of education as well as a deep set of societal values about what all children need and deserve.”- Pasi Sahlberg
  6. 6. How did they change their current system? Development of a new national curriculum. Took place over 5 years (1965- 1970) Differentiation in the upper grades to accommodate for abilities and interests- abolished in 1980s. Today 1950’s
  7. 7. Most significant factor If the school was to serve all students equally, regardless of family background, this would require a teaching staff with a high level of knowledge and skills. Raised the bar & standard for teachers All teachers required to have Master’s Degree
  8. 8. Influence of Economy Initiation of the accession process into the European Union (1995) Major economic recession & collapse of the financial sector Unemployment reached 20%, GDP declined 13% and public debt exceeded 60% of GDP
  9. 9. Continued... Influence of Economy Nokia assisted in the development of telecommunications Focused on research & development; led to tertiary education. In 2001, Finland’s ranking in the World Economic Forum’s global competitiveness went from 15th to 1st.
  10. 10. Finland’s Education Success The Culture of
  11. 11. Trust in Teachers Teachers are widely respected in Finland Decision making authority given to teachers (curriculum, assessment, etc.) Graduates from highly selective university programs Teachers are given the freedom that other professionals are given in regards to their job.
  12. 12. Admissions Process Maltriculation Exam score, upper-secondary school record and out of school accomplishments. Written assessment on pedagogy, teaching-like clinical activity, interview on their motivation to teach.
  13. 13. Challenges All students have the right to be taught in their native language (i.e. Swedish only makes up 5%). Upper secondary education and vocational training, some students want both- how do they choose?
  14. 14. Finland vs. USA Finnish teachers teach fewer hours: four lessons per day vs. US teachers teach six lessons per day Framework (room for discretion) vs. Roadmap (created centrally-not by teachers)