Lancashier Dialect Sara Albornoz Gallegos Paradigmas Linguisticos
Also known as “ Lanky ” Dialect refers to the vernacular speech in Lancashire
Within historic Lancashire are dialects belonging to two groups of English dialects: West Midland in the south and Northern in the north
Lacashire borned during the Industrial Revolution
Lancashire dialect is now much less common than it once was, but it is not yet extinct
Grammatical and phonological features
Definite article reduction: The is shortened to t or glottalled
In some words with RP /oʊ /, a sound more like [ɔɪ] may be used, for example, "hole" is pronounced [hɔɪl] "hoil"
In areas that border Yorkshire, it is more likely for there, where, swear , etc. to be pronounced with /ɪə/, to rhyme with "here"
Words that end -ight often change so that they end /iː /. For example light, night, right, sight become leet, neet, reet, seet
The word self is reduced to sen or sel , depending on the part of Lancashire.
The third person feminine ( she ) appears to be rendered as "'er" ( her ) but is in fact an Old English relic which dialect poets of the 19th century
In the past "open" would have become "oppen", "spoken" becomes "spokken", "broken" becomes "brokken", etc but these are now uncommon amongst younger generations. They are still fairly common in West Yorkshire.
Traditionally, a /t/ was replaced with an /r /; for example, "I'm gerring berrer", "a lorra laughs". Amongst the younger generation, it is much more common to replace /t/ with a glottal stop [ʔ].
Rather than a mixed use of was and were such as occurs in Standard English, Lancashire dialects tend to use only one of the words and employ it in all cases . The west coast of Lancashire always uses was , the rest of the county always using were .
Use of a z sound for an s as in bus pronounced buzz
Lancashier Dialect [uːər] /ʊə/ as in 'cure' [ʏː] (South) or [uː] (North) /uː/ as in 'boo' [ʊ] /ʌ/ as in 'bud' [oː] /əʊ/ as in 'boat' [ɑː] (South), [aɪ] (North) /aɪ/ as in 'bide' [ɛr] /eə/ as in 'bear' [eː] /eɪ/ as in 'bay' [ʌʏ], [aː] or /aʊ/ /aʊ/ as in 'house' [aːr] /ɑː/ as in 'bard' [a] /æ/ as in 'bad' Lancashire RP English
Films from the early part of the 20th century often contain Lancashire dialect: the film-makers George Formby, Gracie Fields and Frank Randle are notable examples
Related to music the band the Lancashire Hotpots originate from St Helens, and popularise dialect in their humorous songs. The folk song "Poverty Knock" is written to the tune of a Lancashire accent.