African american vernacular english

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  • 1. African American Vernacular English Camila Navarro M.
  • 2.
    • African were brought over as slaves.
  • 3. Origins/location
    • Southern varity of english, which spread northward during the 1920’s migration.
    • From Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia and South Carolina to Chigago, Detroit, New York, Philadelphia and Washington, D.C.
  • 4.  
  • 5.
    • Not all African Americans are speakers of African-American English and not only African Americans speak African-American English.’
  • 6. African American Vernacular English
    • Is a systematic and rule-governed dialect, just like all language varieties, standard or non-standard
  • 7. Verb be. They not caught They’re not caught We on tape We’re on tape She the first one started us off She’s the first one started us off Black English Standard
  • 8. Double Negation
    • Use of  ain't  as a general negative indicator. As in other dialects, it can be used where Standard English would use  am not ,  isn't ,  aren't , haven't  and  hasn't .
    • e.g I ain’t got no money
  • 9. Examples.
    • http :// www.youtube.com / watch?v = Iw5cN6neql8
    • http :// www.youtube.com / watch?v = gTpH5E7Ubjw & feature = related
  • 10. References.
    • • Akmajian, A., Demers, R., Farmer, A. y Harnish, R. (2006) Linguistics. An Introduction to Language and Communication.Cambridge, Massachusetts: The MIT Press. Chapter Seven. Language variation (pp.286-339)
    • Jannedy, S., Poletto, R., Weldon, T. (1994) (eds.) Language Files.Materials for an introduction to language and linguistics. Department of Linguistics, The Ohio State University, Columbus: Ohio State University Press.
    • File 12.5 Language and ethnicity: the case of African-American English, pp.380-386