Down syndrome


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  • Jack is a 5 year old boy with Down syndrome. He is a new children in my room.He appears to be ‘very outgoing and friendly’.He talks less, sometimes gets frustrated for such behaviour, and becomes aggressive to other children.His parents are new to Toronto.His parents want to know information about available support services for Jack’s issue.
  • Down syndrome was first reported in 1887AD by a British doctor Langdon Down. But the extra chromosome was identified in 1959 AD.Ref:eMedTV. .
  • Down syndrome is commonly identified at birth or within few days after birth. Common physical symptoms and signs of Down syndrome are:Flat face and bridge of the noseUpward slanting eyesShort neck and small ears Prominent tongueSmaller body frameShort and broad hands with short fingersSmall head Average height and developmental milestones are not reached.Ref: .
  • Ref:Speech Therapy Techniques for Children With Down Syndrome | Retrieved on Feb 15,2013
  • Jack speaks less that sometimes makes him frustrated and aggressive to his classmates. In order to ensure inclusive teaching-learning methodology for Jack, my strategies will be :To give emphasis on developing vocabulary with easy-to-pronounce words without any confusing double meaningsTo support him with additional resources appropriate to himTo divide the lesson planning into chunks that can help him to learn quickly. He will be engaged more to the classroom and lessonsTo ensure the classroom environment favouring Jack to practise communication with adults and peersTo support Jack initiating and practising routine communication during greeting time, toileting and meal times etc.Ref: Bright Hub Education. Teacher Tips for Including Students with Down Syndrome. Retrieved on Feb 16, 2013 from
  • Jack needs special care during any activities having the potential risk of any harm like turn-taking or activities in the sand pit.Other children will be guided by me to wait for Jack to participate verbally to improve his speech and vocabulary.I will consult with Jack’s parents, speech pathologist and early intervention teacher about his progress and further developmental aids. During group activities, I will make sure that Jack sit in a position so that he can see and hear every one face-to-face.Ref:Bright Hub Education. Teacher Tips for Including Students with Down Syndrome. Retrieved on Feb 16, 2013 from a child with down syndrome in your group. Retrieved on Feb 16, 2013 from
  • Jack require love like other children. He also need some extra support for special need. Play with Jack and engage him.You will find Jack affectionate and joyous. Parents can learn from Jack how to enjoy life. You may be surprised with Jack’s achievements. So never underestimate his potential. Appreciate him frequently by saying his name.Consult speech, occupational, and physical therapists, and educational specialists for his IEP (Individualized Educational Program). Integrate Jack into the community as much as possible, to improve his social interaction and vocabulary.Ref: Caring for a Child with Down Syndrome. Retrieved on Feb 15 2013 from
  • Create your home environment supportive to Jack’s special needs and abilities, and create positive experiences for Jack and with different people in different settings.Jack will develop his cognitive skills when playing with toys of different sizes and textures.Keep patience when you have to repeat any activity many times before he can do it well, since Jack’s developmental milestones and cognitive abilities will be different from a normal child, and these will be on his own pace and own way. You need to abide by the medical advice for Jack if he needs any consultation with medical specialists.Ref: Caring for a Child with Down Syndrome. Retrieved on Feb 15, 2013 from
  • Ref:
  • You can Call to speak with a live therapist:416–800–4259 ⁄ GTA289–805–0048 ⁄ Mississauga905–581–0362 ⁄ Hamiltoninfo@speechassociates.caRef:
  • My topic is ‘A Child with Down syndrome’ for my assignment ‘Meeting the Needs of Children and Families: Part One’.I had to do a lot of research about the symptoms, signs, causes, and management of a child with Down syndrome for this assignment. Such research and study provided me with in-depth knowledge about children with disability. This assignment is closely related to my future career. The course “Inclusion of children with special needs” gave me the opportunity to recognize the value of diversity and social inclusion. I could learn that it is important to respect children and families of children with special needs. Early childhood educators need to know the signs and symptoms of different disabilities among the children ,and to deal with them properly. I feel privileged to have the opportunity to know all these information from this course. As a global citizen, this learning outcome provided me also with abundant information and understanding about communicating families and children with disability. I will be able to interpolate these skills in my profession as an ECE to communicate diverse families and children with disability more easily and comfortably.I am now prepared to deal with families and children with Down syndrome.
  • . for a Child with Down Syndrome. Retrieved on Feb 15, 2013 from Therapy Techniques for Children With Down Syndrome. Retrieved on Feb 15,2013 from Hub Education. Teacher Tips for Including Students with Down Syndrome. Retrieved on Feb 16, 2013 from a child with down syndrome in your group. Retrieved on Feb 16, 2013 from of reflection.
  • Down syndrome

    1. 1. Submitted to: Professor Chris CadieuxSubmitted by: Nasim KhanStudent ID: 300621777Meeting the Needs ofChildren and Families
    2. 2.  Jack is a newly enrolled child with Down syndrome He appears pro-social but talks less Sometimes he becomes aggressive Being new to Toronto, his parents requires informationabout support services for Jack’s issue.2
    3. 3.  I feel that Jack needs extra help and care. His family needs patient to take care of him. I know a child with Down syndrome can do everythinglike other children with some extra help and care. Adults require developing positive attitude towards achild with Down syndrome.3
    4. 4.  Is a genetic disorder due to problem in the chromosome. Is not a hereditary problem, and does not run in families. The reason why some babies are born with Down syndromeis not known yet. Doctors also call it Trisomy 21 This problem is usually identified at birth.4
    5. 5.  Down syndrome causes delays in physical and cognitivedevelopment of the children. Children with Down syndrome have poor muscletone, and a typical facial appearance. They tend to learn more slowly than others, and havespeech delays.5
    6. 6.  Cure is not documented yet for this chromosomal Disorder Children with Down Syndrome need to have- Compassionate counseling and enhanced support Regular checkup to prevent secondary complications Medications to support healthy living Surgery if required6
    7. 7.  Problem with Jack: less speech that sometimes makes himfrustrated and aggressive My teaching strategies would be to: Focus on developing vocabulary with easy words Provide with additional resources according to his needs Break the lesson into chunks for better engagement Ensure congenial environment so that Jack practicecommunication with adults and peers Encourage Jack routine communications7
    8. 8.  My teaching strategies will also include: Caring Jack in activities that have potential risks Guiding other children to participate with Jack in allactivities Consulting with Jack’s parents, speech pathologistand early intervention teacher Setting Jack’s sitting position, during groupactivities, so that he can see the front of the group8
    9. 9.  Jack needs love like other children, and also care for hisspecial need. Play with him. You may be surprised with Jacks potential, don’tunderestimate his abilities. Appreciate saying his name. Consult speech, occupational, and physical therapists. Keep track of Jack’s IEP. Integrate your child into the community as much aspossible.9
    10. 10.  Create home environment aligned to Jack’s needs and abilities. Buy for him toys of different sizes and textures. Don’t be frustrated to repeat any activity many times beforehe can do it well. Accept that Jack’s development milestones will be at his ownpace and in his own way. Comply with the medical advice for Jack.10
    11. 11. Mental Health.Ca. Down syndrome : Services, Help andSupport in Toronto, ON.Their services include- Counseling and Therapy Day treatment programs Drop-in centers General Community Mental Health Services Self-help, Mutual Aid and Support Groups Service coordination and case management Other
    12. 12.  The Speech Associate They offer private speech-language therapy, occupationaltherapy services and behavior therapy services withinthe comfort of the clients home, school or office.
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    15. 15. ThankYou.15