Preparing for FCPS-II Exams Dr. M. Nasar Sayeed KhanAssociate Professor of Psychiatry SIMS and SHL email@example.com 0332 8440242
Preparing for FCPS-II Exams BalancingStrategies & Goals
The Purpose of Exams• The purpose of an exam is twofold and it is for the examiners and college to check: – That you have understood the work covered in your specialty – That the work that demonstrates this is entirely your own effort….• Preparing for exams involves a high release of energy and an unusual degree of focus, which produces a very intense kind of learning.
Preparing for Exams The pressure of exams stimulates you to draw together the strands of your learning, and to acknowledge areas that need more work: This pressure can be viewed: Negatively: As Stress and the likelihood of failing Positively: As a challenge encouraging you to heighten your own expertise.
Outline Preferences, Learning & Studying Strategy Toolbox Time Management/Study Plan The ABC’s of Preparing for FCPS Exams A. Organize B. Spend your study time wisely C. Strategize to overcome problems Practicing for Your FCPS theory and OSPE Taking Your Exams
What is Normal? Average Supra-Threshold Ideal
Your Toolbox of Strategies for Studying
Strategies for Studying
Time Management 168 hours in a week Block out committed times Work/Home/Other required commitments Block out sleep, eating, and personal readiness Look at times left and other needs include home and family/study times needed weekly When should the most difficult courses be studied
The ABC’s of Preparing for FCPS Exams College of Physicians and Surgeons Pakistan “One of the most common difficulties that PG`s encounter when preparing for FCPS is not having allocated enough time for studying.”
The ABC’s of Preparing for FCPS Exams College of Physicians and Surgeons Pakistan “Students who plan their study strategy and manage their anxiety and time effectively are able to study their course materials systematically and have enough time to cover the material they need to know for their exams.”
The ABC’s of Preparing for FCPS Exams College of Physicians and Surgeons Pakistan “By scheduling time to write practice exams similar to the final, they increase their confidence and reduce their exam anxiety.”
The ABC’s of Preparing for FCPS Exams A. Organize B. Spend your study time wisely C. Strategize to overcome problems
A: Organize –FCPS Exam Schedule IMM OSPE Theory FCPS-II OSPE
A: Organize - Study Plan For each session on rotations identify difficulty and for exam preparation needs. What materials should I study? Sequence and develop a study plan.
Select What to Revise The Revision Process is one of Selection•Select which topics you are going to revise – If you will need to answer three exam questions, revise at least five topics – Try to attend revision classes as these will help greatly in narrowing down the material that needs revising
Select What to Revise Work our answers to a range of possible exam questions for each topic Select the most important theories, references and evidence for each topic Organise the selected information so that it is easier to remember.
Practice In order to revise effectively, it is essential to know what is expected of you: 1. Obtain a copy of the syllabus (module description) – check the topics 2. Look at past examination papers (available from the library) 3. How long is the exam? (time per question/time to plan answers)
Practice Look at the following words and ensure that you understand EXACTLY what is expected of you: Analyse, Assess, Comment, Compare, Contrast, Criticise, Comment, Define, Describe, Discuss, Evaluate, Enumerate, Illustrate, Interpret, Justify, List, Outline, Prove, Reconcile, Relate, Review, State, Summarise, Trace If you are in doubt of the meaning of any of the listed words, go to a good dictionary If you “ describe ” when you are asked to “ define ” you will fail to answer the question
Past Exam Papers Past papers are your best resource; they are found on the library website. At first the wording of exam papers can be off putting: Questions may seem vague as they cannot ‘give away the answer’It is important to get used to this style well in advance of the exam
Past Exam Papers• On an exam paper, each question links to an area of the table of specification; you need to find that link and consider which issues the question is directing you towards• Look for the following on past papers: – What type of questions are asked? – Are there compulsory questions areas? – Do some questions reappear each year? – What is the minimum number of topics you can revise to answer the paper?
Exam Day Listen to the examiners instructions carefully, then read the exam requirements carefully How many questions to be answered altogether? How many on part 1, 2, etc. Read through the question paper, put a tick against possibles, choose your best ones, Eat a sweet. Start your action plan – which question you are going to answer first? Re-read the question, plan your answer, start writing.
Exam Day DO NOT PANIC!!! NO ONE WANTS YOU TO FAIL!!!•Remember: The exam is not designed to catch youout, ruin your future or psychologically destroy you.•Itis simply a means of assessing whether you haveworked wel throught your module and are thereforeable to meet specific criteria to a reasonablestandard.
Myths and realities???? What should we do?
What is OSPE? O bjective S tructured P ractical E xamination
OSPE for the FCPS Psychiatry Reflect the objectives Set at the appropriate level Understanding the theory Applying the theory Acquiring practical skills
Advantages over Practical Exam Better coverage Less duplicated equipment Less preparation for each task Reduced cost Supervision easier
OSPE can Test Laboratory based measurement Microscopy skills Simulated skills Applied medical science Laboratory procedures Special tasks
Station Types in an OSPE1. Microscope2. Specimens3. Computer4. Laboratory equipment5. SPs6. X-ray, laboratory preps & results
Station Example 5bRadiological Anatomy A B C D E
Advanced Preparation for OSPE’s Practice: Exam performance improves with practice Attend any mock exams if provided (even if you feel you are not ready) or arrange your own (with friends or by yourself): Pick and old exam paper Arrange your seating so that you cannot see each other’s papers Write the answers within a set time limit, work alone and in silence Afterwards, discuss your answers with each other
B: Spend Your Time Wisely Plan for adequate sleep, exercise, and normal meals (watch too much coffee & soda). The remaining class and study times are precious. Watch your energy and anxiety levels. A little anxiety is a good thing—what if you have too much anxiety?
B: Spending Your Time Wisely… Lowering Anxiety Relax! Count/Visualize/Unplug the toe/Reprogram Self-Talks Prepare/Maximize learning/When is your best time? Rituals - Preview/study/take breaks/review Input/Output 50/50 Test yourself Index Cards/Where to get the information? Mnemonics (silent m, long e) Memory Dump
C. Strategize to overcome problems Ways of handling the rest of the world Pay attention to your attention Agree with living mates about study time Get off the phone/TV Learn to say “no” Hang out a “do not disturb” sign Avoid noise distractions Notice how others misuse your time
C. Strategize to overcome problems When you get stuck, ask yourself What is one task I can accomplish? Am I being too hard on myself? Does this need to be perfect? Can I do just one more thing? What is the best use of my time right now? Can I delegate this? How did I just waste time? (cleaning room)
C. Strategize to overcome problems Ways to avoid procrastination Make your plans a part of public record Study with others Step back and check your progress from time to time Start/Use 5 minute plan Be specific Verbalize your excuses Visualize success or completion Find a reward
Practicing for Your Final What is important to study? What materials should you use? Type of questions: Essay, Multiple Choice, T/F, Fill-in, Matching Learn from your mistakes Time yourself Practice reducing anxiety don’t wait until test day Should I cram?
Taking the EXAM???? Mind Set Preview Plan your time/Points/Weighted Memory Dump/Anxiety Reduction Read question carefully Strategies for essay, multiple choice, matching, T/F, fill-in Skip or guess Be last to Finish Review test, be sure it is complete
Which Strategiesfor your toolbox?
Preparing forFCPS-II Exams Balancin g Strategies & Goals