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    Chilian wine Chilian wine Presentation Transcript

    • WINES OF
      The viticulture paradise
      BY-
      Naren Negi
    • ABOUT CHILI
      Chile officially the Republic of Chile is a country in South America occupying a long, narrow coastal strip between the Andes mountains to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west. It borders Peru to the north, Bolivia to the northeast, Argentina to the east, and the Drake Passage in the far south.
    • CHILI ON WORLD MAP
    • HISTORY OF WINE MAKING IN CHILI
      it was a time of missioners and conquistadores, who tried to provide the leading position of Spain in the countries of American continent. Conquistadores were the first who brought cuttings of grapes to Chile, they planted it near Santiago, because its climate was very close to their own. Conquistadores used wine for religion purposes but the first grape harvest in Chile was bigger that they expected, so they decided to use it in export.
      In 1800 Chile’s wines became a serious competitor for Spanish ones, so Spain, which wanted to protect its native producers, provided big taxes and restrictions, also Spain decided to destroy many vineyards in Chile. It was unacceptable for Chilean people and they started to fight for their independence.
      After that war became the period of immigration to the American continent from European one, due to that period French grapes sorts appeared in Chile.
      1870 year is known in the wine making history as a start of Phylloxera disease but there isn’t any notes about Phylloxera in Chile’s wine history. It happened because nature isolation of this country (it is isolated in the north by deserts and from other sides by Pacific Ocean and Andes). So due to it wine making producers which were noble in the begging of wine history of Chile are also noble now.
      In 1940’s the amount of people who drink chilean wineraised, that is why in 1980 Chilean government started the export of it again
    • WINE REGIONS OF CHILI
    • WINE REGIONS OF CHILI
      Chile’s appellation system, known as its Denomination of Origin (Denominación de Origen) or D.O. is divided as follows, from north to south
      COQUIMBO
      ACONCAGUA
      CENTRAL VALLEY
      SOUTHERN REGION
    • COQUIMBO
      SUB REGION:
      ELQUI
      LIMARI
      CHOAPA
    • ELQUI
      The area has long been known for its table grapes, papayas, and other fruits, as well as Chile’s distilled spirit Pisco, but new vineyards explore the terrain from coast to high into the Andes—up to 2000 meters (6,500 feet) above sea level—for wine grapes with amazing results, especially with the attention-grabbing cool-climate Syrah.
      Pronunciation guide: EL-kee (Valley) and ko-KIM-bo (D.O.)
    • GRAPES VARIETALS IN ELQUI
      Red-
      pinot noir,
      cabernet sauvignon,
      syrah,
      carmenere
      White-
      sangiovese,
      chardoney,
      sauvignon blanc
    • WINE PRODUCER IN ELQUI
      Main Winery
      Cavas del Valle
      Falernia
    • LIMARI
      Valley: LIMARÍ
      The Limarí Valley is both an old and new wine region. Vines were first planted in the mid-16th century, but new technology has led terroir-hunting winemakers to take a fresh look at this curious territory.The Pacific Ocean’s cooling Camanchaca fog creeps into the valley from the west each morning and retreats as the sun rises over the Andes and bathes the vines in pure light in the afternoon. With less than 4 inches of rainfall per year, drip irrigation allows the vines to flourish as their roots dig deep into the mineral-rich soil. The combination creates fresh wines with a distinct mineral edge.
      Pronunciation Guide: lee-ma-REE (Valley); ko-KIM-bo (D.O.)
    • GRAPES VARIETAL
      Hectares planted: 1667
      Hectares Planted
      Cabernet Sauvignon | 720
      Merlot | 190
      Carménère | 124
      Syrah | 112
      Chardonnay | 134
    • Wine producer of LIMARI
      Main Winery
      Casa Tamaya
      Familia Farr
      Francisco de Aguirre
      Luis Soler
      Maycas del Limari
      OchoTierras
      Tabalí
    • Valley: CHOAPA
      The Choapa Valley is located at Chile’s narrowest point, where there is no distinction between the Andes and the Coastal Mountains. This small valley consists of two sectors, Illapel and Salamanca. Neither have wineries in place as yet, but vineyards planted on rocky piedmont soils are producing limited quantities of high quality Syrah and Cabernet Sauvignon grapes with high acidity and low pH.
      Pronunciation Guide: cho-AH-pa (Valley); ko-KIM-bo (D.O.)
    • GRAPES VARIETAL IN CHOAPA
      Total Hectares planted: 134
      Hectares Planted
      Cabernet Sauvignon | 1
      Syrah | 2
    • WINE BRANDS OF CHOAPA
    • ACONCAGUA
      Sub-Region:
      Aconcagua
      Casablanca
      San Antonio
      Zones: Leyda, Lo Abarca
    • Aconcagua
      Valley: ACONCAGUAAt 22,828 feet (6,956 meters), Mt. Aconcagua, the highest mountain in the Americas, towers over the valley and its snow-capped peak lends beauty and essential water to the valley below. Red grapes have long grown in the interior, but new coastal plantations are proving the valley’s potential for white wines as well.
      Pronunciation Guide: ah-kohn-KAH-gwa(Valley & D.O.)
    • Grapes varietal in ACONCAGUA
      Total Hectares planted: 1098
      Hectares Planted
      Cabernet Sauvignon | 475
      Merlot | 157
      Carménère | 67
      Syrah | 94
      Chardonnay | 39
    • WINE PRODUCER OF ACONCAGUA
      Main Winery
      Agustinos
      Errázuriz
      Mendoza
      San Esteban
      Von Siebenthal
    • CASABLANCA
      A relative newcomer to winegrowing, the Casablanca Valley was first planted to vine in the mid-1980s. It quickly turned a page in Chile’s winemaking history. Chile’s first cool-climate coastal region soon turned out crisp, fresh wines that caught the world’s attention, and Chile’s search for new terroirs was on.
      Pronunciation Guide: ka-sa-BLAHN-ka (Valley); ah-kohn-KA-gwa (D.O.)
       
    • GRAPES VARIETAL IN CASABLANCA
      BLACK
      Merlot
      Carménère
      Pinot Noir
      WHITE
      Sauvignon Blanc
      Chardonnay
    • WINE BRANDS OF CASABLANCA
      Casas del Bosque
      Catrala
      Indómita
      Kingston
      Loma Larga
      Quintay
      Sotomayor
      Veramonte
      Villard Estate
      Viña Mar
      William Cole
    • SAN ANTONIO
      Valley: SAN ANTONIO / LEYDA
      Vineyards taunt the cold Pacific climate as they creep ever closer to its coast in this relatively new wine region. Vines bedeck the rolling hillsides as close as 2.5 miles (4 km) from the sea and test the mettle of strong-willed growers and pioneering winemakers. The work pays off with crisp, lean, mineral-fresh whites and spicy reds that increasingly turn heads.
      San Antonio is a sub-region of the Aconcagua Valley and is divided into four sectors: Leyda, Lo Abarca, Rosario, and Malvilla.
      Pronunciation Guide: sahnahn-TO-nee-o / LAY-da (Valley); ah-kohn-KA-gwa (D.O
    • SAN -ANTONIO VALLEY
    • GRAPES VARIETAL OF SAN-ANTONIO
      RED
      Merlot
      Syrah
      Pinot Noir
      WHITE
      Sauvignon Blanc
      Chardonnay
    • MAIN WINERY
      Amayna
      Casa Marin
      Garcés Silva
      Matetic
    • Region: CENTRAL VALLEY
      Sub-Region: MaipoSub-Region: RapelZone: CachapoalZone: ColchaguaSub-Region: CuricóSub-Region: Maule
    • MAIPO
      Valley: MAIPO
      Vineyards stretch eastward from Santiago to the Andes and westward to the coast to form three distinct sectors of the Maipo Valley best known for its well-balanced red wines. Alto Maipo reaches into the foothills and produces some of Chile’s leading Cabernets. Central Maipo is one of the country’s oldest and most diverse productive regions, and Coastal Maipo—a relative newcomer—benefits from the cool maritime influence that slides over and between the Coastal Mountains.
      Alto Maipo
      Central Maipo
      Pacific Maipo
      Pronunciation Guide: MY-po (Valley); Central Valley (D.O.)
    • MAIPO VALLEY
    • GRAPES VARIETAL IN MAIPO
      Total Hectares planted: 10,800
      Hectares Planted
      BLACK
      Cabernet Sauvignon | 6411
      Merlot | 1168
      Carménère | 548
      WHITE
      Syrah | 380
      Sauvignon Blanc | 427
      Chardonnay | 961
    • WINERY IN MAIPO
      Main Winery
      Almaviva
      Antiyal
      Aquitania
      Baron P. de Rothschild
      Canepa
      Cardonal
      Carmen
      Casa Rivas
      Casal de Gorchs
      Cavas del Maipo
      Ch. A. Valdivieso
      Chadwick
      Chiñigue
      Chocalán
      Concha y Toro
      CousiñoMacul-Historic
      CousiñoMacul
      De Martino
      DomusAurea
      DoñaJaviera
      El Principal
      Hacienda Chada
      Haras de Pirque
      Huelquén
      Intriga
      Odfjell Vineyards
      Portal del Alto
      Pérez Cruz
      Quebrada de Macul
    • WINE BRAND OF MAIPO
    • RAPEL
      Valley: CACHAPOAL
      Just south of Santiago, the Rapel Valley is Chile’s agricultural heartland and further divided into two winegrowing sectors. Cachapoal, the northernmost, is known primarily for red grapes. Cachapoal Alto stretches eastward into the Andean foothills and produces elegant, well-balanced Cabernets and red blends. Farther west toward the Coastal Mountains, the Peumo sector receives just enough cool maritime influence to create a warm, but not hot climate ideal for the area’s renowned, full-bodied, fruit-forward Carmenere.
      Pronunciation : kah-cha-po-AL (Valley); ra-PEL Valley/ Central Valley (D.O.)
    • GTAPES VARIETAL IN CACHAPOAL
      BLACK
      Cabernet SauvignonMerlot
      Carménère
      Syrah
      WHITE
      Sauvignon Blanc
      Chardonnay
    • Main Winery
      Altaïr
      Anakena
      Calyptra
      Camino Real
      Cantagua
      Casas del Toqui
      Château Los Boldos
      Gracia
      La Ronciere
      La Rosa
      Lagar de Bezana
      Misiones de Rengo
      Morandé
      Porta
      San Isidro
      San Jose de Apalta
      Santa Monica
      Terraustral/Dominica
      Torreon de Paredes
      Tuniche
    • COLCHAGUA
      D.O.: Central Valley / Rapel
      Valley: COLCHAGUA
      The southernmost portion of the Rapel Valley is one of Chile’s best known wine regions and has earned much applause for its full-bodied Cabernet, Carménère, Syrah, and Malbec, and its wines regularly appear high on the world’s lists of leading wines. The majority of the wineries are concentrated in the center of the valley, although new plantations climb hillsides and explore the western frontier toward the sea.
      Pronunciation Guide: kohl-CHA-gwa (Valley); ra-PEL Valley / Central Valley (D.O.)
    • COLCHAGUA VALLEY
    • GRAPES VARIETAL IN COLCHAGUA
      BLACK
      Cabernet Sauvignon
      Merlot
      Carménère
      Syrah
      Malbec
    • WINERY IN COLCHAGUA VALLEY
      Main Winery
      Apaltagua
      Bisquertt
      Caliterra
      Candelaria
      Cantaluna
      Cantera
      Casa Lapostolle
      Casa Silva
      Cono Sur
      El Huique
      Encierra
      ErrázurizOvalle
      Estampa
      Hacienda Araucano
      La Playa
      La Posada
      Las Niñas
      Laura Hartwig
      Los Vascos
      Luis Felipe Edwards
      Lurton
      Macaya
      MontGras
      Montes
      Neyen de Apalta
      Ninquén
    • WINERY IN COLCHAGUA VALLEY
      Pérez León
      Ravanal
      S. Diego de Punquillay
      Sangrial
      Santa Cruz
      Santa Helena
      Santa Laura
      Siegel
      Terra Andina
      Terra Vid
      Todos Los Santos
      Ureta
      ViuManent
      ViñedosEmiliana
    • WINE BRANDS OF COLCHAGUA
    • CURICO
      D.O.: Central Valley
      Valley: CURICÓ
      Diversity is king in Curicó, where more than 30 varieties of wine grapes have grown since the mid-1800s, and winegrowing is its primary industry.
      Curicó’s modern winemaking history began when Spanish producer Miguel Torres began his first New World endeavor here in the 1970s and opened the doors to a wave of foreign investment in Chile’s New World wine paradise.
      Pronunciation Guide: kur-ee-KOH (Valley); Central Valley (D.O.)
    • CURICO VALLEY
    • GRAPES VARIETAL OF CURICO
      Cabernet Sauvignon
      Merlot
      Carménère
      Sauvignon Blanc
      Chardonnay
    • MAIN WINERY OF CURICO
      Main Winery
      A. Manuel Sta. María
      Alempué
      Alta Cima
      Andesterra
      Aresti
      Correa Albano
      Echeverria
      Inés Escobar
      Korta
      La Fortuna
      Las Pitras
      Mario Edwards
      Miguel Torres
      Millamán
      OsvaldoAstaburuao
      Pirazzoli
      Requingua
      San Pedro
      Torrealba
      Valdivieso
      Vinos Los Robles
       
    • WINE BRANDS OF CURICO
    • Region: SOUTHERN REGION
      Sub-Region:
      Itata
      BíoBío
      Malleco
    • SUB REGION: MAULE
      D.O.: Central Valley
      Valley: MAULEThis traditional and long overlooked wine valley—the largest and one of the oldest—has attracted renewed and much-deserved attention of late. Old-bush, dry-farmed vineyards that predate the memories of those who tend them now produce exciting, naturally balanced field blends of Carignan, Cabernet Sauvignon, Malbec, and other yet to be identified varieties. Newer plantations include Merlot, Cabernet Franc, and Carmenere with bright acidity and juicy fruit.
      Pronunciation Guide: MOW-lay (Valley); Central Valley (D.O.)
    • MAULE VALLEY
    • GRAPES VARIETALS MAULE VALLEY
      Cabernet Sauvignon
      Merlot
      Carménère
      Sauvignon Blanc
      Chardonnay
    • MAIN WINERY IN MAULE VALLEY
      Main Winery
      Altos de Mujica
      Balduzzi
      Calina
      El Aromo
      Gillmore Estate
      Hugo Casanova
      J. Bouchon
      Lomas de Cauquenes
      Los Acantos
      Los Ganaderos
      Martínez de Salinas
      O Fournier
      Reserva de Caliboro
      Rucahue
      Segú
      Sol de Chile
      Terranoble
      Valle Frío
      ViñaSaavedra
    • WINE BRANDS OF MAULE
    • Region: SOUTHERN REGIONS
      Sub-Region:
      Itata
      BíoBíoMalleco
    • D.O.: Southern Region
      Valley: ITATA
      The northernmost sector of the 3-valley ‘Southern Region,’ Itata is no newcomer to wine. Some of the earliest vineyards were planted near the port city of Concepción during colonial times. Today the region features a blend of old and new as new vertically positioned vineyards spring up alongside the ancient bush vines, providing plenty of opportunity for exploration and growth.
      Pronunciation Guide: ee-TAH-ta (Valley); Southern Region (D.O.)
    • GRAPES
      Total hectares planted: 10,504
      Hectares Planted
      Cabernet Sauvignon | 372
      Sauvignon Blanc | 58
      Chardonnay | 192
      Moscatel de Alexandria | 5041
    • MAIN WINERY OF ITATA
      MainWinery
      Casanueva
      Casas de Giner
      Del Alba
      Tierra y Fuego
      Viñedos del Larqui
    • D.O.: Southern Regions
      Malleco
      Mallecois currently Chile’s southernmost appellation, although experimental vineyards have been planted much further south in Osorno. The area has proven exceptional for Chardonnay and experimentation with Pinot Noir proves promising, although high rainfall and a shorter growing season make the area risky for most other varieties.
      Pronunciation Guide: mah-YAY-ko (Valley); Southern Region (D.O.)
    • GRAPES VARIETAL OF MALECO
      Pinot Noir
      Chardonnay
    • WINE BRANDS OF MALECO
    • BIO-BIO VALLEY
      D.O.: Southern Regions
      Bio Bio
      Warm days and cold nights make for a long ripening season, but the Bio Bio’s higher rainfall, strong winds, and broader extremes make for more challenging conditions than those of Chile’s more northerly regions. Winegrowing here requires more patience, skill, and nerve than in other valleys, but a daring few have taken the plunge and invested in new plantations of cool-climate varieties such as Sauvignon Blanc, Chardonnay, and Pinot Noir. Early results show their efforts paying off in exciting wines with naturally fresh acidity.
      Pronunciation Guide: BEE-o BEE-o (Valley); Southern Region (D.O.)
    • BIO- BIO VALLEY
    • GRAPES VARIETAL OF BIO –BIO VALLEY
      Cabernet Sauvignon
      Sauvignon Blanc
      Chardonnay
      Moscatel de Alexandria
      Riesling
      Gewürztraminer
    • WINERY IN BIO BIO VALLEY
      Main Winery
      Agustinos
      Canata
      Veranda
    • THE END
      REFERENCE:
      www.winesofchili.org
      Thanks google for making it easy.
      NAREN NEGI
      RESTAURANT MANAGER
      LOTUSLEAFS RESTAURANT
      NEW DELHI