World mental health day 2010


Published on

Published in: Health & Medicine
1 Like
No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

World mental health day 2010

  1. 1. World Mental Health DayWorld Mental Health Day 1010THTH OCT 2013OCT 2013 A Presentation byA Presentation by ASHIMAASHIMA RAINBOW HOSPITALSRAINBOW HOSPITALS AGRAAGRA
  2. 2. No Health without Mental HealthNo Health without Mental Health This is an annual event to increase public awareness about mental health issues by educating people about mental disorders and encouraging open discussions extended to dispel stigma about mental illness and find easy ways to improve treatment, services and policies.
  3. 3. Extensive research has shown that mental and physical health problems could lead to inconsistent access to health care, stigma and discrimination worsen the situation. So, yawning gap in the treatment of mental, neurological and substance use disorders in under privileged countries. WHO has recognized mental health problems like depression and anxiety are the most common problems of the day due to stress, broken families, un healthy environment and other social factors.
  4. 4. Mental health: strengthening ourMental health: strengthening our responseresponse KEY FACTS • More than 450 million people suffer from mental disorders. Many more have mental problems. • Mental health is an integral part of health; indeed, there is no health without mental health. • Mental health is more than the absence of mental disorders. • Mental health is determined by socio-economic, biological and environmental factors. • Cost-effective intersectoral strategies and interventions exist to promote mental health.
  5. 5. Mental health is an integral and essential component of health. The WHO constitution states: "Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity." An important consequence of this definition is that mental health is described as more than the absence of mental disorders or disabilities.
  6. 6. Mental health is a state of well-being in which an individual realizes his or her own abilities, can cope with the normal stresses of life, can work productively and is able to make a contribution to his or her community. In this positive sense, mental health is the foundation for individual well- being and the effective functioning of a community.
  7. 7. Determinants of mental healthDeterminants of mental health Multiple social, psychological, and biological factors determine the level of mental health of a person at any point of time. For example, persistent socio- economic pressures are recognized risks to mental health for individuals and communities. The clearest evidence is associated with indicators of poverty, including low levels of education.
  8. 8. Strategies and interventionsStrategies and interventions Mental health promotion involves actions to create living conditions and environments that support mental health and allow people to adopt and maintain healthy lifestyles. These include a range of actions to increase the chances of more people experiencing better mental health.
  9. 9. Promoting mental healthPromoting mental health depends largely on intersectoraldepends largely on intersectoral strategies. Specific ways tostrategies. Specific ways to promote mental health includepromote mental health include:: • Early childhood interventions (e.g. home visits for pregnant women, pre-school psycho-social activities, combined nutritional and psycho- social help for disadvantaged populations); • Support to children (e.g. skills building programmes, child and youth development programmes); • Socio-economic empowerment of women (e.g. improving access to education and microcredit schemes
  10. 10. • Social support for elderly populations (E.G. Befriending initiatives, community and day centres for the aged); • Programmes targeted at vulnerable groups, including minorities, indigenous people, migrants and people affected by conflicts and disasters (E.G. Psycho-social interventions after disasters); • Mental health promotional activities in schools (E.G. Programmes supporting ecological changes in schools and child-friendly schools); • Mental health interventions at work (E.G. Stress prevention programmes); • Housing policies (E.G. Housing improvement); • Violence prevention programmes (E.G. Community policing initiatives); and • Community development programmes (E.G. 'Communities that care' initiatives, integrated rural development).
  11. 11. Closing the mental health gapClosing the mental health gap Dr Margaret ChanDr Margaret Chan Director-General of the World Health OrganizationDirector-General of the World Health Organization • Data & statistics shows that • worldwide, more than 150 million people suffer from depression. Some 125 million people are affected by alcohol-use disorders. • As many as 40 million people suffer from epilepsy, and 24 million from Alzheimer’s disease and other dementias. Every year, nearly one million people take their own lives.
  12. 12. • Where as in India, close to 15 million people are battling serious mental health problems. • Some 30 million are suffering mild form of mental illnesses. • Nearly 50% of victims suffering serious mental health disorders go untreated in India. • Close to 10% of children may be suffering from some form of mental disorder.
  13. 13. InterventionsInterventions
  14. 14. Holistic HealthHolistic Health When the mind gives up, the body does too or when the body is weak, the mind follows suit… Therefore, the bottom line clearly is, that treatment and care for health problems need to be all encompassing, addressing the body and mind as one entity. Primary healthcare must adopt an integrated approach to health issues by looking at the body to heal the mind, and treating the mind to cure the body.
  15. 15. Holistic model of healthHolistic model of health Biological I Psychological Social Spiritual