this is a presentation made in DELHI on 30th may for save the girl child and say NO to sex selection in the IIS 2012 CONFERENCE........... WE ALL NEED TO UNDERSATND OUR SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY AND BE "GOOD DOCTOR"................
Infanticide of infant girls continues to be a problem.Laws have been passed against this practice but thishas led to more subtle yet even more cruel methods of murder. • DO YOU AGREE ?
Why save the girl child ??• Altered sex ratio in India• Abuse of sex determination techniques• Want of a male child only• Social pressures on the couples and also on the providers• No one complains as both parties are guilty
Current status of sex ratio in India census 2011-11
SEX RATIO SEX RATIO OF A COUNTRY IS DEFINED AS THE NUMBER OF FEMALES PER 1000 MALES IN THAT SET GEOGRAPHICAL AREAOUR NATIONAL RATIO IS 914/1000AND IN SOME STATES AS LOW AS 800/1000
Indian social scenario• Women suppression gender bias• Want of only male child or atleast one male child for various social and religeous beliefs and family name continuation• Female child not welcome• Advent of ultrasound as a tool for detection of sex• Advent of amniocentesis and cvs• Mushrooming of various such centres offering such services in urban cities in the late 1980’s
How did all this begin ?• Amniocentesis test by AIIMS for genetic diagnosis a break thru in India 1980’s• Tests were soon commercially available• Test abuse started for sex determination and for diagnosis of female fetus• A lot of hue and cry was made by NGO’S and altered sex ratio was detected in the census 1990• Govt committee, law drafted as pndt act, law modified as pcpndt act…a lot of time taken for gazette notifications in states• Many clerical and administrative and forms to be filled• The punishment to DOCTOR was same for mistake in form filling and actual sex determination• A lot of misunderstanding and misinterpretation of law by law enforcing agencies• A lot of harrassment and no or very few people actually caught for the crime( most cases for not filling forms correctly)• Many NGO’s like CEHAT and others in court as PIL’S• GOVT AND FOGSI AND IRIA NOW TAKING TO SIMPLIFY THE REPORTING AND TO DEAL WITH THE ACTUAL CRIME
PC PNDT ACT• A law was passed in 1994 prohibiting tests that reveal the gender of a fetus prenatally and abortions on the basis of fetal sex are also illegal but the laws are not well enforced.
EFFECTS OF SON PREFERENCE IN INDIA• MOST FAMILIES KEEP HAVING CHILDREN TILL THEY GET A SON• BENEFITS OF SONS IN INDIAN SOCIETY1.ECONOMIC UTILITY2.SOCIO CULTURAL UTILITY3.RELIGIOUS UTILITY(DAUGHTERS ARE CONSIDERED ECONOMIC LIABILITY,DOWRY AND SYSTEM OF HEAVY COSTS WEDDINGS)
FEMALE SIBLING• MALE CHILDREN ARE MORE LIKELY TO BE FULLY VACCINATED• BOYS ARE BREASTFED FOR A LONGER TIME• BOYS ARE FED MORE THAN GIRLS/AND GIRLS ARE MORE LIKELY TO BE STUNTED IN GROWTH• EDUCATION TO GIRLS IS RESTRICTED
INDIA SEX RATIOS• ALARMING IN PUNJAB AND HARYANA and DELHI• ABOUT 800/1000 AND 773/1000• UP 852/1000• AGRA 852/1000(IMPROVED TO 920/1000)• AZAMGARH 1007/1000• KERALA HAS A HEALTHY RATIO OF 980/1000
WHAT CAN BE DONE ?• IS SEX SELECTION JUSTIFIED ?• SHOULD WE HUMANS MANIPULATE GENDER RATIO ?
SEX SELECTION AND PRENATAL DIAGNOSTIC TECHNIQUES WHAT ARE THEY ?• SEX SELECTION TECHNIQUES PRECONCEPTION TECHNIQUES TO INCREASE PROBABILITY OF EMBRYO BEING OF A PARTICULAR SEX (THIS IS PROHIBITED UNDER THE ACT)• PRENATAL DIAGNOSTIC TECHNIQUES (PROCEDURES AND / OR TESTS) USG/FETOSCOPY/AMNIOCENTESIS/CVS/BLOOD TESTS/ANY TISSUE/FLUID OF MAN OR WOMAN BEFORE OR AFTER CONCEPTION
GOVT COMMITTEES• PRENATAL DIAGNOSTIC TECHNIQUES REGULATION AND PREVENTION OF MISUSE BILL PRESENTED IN LOK SABHA IN 1991• SETTING UP OF A JOINT COMMITTEE• REINTRODUCTION OF BILL IN 1992• ADOPTED IN 1994 AS ACT 57 OF 1994• AMENDMENTS 2001(32 OF 2001)• AMENDMENT 14 OF 2003 AS PC PNDT
PCPNDT ACT WHAT IS THIS ? THE PRECONCEPTION AND PRENATAL DIAGNOSTIC TECHNIQUES(PROHIBITION OF SEX SELECTION) ACT 1994(57 OF 1994)
UNCONFIRMED STATISTICS• ABOUT 70,000 MACHINES SOLD IN INDIA• FOGSI HAS 25,000 MEMBERS OUT OF WHICH ONLY 8000 HAVE MACHINES• IRIA HAS 15,000 MEMBERS OUT OF WHICH ONLY 8000 HAVE MACHINES• ABOUT 10,000 MACHINES WITH CARDIOLOGIST, OPHTO,RENAL AND OTHER UNITS• WHERE ARE THE REST OF THE MACHINESS…..THEY ARE IN WRONG UNQUALIFIED NON MEDICAL HANDS WHICH ARE ACTUALLY DOING THIS CRIME….CATCH THEM ??• Unfortunately PCPNDT act is only against doctors and non medicos etc cannot be caught under this act and they also do not report cases or fill forms
WHY THE SUDDEN INTEREST AGAIN• CENSUS 2010-2011 SHOWS TOTAL FAILURE OF THE LAW TO CONTROL THIS SOCIAL EVIL• SO MORE THRUST ON SOCIAL AWARENESS• AAMIR KHAN’S SATYA MEV JAYATE• AMITABH BACHAN’S VIDEO FOR FOGSI• AKSHAY KUMAR AND TWINKLE ’S RECORDED MESSAGE FOR THIS CONFERENCE• AND THE PRESENCE OF ACTRESS AND ACTIVIST KAVITA RADHESHYAM AND …THE BOLD AND BEAUTIFUL AT THIS CONFERENCE
Today we all doctors (FOGSI & IRIA & IFUMB)• WE UNDERSTAND THAT IF THE SERVICE PROVIDER SAYS NO….THEN IT WILL BE A NO• WE KNOW SOME OF OUR CLAN ARE STILL INDULGING IN THIS• WE HAVE POINTED OUT THAT MAJORITY OF SUCH PRACTICE IS BEING DONE BY NON MEDICAL QUACKS AND SO IS THE ABORTIONS• WE UNDERSTAND IT’S A SOCIAL PROBLEM AND A SOCIAL REVOLUTION HAS TO BE STARTED AGAINT THIS• THE GOVT SHOULD UNDERSTAND THE OBJECTIVE & ETHOS OF THE LAW AND NOT THE FORM FILLINGS ONLY,BRINGING TECHNICALITY THE WHOLE PURPOSE OF THE LAW HAS BEEN DEFEATED
FOGSI 2008 LOGO OF SAVE THE GIRL CHILD• BHARAT JAGRUTI YATRA• ALL OUR ENVELOPES CARRY A LINE..SAY NO TO SEX DETERMINATION• PCPNT SEMINARS ARRANGED• SESSIONS IN CONFERENCES• A DOSST(DOCTORS OPPOSING SELECTIVE SEX TESTS) APPOINTED AT EACH FOGSI SOCIETY• A NEWS LETTER AT EVERY ANNUAL CONFERENCE• AN AWARD FOR THE SOCIAL WORK UNDERTAKEN UNDER THIS THEME• AWARENESS PROGRAMMES ALL OVER THE COUNTRY
FREE LANCE PHOTOGRAPHERS PITCHIN WITH PICTURES OF MOTHER AND CHILD OF INDIA AND VIDEOS• MR SUNIL GULATI MUMBAI :MOTHERS AND CHILDREN & GIRL CHILD PICTURES• MR SAHIL FAUZDAR AGRA..”CHIRAIYA VIDEO”• MANY CONTRIBUTE POETRY(DR PRATIMA)• MANY CONTRIBUTE PAINTINGS( DR INDRANI LODH OF KOLKATA)• MANY MANY NGO’S OF INDIA HAVE JOINED THE WAR AGAINST SELECTIVE SEX DETERMINATION
can I request all the LOC members toto come on the dias Can I request all the LOC MEMBERS come on the dias
can we request the LOC members to come on the dias and join kavita radheshyam
THE OATH COLLECT YOUR COPY AUTOGRAPHED BY KAVITA RADHESHYAMevery one rise and raise your rt hand to your heart and repeat after kavita
THANK YOU FOR SAYING NO TO SEX DETERMINATION AND FEMALE FETICIDE FOGSI –IFUMB-IRIA-ISUOG INITIATIVE PLEASE DO SIGN THE POSTER OUTSIDE 1ST JULY IS FOGSI GIRL CHILD DAY ADOPT A GIRL CHILD WITH US TODAY