lgu|fgL kl/ro,
k|sf/, / ug]{ tl/sf
k|:t"tstf{M k|=lg= d]#/fh
s+*]n
k|tfs] /fgL lj/f^gu/ .
1= kl/ro M
;fwf/)f cy{df lgu|fgL (Surveillance) eGgfn]
/]vb]v jf x]/ ljrf/ eGg] a"lemPtf klg
ck/fw cg';Gwfg tyf lgoGq)fsf]...
k|x/Ln] ck/fw cg';Gwfg jf ck/fw
lgoGq)fsf l;nl;nfdf sltko z+lst JolQm s'g
;dodf sxf hfG%, sf] s;;+u e]^#f^ u%{, s] u%{
eGg...
To;sf nflu To:tf z+lst JolQm jf :yfg jf
;jf/L ;fwgsf] lgu|fgL ug'{ kb{% .
lgu|fgLaf^ ck/fw cg';Gwfg tyf lgoGq)fsf
nflu cfj...
2= kl/efiff M
Covert, Continuous or Periodic watching of
persons, vehicles, places or objects to obtain
data to assist in ...
csf{] zAbdf s'g} z+lst JolQm ;jf/L ;fwg
tyf :yfgsf] va/ ;+sng ug{] p@]Zon] p;nfO{
yfxf glbOsg uf]Ko tj/af^ ul/g] cljlR%Gg
...
3= lgu|fgLsf] dxTj tyf cfjZostf M
s_ ;a'b k|df)f, tYof° k|fKt ug{ .
v_ ck/fw /f]syfd ug{ .
u_ va/ ;+sng ug{ .
#_ va/nfO{ k...
h_ uf]Ko ?kdf vl^Psf clws[tsf] ;'/Iff ug{ .
em_ z+lst JolQm / lgh;+u ;DalGwt cGo
;xof]uLx?sf] ultljwL, ;Dks{ / ;DaGw
af/] ...
lgu|fgLnfO{ lgDg b"O{ efudf laefhg ug{
;lsG% .
s_ v'Nnf (Overt) M
v'Nnf lgu|fgLdf k|x/Ln] k|ToIf
o'lgkmd{ nufP/ cfkmgf] lg...
v_ uf]Ko (Covert) M
lgu|fgL ug{ vl^Psf k|x/Lsf]
lqmofsnfknfO{ uf]Ko /fvL ck/fw / ck/fwL
;DalGw laifoj:t' jf k|df)f ;+sng u...
lgu|fgLnfO{ lgDg b"O{ efudf
laefhg ug{ ;lsG% .
Surveillance
-lgu|fgL_
Human
-dfgjåf/f_
dfgjåf/f_
Static
-l:y/_
Mobile
-rnf...
lgu|fgL lgDg tl/sfaf^ ul/G% M
s_ l:y/ lgu|fgL (Static Surveillance) M
s'g} z+lst JoQmL jf z+lst :yfgnfO{ k|ToIf
b]Vg ;Sg] ...
l:y/ lgu|fgL ug{] tl/sfx? M
 #/ef*fdf a;]/ .
 s]xL rLh a]Rg] / lsGg] axfgf u/]/ .
 df]^/;fO{sn, ufl* lau|]sf] axfgf u/]...
v_ ultlzn lgu|fgL (Mobile Surveillance):
z+lst JoQmLx? k}bn jf ;jf/L ;fwgx?af^
Ps :yfgaf^ csf]{ :yfg;Dd hfbf %fof h:t}
lg/...
ultlzn lgu|fgL 5 tl/sfaf^ ug{ ;lsG% .
s_ k}bn
v_ ;jf/L ;fwgaf^
u_ e" pku|xaf^
#_ %bd ?kdf ul/g] lgu|fgL
ª_ Electronic lgu|...
k}bn lgu|fgL M
k}bn lgu|fgL 4 tl/sfaf^ ug{ ;lsG% .
 ABC Method M
Pp^} z+lst JolQmnfO{ tLg hgf lgu|fgL sQf{n]
lgu|fgL ug{]...
 Leap Frog Method:
of] To:tf] k}bn lgu|fgL ljwL xf]
h'g Ps eGbf j9L lguf|gLstf{ ePsf]
v08df ljleÌ point x?df Agent
/flvG5...
 Intermittent Method (kfn} ;+u cfpg]_ :
olb z+lst JolQm plePsf] jf s;};+u e]^
ul//x]sf] cj:yfdf jf z+lst JolQm jf
:yfgsf]...
 Open Shadow Method :
o; tl/sfdf lgu|fgL sQf{ b'O hgf x'G% . Ps
hgfn] xfpefpn] cfkm'nfO{ lgu|fgL sQf{ %'
eg]/ lrgfp+b% . ...
2=;jf/L ;fwgaf^ ul/g] lgu|fgL M
z+lst JolQm olb ;jf/L ;fwgdf % eg]
p;nfO{ pDsg glbgsf nflu lgu|fgLsQf{n]
klg ;jf/L ;fwgsf]...
3= e'pku|xaf^ ul/g] lgu|fgL_ M
lgu|fgLsf] cTofw'lgs ;fwg e'pku|x xf]
xfn ;Dd xfd|f] b]zdf o;sf] k|rng geP klg
ljsl;t d'n's...
4= %bd ?kdf ul/g] lgu|fgL M
o;nfO{ Under Cover Job elgG% . of] sfo{
hf;';L s} %bd ?kdf /xL sfd ug'{ kg{] x'G% .
sltko cj:y...
5= Electronic lgu|fgL M
oflGqs ?kdf klg lgu|fgL ul/G% . CC T.V.,
Walk Through Gate, Telescope, Metal Detector
cfbL .
6= lgu|fgLsQf{df x'g'kg{] u')f tyf
cfjZos ;fdfu|Lx? M
s_ lgu|fgLsQf{ ;"xfp+bf] cfs[ltsf] x'g'k%{ .
v_ lgu|fgLsQf{ cfkm' s]...
h_ cjnf]sg / rf+*f] ;f]Rg ;Demg ;Sg] x"g"k%{ .
em_ w}o{jfg x"g"k%{ .
`_ ^f+l;g ;Sg] / k%L nfUg ;Sg] x"g"k%{ .
^_ e]if abNg...
8= lgu|fgL sQf{n] lgu|fgL ubf{
Wofg lbg'kg{] s'/fx? M
– lgu|fgLsQf{nfO{ lgu|fgL ug'{kg{] z+lst
JolQm, :yfg jf ;fwg / s'g l...
– xf]^ndf vf+bf l%^f] tof/ x'g] / l%^f]
vfg ;lsg] vfhf vfg] .
– df};d cg';f/sf] kf]zfs nufpg] .
– em§ x]bf{ lrlgg] kf]zfs ...
– b]lvg] ul/ s'g} s'/f l^Kg' x"+b}g .
– z+lst JolQm;+u hDsfe]^ x'g] df]*, (f]sf
cflb &fpx?df cufl* kg'{ x"b}g .
– lgu|fgLs...
– ;+rf/;fwg ;fydf x"g"k%{ .
– lgu|fgL ug{] JolQm jf :yfgsf] kSsf Plsg ug{]
.
– z+lst JolQmsf] gftf, ;fyL ;+ultx?sf] hfgsf/...
s"g} lh!f;f <
.. ;dfKt ..
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  1. 1. lgu|fgL kl/ro, k|sf/, / ug]{ tl/sf k|:t"tstf{M k|=lg= d]#/fh s+*]n k|tfs] /fgL lj/f^gu/ .
  2. 2. 1= kl/ro M ;fwf/)f cy{df lgu|fgL (Surveillance) eGgfn] /]vb]v jf x]/ ljrf/ eGg] a"lemPtf klg ck/fw cg';Gwfg tyf lgoGq)fsf] l;nl;nfdf s"g} JolQm, &fp tyf ;jf/L ;fwgsf] af/]df uf]Ko tyf lg/Gt/ ?kdf cjnf]sg ug{] sfo{nfO{ lgu|fgL elgG% . s|dz M
  3. 3. k|x/Ln] ck/fw cg';Gwfg jf ck/fw lgoGq)fsf l;nl;nfdf sltko z+lst JolQm s'g ;dodf sxf hfG%, sf] s;;+u e]^#f^ u%{, s] u%{ eGg] s'/f kQf nufpg' kg{] x'G% . To:t} s'g} z+lst :yfgdf s] s:tf ultljwLx? x'G%g, s] sf] dflg;x?sf] Toxf cfjt hfjt x'G% cfbL s'/fx? kQf nufpg] tyf ;a'b k|df)fx? ;+sng ug'{kg{] x'G% . s|dz M
  4. 4. To;sf nflu To:tf z+lst JolQm jf :yfg jf ;jf/L ;fwgsf] lgu|fgL ug'{ kb{% . lgu|fgLaf^ ck/fw cg';Gwfg tyf lgoGq)fsf nflu cfjZos va/ tyf ;a'b ;+sng ug{ ;lsg] x'gfn] lgu|fgLnfO{ ck/fw cg';Gwfg tyf lgoGq)fsf] dxTjk")f{ kIfsf] ?kdf lng ;lsG% . vj/ ;+sng ug]{ laleGg tl/sfx? dWo] lgu|fgL klg Pp^f dxTjk")f{ ljwL xf] .
  5. 5. 2= kl/efiff M Covert, Continuous or Periodic watching of persons, vehicles, places or objects to obtain data to assist in criminal investigation. lgu|fgL eGgfn] JolQm, ;jf/L ;fwg, :yfg / j:t'nfO{ uf]Ko, lg/Gt/ / ;do ;dodf kx/f lbg' xf] h;af^ ;'rgf k|fKt u/L ck/fw cg';GwfgnfO{ ;xof]u k'¥ofp+% .
  6. 6. csf{] zAbdf s'g} z+lst JolQm ;jf/L ;fwg tyf :yfgsf] va/ ;+sng ug{] p@]Zon] p;nfO{ yfxf glbOsg uf]Ko tj/af^ ul/g] cljlR%Gg cjnf]sgnfO{ lgu|fgL elgG% . h:n] lgu|fgL ub{% To;nfO{ lgu|fgLsQf{ (Subject) elgG% eg] h;sf] lgu|fgL ul/G% . To;nfO{ z+lst JolQm (Object) elgG% . lgu|fgL ubf{ z+lst JolQmn] lgu|fgL sQf{sf] pkl:ytL yfxf kfpg' x'b}g .
  7. 7. 3= lgu|fgLsf] dxTj tyf cfjZostf M s_ ;a'b k|df)f, tYof° k|fKt ug{ . v_ ck/fw /f]syfd ug{ . u_ va/ ;+sng ug{ . #_ va/nfO{ k|dfl)ft ug{ . ª_ z+sf:kb JolQm k|foM hfg] :yfg kQf nufpg . r_ cg';Gwfgsf] bfo/f ;fw'/f] kfg{ . %_ s]/sf/ sfo{df ;xof]u k'¥ofpg' .
  8. 8. h_ uf]Ko ?kdf vl^Psf clws[tsf] ;'/Iff ug{ . em_ z+lst JolQm / lgh;+u ;DalGwt cGo ;xof]uLx?sf] ultljwL, ;Dks{ / ;DaGw af/] hfgsf/L lng . `_ JolQm, j:t', ;DklQ rf]/Lsf ;fdfgx?sf] :yfg lgZro ug{ . ^_ ;fIfLsf] ;'/Iff ug{ . &_ z+lst :yfgdf cfpg] hfg] dflg;x? af/]df hfgsf/L /fVg . *_ km/f/ /x]sf] ck/fwL kQf nufpg . (_ ck/fwLsf] ;d'x Ps};fy kqmfp ug{ .
  9. 9. lgu|fgLnfO{ lgDg b"O{ efudf laefhg ug{ ;lsG% . s_ v'Nnf (Overt) M v'Nnf lgu|fgLdf k|x/Ln] k|ToIf o'lgkmd{ nufP/ cfkmgf] lg/Gt/ pkl:ytL b]vfO{ z+sf:kb lqmofsnfk pk/ cljl%Gg lgu|fgL u/L ck/fwLnfO{ ck/fw ug{] df}sf lbb}g / xtf]T;flxt kfb{% . k|x/L u:tL jf lj^ åf/f o:t} lgu|fgL ul/Psf] x'G% .
  10. 10. v_ uf]Ko (Covert) M lgu|fgL ug{ vl^Psf k|x/Lsf] lqmofsnfknfO{ uf]Ko /fvL ck/fw / ck/fwL ;DalGw laifoj:t' jf k|df)f ;+sng ug{] p@]Zo /fvL clal%Gg ?kdf lgu|fgL /flvG% . lgu|fgL sQf{n] cfjZostf cg';f/ %bd e]if ckgfpg ;Sb% . z+lst JolQmnfO{ cfkm' dfly lgu|fgL ul/b}% eGg] yfxf x'+b}g .
  11. 11. lgu|fgLnfO{ lgDg b"O{ efudf laefhg ug{ ;lsG% . Surveillance -lgu|fgL_ Human -dfgjåf/f_ dfgjåf/f_ Static -l:y/_ Mobile -rnfodfg _ Foot -k}bn_ Vehicle -;jf/L_ Mixed -b'j}_ Technical -k|fljwLs_ Audio Video
  12. 12. lgu|fgL lgDg tl/sfaf^ ul/G% M s_ l:y/ lgu|fgL (Static Surveillance) M s'g} z+lst JoQmL jf z+lst :yfgnfO{ k|ToIf b]Vg ;Sg] :yfgdf a;L cljlR%Gg cjnf]sg ul/g] sfo{nfO{ l:y/ lgu|fgL elgG% . h:tf] el§k;n, h'jf v]Ng] &fp jf ck/flws k|j[lQsf dflg;x? a:g] :yfgdf ul/g] lgu|fgL . of] lgu|fgL Ifl)fs jf nfdf] ;do ;Ddsf] nflu klg x'g ;S% . nfdf] ;do nfUg] ePdf abnL klg ug{ ;lsG% . l:y/ lgu|fgL ug{] lgu|fgL sQf{df w}o{tf
  13. 13. l:y/ lgu|fgL ug{] tl/sfx? M  #/ef*fdf a;]/ .  s]xL rLh a]Rg] / lsGg] axfgf u/]/ .  df]^/;fO{sn, ufl* lau|]sf] axfgf u/]/ .  lgu|fgL ug'{kg{] :yfgsf] glhs s]xL sfd ug]{ afxgf u/]/ cfbL .
  14. 14. v_ ultlzn lgu|fgL (Mobile Surveillance): z+lst JoQmLx? k}bn jf ;jf/L ;fwgx?af^ Ps :yfgaf^ csf]{ :yfg;Dd hfbf %fof h:t} lg/Gt/ ?kdf ul/g] lgu|fgL ultlzn lgu|fgL xf] .
  15. 15. ultlzn lgu|fgL 5 tl/sfaf^ ug{ ;lsG% . s_ k}bn v_ ;jf/L ;fwgaf^ u_ e" pku|xaf^ #_ %bd ?kdf ul/g] lgu|fgL ª_ Electronic lgu|fgL .
  16. 16. k}bn lgu|fgL M k}bn lgu|fgL 4 tl/sfaf^ ug{ ;lsG% .  ABC Method M Pp^} z+lst JolQmnfO{ tLg hgf lgu|fgL sQf{n] lgu|fgL ug{] tl/sf xf] of] . o;df tLg} hgf lgu|fgL sQf{ Ps cfk;nfO{ b]v]sf] x'g' k%{ . Ps hgf lgu|fgL sQf{ Object sf] cuf*L, Ps hgf k%fl* / af+sL Ps hgf Object s} ;dfgfGt/ ;*ssf] csf{] km'^kfyaf^ lx+*]/ z+lst JolQm dfyL lgu|fgL /fVb% . of] tl/sf hxf &'nf &'nf ;*sx? %g Toxf+ nfu' ug{ ;lsG% .
  17. 17.  Leap Frog Method: of] To:tf] k}bn lgu|fgL ljwL xf] h'g Ps eGbf j9L lguf|gLstf{ ePsf] v08df ljleÌ point x?df Agent /flvG5 . Ps 7fFpaf6 csf]{ Point ;Dd k'/ofpg] sfd ub{5 / cfkm" k'g cf– cfˆgf] lt/ nfUb5g . cGtdf ;Dk"0f{
  18. 18.  Intermittent Method (kfn} ;+u cfpg]_ : olb z+lst JolQm plePsf] jf s;};+u e]^ ul//x]sf] cj:yfdf jf z+lst JolQm jf :yfgsf] l:y/ lgu|fgL ug{ ;+ej %}g eg] To; &fpdf lgu|fgL sQf{x? Ps Ps u/L z+lst JoQmL jf :yfgsf] glhsaf^ lx*%g / v)* v)* ?kaf^ va/ ;+sng u/L va/x?nfO{ ljZn]if)f ug]{ sfo{ ub{%g / lgisif{df k'Ub%g .
  19. 19.  Open Shadow Method : o; tl/sfdf lgu|fgL sQf{ b'O hgf x'G% . Ps hgfn] xfpefpn] cfkm'nfO{ lgu|fgL sQf{ %' eg]/ lrgfp+b% . lgu|fgLsQf{nfO{ lrg]/ z+lst JoQmL pDsg vf]h] k%L csf{] lgu|fgLsQf{ kl% nfU% . klxnf] lgu|fgL sQf{nfO{ gb]v] k%L z+lst JoQmL cfkmgf] cv*fdf hfG% hxf+af^ ;Dk")f{ lu/f]xs} af/]df va/ k|fKt ug{ ;lsG% .
  20. 20. 2=;jf/L ;fwgaf^ ul/g] lgu|fgL M z+lst JolQm olb ;jf/L ;fwgdf % eg] p;nfO{ pDsg glbgsf nflu lgu|fgLsQf{n] klg ;jf/L ;fwgsf] k|of]u ug'{kg{] x'G% . ;jf/L ;fwgaf^ ul/g] lgu|fgL hn, yn tyf cfsfz cflb dfWodaf^ ug{ ;lsG% . ;jf/L ;fwgaf^ lgu|fgL ubf{ ;+rf/ ;fwgsf] cfjZos x'G% . ;+rf/ ;fwgsf] k|of]u sf]* j*{df x'g' h?/L x'G% .
  21. 21. 3= e'pku|xaf^ ul/g] lgu|fgL_ M lgu|fgLsf] cTofw'lgs ;fwg e'pku|x xf] xfn ;Dd xfd|f] b]zdf o;sf] k|rng geP klg ljsl;t d'n'sx?df e'pku|xsf] dfWodaf^ klg lgu|fgL ul/G% .
  22. 22. 4= %bd ?kdf ul/g] lgu|fgL M o;nfO{ Under Cover Job elgG% . of] sfo{ hf;';L s} %bd ?kdf /xL sfd ug'{ kg{] x'G% . sltko cj:yfdf z+lst ;+u}, ldn]/ nfdf] ;do ;Dd w}o{jfg eO{ p;sf k|To]s ultljwLsf] lgu|fgL u/]sf] x'G% .
  23. 23. 5= Electronic lgu|fgL M oflGqs ?kdf klg lgu|fgL ul/G% . CC T.V., Walk Through Gate, Telescope, Metal Detector cfbL .
  24. 24. 6= lgu|fgLsQf{df x'g'kg{] u')f tyf cfjZos ;fdfu|Lx? M s_ lgu|fgLsQf{ ;"xfp+bf] cfs[ltsf] x'g'k%{ . v_ lgu|fgLsQf{ cfkm' s]xL ug{ OR%'s efjgfsf] x"g"k%{ . u_ lgu|fgLsQf{ jf:tljs Jojxf/ b]vfpg] vfnsf] x"g"k%{ . #_ lgu|fgL sQf{df snfsf/ tyf clego ug{] v'aL x"g"k%{ . ª_ efiffsf] !fg x"g"k%{ . r_ l:ytLsf] /fd|f] cWoog ug{ ;Sg] x"g"k%{ . %_ z+lst JolQmaf^ cfkm'nfO{ n"sfpg ;Sg"k%{ .
  25. 25. h_ cjnf]sg / rf+*f] ;f]Rg ;Demg ;Sg] x"g"k%{ . em_ w}o{jfg x"g"k%{ . `_ ^f+l;g ;Sg] / k%L nfUg ;Sg] x"g"k%{ . ^_ e]if abNg ;Sg] x"g"kb{% . &_ ;xof]uL ^f]nLnfO{ kl/rfng ug{ ;Sg] x"g"k%{ . *_ kl/l:ytLnfO{ ;DxfNg ;Sg] Ifdtf ePsf] x"g"k%{ . (_ z+lst JolQmn] s]xL ;f]w]sf] v)*df tTsfn s'g} j:t'l:ytL agfP/ b]vfpg ;Sg] u')f x"g"k%{ .
  26. 26. 8= lgu|fgL sQf{n] lgu|fgL ubf{ Wofg lbg'kg{] s'/fx? M – lgu|fgLsQf{nfO{ lgu|fgL ug'{kg{] z+lst JolQm, :yfg jf ;fwg / s'g ljifo jf s'/f kQf nufpg lgu|fgL ul/Psf] xf] yfxf x'g'k%{ . – cgfjZos x/st gug{] . – a;df r(bf ;a}eGbf kl% r(g] / cf]n{+bf cufl* cf]n{g'k%{ . – rfgr'g k};f ;fydf af]Sg'k%{ .
  27. 27. – xf]^ndf vf+bf l%^f] tof/ x'g] / l%^f] vfg ;lsg] vfhf vfg] . – df};d cg';f/sf] kf]zfs nufpg] . – em§ x]bf{ lrlgg] kf]zfs gnufpg] . – c?n] ofb ug{ ;Sg] lrhj:t" cgfjZos ?kdf gaf]Sg] . – z+lst JolQm;+u cf+vf h"wfpg" x"b}g .
  28. 28. – b]lvg] ul/ s'g} s'/f l^Kg' x"+b}g . – z+lst JolQm;+u hDsfe]^ x'g] df]*, (f]sf cflb &fpx?df cufl* kg'{ x"b}g . – lgu|fgLsQf{ la;]{/ klg c?;+u ukm ug{ lt/ nfUg' x"+b}g . – cfkm" eGbf h]i& clws[t b]v]df jf:tf gug{] .
  29. 29. – ;+rf/;fwg ;fydf x"g"k%{ . – lgu|fgL ug{] JolQm jf :yfgsf] kSsf Plsg ug{] . – z+lst JolQmsf] gftf, ;fyL ;+ultx?sf] hfgsf/L / gLh cfjt hfjt ug{] &fp+x?sf] hfgsf/L lng] . – kl/ro lbg] ls;Ldsf] sfuh kq jf *fo/L ;fydf glng] . – s;}n] z+sf u/]df lgu|fgL ug{ %f]*L csf{] JolQmnfO{ t}gfy u/fpg] . – cfkm"dfyL klg s;}af^ lgu|fgL ePsf] % %}g eGg] tkm{ ;r]t /xg] .
  30. 30. s"g} lh!f;f <
  31. 31. .. ;dfKt ..
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