{Suitability Analysis for Transit-OrientedDevelopment in St. Louis County, MONancy Cole,“GIS in the Public Sector”April 25...
Problem Solution Methodology Results Advice ReferencesFirst Urban SprawlThen Population Loss
Problem Solution Methodology Results Advice ReferencesHow to Retain andAttractBaby Boomers & MillennialsYearSt. Louis City...
Problem Solution Methodology Results Advice ReferencesTransit-Oriented DevelopmentTOD
Problem Solution Methodology Results Advice ReferencesHousing centered on high-quality train or bus systems“Mixed Use”Comp...
Problem Solution Methodology Results Advice ReferencesConnectivityDiversityMixed housingQuality architectureTraditional ne...
Problem Solution Methodology Results Advice References“Smart growth”“New urbanism”Urban designQuality of lifeSustainabilit...
Problem Solution Methodology Results Advice ReferencesSuitabilityAnalysis using 10 criteria in 3 areas Transit Community...
Problem Solution Methodology Results Advice ReferencesTechniquesGeospatial analysis using Euclidean distance Fuzzy membe...
Problem Solution Methodology Results Advice References263,010.3TotalAcresThe ModelIdentified1,836Total Sites
Problem Solution Methodology Results Advice References
Problem Solution Methodology Results Advice ReferencesSite One 7800 block Bonhomme Ave, Clayton 63105Score = 15Pros near r...
Problem Solution Methodology Results Advice ReferencesSite Two 7800 block Bentley Dr, Maplewood 63143Score = 14Pros near H...
Problem Solution Methodology Results Advice ReferencesSite Three 700 block Westgate Ave, University City 63130Score = 13Pr...
Problem Solution Methodology Results Advice ReferencesSite Four 3700 block Greenwood Blvd, Maplewood 63143Score = 13Pros n...
Problem Solution Methodology Results Advice ReferencesSite Five 100 block N Old Orchard Ave, Webster Groves 63119Score = 1...
Problem Solution Methodology Results Advice ReferencesSite Six 7500 block Parkdale Ave, Clayton 63105Score = 12Pros near H...
Problem Solution Methodology Results Advice ReferencesPublic Policy Matters
Problem Solution Methodology Results Advice References Have all its agencies (e.g. housing, transportation, and health) w...
Problem Solution Methodology Results Advice References Modify zoning regulations to encourage mixed-use development Esta...
Problem Solution Methodology Results Advice References Investigate how existing housing could be retrofitted Research de...
Problem Solution Methodology Results Advice References
Problem Solution Methodology Results Advice ReferencesReferencesBonk, Joseph, Discovering Opportunity:Estimating theTransi...
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Public Sector GIS: Transit-Oriented Development

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Public Sector GIS Presentation
Transit-Oriented Development (TOD)
St. Louis County, MO

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Public Sector GIS: Transit-Oriented Development

  1. 1. {Suitability Analysis for Transit-OrientedDevelopment in St. Louis County, MONancy Cole,“GIS in the Public Sector”April 25, 2013
  2. 2. Problem Solution Methodology Results Advice ReferencesFirst Urban SprawlThen Population Loss
  3. 3. Problem Solution Methodology Results Advice ReferencesHow to Retain andAttractBaby Boomers & MillennialsYearSt. Louis CityPopulationSt. Louis CountyPopulation1950 856,796 (Peak) 406,3491960 750,026 703,5321970 622,236 951,3531980 453,085 973,8961990 396,685 993,5292000 348,189 1,016,315 (Peak)2010 319,294 998,954
  4. 4. Problem Solution Methodology Results Advice ReferencesTransit-Oriented DevelopmentTOD
  5. 5. Problem Solution Methodology Results Advice ReferencesHousing centered on high-quality train or bus systems“Mixed Use”Compact/High DensityWalkableEasy access to jobs, schools, shopping, and entertainmentWhat is TOD?
  6. 6. Problem Solution Methodology Results Advice ReferencesConnectivityDiversityMixed housingQuality architectureTraditional neighborhood structure/sense of communityWhat is TOD?
  7. 7. Problem Solution Methodology Results Advice References“Smart growth”“New urbanism”Urban designQuality of lifeSustainabilityWhat is TOD?
  8. 8. Problem Solution Methodology Results Advice ReferencesSuitabilityAnalysis using 10 criteria in 3 areas Transit Community Features Land UseWhere might TOD thrive in St. Louis County?
  9. 9. Problem Solution Methodology Results Advice ReferencesTechniquesGeospatial analysis using Euclidean distance Fuzzy membership Fuzzy overlay
  10. 10. Problem Solution Methodology Results Advice References263,010.3TotalAcresThe ModelIdentified1,836Total Sites
  11. 11. Problem Solution Methodology Results Advice References
  12. 12. Problem Solution Methodology Results Advice ReferencesSite One 7800 block Bonhomme Ave, Clayton 63105Score = 15Pros near retail, offices, and Cons two high-rise officemultifamily towersdowntown Clayton
  13. 13. Problem Solution Methodology Results Advice ReferencesSite Two 7800 block Bentley Dr, Maplewood 63143Score = 14Pros near Hanley, Manchester, big-box Cons poor walkabilitystores, restaurants, and other old apartment complexapartments
  14. 14. Problem Solution Methodology Results Advice ReferencesSite Three 700 block Westgate Ave, University City 63130Score = 13Pros one block to Delmar Loop Cons many Wash U student-on a MetroBus line apartment buildings
  15. 15. Problem Solution Methodology Results Advice ReferencesSite Four 3700 block Greenwood Blvd, Maplewood 63143Score = 13Pros near Big Bend, Laclede Station, Cons limited walkabilityHanley, and new strip mall
  16. 16. Problem Solution Methodology Results Advice ReferencesSite Five 100 block N Old Orchard Ave, Webster Groves 63119Score = 13Pros near Big Bend, Lockwood, and Cons single-family dwellingsdowntown WebsterGroves shopping
  17. 17. Problem Solution Methodology Results Advice ReferencesSite Six 7500 block Parkdale Ave, Clayton 63105Score = 12Pros near Hanley, Wydown, Clayton Cons numerous three-storyRoad, and neighborhood shopping apartment buildings
  18. 18. Problem Solution Methodology Results Advice ReferencesPublic Policy Matters
  19. 19. Problem Solution Methodology Results Advice References Have all its agencies (e.g. housing, transportation, and health) worktogether to support TOD Collaborate with the county’s 90 municipal governments to encourageTOD Work with East-West Gateway and Great Rivers Greenway to promoteTOD Identify areas suitable for TOD and target them for attentionSt. Louis County government should:
  20. 20. Problem Solution Methodology Results Advice References Modify zoning regulations to encourage mixed-use development Establish minimum development densities and maximum parkingstandards near transit facilities Create incentives forTOD developers, such as shorter permittingtimes, higher allowable densities, reduced fees and infrastructurecosts, tax abatements, and tax increment financing (TIF) Identify public investments in transit facilities, streets, sidewalks,parks, community facilities, and local amenities that wouldsupportTODSt. Louis County government should:
  21. 21. Problem Solution Methodology Results Advice References Investigate how existing housing could be retrofitted Research development of in-fill housing on smaller lots in existingresidential areas Consider how brownfield sites could be redeveloped asTOD Avoid squandering opportunities such as recent developmentsnear the Sunnen MetroLink stationSt. Louis County government should:
  22. 22. Problem Solution Methodology Results Advice References
  23. 23. Problem Solution Methodology Results Advice ReferencesReferencesBonk, Joseph, Discovering Opportunity:Estimating theTransit Oriented Development Potential in St.LouisMissouri with an Arc-GIS Suitability Analysis, Cornell University, City and Regional PlanningProgram, May 2010.Keranen, Kathryn, and Robert Kolvoord, Making Spatial Decisions Using GIS: AWorkbook, Esri Press,Redlands, California, 2012,“Urban Planning Decisions,” pages 126-148.Meyers, Nick, Using GIS to Identify Suitable Areas for Smart Growth andTransit Oriented Development (TOD)for Specific Areas within the City of Minneapolis,Minnesota, Papers in ResourceAnalysis,Volume 12,Saint Mary’s University of Minnesota, Central Services Press,Winona, MN, 2010.Mitchell,Andy, Modeling Suitability,Movement,and Interaction:The Esri Guide to GIS AnalysisVolume 3, EsriPress, Redlands, California, 2012, Chapters 1-3, pages 1-167.St. Louis County Department of Planning, Policy Briefs, The Generational Convergence of the BabyBoomers & the Millennials, The Importance of Housing Diversity, TheTransportation System:Benefits BeyondMobility, 2012.
  24. 24. Questions?

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