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Leslie lindo-sbap-june-2011-presentation-hour-one
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Leslie lindo-sbap-june-2011-presentation-hour-one
Leslie lindo-sbap-june-2011-presentation-hour-one
Leslie lindo-sbap-june-2011-presentation-hour-one
Leslie lindo-sbap-june-2011-presentation-hour-one
Leslie lindo-sbap-june-2011-presentation-hour-one
Leslie lindo-sbap-june-2011-presentation-hour-one
Leslie lindo-sbap-june-2011-presentation-hour-one
Leslie lindo-sbap-june-2011-presentation-hour-one
Leslie lindo-sbap-june-2011-presentation-hour-one
Leslie lindo-sbap-june-2011-presentation-hour-one
Leslie lindo-sbap-june-2011-presentation-hour-one
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Leslie lindo-sbap-june-2011-presentation-hour-one
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Leslie lindo-sbap-june-2011-presentation-hour-one
Leslie lindo-sbap-june-2011-presentation-hour-one
Leslie lindo-sbap-june-2011-presentation-hour-one
Leslie lindo-sbap-june-2011-presentation-hour-one
Leslie lindo-sbap-june-2011-presentation-hour-one
Leslie lindo-sbap-june-2011-presentation-hour-one
Leslie lindo-sbap-june-2011-presentation-hour-one
Leslie lindo-sbap-june-2011-presentation-hour-one
Leslie lindo-sbap-june-2011-presentation-hour-one
Leslie lindo-sbap-june-2011-presentation-hour-one
Leslie lindo-sbap-june-2011-presentation-hour-one
Leslie lindo-sbap-june-2011-presentation-hour-one
Leslie lindo-sbap-june-2011-presentation-hour-one
Leslie lindo-sbap-june-2011-presentation-hour-one
Leslie lindo-sbap-june-2011-presentation-hour-one
Leslie lindo-sbap-june-2011-presentation-hour-one
Leslie lindo-sbap-june-2011-presentation-hour-one
Leslie lindo-sbap-june-2011-presentation-hour-one
Leslie lindo-sbap-june-2011-presentation-hour-one
Leslie lindo-sbap-june-2011-presentation-hour-one
Leslie lindo-sbap-june-2011-presentation-hour-one
Leslie lindo-sbap-june-2011-presentation-hour-one
Leslie lindo-sbap-june-2011-presentation-hour-one
Leslie lindo-sbap-june-2011-presentation-hour-one
Leslie lindo-sbap-june-2011-presentation-hour-one
Leslie lindo-sbap-june-2011-presentation-hour-one
Leslie lindo-sbap-june-2011-presentation-hour-one
Leslie lindo-sbap-june-2011-presentation-hour-one
Leslie lindo-sbap-june-2011-presentation-hour-one
Leslie lindo-sbap-june-2011-presentation-hour-one
Leslie lindo-sbap-june-2011-presentation-hour-one
Leslie lindo-sbap-june-2011-presentation-hour-one
Leslie lindo-sbap-june-2011-presentation-hour-one
Leslie lindo-sbap-june-2011-presentation-hour-one
Leslie lindo-sbap-june-2011-presentation-hour-one
Leslie lindo-sbap-june-2011-presentation-hour-one
Leslie lindo-sbap-june-2011-presentation-hour-one
Leslie lindo-sbap-june-2011-presentation-hour-one
Leslie lindo-sbap-june-2011-presentation-hour-one
Leslie lindo-sbap-june-2011-presentation-hour-one
Leslie lindo-sbap-june-2011-presentation-hour-one
Leslie lindo-sbap-june-2011-presentation-hour-one
Leslie lindo-sbap-june-2011-presentation-hour-one
Leslie lindo-sbap-june-2011-presentation-hour-one
Leslie lindo-sbap-june-2011-presentation-hour-one
Leslie lindo-sbap-june-2011-presentation-hour-one
Leslie lindo-sbap-june-2011-presentation-hour-one
Leslie lindo-sbap-june-2011-presentation-hour-one
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Leslie lindo-sbap-june-2011-presentation-hour-one
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Leslie lindo-sbap-june-2011-presentation-hour-one

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Lots of info about energy v electricity, EROI (Energy Return on INvestment), where do AZ's fossil fuels come from, natural gas prices, nuclear, electricity lobbying dollars, externalities, much more!

Lots of info about energy v electricity, EROI (Energy Return on INvestment), where do AZ's fossil fuels come from, natural gas prices, nuclear, electricity lobbying dollars, externalities, much more!

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  • Society runs on Net Energy—what’s left over after—not on Gross Energy.
  • 5 Large base load generating plants are only about 33-40% efficient. Almost 2/3 of the energy inputs are thrown off as waste, due to the technology itself. Add to that the energy required to DELIVER electricity from point of generation to point of use – line losses – and you can see that our increasingly electrified economy generates a lot of waste.
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    • 1. June 25, 2011 Energy v. Electricity; What is the AZ Corporation Commission Nancy LaPlaca, J.D. Advisor to AZ Corporation Commissioner Paul Newman, Esq. Arizona Corporation Commission nlaplaca@azcc.gov 602-542-3682
    • 2. Agenda – Hour One• What is the AZ Corporation Commission and why should I care? Bio’s• Energy v. electricity: emissions from electricity v. transportation• Energy: net energy is key• What about fossil fuel depletion?• Global warming: what does it mean?• 4 minute YouTube of Richard Heinberg: 300 Years of Fossil Fuel History in 300 Seconds
    • 3. The AZ Corporation Commission (ACC) – Why Should I Care?• The ACC is one of 7 ‘constitutional’ and 13 elected Public Utilities Commissions (PUCs) in the U.S.• The ACC has authority over power plants• Generally, participants at the ACC are the (monopoly) utilities, the large energy users (such as mines), utility shareholders…not many public interest participants.• Bottom line: ACC has enormous authority over energy policy, and clean energy needs only THREE votes out of FIVE elected Commissioners….• See www.azcc.gov for more information…or call our office 602-542-3682 and come visit us!
    • 4. Arizona Corporation Commissioner Paul Newman• Commissioner Paul Newman is one of the five elected Comm’rs, see www.azcc.gov• Newman was elected in 2008, and is up for re-election in 2012• Strongest solar supporter at the ACC• Nearly 20 years as state legislator and Cochise County Supervisor, long history of environmental work.• Committed to transparency, disclosure, fairness
    • 5. Nancy LaPlaca, Policy Advisor• Policy Advisory to Comm’r Paul Newman• Help with issues ranging from water and wastewater utilities, AZ cooperatives, electricity, gas, new technologies, solar, wind, natural gas; rate cases – many complex issues.• Background: JD from ASU (1993), Fine Arts (ASU 1990); worked for 2 AZ Congresspersons, state legislature, Court of Please contact me and Appeals, Supreme Court; lots of research and visit us at the ACC: writing; private companies in research, writing, nlaplaca@azcc.gov IT, systems integration. 602-542-3682• Exciting time to be working in energy policy!
    • 6. Agenda – Hour One• What is the AZ Corporation Commission and why should I care? Bio’s• Energy v. electricity: emissions from electricity v. transportation• Energy: net energy is key• What about fossil fuel depletion?• Global warming: what does it mean?• 4 minute YouTube of Richard Heinberg: 300 Years of Fossil Fuel History in 300 Seconds
    • 7. U.S. Energy Consumption Hydro NOTE: most RE is biomass or existing hydro; solar isSource: www.doe.eia.gov fraction of 1%
    • 8. U.S. Electricity Generation Energy Administration Information www.doe.eia.gov
    • 9. Arizona: GHG Emissions Does not include GHGs from exported power.
    • 10. Includes GHGs from exported power.Arizona Republic, CO2 Pollution Soars in Ariz., new study says, Shaun McKinnon,11/13/09; http://www.azcentral.com/arizonarepublic/news/articles/2009/11/13/20091113air-carbon1113.html
    • 11. Arizona Republic, CO2 Pollution Soars in Ariz., new study says, Shaun McKinnon,11/13/09; http://www.azcentral.com/arizonarepublic/news/articles/2009/11/13/20091113air-carbon1113.html
    • 12. Agenda – Hour One• What is the AZ Corporation Commission and why should I care? Bio’s• Energy v. electricity: emissions from electricity v. transportation• Energy: net energy is key• What about fossil fuel depletion?• Global warming: what does it mean?• 4 minute YouTube of Richard Heinberg: 300 Years of Fossil Fuel History in 300 Seconds
    • 13. Net Energy is Key Concept• Net Energy = the energy left after using energy to drill, mine, transport, compress, combust, build, etc.• Also called E-ROI (Energy Return on Investment)• Energy costs are going to rise: Should we invest in renewables, with higher capital (building) costs, or fossil fuel, with increasing fuel costs and high Operation and Maintenance (O&M)?• “Externalities” increasingly important: global warming, water scarcity; also enormous health effects from fossil fuels we’ve ignored for decades• Environmental justice issues: local, U.S., global
    • 14. Energy balance (EROI) is critical Input Output Ethanol from corn Kerogen from marlstone; ? oil from tar sands SAGD ?What are other impacts, like Gulf Oil spill? U. S. oil industry today
    • 15. The easiest-to-getresources are extracted first. Example: deepwater v. onshore drilling for oil.
    • 16. Two-thirds of Energy From Coal Plants Lost as Heat; Natural Gas Combined Cycle More Efficient Waste Waste Waste Inefficient gas Inefficient Generation electric and appliances appliances distribution Fuel for electricity Power, light, and Natural usable gas heat Source: A Micro-Grid with PV, Fuel Cells, and Energy Efficiency, Tom Hoff, Clean Power Research.com 02458605National Renewable Energy Laboratory Innovation for Our Energy Future
    • 17. Energy Slaves?• Fossil fuels are extremely dense form of energy• ~8 calories of oil embedded in every calorie of food delivered• Oil runs our just-in-time economy• Renewable energy (solar, wind) not nearly as dense, not available ‘on demand,’ difficult to store energy• We will likely continue to electrify our transportation system – running a car on coal-fired power emits less pollution than gasoline because car engine is so inefficient.
    • 18. Agenda – Hour One• What is the AZ Corporation Commission and why should I care? Bio’s• Energy v. electricity: emissions from electricity v. transportation• Energy: net energy is key• What about fossil fuel depletion?• Global warming: what does it mean?• 4 minute YouTube of Richard Heinberg: 300 Years of Fossil Fuel History in 300 Seconds
    • 19. “Peak” Oil:Means Peak in Production
    • 20. Gap Between Oil Discovery and Production
    • 21. Energy Export Databrowser• Very interesting energy database at: http://mazamascience.com/OilExport/• Shows timeline of energy use by country and resource• Can combine countries and/or resources
    • 22. Many Countries Are Starting to Use Natural Gas That Was Exported
    • 23. NOTE: Egypt oil netexports peaked before 2000; butconsumption continues to rise;while overall production falls…
    • 24. IEA World Energy OutlookCurrent and Predicted World Oil and Gas Production levels
    • 25. U.S. is Counting on Increase in Shale Gas Production
    • 26. Agenda – Hour One• What is the AZ Corporation Commission and why should I care? Bio’s• Energy v. electricity: emissions from electricity v. transportation• Energy: net energy is key• What about fossil fuel depletion?• Global warming: what does it mean?• 4 minute YouTube of Richard Heinberg: 300 Years of Fossil Fuel History in 300 Seconds
    • 27. Indicators of a Warming World John Cook, “The Scientific Guide to Global Warming Skepticism,” skepticalscience.com, December 2010
    • 28. The Water Cycle The Economist, “For want of a drink,” May 20, 2010
    • 29. 10 Vital Systems for Spaceship EarthGrist article about “Planetary Boundaries: A Safe Operating Space for Humanity,” 9/09
    • 30. The Earth is WarmingJohn Cook, “The Scientific Guide to Global Warming Skepticism,” skepticalscience.com, December 2010
    • 31. Climate Change: Expected Impacts http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/8324428.stm, October 2009
    • 32. Water Availability: Stressed Areas http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/7821082.stm, Dec. 8, 2009
    • 33. Climate Change Impact on Water in U.S. Analysis by Tetra Tech for the Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC), July 2010Climate Change, Water, and Risk
    • 34. The Carbon Cycle: Human Contribution John Cook, “The Scientific Guide to Global Warming Skepticism,” skepticalscience.com, December 2010
    • 35. Agenda – Hour One• What is the AZ Corporation Commission and why should I care? Bio’s• Energy v. electricity: emissions from electricity v. transportation• Energy: net energy is key• What about fossil fuel depletion?• Global warming: what does it mean?• 4 minute YouTube of Richard Heinberg: 300 Years of Fossil Fuel History in 300 Seconds
    • 36. What is Arizona’s ElectricityMix, and How Much Solar?
    • 37. Total solar PV Total in-capacity: 21MW installed statein 2009, Electricity54 MW Coal: useinstalled in 49% Is 50% coal,2010; v total 32% NG,in-statecapacity of 17%16,000 MW, nuclearit’s a tinyamount…
    • 38. TOTAL AZ generation = ~120,000 GWhs because AZ exports 25-30% of powerSource: US Energy Information Agency October 15, 2010
    • 39. AZ’s Electricity Mix• Total in-state generation: 25,000 MW• Total in-state consumption: 16,000 MW – 50% coal – ~28% natural gas – ~22% nuclear – Less than one-tenth of 1% solar • 54 MW installed in 2010 • Total in-state solar: ~100 MW
    • 40. Coal, Nuclear, Natural Gas, Solar, Wind, Solar Hot Water….• Issues are complex and confusing because different types of power plants have pro’s and con’s• Coal and nuclear plants run 85-90% of the hours in a year• Solar only makes electricity when the sun shines; however, AZ has the best land in the U.S. for solar because it is very flat and we have consistent sunshine• KEY: we don’t include all the life-cycle costs of electricity generation, such as pollution, acid rain, health effects from burning coal, possible water pollution from natural gas drilling etc.• We are at crossroads on energy policy – what do YOU think we should do?
    • 41. AZ Renewable Energy Standard (RES) is 15% by 2025AZ’s RES means that 15% Year Requirementof the kilowatt-hoursgenerated by regulated 2008 1.75 %utilities come from ‘clean 2011 3.00 %energy’: solar, wind, 2014 4.50 %biomass, solar hot water,concentrating solar etc. 2017 7.00 %by 2025… 2020 10.00 % 2024 14.00 %AZ’s RES is far lower than After 2024 15.00 %Colorado (30% by 2020),California (33% by 2020),Nevada (25% by 2025).
    • 42. The Effect of Much Higher EE Savings AZ 2008 AZ 2020 6% 0% 0% 20% 19% Coal 24% Natural Gas 37% Nuclear Conv. Hydro Renewables 15% Energy Eff. 24% Other 4% 33% 18%- Energy Efficiency becomes one-fifth of the energy “pie” in 2020- Lower total costs, lower utility bills, more jobs, less pollution- Deferral of 3 large baseload plants 2020’s to 2030’s (by then morerenewables, storage, electric vehicles)-$9 billion in lower customer bills (2011-2030; APS, TEP, Coops) 46
    • 43. Solar Hot Water (SHW):Total Huge Potential for AZ!U.S.,notjust AZ
    • 44. How much does AZ spend on fossil fuels every year?
    • 45. AZ Imports Most Fossil Fuels• AZ imports all its Natural Gas and 2/3 of coal• AZ spent $1.5 billion importing Natural Gas (NG) for electricity in 2009 – Another $800 million spent on NG for heating – Shale gas has been a game-changer, brought the price of gas way down, but ultimately depleting – During Katrina, cost of NG doubled; also doubled from 2007 to 2008 when oil peaked at $147/barrel• AZ spent $500 million in 2007 importing coal
    • 46. Cost of Natural Gas -More Volatile Since 2000
    • 47. U.S. Currently Imports 5-12% of Natural Gas Consumed
    • 48. Coal Capacity Factor Much Higher Than Natural Gas: AZ Can Hybridize NG plants!U.S. Natural Gas and Coal Fleet Capacity Factors, 1976-2007
    • 49. his graph from the IEA shows the production levels - andpredicted production levels - of oil and gas in the world. IEA World Energy Outlook
    • 50. Why doesn’t AZ have more clean energy?
    • 51. Why doesn’t AZ have more clean energy?• Many reasons, but here are a few: – Monopoly utilities granted geographic territories (APS, SRP, TEP etc.) – Large central-station power plants – Distributed generation is a new player, and solar has only recently come down in price – Politics and the corrupting influence of fossil fuel $$$ – Utilities don’t want to give up sales to ‘disruptive’ technologies. – The more distributed solar, the LESS revenue for utilities; lost ‘fixed’ costs…
    • 52. Kevin Phillips, Bad MoneyFrom ASPO-USA Conference, October 12, 2009 Financial services increased from less than 10% to nearly 50% of corporate profits Manufacturing declined from 60% to less than 10% of corporate profits
    • 53. Local v.Out-of- StateDollars $73 out of every $100 spent on locally- owned businesses stays local
    • 54. Local v.Out-of- StateDollarsOnly $43 outof every $100 spenton non-local businesses stays local
    • 55. What are ‘externalities’ and why should I care?
    • 56. “Externalities” in electricity• Uncounted costs are called “externalities” and include: – Subsidies – Air pollution, water use and pollution – Mercury contamination – Lost productivity, morbidity and mortality – Health effects from fossil fuel burning• 12/08 coal ash spill in TN cost $1.2 billion• Power plants are big water users: nuclear the most, then coal; solar PV and wind use zero water; Concentrating Solar Power can be wet or dry. Wet CSP that uses a steam turbine uses as much water as a coal plant but does not pollute the water.
    • 57. $72.5 billionfor FossilFuels $12.2 billion for Wind and Solar
    • 58. National Academy Estimates Criteria* Pollutants from 406 Coal Plants Cause $68B/Year Damage NOTE: CLIMATECHANGE DAMAGES NOT INCLUDED,ONLY SO2, NOx, PM 2.5 &10 Damages from these plants exceed $500 million a year 68
    • 59. Coal’s Externalities / True Costs Coal-fired power plants produce 50% of U.S. electricity. Coal costs the U.S. $500B annually over its life cycle (extraction, transport, processing, and combustion)•$74B in public health burdens in Appalachian communities•$187.5B from health costs of cancer, lung disease, andrespiratory sickness in other parts of the U.S.•$29.3B from mercury impacts•$205B from carbon emissions’ climate impacts on land use,energy consumption, and food prices•$18B from the costs of cleaning up spills of toxic waste,the impact of coal on crops, property values, and tourismExternalities would raise costs of electricity from coal-firedplants, from $0.10 / kWh to $0.28 / kWh, shifting it from one ofthe cheapest sources of electricity to one of the most expensive. Dr. Paul Epstein, Harvard study, Feb. 2011 “Full Cost Accounting for the Life Cycle of Coal”,
    • 60. gal/MWh Co Cal o, s 500 0 1,000 1,500 2,000 ste alt,ea am m Oi Nu Co l/g Nuc cle Ga m Oil as arle Tu s, C sbtus /gaste , ar rbi om eaio s, a t ne bu m m Ga Co stin t u m onrb cyc s, C bin ine Co le o m b e d Generation c Conventional al in e y ,I G dcleSource: Western Resource Advocates Co C C C ca al, IG alo ,w Co ptu , P ith a re CCC, car Col, I G Co N ww it b a C G th o C l ca al, P C ih caIrGn cC , C ptu C C c b a , it re wwh arb on ptu NG i o r ca CC, t h carbn ca eca o ptu w re ith rbo n ptur ca n So rboca e la nptu Emerging rC re Technologies So SP So co lalr C , w Im oi a S pr Song r CS P, ewc t ov o ed co lar C P, d etolin Bi olin SP ry g“The Energy-Water Nexus: A Case Study of the Arkansas River Basin” 2008 bi , dc g om om o ry o a as s s, l in Bio s-ba ste So g c m se am la So r Im ool ass, d s P larV e co proved G sttea e pla PV nt ole d d B eo am m ,w W Geiom the plpla et iW nd ot as rm an nt, co ind Ge h s sa t, w o tl co oth erm e, am wet etled bi a np c Water Intensity of Electricity Generation Ge olin G erm l ,, oth geo alb aryl,ant,oole co b olin erm the inairna dry wed t Geg al,rm y, ry, c o ban hy dryo i l ,a co o th br Renewables bry id ling in , olin erm g al, aryhybrcoo bin , w id lin ary e t g , wco etoli Water Intensity of Electricity Generation ng
    • 61. APS’ RW Beck Study on the Value Of Distributed Energy Operating Impacts and Valuation study RW Beck study says the value of distributed solar is 7.9 to 14.11 cents/kWh in avoided costs for fuel, trans- mission, line losses, etc.1
    • 62. “With public sentiment nothing can fail; without it, nothing can succeed.” Abraham LincolnNational Renewable Energy Laboratory Innovation for Our Energy Future
    • 63. Thank you! Paul Newman Arizona Corporation Commissioner pnewman@azcc.gov 602-542-3682

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