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Class 1 of WizIQ Course "Introduction to the Scientific Study of Psychic Phenomena"

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  • 1. Introduction to the Scientific Study ofPsychic PhenomenaNancy L. Zingrone, PhDwww.theazire.orgThe AZIRE Learning Center in Second LifeSLURL: http://maps.secondlife.com/secondlife/Madhupak/153/89/60www.rhineeducationcenter.orgThe Rhine Research Center in Second Life:SLURL: http://maps.secondlife.com/secondlife/Madhupak/44/161/84
  • 2. Plan of the course:O Today: Introduction to the Scientific Study ofPsychic PhenomenaO April 25th, 3pm Eastern: Ghosts, Poltergeistsand Hauntings ResearchO May 2nd, 3pm Eastern: Studying the Out ofBody and Near-Death ExperiencesO May 9th, 3pm Eastern: ReincarnationResearch in Scientific Parapsychology
  • 3. Using the Courseware page:
  • 4. Using the Course Feed:
  • 5. What each live class will contain:O An introductory lecture that ranges over thebroad tropicO Some recommendations for videos andfuture readingO Some recommendations for websites,Facebook pages, blogs and other resourcesto study moreO A running discussion on the Course Feedpage
  • 6. Where I’m coming from:O Long-time member of the ParapsychologicalAssociation – www.parapsych.orgO Trained at the Foundation for Research onthe Nature of Man, the predecessor to theRhine Research CenterO PhD from the psychology department at theUniversity of Edinburgh under the late greatProfessor Bob MorrisO Enthusiastic about science and experienceO Believer in active self-directed learning
  • 7. What does parapsychology study ….
  • 8. ParapsychologyDefined as outside accepted boundaries of human functioning“The scientific study of experiences which, if they are as they seem tobe, are in principle outside the realm of human capabilities aspresently conceived by conventional scientists.” Harvey J. Irwin,(2004). An Introduction to Parapsychology (4th ed.). Jefferson, NC:McFarland.Defined in terms of agency“A science dealing with mechanical or psychological phenomena dueto forces that seem to be intelligent, or to unknown powers latent inhuman intelligence.” Referring to “metapsychics,” Charles Richet(1923), Thirty Years of Psychical Research. New York: Macmillan.Defined in terms of nonphysicality“The branch of inquiry which deals with nonphysical personaloperations or phenomena.” from J. B. Rhine and J. G. Pratt (1957).Parapsychology: Frontier Science of the Mind. Springfield, IL: Charles CThomas.
  • 9. Two main categories of parapsychological phenomenaExtrasensory Perception (ESP)TelepathyClairvoyancePrecognitionPsychokinesis (PK)On ObjectsOn Biological OrganismsOn Electrical and Mechanical Systems
  • 10. APPARITIONSOF THE DEAD RecurrentAt moment ofdeathLong after deathOF THE LIVINGCrisisRecurrentExperimental
  • 11. The Brown Lady of Raynham HallPublished in 1936in Country Life Magazineand in 1937 in Life MagazineTaken byCaptain Hubert C. Provand& Indre ShiraRetrieved from castleofspirits.comSightings from1835 to 1936,at least …
  • 12. Cheltenham GhostTalk available on themembers only section ofwww.rhine.orgPowerpoint with detailsabout this case availableon SlideShare:http://www.slideshare.net/NanZingron
  • 13. Talk available on themembers only section ofwww.rhine.orgPowerpoint with detailsabout this case availableon SlideShare:http://www.slideshare.net/NanZingThe Antique Shop SpukFrom Cornell, Investigating the Paranormal(Parapsychology Foundation, 2002)
  • 14. Parapsychology Foundation’s Founder,Irish medium and patron of scientificparapsychology,Eileen J. Garrett,in trance, in the 1930sFor more information visitthe websites of theParapsychologyFoundation:www.parapsychology.orgwww.psi-mart.comwww.pflyceum.orgwww.psychicexplorers.org
  • 15. Articles by Carlos S. Alvarado, PhDon out-of-body experiencesavailable from:http://www.medicine.virginia.edu/clinical/departments/psychiatry/sections/cspp/dops/staff/carlosbio-pa
  • 16. Aura Vision and AuraViewers
  • 17. Cases of the Reincarnation TypeMore information available from:The Division of Perceptual StudiesUniversity of Virginiahttp://www.medicine.virginia.edu/clinical/departmen
  • 18. HealingMore info available from:http://www.explorejournal.com/&http://www.dosseydossey.com/larry/default.html
  • 19. Methods of StudyLaboratoryCorrelationalExperimentalStudies of Spontaneous CasesCase collectionsSurveysField studiesOtherBibliographicalMeta-analysis
  • 20. Conceptual Approaches to ParapsychologyExplanatoryConventional Principles / New PrinciplesDisciplinaryViews and Emphases Questions about PhenomenaPsychological What is the psychological profile?Physical Is there a physical mechanism?Anthropological What are the cultural variables?Medical Related to what conditions?
  • 21. The Critical MentalityOpinions depend on:O Conditions of observationO MethodologyO Frame of referenceO Sources of informationConventional Explanations:Movies (Poltergeist)O TV (X Files)O BooksCoincidenceO SuggestionO Memory mistakesO HallucinationsO SubconsciouselaborationO Fraud
  • 22. Great resources for the critical but open point of view:The Parapsychological Association websitewww.parapsychology.orgThe website of the Society for Psychical Researchwww.spr.ac.uk
  • 23. Helmut Schmidt & the “Keep It Going” MachineFRNM (Institute for Parapsychology), 1960s-1970sMind-Science Foundation, 1980s
  • 24. Stanley Krippnerand a ParticipantAt the Maimonides DreamLaboratory (1960s)
  • 25. Chuck Honorton at the Maimonides Dream Laboratory(1960s-1970s)
  • 26. “The DescentFrom the Cross”Max Beckmann,1917, Oil on CanvasTarget for aSuccessfulDream TelepathySession
  • 27. Early Random Number GeneratorPsychokinesis Experiment at thePrinceton Engineering AnomaliesLaboratory (PEAR), Princeton UniversityCirca 1985(1976-2007)Brenda DunneRobert Jahnwww.icrl.orgRoger Nelsonhttp://noosphere.princeton.edu/
  • 28. Remote Viewing / Remote PerceptionStanford Research Institute(SRI)Russ Targ and Hal Puthoff1970s to late 1980s
  • 29. Ed MayJoeMcMoneagleStanford Research Institute (SRI)Science Applications International Corp (SAIC)
  • 30. The GanzfeldExperimentAbove:setting up the “receiver”To the left:The KPU Lab atEdinburgh1985 to 2005
  • 31. Koestler Professor of Parapsychology,Department of Psychology, University of Edinburgh,Dr. Robert Lyle Morris (1942-2004)
  • 32. Centre for the Study of Anomalous Processesin Psychology, Department of Psychology,University of Northampton, FacultyO Deborah Delanoy:Meta-analysis,Psychomanteumresearcho Richard Broughton:o Testing models of anomalousskin conductance, GanzfeldO Chris Roe:ESP and PK, beliefin the paranormalO Simon Sherwood:Apparitional experiencesof black dogs, hypnogogicimagery and OBEs
  • 33. Center for Research on Consciousnessand Anomalous Psychology,Department of Psychology,Lund UniversityO Etzel Cardeña:Hypnotizability andscoring in ESP tasks,electrocortical activityof deep hypnosisexperiences
  • 34. Other universities with units “seeded” orbenefited by the Morris Miracle:O University of HertfordshireO University of GreenwichO Goldsmith’s College, University ofLondonO University of VirginiaO University of São PauloO Federal University of Juiz de Fora
  • 35. TABLE 1Topics of Research Papers at Recent Parapsychological Association Conventions2000-2003 (N=63)Topic N %ExperimentsESP 38 60.3PK/DMILS[a] 9 14.3Spontaneous CasesVariety of psychicexperiences[b]9 14.3Hauntings 2 3.2NDEs 1 1.6Recollections of previouslives1 1.6Apparitions 1 1.6Poltergeists 1 1.6Mediumship 1 1.6[a] Some of these may be classified as ESP.[b] These are questionnaire studies considering a variety of experiences (e.g., waking and dream ESP, OBEs).
  • 36. English Language Journals to read:O Journal of ParapsychologyO Journal of the Society for Psychical ResearchO Journal of Scientific ExplorationO European Journal of ParapsychologyO Australian Journal of ParapsychologyO Journal of Near-Death StudiesO International Journal of ParapsychologyO Journal of the American Society for Psychical ResearchO Explore
  • 37. Associations/Societies to Join:O Parapsychological AssociationO Society for Scientific ExplorationO Society for Psychical ResearchO International Association of Near Death StudiesWebsites to Frequent:• www.pflyceum.org• www.parapsychology.org• www.parapsych.org• www.iands.org• www.spr.ac.uk• www.scientificexploration.org
  • 38. The Take Away MessageO Parapsychology is:O On the margins of mainstream scienceO Controversial for complex reasonsO An interdisciplinary problem area with:O A wide variety of phenomenaO A wide variety of approachesO Deep questions on a grand scaleO Deep questions at the level of the individualO Worth every day spent in it
  • 39. Thanks for your Attention!See you next week!email: nancy@theazire.orgwww.theazire.orgThe AZIRE Learning Center in Second LifeSLURL: http://maps.secondlife.com/secondlife/Madhupak/153/89/60www.rhineeducationcenter.orgThe Rhine Research Center in Second Life:SLURL: http://maps.secondlife.com/secondlife/Madhupak/44/161/84