The middle curriculum includes Japanese, mathematics, social studies, science, English, music, art, physical education, field trips, clubs and homeroom time. Students now receive instruction from specialist subject teachers. The pace is quick and instruction is text-book bound because teachers have to cover a lot of ground in preparation for high-school entrance examinations.
ProfEd113 Educational System (Japan)
o Japanese educational system was reformed
after World War II
o Old: 6-5-3-3 system
o Now: 6-3-3-4
(6 years of elementary school, 3 years of junior high school, 3 years
of senior high school and 4 years of University)
o An elementary school (from 6 years) and
junior high school (3 years) education, i.e.
nine years of schooling are considered
o 100% enrollment in compulsory grades and
o high school (koukou) enrollment is over 96%
nationwide and nearly 100% in the cities
o About 46% of all high school graduates go on
to university or junior college.
o The Ministry of Education closely supervises
curriculum, textbooks, classes and maintains a
uniform level of education throughout the
country. As a result, a high standard of
education is possible.
National School Curriculum
o elementary school
Music and arts
o Middle School
clubs and homeroom time
National School Curriculum
o High School
o the content may contain general or highly
specialized subjects depending on the different
types of high schools.
o High schools may be classed into one of the
Elite academic high schools
Non-elite academic high schools
Vocational High Schools
Correspondence High Schools
Evening High School
o A school year has three terms: summer,
winter and spring, which are each followed by
a vacation period.
o The school year begins in April and ends in
March of the following year.
o Japanese children enter primary school from
o From age 12, children proceed to middle
o 15 year-old middle-school graduates go on to
high schools or private specialist institutions
o bullying (ijime) or behavioral problems
o Rigorous swotting for entrance exams
o To secure entry to most high schools, universities,
as well as a few private junior high schools and
elementary schools, applicants are required to sit
entrance exams and attend interviews.
Education philosophy and teaching
(1)virtually all children have the ability to learn
well and to master the regular school
(2)certain habits and characteristics, such as
diligence and attention to detail, can be
o A basic characteristic throughout elementary
and secondary education is the continuing
emphasis on science and mathematics.
o The Japanese consider these subjects the
basic building blocks of technology, and
curriculum requirements ensure that all
children receive extensive grounding in them.
o Mathematics is one of the required subjects
on university entrance examinations and,
hence, receives continuing attention through