India is 3rd largest coal producing country after China and USA. India has 5th largest coal reserves in the world. Exploration, development, and sale of coal and lignite resources in India are completely under the oversight of the Indian Government, through the Ministry of Coal. The Ministry is in administrative control of major coal-producing companies including Coal India Limited (CIL), Singareni Colliery Company Limited (SCCL) and Neyveli Lignite Corporation (NLC). More than 90% of coal and lignite produced in India is from the CIL, SCCL, and NLC mines, as only a small amount of captive coal mining is allowed for private steel, power and cement companies. The size of Indian coal industry was estimated to be INR 800 billion by the end of fiscal year 2012.
The proven coal resources in India were recorded at around 114billion tons as on April 1, 2011. Sales Jharkhand: 37% Orissa: 19% Chattisgarh: 10% West Bengal: 11% Others: 23%
India’s total coal production grew at a CAGR of 5.5% between FY00and FY09. The deployment of advanced mining technologies hasfacilitated this accelerated growth, which is in response to rapidincrease in domestic demand.
India is the third-largest consumer of coal, and accounted foraround 9% of global coal consumption in 2009. The country’scoal consumption increased at a CAGR of 5% between 1999 and2009 and registered a high growth of 10.5% y-o-y in 2004.
Inferior quality, characterized by high ash content. Land acquisition, forest and environmental clearances and issues of law and order related to Naxals. Infrastructure - lack of proper road connectivity , railway wagons, 24/7 availability of power, port facilities, have put brakes on the growth of this industry. Labour problem. As per data available, labour constitutes 40% of the total cost of production and thus production costs in India are 35% higher as compared to countries like Australia, Indonesia and South Africa. Our output per man-shift stands at a meagre 3.8 tonnes vis-a-vis 65 tonnes in Australia.
CIL (Coal India Ltd) SCCL (Singareni collieries Company Ltd) NLC (Neyveli Lignite Corporation Ltd)