NDU Term Paper | Anabolic Steriods Research


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NDU English Class Term Paper, a research and analysis of Anabolic Steriods by Naja Faysal.

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NDU Term Paper | Anabolic Steriods Research

  1. 1. Faysal 1 Effects of Steroids By: Naja Faysal Presented to: Mrs. Merna Karam. ENL 110 NDU Summer 2003
  2. 2. Faysal 2 Outline: Thesis statement: Athletes who take steroids are facing many physical and psychological problems. I. A. Introducing the topic. B. Definition. C. Sports that steroids can be used in. II. Types of steroids. III. Physical effects: A. Positive and immediate effects. B. Negative and long time effects. IV. Physiological effects. V. A word of warning and advise to young athletes.
  3. 3. Faysal 3 Effects of steroids Although anabolic steroids have so many physical and psychological side effects and they are illegal by all the sports organizations; still, some athletes persist in taking them believing that these substances provide a competitive advantage. (Dr.Wadler). Another sources of information still consist on the advantages of steroids and believing that anabolic steroids can be safe if used in low dosage and short period of time. (supremebodybuilding.com). So, as it is obvious there are many conflicting ideas about the effects of steroids on athletes, and this made the effects of steroids a good subject for research. Anabolic steroids -- or more precisely, anabolic-androgenic steroids -- are the synthetic derivatives of the naturally occurring male anabolic hormone testosterone. Both anabolic and androgenic have origins from the Greek: anabolic, meaning "to build," and androgenic, meaning "masculinizing." Testosterone's natural androgenic effects trigger the maturing of the male reproductive system in puberty, including the growth of body hair and the deepening of the voice. The hormone's anabolic effect helps the body retain dietary protein, which aids in the development of muscles. "Although there are many types of steroids with varying degrees of anabolic and androgenic properties, it's the anabolic property of steroids that lures athletes, they take them to primarily increase muscle mass and strength. (Dr.Wadler)
  4. 4. Faysal 4 Anabolic steroids are synthetic versions of the primary male sex hormone, testosterone. Testosterone, produced primarily by the testes, is responsible for the masculinization and muscle growth during male adolescence. Anabolic steroids are administered primarily in the oral and injectable forms, and needle sharing has been reported, especially among adolescents. These drugs are usually obtained from black market sources, which often include distributors of other illegal drugs. (Steroids - Dangerous side effects). All steroid hormones influence metabolism throughout the body. During hormone therapy, the body is exposed to excessive amounts of steroid hormone. Moreover, just as occurring steroid hormones of differing biological activity usually happen antagonistically. (pharmacological actions of steroids). It is not only the football player or weightlifter or sprinter who may be using anabolic steroids. Nor is it only men. White- and blue-collar workers, females and, most alarmingly, adolescents take steroids -- all linked by the desire to hopefully look, perform and feel better, regardless of the dangers. There are several different types of anabolic steroids; it's a good idea to research the different types of steroids before taking anything. One of the most popular steroids is testosterone. It is mainly used for gaining weight, but is also used while dieting to help preserve muscle and increase the metabolism. There are several different types of testosterone, and well as numerous companies that produce it. The most popular brand of testosterone is Sustanon. It is a blend of four different testosterones. A first time user can easily gain 15-20 pounds in a matter of two months. Other steroids that are popular for
  5. 5. Faysal 5 adding size and strength are dianabol, and anadrol. Steroids that are commonly used while dieting, or "cutting", are finaplix, winstrol, primobolan, oxandrolone, and clenbuterol. Other steroids that are used in with a combination of the above are, deca durabolin, and equipoise. There are also a few products, which aren't steroids, but should also be taken with the steroids. Nolvadex. Nolvadex helps stop and prevent gynecomastia, or "bitch tits". If taken through out the cycle, a steroid user does not have to worry about gynecomastia. Clomiphene Citrate and HCG. These two products are usually used after a steroid cycle to help the body produce testosterone once again. Nolvadex, and Clomiphene Citrate/HCG should always be on hand when taking anabolic steroids. (supremebodybuilding.com). Individuals who use anabolic steroids, particularly those experienced in weight training, will experience increases in strength and muscle significantly beyond those observed from training alone. (Steroids - Dangerous side effects). Anabolic steroids help increase strength and fitness, self-confidence, self-esteem, self-image, and more. Anabolic steroids are the solution of many social and psychological problems for people, either who use them to lose overweight or to make his body look better. (supremebodybuilding.com). Anabolic steroids, especially androgens secreted or administered in abnormally large amounts can cause development of male characteristics in the female and precocious sexual development in the male. (pharmacological actions of steroids).
  6. 6. Faysal 6 If steroids are not well taken, many side effects might occur: liver and kidney damage, acne, gynecomastia, aggression, and high blood pressure. Some steroids are very toxic to the body, while others have very little side effects. Usually the case is, the more toxic the steroid, the more powerful it is to the body. (supremebodybuilding.com). Although anabolic steroids are derived from a male sex hormone, men who take them may actually experience a "feminization" effect along with a decrease in normal male sexual function. Some possible effects include: • Reduced sperm count • Impotence • Development of breasts • Shrinking of the testicles • Difficulty or pain while urinating On the other hand, women often experience a "masculinization" effect from anabolic steroids, including the following: • Facial hair growth • Deepened voice • Breast reduction • Menstrual cycle changes (Dr.Wadler)
  7. 7. Faysal 7 Physical health concerns associated with steroid use include liver and heart disease, and stroke. (Steroids - Dangerous side effects). In females, anabolic steroids have been associated with a number of adverse effects, some of which appear to be permanent even when drug use is stopped. These include menstrual abnormalities, deepening of voice, shrinkage of breasts, male-pattern baldness, and an increase in sex drive, acne, body hair and clitoris size. Younger steroid users, both male and female, are at risk of permanently halting their linear growth, which could result in shorter stature than nature had intended. (Steroids –Dangerous side effects). With continued use of anabolic steroids, both sexes can experience the following effects, which range from the merely unsightly to the life endangering. They include: • Acne • Bloated appearance • Rapid weight gain • Clotting disorders • Liver damage • Premature heart attacks and strokes • Elevated cholesterol levels • Weakened tendons Anabolic steroids can halt growth prematurely in adolescents. "What happens is that steroids close the growth centers in a kid's bones", says Dr. Wadler. "Once these growth plates are closed, they cannot reopen so adolescents that take too many steroids may end up shorter than they should have been." (Dr.Wadler)
  8. 8. Faysal 8 Anabolic steroids can cause severe mood swings. People can go from bouts of depression or extreme irritability to feeling of invincibility and out right aggression, commonly called “roid rage”. This is a dangerous state beyond mere assertiveness. (Dr.Wadler) Although anabolic steroids may have some immediate positive effects according to strength and shape; but the negative side effects will last for a life time even after the drugs are stopped and the hormone is purged from the body. A range of bio-chemical changes starts to happen. Moreover, they can be deadly. So, as a word of warning to all who reads my research, males or females, teens or adults, and every one, I say that don’t risk with your life for just to win a game or to have more sports skills and strength, and remember that this will be cheating and illegal. (Personal conclusion).
  9. 9. Faysal 9 References: Dr. Wadler, Gary. Anabolic steroids. Informative article on steroid use and its side effect. Friday, August 8, 2003. [http://www.espn.go.com/special/s/drugsand sports/steroids.html-30k] Long term side effects. Side effects that come with long term use of steroids. Tuesday, August 12, 2003. [http://www.q.co.za/culture/00leisure/000428-steroid.htm] Pharmacological actions of steroids. Britannica. Jacob E. Safra – Ilan Yeshua. Chicago. Volume: 15. P: 928. Steroids – dangerous side effects. American college – clearing house for alcohol and drug information. Wednesday, August 6, 2003. [http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/anabolicsteroids.html-46k] Supremebodybuilding.com. Basic steroid information. Wednesday, August 6, 2003. [http://www.supreme bodybuilding.com/anabolicsteroids.htm-9k]
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