Handout7 html forms
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  • 1. WEBPROG1-HTML Midterm Period Handout #7HTML Forms Forms are a vital tool for the webmaster to receive informationfrom the web surfer, such as: their name, email address, credit card,etc. A form will take input from the viewer and depending on yourneeds you may store that data into a file, place an order, gather userstatistics, register the person to your web forum, or maybe subscribethem to your weekly newsletter.Text Fields Before we teach you how to make a complete form, lets start outwith the basics of forms. Input fields are going to be the meat of yourforms sandwich. The <input> has a few attributes that you should beaware of. o type - Determines what kind of input field it will be. Possible choices are text, submit, and password. o name - Assigns a name to the given field so that you may reference it later. o size - Sets the horizontal width of the field. The unit of measurement is in blank spaces. o maxlength - Dictates the maximum number of characters that can be entered.Code:<form method="post" action="mailto:youremail@email.com">Name: <input type="text" size="10" maxlength="40" name="name"><br />Password: <input type="password" size="10" maxlength="10"name="password"></form>Display:Name:Password: Do not use the password feature for security purposes. The data inthe password field is not encrypted and is not secure in any way.Prepared By: RICHARD F. ORPIANO Page 1 of 6
  • 2. WEBPROG1-HTML Midterm Period Handout #7HTML Form Email Now we will add the sumbit functionality to your form. Generally,the button should be the last item of your form and have its nameattribute set to "Send" or "Submit". Name defines what the label of thebutton will be. Here is a list of important attributes of the submit: In addition to adding the submit button, we must also add adestination for this information and specify how we want it to travel tothat place. Adding the following attributes to your <form> will do justthis. o method - We will only be using the post functionality of method, which sends the data without displaying any of the information to the visitor. o action - Specifies the URL to send the data to. We will be sending our information to a fake email address.Code:<form method="post" action="mailto:youremail@email.com">Name: <input type="text" size="10" maxlength="40" name="name"><br />Password: <input type="password" size="10" maxlength="10"name="password"><br /><input type="submit" value="Send"></form>Display:Name:Password: Simply change the email address to your own and you will haveset up your first functional form!HTML Radio Buttons Radio buttons are a popular form of interaction. You may haveseen them on quizzes, questionnaires, and other web sites that givethe user a multiple choice question. Below are a couple attributes youshould know that relate to the radio button.Prepared By: RICHARD F. ORPIANO Page 2 of 6
  • 3. WEBPROG1-HTML Midterm Period Handout #7 o value - specifies what will be sent if the user chooses this radio button. Only one value will be sent for a given group of radio buttons (see name for more information). o name - defines which set of radio buttons that it is a part of. Below we have 2 groups: shade and size.Code:<form method="post" action="mailto:youremail@email.com">What kind of shirt are you wearing? <br />Shade:<input type="radio" name="shade" value="dark">Dark<input type="radio" name="shade" value="light">Light <br />Size:<input type="radio" name="size" value="small">Small<input type="radio" name="size" value="medium">Medium<input type="radio" name="size" value="large">Large <br /><input type="submit" value="Email Myself"></form>Display:What kind of shirt are you wearing?Shade: Dark LightSize: Small Medium Large If you change the email address to your own and "Email Myself"then you should get an email with "shade=(choice) size=(choice)".HTML Check Boxes Check boxes allow for multiple items to be selected for a certaingroup of choices. The check boxs name and value attributes behavethe same as a radio button.Code:<form method="post" action="mailto:youremail@email.com">Select your favorite cartoon characters.<input type="checkbox" name="toon" value="Goofy">Goofy<input type="checkbox" name="toon" value="Donald">Donald<input type="checkbox" name="toon" value="Bugs">Bugs Bunny<input type="checkbox" name="toon" value="Scoob">Scooby Doo<input type="submit" value="Email Myself"></form>Prepared By: RICHARD F. ORPIANO Page 3 of 6
  • 4. WEBPROG1-HTML Midterm Period Handout #7Display:Select the 2 greatest toons.GoofyDonaldBugs BunnyScooby DooHTML Drop Down Lists Drop down menus are created with the <select> and <option>tags. <select> is the list itself and each <option> is an availablechoice for the user.Code:<form method="post" action="mailto:youremail@email.com">College Degree?<select name="degree"><option>Choose One</option><option>Some High School</option><option>High School Degree</option><option>Some College</option><option>Bachelors Degree</option><option>Doctorate</option><input type="submit" value="Email Yourself"></select></form>Display:Education?HTML Selection Forms Yet another type of form, a highlighted selection list. This form willpost what the user highlights. Basically just another type of way to getinput from the user. The size attribute selects how many options will be shown at oncebefore needing to scroll, and the selected option tells the browserwhich choice to select by default.Code:<form method="post" action="mailto:youremail@email.com">Musical TastePrepared By: RICHARD F. ORPIANO Page 4 of 6
  • 5. WEBPROG1-HTML Midterm Period Handout #7<select multiple name="music" size="4"><option value="emo" selected>Emo</option><option value="metal/rock" >Metal/Rock</option><option value="hiphop" >Hip Hop</option><option value="ska" >Ska</option><option value="jazz" >Jazz</option><option value="country" >Country</option><option value="classical" >Classical</option><option value="alternative" >Alternative</option><option value="oldies" >Oldies</option><option value="techno" >Techno</option></select><input type="submit" value="Email Yourself"></form>Display:Musical TasteHTML Text Areas Text areas serve as an input field for viewers to place their owncomments onto. Forums and the like use text areas to post what youtype onto their site using scripts. For this form, the text area is usedas a way to write comments to somebody. Rows and columns need to be specified as attributes to the<textarea> tag. Rows are roughly 12pixels high, the same as in wordprograms and the value of the columns reflects how many characterswide the text area will be. i.e. The example below shows a text area 5rows tall and 20 characters wide. Another attribute to be aware of is the wrap. Wrap has 3 values. • wrap= o "off"Prepared By: RICHARD F. ORPIANO Page 5 of 6
  • 6. WEBPROG1-HTML Midterm Period Handout #7 o "virtual" o "physical" Virtual means that the viewer will see the words wrapping as theytype their comments, but when the page is submitted to you, the webhost, the document sent will not have wrapping words.Physical means that the text will appear both to you, the web host,and the viewer including any page breaks and additional spaces thatmay be inputed. The words come as they are.Off of course, turns off word wrapping within the text area.Code:<form method="post" action="mailto:youremail@email.com"><textarea rows="5" cols="20" wrap="physical" name="comments">Enter Comments Here</textarea><input type="submit" value="Email Yourself"></form>Display: Also note that any text placed between the opening and closingtextarea tags will show up inside the text area when the browser viewsit.Prepared By: RICHARD F. ORPIANO Page 6 of 6