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•Find literature associated with the topic. ...

•Find literature associated with the topic.
•Search and analyze the literature.
•Evaluate the paper before reading.
•Cite literature properly.
•Make a summary table of reviewed papers.
•Avoid plagiarism.
•Write a journal article based on literature review.

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Research Tools Box - The Effective Use of Research Tools Box Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Research Tools Box
  • 2. The Effective Use of Research Tools BoxNader Ale EbrahimDepartment of Engineering Design and Manufacture,Faculty of Engineering, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur,MalaysiaEmail: aleebrahim@perdana.um.edu.my
  • 3. Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 4. IntroductionThe search can be time consuming and sometimes tedious task. How can make it easier? How do deal with situations such as:• “I just join as new postgraduate students and I am not sure how to do a literature search”• “I have been into research for sometimes now but I spend a lot of time to get the articles I want”• “I am sure I have downloaded the article but I am not able to find it”• “I wanted to write a new paper, how can I manage the references in the shortest possible time?”• “I have many references, some for my old papers, and some for my current research. Sometimes, they are so many that I can’t recall where I have kept them in my folders!”• ……..• “I have written an article and I am not able to find a proper Journal”• "I want to increase the citation of my papers, how do I do?" Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 5. Objectives– To reduce the search time by expanding the knowledge of researchers to more effectively use the "tools" that are available through the Net.– To evaluate the types of literature that researchers will encounter.– To convert the information on the search for a written document.– Help researchers learn how to search and analyze the right journal to submit.– To promote their publication for further citation. Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 6. Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 7. Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 8. Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 9. How to Conduct an Effective Literature Review
  • 10. Outline• Find literature associated with the topic.• Search and analyze the literature.• Evaluate the paper before reading.• Cite literature properly.• Make a summary table of reviewed papers.• Avoid plagiarism.• Write a journal article based on literature review. Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 11. The literature review In your literature review, you should: – clarify your understanding of the field – explain the rationale for your research – place your research within a broader context – evaluate the results of previous research – define key concepts and ideas – identify research in related areas that are generalisable or transferable to your topic – identify relevant methodological issues.UNE. 2009. The literature review [Online]. University of New England. Available:http://www.une.edu.au/library/eskillsplus/literature/litreview.php [Accessed 25 January 2010]. Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 12. The literature review A literature review ensures that you are at least familiar with the body of research in your field before starting your own investigations. Writing a literature review also provides practice in critical thinking. Once you have applied critical thinking skills to the findings of past researchers, you are in a better position to apply these same skills to your own work.UNE. 2009. The literature review [Online]. University of New England. Available:http://www.une.edu.au/library/eskillsplus/literature/litreview.php [Accessed 25 January 2010]. Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 13. Systematic Review 1/2• A systematic literature review is a means of identifying, evaluating and interpreting all available research relevant to a particular research question, or topic area, or phenomenon of interest. Individual studies contributing to a systematic review are called primary studies; a systematic review is a form a secondary study. Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 14. Systematic Review 2/2• A systematic review is a literature review focused on a research question that tries to identify, appraise, select and synthesize all high quality research evidence relevant to that question.Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Systematic_review• A Guide to Writing the Dissertation Literature Review Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 15. Reasons for Performing Systematic Reviews• To summarise the existing evidence concerning a treatment or technology e.g. to summarise the empirical evidence of the benefits and limitations of a specific agile method.• To identify any gaps in current research in order to suggest areas for further investigation.• To provide a framework/background in order to appropriately position new research activities.However, systematic reviews can also be undertaken to examine the extent to which empirical evidence supports/contradicts theoretical hypotheses, or even to assist the generation of new hypotheses Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 16. The Systematic Review Process Planning the review Systematic review Conducting Reporting the review the reviewSource: Adapted from Systematic Review Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 17. Planning the review1. Identification of the need for a review2. Development of a review protocol. (The most important activity during protocol is to formulate the research question.) Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 18. Conducting the review1. Identification of research2. Selection of primary studies3. Study quality assessment4. Data extraction & monitoring5. Data synthesis. Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 19. Reporting the reviewReporting the review is a single stage phase. Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 20. Checklist for reading a review paper• What are the review’s objectives?• What sources were searched to identify primary studies? Were there any restrictions?• What were the inclusion/exclusion criteria and how were they applied?• What criteria were used to assess the quality of primary studies and how were they applied?• How were the data extracted from the primary studies?• How were the data synthesised? How were differences between studies investigated? How were the data combined? Was it reasonable to combine the studies? Do the conclusions flow from the evidence? Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 21. Checklist for reading a review paper-From a more general viewpoint• Can you find an important question, which the review addressed?• Was a thorough search done of the appropriate databases and were other potentially important sources explored?• Was methodological quality assessed and the trials weighted accordingly?• How sensitive are the results to the way that the review has been done?• Have numerical results been interpreted with common sense and due regard to the broader aspects of the problem? Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 22. Working with literature Working with Literature Find it! Manage it! Use it! Review it! Knowing the Reading Choosing your research Understanding the literature types efficiently topic lit review’s purpose Keeping track Ensuring adequate Using available resources Developing your question of references coverage Honing your Writing relevant Arguing your Writing search skills annotations rationale purposefully Informing your work with Working on theory style and tone Designing methodResearch Tools Box©2012 By: Nader Ale Source: OLeary, Z. (2004) The Essential Guide to Doing Research. London: Sage - Chapter SixEbrahim
  • 23. Narrow the area of research R&D and Distributed Teams Focus of the literature Review SMEs, Virtual R&D teams and NPD NPD and Virtuality Virtual Teams Virtual R&D teams and SMEs R&D NPD SMEs and Virtual Teams SMEsR&D and NPDSMEs and R&D NPD and SMEs Ale Ebrahim, N., Ahmed, S., & Taha, Z. (2009). Virtual R & D teams in small and medium enterprises: A literature review. [Review]. Scientific Research and Essay, 4(13), 1575–1590. Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 24. Review biases• Read outdated version of a paper/book• Read without writing• Read unlinked papers (detect as much of the relevant literature as possible)• Read before planning (defining a review protocol that specifies the research question being addressed)• Start reading with few resources• Language bias• Publication bias Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 25. Search for proper article
  • 26. Effective Search Strategy-1An effective search strategy can save hours of wasted research time and provide a clear direction for your research. The benefits of attending this workshop are numerous and include learning how to change the direction of research to discovery and how to use more efficient the tools that are available through the Internet Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 27. Effective Search Strategy-2• an understanding of the types of information available• the skills to use the various research tools• an appreciation of how to access this information• the strategies to evaluate the literature Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 28. Effective searching» Developing a search strategy » Searching the library catalogue » Finding journal articles and papers » Searching the Internet » Other sourcesSource: http://learnline.cdu.edu.au/myresearch/plan/searchstrategy.html Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 29. Developing a search strategy• » Defining the topic » Considering the scope of your topic » Identifying the main or important aspects » Compiling a list of keywords » Developing your search strategy• It is important to develop a search strategy to, not only, find the information you need but to also clarify your topic. Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 30. How to Find and Develop a Viable Research Topic?Step One: Identify a Topic.Step Two: Test Your Topic.Test the main concepts or keywords in your topic by looking them up in the appropriate background sources or by using them as search terms.If you are finding too much information and too many sources, narrow your topic by using the and operatorFinding too little information may indicate that you need to broaden your topic. Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 31. KeywordsSelecting keywords lead to get more citation. Web of Science Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
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  • 33. Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 34. KeyWords PlusHi there! This issue, we are going to explain how KeyWords Plus broadens your search. KeyWords Plus is the result of our Thomson Reuters editorial expertise in Science. What our editors do is to review the titles of all references and highlight additional relevant but overlooked keywords that were not listed by the author or publisher. With KeyWords Plus, you can now uncover more papers that may not have appeared in your search due to changes in scientific keywords over time.Thanks and keep your feedback and questions coming!Smiles, Lim Khee Hiang Ph.D., Principal Consultant Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 35. KeyWords Plus- Example• New Product Development in Virtual Environment (ISI Indexed)• Author Keywords: New product Development; Virtual teams; Concurrent Collaboration; Review paper• KeyWords Plus: DEVELOPMENT TEAMS; PERFORMANCE; TECHNOLOGY; KNOWLEDGE; COMMUNICATION; PERSPECTIVE; INTEGRATION; INNOVATION; NETWORK; WORKING Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 36. Finding review articles• To demonstrate finding review articles in a Google Scholar search, enter the search:• "health insurance""review article" and click on the Search button. Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 37. Critically Analyzing Information Sources1- Initial Appraisal: Author Date of Publication Edition or Revision Publisher Title of Journal (Distinguishing Scholarly Journals from other Periodicals)2- Content Analysis: Intended Audience Objective Reasoning Coverage Writing Style Evaluative Reviews Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 38. Keywords used in the researchSource: PÓS, P., DE PRODUÇÃO, G. P. D. E. E., SISTEMAS, E. & FERREIRA, P. G. S. 2011. THECOMPREHENSION OF PERFORMANCE MEASUREMENT INDICATORS BY VIRTUAL TEAMS. Master ofScience in Industrial and Systems Engineering. Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 39. h-index (Jorge E. Hirsch)• A scientist has index h if h of [his/her] Np papers have at least h citations each, and the other (Np − h) papers have at most h citations each. H-index from a plot of decreasing citations for numbered papers Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
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  • 45. Where to Find Research Literature• ISI Web of Knowledge• Research tools Mind Map (Refer to “search for proper article” section) Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 46. Web of Science Coverage Expansionby ThomsonReuters on 04-27-2010 01:42 PM In recent years we have witnessed an explosion in the production and availability of scholarly research results. This growth is reflected in the gradual expansion of journal coverage in the Web of Science. Journal coverage in Web of Science consists of three major indexes, namely the (Science Citation Index Expanded, the Social Sciences Citation Index, and the Arts & Humanities Citation Index. In addition, the Conference Proceedings Citation Index (formerly ISIProceedings) became an edition of Web of Science in October) 2008. In 2000 journal coverage in Web of Science totaled 8,684 titles. In 2005, Web of Science covered 9,467 journals, an increase of 9%. As of April 1, 2010 11,519 journals are covered in Web of Science, and increase of 22%. Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
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  • 59. Published Items in Each Year (Retrieved on 2 December 2011) from WOS Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 60. Citations in Each Year (Retrieved on 2 December 2011) from WOS Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 61. Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 62. Citation tracking• Citation indexes allows you to search the academic literature in ways that illuminate the progress of academic debate in your field. With a citation index, you can easily identify the most influential articles, and the leading academic authorities. You can track backwards (using lists of cited articles) and forwards (using lists of articles which cite a particular article). As a result, you can determine the position of academic debate at any time in the past Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 63. Cited Reference Searching Traditional search Cited reference search 2004 2003 paper paper 1987 1993 paper paper 1996 19961982 paper 1982 paperpaper 1957 paper 1957 paper paper Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 64. Literature Citation Information – Driving Discovery of“CLOSE Art” 2002 2004 2007 Times Cited 2003 2001 Cited References 2005 2000 Related 1998 Records 1993 2004 2000  Citing  …navigating 1998• Backward in time via Cited References 1994• Forward in time via Times Cited• and through Related Records Time 27 Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 65. Paper/journal quality• Another guide to paper/journal quality is the general reputation of the association, society, or organization publishing the journal.• Leading professional associations such as American Psychological Association (APA) or the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) publish a range of journals that are highly regarded. Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 66. For More Info. How to do an Effective Literature Search? Application Training Module Series I by Customer Education Team ts.training.asia@thomson.comStop Searching, Start Discovering
  • 67. Review Paper Examples• Example 1• Example 2• Example 3• Example 4 Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 68. Search Performance Subjects Research Methodologies Source information Result Effects Time Compression Technologies References simplification of structure identifying critical chain involvement of partners concurrent engineering development capacity Project management training & rewarding Case study(small n) Supplier integration product complexity concurrent product virtual production Empirical(large n) creative software pattern matching Theory -Building CAD technology project strategy E-collaboration Math. Modeling Process Model team structure manufacturing setting buffers quality control procurement organization www-based Experiment Framework techniques Simulation innovation pilot study statistical prototype lead user planning process product Review Quality design variety speed other Time cost tool √ √ √ √ √ (Clift, T.B et al 1996) √ √ √ √ √ (Griffin, A 1997) √ √ √ √ (Carter, 1997) √ √ √ √ (Hartley, J.et al 1997) √ √ √ (Athakorn et al 2001)√ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ (Xie, S. Q. et al 2002) √ √ √ √ √ (Kusar, J. et al. 2004) √ √ √ √ √ √ (Petersen. et al 2005) √ √ √ √ √ (Tan, C.L. 2006)√ √ √ √ √ (Roberts. et al 2006)√ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ (Zhou, Z. et al 2008) √ √ √ √ √ √ (Bashir, H, et al 2008) √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ (Ahlemann, F. 2009) √ √ √ √ (Selvaraj,P.et al 2009) √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ (Xia-Bao. et al 2009) √ √ √ √ √ (Lifang W. et al 2009)√ √ √ √ √ √ (Vinodh, et al 2009) √ √ √ √ √ (Hebert et al 2010) √ √ √ √ √ √ (Roemer, T. et al 2010) MOHAMMADJAFARI, M., AHMED, S., DAWAL, S. Z. M. & ZAYANDEHROODI, H. 2011(Article in press). The Importance of Project Management in SMEs for the Development of New Products through E-Collaboration. African Journal of Business Management. Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 69. FIXSON, S. 2007. Modularity and commonality research: past developments and future opportunities. Concurrent Engineering, 15, 85. Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 70. Keeping up-to-date
  • 71. Keeping up-to-dateWhat is an alert service?• Many journal databases and book publishers offer free alert services. These are an effective means of keeping track of the latest research.• Alert services come in different forms. The most common include: – a search alert. This is a saved search which alerts you when a book or article that matches your search terms is published. – a TOC (Table of Contents) alert. Such an alert notifies you when a new issue of a journal is published, and provides you with the issues table of contents. – a citation alert. This advises you when a new article cites a particular work. – Most alert services are email-based. An increasing number are now offered as an RSS feed. If you are just beginning, you might like to try email alerts first. These are generally easier to create. Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 72. Keeping up-to-dateAlert services are an effectivemeans of keeping track of the latest research. Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 73. Keeping up-to-dateCreate a Google Alert• Enter the topic you wish to monitor.• Search terms:• Type:• How often:• Email length:• Your email: Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 74. Example - 1• From: Google Scholar Alerts [mailto:scholaralerts- noreply@google.com] • Doctoral dissertation for the degree Sent: 2011/02/01 06:21 ‫ق.ظ‬ Subject: Scholar Alert - [ Virtual Teams: A "Literature of Doctor of Science in Technology to Review" + ebrahim ] be presented with due permission of•• Scholar Alert: [ Virtual Teams: A "Literature Review" the School of Science for public + ebrahim ] examination and debate in• [PDF] How to Conduct a Literature Auditorium T2 at the Aalto University• NA Ebrahim ... Page 10. Narrow the area of research ©2011 Nader School of Science (Espoo, Finland) on Ale Ebrahim SMEs NPD Virtual Teams R&D R&D and NPD SMEs and Virtual Teams R&D and the 4th of February 2011 at 12 noon. Distributed Teams SMEs and R&D Focus of the literature Review SMEs, Virtual R&D teams and NPD NPD and Virtuality ...• [PDF] Web Application User Interface Technologies • Aalto University• M Pohja ... are 7 Page 28. Introduction discussed in the next • School of Science section of this thesis. Finally, web servers may sup- port virtual hosting, content • Department of Media Technology compression and other things that may help manage client-server communication. Application ...• This Google Scholar Alert is brought to you by Google. Cancel alert Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim List alerts
  • 75. Example - 2Document Citation Alert: 2 new resultsDocument Citation Alert for:Ebrahim, N.A., Ahmed, S., Taha, Z. Innovation and R&D activities in virtual team (2009) European Journal of Scientific Research, 34 (3) pp. 297-307. Cited 2 times.Access all new results in Scopus for this Document Citation Alert.In the table below, you can see the 2 new results for this Document Citation Alert.Results: 21. A collaborative model of engineering education for complex global environmentsQiu, R.G., 2010, Proceedings - Frontiers in Education Conference, FIE, art. no. 5673356, pp. S3J1-S3J5.2. University role in the development of future high-tech engineersIlas, M., 2010, 2010 IEEE 16th International Symposium for Design and Technology of Electronics Packages, SIITME 2010, art. no. 5650869, pp. 327-330. Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 76. Keeping up-to-date Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 77. Search Alert: 2 new resultsAccess all new results in Scopus for: AU-ID("Ebrahim, Nader Ale" 22974706300) AND (LIMIT-TO(AU-ID, "Ahmed,Shamsuddin" 35241743000)).In the table below, you can see the 2 new results for this Search Alert. Results: 2 Document Author(s) Date Source title Citations African Journal of Critical factors for new product developments Ebrahim, N.A., Business1. 2010 0 in SMEs virtual team Ahmed, S., Taha, Z. Management, 4 (11) pp. 2247-2257. Virtual R&D teams and SMEs growth: A African Journal of Ebrahim, N.A., Business2.comparative study between Iranian and 2010 0 Ahmed, S., Taha, Z. Management, Malaysian SMEs 4 (11) pp. 2368-2379.Access all new results in Scopus for: AU-ID("Ebrahim, Nader Ale" 22974706300) AND (LIMIT-TO(AU-ID, "Ahmed,Shamsuddin" 35241743000)).If you would like to Maintain your Scopus Alerts, click on the link below:http://www.scopus.com/alert/form/MyAlerts.url.We hope that this information is useful to you.If you have questions about this or other features of Scopus, Please visit our Info site.Your previous alert for AU-ID("Ebrahim, Nader Ale" 22974706300) AND (LIMIT-TO(AU-ID, "Ahmed, Shamsuddin"35241743000)) was sent on 4 Nov 2010Note: Results from CSA Illumina are not included in this e-mail alert. Your results list on Scopus for this e-mail alert can contain not onlynewly published documents, but also newly added archive material with an earlier publication date.This email has been sent to you by Scopus ®, a product of Elsevier B.V., Radarweg 29, 1043NX Amsterdam, TheNetherlands, Tel.+31 20 485 3911. You are receiving this e -mail because you are a subscriber to a Search Alert fromScopus.Elsevier respects your privacy and does not disclose, rent or sell your personal information to any non -affiliated third partieswithout your consent, except as may be stated in the Scopus Online Privacy Policy .By using the Search Alert, you are agreeing to abide by the Scopus Terms and Conditions .If you would like to unsubscribe from future mailings regarding the Search Alert mentioned above, please login to Scopusand go to My Alerts to delete this alert from your profile.© 2010 Scopus. All rights reserved. Any unauthorized use, reproduction, or transfer of this message or its contents, in anymedium, is strictly prohibited. SciVerse® is a registered trademark of Elsevier Properties S.A., used under license. Scopus® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale EbrahimDelivery Job ID: 11259:009013825:11252:009588722
  • 78. Web 1 new result for "Virtual R&D teams"Virtual R&D Teams for NPD in SMEsALE EBRAHIM, N., AHMED, S. & TAHA, Z. (2008). Virtual R&D Teams for NPD in SMEs: Past, Present andFuture Trend. In: APCMOTTE2008 (Asia pacific Conference ...www.wepapers.com/.../Virtual_R&D_Teams_for_NPD_in_SM...This once a week Google Alert is brought to you by Google.Remove this alert.Create another alert.Manage your alerts. Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 79. Paraphrasing
  • 80. Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 81. Desktop search
  • 82. dtSearchGoogle DesktopWindows Search Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 83. Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 84. Reference Management
  • 85. EndNote• EndNote is an almost indispensible tool for the serious researcher. And best of all, its free to all UM postgraduates! Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 86. Why use EndNote?• EndNote allows you to create your own reference library. This library can be used to store the bibliographical details relating to the articles and books that you use. When it comes time to write your thesis, you can employ the library to insert references into your text and produce your bibliography. EndNote will save you hundreds of hours over the course of your research. Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 87. Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 88. Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 89. Export to EndNote
  • 90. ScienceDirect (Elsevier) allows you to check your desired citations, then click on the“Export Citations” link… Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 91. … then you select which pieces of information you really want in your EndNote database,using the radio buttons, then click on the “Export” button to bring up the dialog box wehave seen before to transfer the temporary file into EndNote Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 92. Humanities International Index is a bit more convoluted; I conduct a search, then click onthe first result from the search for more information Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 93. Scanning through the icons at top, I spot the one that exports to Bibliographic Manager…naturally, I click on it to move to the next step (watch for icons like this within indexes) Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 94. Click on the correct radio button to select EndNote, and we next see the comforting andfamiliar dialog box that allows EndNote to ingest our citation Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 95. Target Suitable Journal
  • 96. Where should I submit my publication? Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 97. Impact Factor• The most commonly used measure of journal quality is Impact Factor. This is a number which attempts to measure the impact of a journal in terms of its influence on the academic community. Impact Factors are published by Thomson-ISI Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 98. Impact Factor-Journal Ranking• Relative impact factors are often a better guide to the importance of a journal than raw numbers. JCR allows you to compare the impact factors of different journals in the same subject area• The Economic History Review has an impact factor of 1.051. At first glance, it would appear that this journal is relatively unimportant. In fact, it is arguably the premier English- language journal in its field (its major competitor, the Journal of Economic History Review, has an even lower impact factor: a mere 0.529!). Far more illuminating is the journals relatively high impact factor compared to other journals in the history of the social sciences. Economic History Review ranks first out of 15 journals in the Thomson-ISIs list of journals in this sub- discipline. Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
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  • 100. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PRODUCTION RESEARCH Impact Factor in 2008Cites in 2008 to Number of items 2007 = 144 2007 = 278items published in: published in: 2006 = 280 2006 = 270 Sum: 424 Sum: 548Calculation: Cites to recent items 424 = 0.774 Number of recent items 548
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  • 105. ImpactFactor Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 106. Total Cites Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 107. Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 108. Getting published
  • 109. Objectives• To improve the quality of articles.• To manage the submission procedure.• To evaluate Journal measuring factors (like: Journal Impact Factor, Immediacy Index, Cited Half Life, five Year Journal Impact Factor) before article submission.• To search and analyze the right journal to submit.• To identify journals to publish in or which journals are the best in a particular discipline.• To write and submit journal articles using time-saving bibliographic management tools.• To deal with the editor response• To deal with the Publishing Process (How to Deal with Proofs) Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 110. Getting publishedWhy publish?Apart from the final thesis, you should also consider publishing your work as you go along. There are various reasons for this: – publications assist in final preparation of your thesis disseminating your knowledge and experience, – it gives you an academic profile and raises the profile of your institution, – research publications generate income for the University, – publications enhance your CV and may help in gaining employment, and – you may even become rich and famous - but dont count on it! Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 111. Paper Structure• Title• Affiliation• Abstract• Keywords• Nomenclatures• Introduction• Materials and methods• Results and Discussions• Conclusions• References Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 112. AbstractAbstract should not exceed 300 words (without reference).Abstract must include following sections:Problem Statement: This section should include answers of the questions: • Why was research needed?. • What was the context of the work?. • Introduce the problem or provide background for what you will address.Approach: • What did you do and how did you go about solving or making progress on the problem. • Describe the method of research, study, or analysis applied to the problem.Results: • What results did you get? • State what you found and relate it to the problem. • Summarize the major results in numbers, avoid vague, hand waving results such as “very small” or “significant”.Conclusions/Recommendations: • What are the implications of your answer? • State the relevance, implications, or significance of the results or conclusions, to the business. • Significance of work is often implied by the recommendations or implications for future work. Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 113. Type of journal paper• Full-Length Paper• Communication (results of complete small investigations or giving details of new models or hypotheses, innovative methods, techniques or apparatus)• Technical note/Note (discussion related to a paper previously published)• Data bank• Viewpoint (concise, to the point, and bring novel new insights on a specific problem)• Review• Letter Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 114. Choose a category for the paper• Research paper. This category covers papers which report on any type of research undertaken by the author(s). The research may involve the construction or testing of a model or framework, action research, testing of data, market research or surveys, empirical, scientific or clinical research.• Viewpoint. Any paper, where content is dependent on the authors opinion and interpretation, should be included in this category; this also includes journalistic pieces.• Technical paper. Describes and evaluates technical products, processes or services. Conceptual paper. These papers will not be based on research but will develop hypotheses. The papers are likely to be discursive and will cover philosophical discussions and comparative studies of others work and thinking.• Case study. Case studies describe actual interventions or experiences within organizations. They may well be subjective and will not generally report on research. A description of a legal case or a hypothetical case study used as a teaching exercise would also fit into this category.• Literature review. It is expected that all types of paper cite any relevant literature so this category should only be used if the main purpose of the paper is to annotate and/or critique the literature in a particular subject area. It may be a selective bibliography providing advice on information sources or it may be comprehensive in that the papers aim is to cover the main contributors to the development of a topic and explore their different views.• General review. This category covers those papers which provide an overview or historical examination of some concept, technique or phenomenon. The papers are likely to be more descriptive or instructional ("how to" papers) than discursive• Source: http://www.emeraldinsight.com/authors/guides/write/abstracts.htm?part=1#2 Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 115. HOW TO WRITE/EDIT SCIENTIFIC PAPERS(I) MINDSET, (II) CONCEPTS, AND (III) LOGIC
  • 116. I. Right mindset for writing“State your facts as simply aspossible, even boldly. No onewants flowers of eloquence orliterary ornaments in a researcharticle.” -R.B. McKerrow (Well-known British editor & educator 1882-1940) Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 117. Example 1• Ok: It is clear that factor A up- regulates the pathway.• Better: Factor A clearly up-regulates the pathway. Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 118. II. Modern writing concepts 1. Styles 2. Use “We” 3. Use active voice 4. Avoid vague IT, THERE, THIS/THAT 5. Avoid long sentence 6. Write a strong sentence core 7. One message per paragraph Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 119. 1. Styles• BOG—Business or Government style, the more traditional style• CLEAR—Clear Easy Reading, the more modern style Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 120. Example• BOG: It is anticipated that an annual training rate of 100 employees will be achieved by the time the program is fully operational.• CLEAR: When the program is operating at full capacity, we expect to train 100 people per year. Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 121. 2. Use ‘We”We-sentence is a more-modern style, readsmore interesting, and communicates with thereader more directly.– We report …– We speculate …– We generated …– We measured … Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 122. We-sentences appear in many leading journals• In this report, we define a mechanism for … and discover distinct roles for … We use … assays to … We demonstrate that … We provide evidence that … (Science) Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 123. 3. Use active voice• Active voice is more informative, clearer, and more reader-friendly than passive voice. – The results indicate … – Table 1 shows … – Recent studies have reported … – Zhang and coworkers have suggested … Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 124. Example 1• Bad: Twelve soil samples of 4 agricultural areas were investigated for…, and the co- relationships between … were analyzed.• Good: We investigated 12 soil samples of 4 agricultural areas for …, and analyzed the co-relationships between … Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 125. Iyn dupré writes: (The author of Bugs in writing: A guide to debugging your prose)“If you want to learn only one technique to improve your writing substantially, you should learn to avoid using passive voice.” Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 126. 4. Avoid vague IT, THERE, and THIS/THAT• IT is unknown.• THERE is no where.• THIS/THAT could be anything. Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 127. IT is old style1. Old style: It is likely that it will rain soon.• Modern style: It will rain soon.2. Old style: It should be borne in mind that the current research has imitations.• Modern style: The current research has limitations. Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 128. III. Logic issues1. Logic flow2. Connection3. Parallelism4. Redundancy Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 129. 1. Use transitional words to promote logic flow• Also, and, again, further, furthermore• First, then, second, next, lastly• Soon, after, previously, meanwhile• But, yet, still, instead,• In short, in other words,• Similarly, consequently, accordingly Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 130. 2. Connection of clauses1. Compound (and, but)2. Cause/effect (as, because, for, so, )3. In between (semicolon)4. Condition (if, whether, when)5. Concession (Although, even if, whatever)6. Result (so that) Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 131. Example 1 She has a fever, and sheIncorrect:probably has an infection. She has a fever; sheCorrect:probably has an infection. Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 132. 3. Parallelism1. Verb2. Subject3. Similar parts in a sentence4. Meaning Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 133. Verb• Incorrect: She swims, plays basketball, and was running bicycles.• Correct: She swims, plays basketball, and runs bicycles. Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 134. SubjectIncorrect: The ignition was tested, an examination of the belts was carried out, and the levels of the lubricants were checked.Correct: The ignition was tested, the belts were examined, and the lubricant levels were checked. Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 135. Other parts• Not only, but also Bad: The plant is not only capable of growing on high-salt soils, but also accumulating concentrations of salts. – Good: The plant is not only capable of growing on high-salt soils, but also capable of accumulating concentrations of salts. – Better: The plant is capable of not only growing on high-salt soils, but also accumulating concentrations of salts. Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 136. 4. Redundancy• Most-commonly seen problems in non- English speaking writers – Wording repetition – Sentencing repetition – Meaning repetition – Wordy Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 137. Wording1. Bad: These differences grew smaller, and they finally faded out after a stimulation of 3 min.• Good: These differences grew smaller and finally faded out after a stimulation of 3 min. Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 138. (Cont.)2. Bad: The result indicates that this assumption can be considered reasonable in some sense.• Good: The result indicates that this assumption may be reasonable. Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 139. Meaning1. Bad: A method to evaluate this effect, rather than to assume subjectively, was proposed.• Good: A method to evaluate this effect was proposed.2. Bad: As a rule, the temperature was generally adjusted to the room temperature.• Good: As a rule, the temperature was adjusted to the room temperature Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 140. Selecting keywords Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 141. Improving Readership of Your ArticlesAppearing at the top of the list of search results, and having a useful description of your work, greatly improve the likelihood that a reader will find and download your document.• Abstracts should include keywords that potential readers are likely to use in searches. It is especially valuable to modify and reuse words that appear in the documents title and full text to improve the articles rank when readers search for those words.• The first sentence of the abstract is all that is likely to be displayed in the search page results, so make your first sentence one that will encourage readers to click the link. Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 142. Using keywords• Using keywords is a vital part of abstract writing, because of the practice of retrieving information electronically: keywords act as the search term. Use keywords that are specific, and that reflect what is essential about the paper. Put yourself in the position of someone researching in your field: what would you look for? Consider also whether you can use any of the current "buzzwords".Source: http://www.emeraldinsight.com/authors/guides/write/abstracts.htm?part=1#2 Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 143. Paper submission
  • 144. Author Self CheckIs the title of the paper well described clearly and shortly?Is the abstract addressed the summary of the manuscript?Are the keywords selected wisely?Is the content of the paper treated original and innovating?Is the methodology well discussed (clear and accurate)?Are the paper structure and all figures well designed?Are all tables and figures in the paper useful and commented in the text? Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 145. Author Self Check- Con.Are the parameters, legends and units well described in the figures and its axis?Is the nomenclature in the paper well described in the equations and the text?Is the introduction of the paper dealt the relevant topics?Are the experimental apparatus and procedure clearly described?Are the conclusions supported by derived results of this work?Are the references used latest and appropriate?Is the standard language Tools Box ©2012 Research used? By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 146. Cover letter• Research background,• Innovation and significance of the research,• Latest publications• Relationship to prior publication Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 147. Cover letterDear Professor Katsuhiko Ariga,Good Day!Enclosed is a paper, entitled " Small and Medium Enterprises; Virtual R&D (Research and Development) Teams andNew Product Development: A Literature Review." Please accept it as a candidate for publication in the AdvancedScience Letters Journal.Below are our responses to your submission requirements.1. Title and the central theme of the article.Paper title: " Small and Medium Enterprises; Virtual R&D Teams and New Product Development: A Literature Review." This study reviews the concepts of new product development and distributed teams in small and medium enterprises. It proposes the state-of-the-art literature review in order to provide an overview on the structure and dynamics of R&D collaboration in SMEs.2. Why the material is important in its field and why the material should be published in the Advanced Science LettersJournal?The necessity of having an effective virtual team network is rapidly growing alongside the implementation of information technology. Finding an appropriate virtual teams management has become increasingly important todays distributed environment. However, the conventional centralized architecture, which routinely requests the information by face to face meeting, is not sufficient to manage the growing requests for new product, especially in small and medium enterprises.Recently, a new phenomenon that uses virtual teams to assist the distributed R&D teams has emerged. The virtual teams reduce time- to-market, distribute SMEs risk in new product development, and improve SMEs operational performance. Given todays virtual teams demand over the SMEs, it is important for the “Advanced Science Letters Journal” readers to understand this new phenomenon and its benefits. This study gives a comprehensive literature review on different aspects of virtual R&D teams collected from the reputed publications. It is the first in the literature that reports the analysis of proceeding about the topic. We strongly believe the contribution of this study warrant its publication in the “Advanced Science Letters Journal”. Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 148. Cover letter Con.3. List of FIVE (5) potential referees1-2-3-4-5-Finally, this paper is our (I, Prof. Zahari Taha and Associate Professor Dr. Shamsuddin Ahmed) original unpublished work and it has not been submitted to any other journal for reviews.Best Regards,N. Ale EbrahimPhD CandidateDepartment of Engineering Design & ManufactureFaculty of Engineering, University of Malaya (UM)Kuala Lumpur 50603, Malaysiahttp://www.researcherid.com/rid/C-2414-2009 Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 149. Acceptance Procedure
  • 150. Acceptance Procedure• Editor-in-Chief tests the manuscript according to the several criteria of subject scope, style, apparent technical validity, topical importance, relationship to prior publication, conciseness, appropriate references, and length. Papers that vary widely from the prescribed archival style (those written as speeches, ill-defined manuscripts, progress reports or news releases, or those strongly flavoured with advertising) will not be considered for publication.• Associate Editor (Editor) evaluates the paper according to the same criteria and, in most cases, has the paper sent to one or more reviewers in the field (usually two) for confidential review. The Associate Editor may, however, at his or her discretion, accept the paper without review, reject it giving explicit reason, or request that the author prepare it in a different format. Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 151. Example (Source: Industrial Management & Data Systems)The reviewing processEach paper is reviewed by the editor and, if it is judged suitable for the publication, it is then sent to two referees for double blind peer review. Based on their recommendations, the Editor then decides whether the paper should be accepted as is, revised or rejected. The Editor may, however, vary this process in some circumstances.CopyrightArticles submitted to the journal should not have been published before in their current or substantially similar form, or be under consideration for publication with another journal. Please see Emeralds originality guidelines for details. Use this in conjunction with the points below about references, before submission i.e. always attribute clearly using either indented text or quote marks as well as making use of the preferred Harvard style of formatting. Authors submitting articles for publication warrant that the work is not an infringement of any existing copyright and will indemnify the publisher against any breach of such warranty. For ease of dissemination and to ensure proper policing of use, papers and contributions become the legal copyright of the publisher unless otherwise agreed.The editor may make use of iThenticate software for checking the originality of submissions received. Please see our press release for further details. Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 152. Similarity scoreThe similarity score indicates how similar this paper is to other papers, with values ranging from 0 (no similarities) to 100 (completely the same). High scores, e.g., above 30, may indicate that parts of the paper have been copied from elsewhere. Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 153. High similarity rateDear Dr ……………….,Thanks for your effective work. We also finish the Cross Checking work here. We found four papers (your Nos. 1, 2, 3 and 4 ) could not arrive our standards, e.g. the similarity rate is very high, which means these papers have duplicated or salami-slicing, self-plagiarism problem. We cant accept these. When you see the attached reports, you will understand us here. ……………………….. ……………. Thanks. Best wishes,????? Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 154. We use plagiarism Detection Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 155. Check plagiarism first• Example 1 (Text with references)• Example 2 (Text without references)• Example 3 (Text with references-Checked with Turnitin) Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 156. How do I avoid plagiarism?• only hand in your own and original work.• indicate precisely and accurately when you have used information provided by someone else, i.e. referencing must be done in accordance with a recognised system.• indicate whether you have downloaded information from the Internet.• never use someone else’s electronic storage media, artwork, pictures or graphics as if it were your own.• never copy directly without crediting the source• do not translate without crediting the source• do not paraphrase someone else’s work without crediting the source• do not piece together sections of the work of others into a new whole• do not resubmit your own or other’s previously graded work• do not commit collusion (unauthorised collaboration, presenting work as one’s own independent work, when it has been produced in whole or in part in collusion with other people)• ghost-writing – you should not make use of ghost writers or professional agencies in the production of your work or submit material which has been written on your behalf Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 157. Acceptance Procedure Con.• Reviewer is asked to judge the technical validity of the manuscript and the extent of its advance over work previously published. The reviewer is asked also for advice as to whether the paper merits publication in the journal. However, the decision to publish, to require major revision before publication, or to reject for reasons cited lies first with the Associate Editor and ultimately with the Editor- in-Chief.• Editorial Decision to Accept or Reject - The Editors will inform the author of their decision (acceptance, conditional acceptance, or rejection). In the case of rejection, the author will be given specific reasons related to the criteria. In the case of conditional acceptance, the required revisions will be clearly indicated. On some occasions, the Editors may anticipate a need for further reviews after revision; if so, the author will be notified. Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 158. Reviewer□ Compatibility with the journal □ Organization of the paper: topics - problem statements,□ Scientific level - application area,□ The clear answers to the - research course, questions: - methods used, - What is the problem? - results, - further research, - What is done by other people? - interest in cooperation, - What the author did? - acknowledgements, - What is new? - references - What is the author □ Language: contribution? - spelling, - style, - grammar Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 159. Some General Rule for Reviewers• Almost 90% of the journal follow these rules. so, you check yourself how your paper is before you send it out. Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 160. Acceptance Procedure Con.• Author - If the paper has been rejected or if extensive revisions have been requested that the author believes are incorrect or unwarranted, then he or she is entitled to submit a point-by-point rebuttal to the Editor’s statement of reasons and the reviewers’ comments.• Editors - The rebuttal then is analyzed by the Editors, and a decision is made. In rare cases of a complex point of dispute, the Editors, at their discretion, may mandate additional reviews. In no case shall a paper go through more than two reviewing cycles before a decision is given.• Editor-in-Chief - If the dispute still remains unresolved,• then the decision of the Editor-in-Chief is final and overrides all other considerations. Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 161. Acceptance Procedure Con.• Rebuttal by Author (for rejected paper) - In the confrontation between the rejection statement and the rebuttal statement, the decision goes in favour of the author if the dissenting reviewer’s case is not clearly convincing.• Authors who are requested by Editors to revise their papers must make an effort to accomplish the requested revisions in the stated period, which normally is four weeks for major revisions, two weeks for minor revisions. If the author does not respond to the subsequent inquiries, the paper will be regarded as withdrawn. Normally, an author who has good reason to request a time extension will be granted such an extension. Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 162. Acceptance Procedure Con.• Reviewer who feels strongly that a particular paper should not be published may be given the opportunity, if the Editor decides nevertheless to accept it, to write the criticism as a Technical Comment. The author then is allowed to write a closing response for publication in the same issue as the Comment.• Formal acceptance will not occur until the author has complied with all of the revision requests (if any) made by the Associate Editor or the Associate Editor has accepted the author’s rebuttal, and the author has prepared the paper in the Journal Manuscript Style and Format. Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 163. Acceptance Procedure Con.• When a paper is formally accepted, it will be scheduled for publication in a forthcoming issue, and the author will be so informed. Depending upon the number of papers awaiting publication and the projected size of issues, this may require that papers be scheduled several issues ahead. Editor-in-Chief also may designate certain special-category papers for immediate publication.• Page proofs will be made available to authors for correction and release prior to scheduled publication. Authors should inform the Journal department of any anticipated change of postal or e-mail address between acceptance and page proof time. Authors are expected to read and release their proofs in seven days or less. Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 164. Acceptance Procedure Con.• Overscheduled - To allow for late or non-release of proofs by authors and to provide the flexibility to meet issue-length and topic- mix constraints, issues will be overscheduled by about 25%. Thus, there will always be a certain number of papers held over for the next issue. Papers not published in the issue for which they were originally scheduled will have first priority for publication in the following issue. Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 165. Example - Proofing InstructionsThe proofreading stage is intended to catch any errors in the galleys spelling, grammar, and formatting. More substantial changes cannot be made at this stage, unless discussed with the Section Editor. In Layout, click on VIEW PROOF to see the HTML, PDF and other available file formats used in publishing this item. For Spelling and Grammar Errors Copy the problem word or groups of words and paste them into the Proofreading Corrections box with "CHANGE-TO" instructions to the editor as follows... 1. CHANGE... then the others TO... than the others 2. CHANGE... Malinowsky TO... Malinowski For Formatting Errors Describe the location and nature of the problem in the Proofreading Corrections box after typing in the title "FORMATTING" as follows... 3. FORMATTING The numbers in Table 3 are not aligned in the third column. 4. FORMATTING The paragraph that begins "This last topic..." is not indented. Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 166. Referee’s Report Form• Example 1• Example 2 Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 167. Please kindly complete the following form and submit. Referee report received after ten days from the date shown above will not affectthe decision of acceptance or rejection of the article. An average rating of 6 is required for the acceptance of the article. Top of Form1. English grammar and readability 1(Poor) 2 3 4 5 6(Average) 7 8 9 10(Excellent)2. Reference of previous contributions in books and journals 1(Poor) 2 3 4 5 6(Average) 7 8 9 10(Excellent)3. Chances of free from potentially serious errors which may invalidate the results 1(Poor) 2 3 4 5 6(Average) 7 8 9 10(Excellent)4. New technical contributions 1(Poor) 2 3 4 5 6(Average) 7 8 9 10(Excellent)5. Quality as a review article 1(Poor) 2 3 4 5 6(Average) 7 8 9 10(Excellent)6. Summary rating of the overall quality of the article 1(Poor) 2 3 4 5 6(Average) 7 8 9 10(Excellent) Review7. Comments Bottom of Form Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 168. Reviewer Guidelines1. A general rule is "Dont spend more time reviewing the submission than the author spent writing it." If you find that a submission has so many problems that it would require a complete rewrite to save it, make a reasonable number of comments and reject the submission.2. If you review a submission that is excessively similar to previously published submissions (or you have reason to believe that the submission has previously been published), please note this to Editor.3. Editorial comments are helpful to authors. However, readability is a factor in a good submission. If the use of language is so poor that it makes reading difficult, please note this in your comments and reflect it in your ranking. Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 169. Reviewer comments• Reviewer’s Evaluation Report (Reject)• Reject- does not comply with the aims and scope• Reject with helpful comments-1• Reject with helpful comments-2• Reject with helpful comments-3• Requires Major Revision• Moderate Revision Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 170. Reviewer comments Con.• Some suggestions• The manuscript needs a substantial improvement• Acceptable for publication• Not acceptable for publication• Cannot accept your manuscript• Major correction- References (not already cited in the paper) Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 171. Manuscript is not suitable!Dear ..........:This manuscript is not suitable for the Advanced Science Letters. Please submit to other journal.Best regards,H. S. NalwaKatsuhiko Ariga______________________________________________________________Dear ........,I regret to inform you that I cannot accept your paper for publication in Management Science. My decision is based on lack of fit. In particular, your work is not well‐tied to the Management Science literature and research style.I wish you good luck in pursuing another journal for publishing your work.Best regards,Yossi Aviv Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 172. Revised version• Step by step corrections (with minor modification)• Step by step corrections base on reviewers comments• Compare the old and the new version of paper (with major modification)• Response to the editorial issues Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 173. Hensons Tips to Writers• do not fear rejection--it is part of the writing process• do not be preoccupied with telling readers everything you know-- instead help readers discover insights• target your articles to journals that have an acceptance rate of at least 20%• do not be afraid to call the editor of the journal• stay within the preferred article length of the target journal• write what you have to say and then edit your manuscript several times, eliminating everything thats unnecessary• always say yes to rewriting parts of the manuscript if requested to do so• avoid jargon• follow the journals guidelines• do not make technical and grammatical errors Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 174. Target Suitable Journal
  • 175. Why target a suitable journal is important?1. Journal selection is vital for quickpublication.2. Finding a suitable journal can lead to easypublication; more citation and visibility toyour published article.3. Choosing an irrelevant journal can lead toslow publication, unkind reviewer commentsand finally rejection. Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 176. Where should I submit my publication? Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 177. The Institute for Scientific Information (ISI)• The Institute for Scientific Information (ISI) was founded by Eugene Garfield in 1960. It was acquired by Thomson Scientific & Healthcare in 1992, became known as Thomson ISI and now is part of the Healthcare & Science business of the multi-billion dollar Thomson Reuters Corporation.• ISI offered bibliographic database services. Its speciality: citation indexing and analysis, a field pioneered by Garfield. It maintains citation databases covering thousands of academic journals, including a continuation of its long time print-based indexing service the Science Citation Index (SCI), as well as the Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), and the Arts and Humanities Citation Index (AHCI). All of these are available via ISIs Web of Knowledge database service. Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 178. Eugene Garfield, Ph.D. Founder & Chairman Emeritus Institute for Scientific Information (ISI) For more Info Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 179. The Institute for Scientific Information (ISI)• The ISI also publishes annual Journal Citation Reports which list an impact factor for each of the journals that it tracks. Within the scientific community, journal impact factors play a large but controversial role in determining the kudos attached to a scientists published research record. Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 180. Web of Science Coverage Expansionby ThomsonReuters on 04-27-2010 01:42 PM In recent years, we have witnessed an explosion in the production and availability of scholarly research results. This growth is reflected in the gradual expansion of journal coverage in the Web of Science. Journal coverage in Web of Science consists of three major indexes, namely the (Science Citation Index Expanded, the Social Sciences Citation Index, and the Arts & Humanities Citation Index. In addition, the Conference Proceedings Citation Index (formerly ISI Proceedings) became an edition of Web of Science in October) 2008. In 2000 journal coverage in Web of Science totaled 8,684 titles. In 2005, Web of Science covered 9,467 journals, an increase of 9%. As of April 1, 2010 11,519 journals are covered in Web of Science, and increase of 22%. Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 181. Impact Factor• The most commonly used measure of journal quality is Impact Factor. This is a number which attempts to measure the impact of a journal in terms of its influence on the academic community. Impact Factors are published by Thomson-ISI Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 182. Impact Factor-Journal Ranking• Relative impact factors are often a better guide to the importance of a journal than raw numbers. JCR allows you to compare the impact factors of different journals in the same subject area• The Economic History Review has an impact factor of 1.051. At first glance, it would appear that this journal is relatively unimportant. In fact, it is arguably the premier English- language journal in its field (its major competitor, the Journal of Economic History Review, has an even lower impact factor: a mere 0.529!). Far more illuminating is the journals relatively high impact factor compared to other journals in the history of the social sciences. Economic History Review ranks first out of 15 journals in the Thomson-ISIs list of journals in this sub- discipline. Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 183. Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 184. Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 185. Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 186. Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 187. ImpactFactor Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 188. Total Cites Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 189. Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 190. Real Impact FactorJournal Self Cites (JOURNAL OF THE OPERATIONAL RESEARCH SOCIETY- IF= 1009)Total Cites 4923 Self Cites 457 (9% of 4923)Cites to Years Used in Self Cites to Years Used 322 66 (20% of 322)Impact Factor Calculation in Impact Factor CalculationImpact Factor 1.009 Impact Factor without Self Cites 0.803 Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 191. Number of referencesJournal Source Data (JOURNAL OF THE OPERATIONAL RESEARCH SOCIETY- IF= 1009) Citable items Articles Reviews Combined Other itemsNumber in JCR year 2009 (A) 176 6 182 32Number of references (B) 5200 839 6039 123.00Ratio (B/A) 29.5 139.8 33.2 3.8 Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 192. Journal Source DataThe Source Data Table shows the number of citable items in the JCR year. Citable items are further divided into articles (that is, research articles) and reviews.An item is classified as a review if it meets any of the following criteria:it cites more than 100 referencesit appears in a review publication or a review section of a journalthe word review or overview appears in its titlethe abstract states that it is a review or surveyOther items include editorials, letters, news items, and meeting abstracts. These items are not counted in JCR calculations because they are not generally cited. Data in this column are available only in JCR 2003 and subsequent years.The table also shows the number of references cited by the articles and reviews in the JCR year. The ratio of references to citable items indicates the average number of references cited by an article or review. Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 193. Cited Journal: JOURNAL OF THE OPERATIONAL RESEARCH SOCIETY Journals 1 - 20 (of 394) [ 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 ] Page 1 of 20 Cited Year Impa All 200 200 200 200 200 200 200 200 200 200 ct Citing Journal Yrs 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 Rest 492 110 212 274 275 281 266 286 214 186 281 All Journals 9 3 0 1.009 J OPER RES SOC 457 2 18 48 35 37 36 29 26 16 18 192 EUR J OPER RES 436 0 7 23 34 23 26 30 34 16 18 225 ALL OTHERS (354) 354 1 12 10 15 25 21 18 20 6 19 207 COMPUT OPER RES 167 1 7 4 9 10 15 10 10 5 3 93 INT SER OPER RES 157 0 0 2 3 5 6 8 8 3 14 108 MAN COMPUT IND ENG 144 2 2 6 8 11 7 7 12 9 0 80 INT J PROD ECON 142 0 4 5 3 12 10 11 3 6 9 79 EXPERT SYST APPL 130 1 1 2 10 14 10 17 8 9 4 54 STUD COMP INTELL 102 0 0 5 4 9 14 4 4 10 2 50 INT J ADV MANUF 93 0 0 4 6 6 5 2 5 4 1 60 TECH OMEGA-INT J 3.101 90 0 0 3 10 2 3 1 4 2 4 61 MANAGE S INT J PROD RES 69 0 1 2 5 6 2 4 5 5 3 36 OPERAT RES COMP 67 0 0 1 8 2 1 3 10 8 2 32 SCI LECT NOTES 66 0 2 2 2 3 4 4 5 2 1 41 COMPUT SC INT J SYST SCI 62 0 1 0 0 3 1 3 4 1 1 48 SPRING SER RELIAB 53 0 0 1 4 2 2 6 0 4 2 32 EN APPL MATH MODEL 52 0 0 0 0 1 2 1 5 4 0 39 I C WIREL COMM 45 0 1 3 0 1 2 4 5 1 0 28 NETW ANN OPER RES 39 0 2 3 3 1 3 0 2 2 0 23 CONTEMP SY Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 194. Citing Journal: JOURNAL OF THE OPERATIONAL RESEARCH SOCIETY Journals 1 - 20 (of 575) [ 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 ] Page 1 of 29 Cited Year Impa All 200 200 200 200 200 200 200 200 200 200 ct Cited Journal Yrs 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 Rest 616 339 All Journals 19 134 297 392 327 396 315 303 312 270 2 7 182 ALL OTHERS (1820) 7 43 80 134 100 120 106 89 96 79 966 0 1.009 J OPER RES SOC 457 2 18 48 35 37 36 29 26 16 18 192 EUR J OPER RES 444 5 22 39 22 16 36 29 35 27 14 199 2.227 MANAGE SCI 185 0 3 1 1 6 4 4 0 7 2 157 1.576 OPER RES 182 0 1 4 4 3 3 1 6 6 4 150 COMPUT OPER RES 108 1 7 9 18 11 9 8 4 7 2 32 LECT NOTES COMPUT 66 0 0 6 4 7 4 10 5 15 4 11 SC INT J PROD ECON 47 2 1 4 6 4 9 0 5 6 1 9 OPER RES QUART 45 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 45 OMEGA-INT J 3.101 44 0 3 3 5 2 2 2 1 1 2 23 MANAGE S ANN OPER RES 43 0 2 2 3 3 4 0 3 1 1 24 0.838 INTERFACES 41 0 0 0 3 3 0 1 3 1 1 29 INT J PROD RES 39 0 1 3 4 3 1 7 2 2 1 15 NAV RES LOG 38 0 1 0 1 2 2 2 0 1 3 26 1.479 TRANSPORT SCI 38 0 2 1 1 3 1 2 0 1 2 25 IIE TRANS 34 0 2 0 1 2 4 1 3 2 1 18 MNGT SCI 34 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 34 0.806 J PROD ANAL 31 0 0 1 1 1 5 1 1 3 4 14 3.099 J MARKETING RES 31 0 0 0 2 3 4 0 1 2 1 18 Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim COMPUT IND ENG 27 0 0 1 1 1 2 4 1 1 3 13
  • 195. Disseminate Your Results (Advertising)
  • 196. Publication Marketing Tools"Enhancing Research Visibility and Improving Citations"Nader Ale EbrahimPhD CandidateDepartment of Engineering Design and Manufacture,Faculty of Engineering, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur,MalaysiaEmail: aleebrahim@perdana.um.edu.my
  • 197. AbstractAbstract:Research needs to be explained clearly to others to colleagues, to educational bodies, and to the public by publications. There are various reasons for publication: – Publications help in spreading your knowledge and experience, – It gives you an academic profile and raises the profile of your institution, – Research publications create income for the University, ….. and – Publications strengthen your CV.Publishing a high quality paper in scientific journals is a halfway of receiving citation in the future. The rest of the way is advertising and disseminating the publications by using the proper “Research Tools”. Familiarity with the tools allows the researcher to increase his/her h-index in the short time. H-index shows the academicians influences in the specified field of research. Therefore, a person with higher level of h-index has more high quality publications with high amount of citations. This presentation, covers the following topics: Why publish and increase h-index?, Definition of h-index and g-index, Importance of h-index, How to use “Research Tools” Mind Map, Paper title preparation, Selecting keywords, Select the proper journal, Advertise published article, and finally Trace published article citation.Keywords: h-index, Increase citations, Research tools Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 198. The scenarios• “I have written an article, and I do not know how to select the title and keywords for receiving high citation?”• “I have published a high quality paper, how can I receive high citation rate in the shortest possible time?”• "I want to increase the citation of my papers, how do I do?" Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 199. Motivations• Times Higher Education World University Rankings system Citations — research influence (worth 32.5 per cent)• UM Transformation Plan• Von Zedtwitz (Ph.D. in Business Administration - 1999)• h-index importance• H-index comparisons• Australian Research Repositories Online to the World• Citation Workshops• Directory of Open Access Repositories• News• CV (Curriculum Vitae) Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 200. Objectives• To increase your paper visibility, accessibility,• To improve the quality of the article title and keywords• To evaluate Journal measuring factors (like: Journal Impact Factor, Immediacy Index, Cited Half Life, five Year Journal Impact Factor) before article submission.• To search and analyze the right journal to submit.• To identify journals to publish in or which journals are the best in a particular discipline.• To disseminate the publications by using “Research Tools” in order to increase citation• To trace the citation Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 201. Publication marketing checklist NO. Item Check 1 Paper title 2 keywords 3 Proper journal 4 Select best paper repository 5 Networking 6 Alert system Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 202. Strategies for Enhancing the Impact of ResearchImproving access and retrieval of your research study is the surest way to enhance its impact. Repetition, consistency, and an awareness of the intended audience form the basis of most the following strategies.Preparing for PublicationDisseminationKeeping Track of Your Research Source: Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis Missouri Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 203. h-index (Jorge E. Hirsch- 2005)• A scientist has index h if h of [his/her] Np papers have at least h citations each, and the other (Np − h) papers have no more than h citations each. H-index from a plot of decreasing citations for numbered papers Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 204. g-index (Leo Egghe (2006))• In order to give more weight to highly-cited articles Leo Egghe (2006) proposed the g-index. The g-index is defined as follows: [Given a set of articles] ranked in decreasing order of the number of citations that they received, the g-index is the (unique) largest number such that the top g articles received (together) at least g2 citations. Although the g-index has not yet attracted much attention or empirical verification, it would seem to be a very useful complement to the h-index. Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 205. How to measure h-index1. Web of Science - Science - Thomson Reuters2. Publish or Perish3. Microsoft Academic Search4. Add-on for Firefox: Scholar H-Index Calculator5. Quadsearch6. Scholarometer-add-on for the Mozilla Firefox and Google Chrome7. scHolar index Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 206. Optimizing Your Article for Search EnginesSource: http://authorservices.wiley.com/bauthor/seo.asp Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 207. Optimizing Your Article for Search EnginesOptimizing your article for search engines will greatly increase its chance of being viewed and/or cited in another work. Citation indexes already figure in many disciplines as a measure of an articles value; there is evidence that article views/downloads are also beginning to count in the same way. The crucial area for optimization is your articles abstract, title and keywords, which are freely available to all online. Source: http://authorservices.wiley.com/bauthor/seo.asp Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 208. Understanding Search EnginesEach search engine has its own algorithms for ranking a piece of content, such as a journal article. However, many search engines estimate the contents relevancy and popularity as measured by links to the content from other websites. Most search engines attempt to identify the topic of the piece of content. To do this, some search engines still use metadata tags (invisible to the user) to assess relevant content, but most now scan a page for keyword phrases, giving extra weight to phrases in headings and to repeated phrases. Source: http://authorservices.wiley.com/bauthor/seo.asp Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 209. Strategies for Enhancing the Impact of Research Preparing for Publication• Add the name of study in the title of all publications and use the same title/ name consistently.• Assign keyword terms to the manuscript.• Formulate a concise, well-constructed title and abstract. Include crucial keywords in the abstract.• Publish your work in an open access journal.• Consider the desired audience when choosing a journal for publication. Source: Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis Missouri Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 210. Selecting keywords Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 211. Optimize Title/AbstractStep 1: Construct a clear, descriptive title In search engine terms, the title of your article is the most interesting element. The search engine assumes that the title contains all of the important words that define the topic of the piece and thus weights words appearing there most heavily.Step 2: Reiterate key phrases The next most important field is the text of the abstract itself. You should reiterate the key words or phrases from the title within the abstract itself. Source: http://authorservices.wiley.com/bauthor/seo.asp Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 212. Well-Optimized Abstract: Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 213. Poorly Optimized Abstract: Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 214. Target Suitable Journal
  • 215. Strategies to increase citations• Target a journal with a high impact factor, or, in fact, with any impact factor at all!• Choose a new, rapidly growing field of research. Articles on hot topics tend to cite much more recent references than those in more traditional fields.• Target journals in rapidly growing research fields because they tend to publish papers with a short time interval from submission to acceptance.• Write research articles, technical notes and reviews. For the purposes of calculating citations, these are considered “citable” items. Editorials, letters, news items and meeting abstracts are “non-citable items”.• Write reviews in addition to research papers. Reviews are more likely to be cited than original research papers.• Write at length. Longer articles are cited more often. Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 216. Strategies to increase citations• Make it easy for others to access your work. Online availability of articles clearly increases citations (and therefore, the journal’s impact factor). It helps if researchers can find relevant articles and access them instantly, rather than working their way through barriers of passwords and technicalities. This effect will increase with the availability of search engines like Google Scholar. – Target “open access” journals (especially if they have an impact factor). – Make your work available via the Google searches/ResearcherID. – Put the address for your ResearcherID page into your email signature as a clickable link.• Don’t write as a member of a consortium. It’s better to be one in a list of individual authors. Some evidence shows citations to articles written by consortia have been undercounted.• Find quick publication Journals Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 217. Open Access JournalOne key request of researchers across the world is unrestricted access to research publications. Open access gives a worldwide audience larger than that of any subscription-based journal and thus increases the visibility and impact of published works. It also enhances indexing, retrieval power and eliminates the need for permissions to reproduce and distribute content. Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 218. Elsevier’s position on AccessJournals offering sponsored accessA number of journals published by Elsevier offer authors the option to sponsor non-subscriber access to individual articles. The charge for article sponsorship is $3,000. This charge is necessary to offset publishing costs – from managing article submission and peer review, to typesetting, tagging and indexing of articles, hosting articles on dedicated servers, supporting sales and marketing costs to ensure global dissemination via ScienceDirect, and permanently preserving the published journal article. The fee excludes taxes and other potential author fees such as color charges which are additional.Authors can only select this option after receiving notification that their article has been accepted for publication. This prevents a potential conflict of interest where a journal would have a financial incentive to accept an article.Source: Sponsored Articles & Elsevier’s position on Access Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 219. Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 220. Abstracted/indexed in1. ABI/INFORM2. Association of Business Schools (ABI) Academic Journal Quality Guide (www.the-abs.org.uk)3. Australian Business Deans Council (ABDC) Journal Quality List4. Australian Research Council ERA Ranked Journal List5. Compendex6. Computer Abstracts International Database7. Current Contents / Engineering, Computing & Technology8. Current Contents / Social & Behavioural Sciences9. Emerald Management Reviews (EMR)10. INSPEC Abstracts11. International Abstracts in Operations Research12. OR/MS Index and Annual Comprehensive Index13. Science Citation Index14. Social Science Citation Index15. SCOPUS16. Zentralblatt MATH• Source: Journal of the Operational Research Society Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 221. Self Citation“Self-citation refers to a paper being submitted to a specific journal in which papers that have been published during the previous 2 years in that same journal are cited in the reference list. While self-citation of relevant papers is legitimate, excessive self-citation can indicate a manipulation.Thomson Reuters resource known as Web of Science, the company which now lists journal impact actors, considers self-citation to be acceptable up to a rate of 20%, anything over that is considered suspect” (Diana Epstein, 2007).• Source: Diana Epstein, Impact factor manipulation, The Journal of the European Medical Writers Association, Vol. 16, No. 3, 2007 Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim Research
  • 222. Funny Self Citation Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale EbrahimSource: Google Scholar & Peter Achterberg (1977)
  • 223. Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 224. Citation Behavior, variance among disciplines: Mathematics Genetics & Heredity Economics 12% 10% 8% 6% 4% 2% 0% 07 06 05 04 03 02 01 00 99 98 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 19 19 There are inherent differences between different fields with regards tocitation behavior. For some fields such as Mathematics or Economics it takes longer to reach the peak of citation activity. Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 225. Citation trends for different types of publications Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 226. Strategies to increase citations• Write reviews in addition to research papers - review journals often have high impact factors as they are more frequently cited than research articles;• Online availability is crucial as it facilitates greater access to your work by the international research community;• Target open access journals, particularly peer-reviewed publications;• Deposit your research output in the UWS Research Repository.Source: University of Western Sydney Library Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 227. Journal Immediacy IndexCites in 2010 to items published in 2010 = 22Number of items published in 2010 = 28Calculation: Cites to current items 22 = 0.786 Number of current items 28 Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 228. Disseminate YourPublications (Advertising)
  • 229. Targeted advertising1234567891011 Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 230. Strategies for Enhancing the Impact of Research Dissemination• Submit the manuscript to a digital subject repository.• Submit the manuscript to an institutional repository.• Set up a web site devoted to the research project and post manuscripts of publications and conference abstracts.• Take advantage of SEO (search engine optimization).• Present preliminary research findings at a meeting or conference.• Follow up preliminary research findings presented at a meeting or conference with a published manuscript.• Consider submitting the same article to a journal in a different language as a “secondary publication.”• Start a blog devoted to the research project.• Contribute to Wikipedia.• Contribute to a social network Source: Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis Missouri Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 231. 8 Ways to increase usage and citation of published papers1. Create your own website2. Create Mind Map3. Do Search Engine Optimization (SEO)4. Contribute to Wikipedia5. Join Twitter6. Join academic social networking sites7. Join LinkedIn8. Deposit papers in repositoriesAdopted from “10 Ways to Increase Usage Box ©2012 By:of yourAle Ebrahim Article Using Social Media” Research Tools and Citation Nader Published
  • 232. Repositories can disseminate informationUniversities can: – meet accountability requirements – improve the brand image of the university – preserve academic research outputs permanently and effectively – promote co-operation with industry and contribution to the local communities – reduce the costs of taking charge of academic informationResearchers can: – gain greater visibility for their research achievements – establish the channel for the dissemination of research outputs – reduce the cost of preservation and dissemination of research outputs – raise the citation rates of their articlesSource: What is an academic repository? Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 233. Citation Competition• Always upload preprints of your papers either on the Los Alamos ArXiv or NEC Citeseer or both. This gives your papers visibility.• When writing a paper, use the introduction to provide a motivating context. So it grabs the interest of the reader.• When writing a paper the goal is for you to communicate ideas in the clearest way. The more people that can understand your paper, the more it will be cited.• Keep track of all your international contacts by using the LinkedIn web utility. Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 234. Citation Competition• Take 50 photocopies of your best 1-2 papers to conferences, and leave them on the brochure desk as a handout.• Maintain your publication list on your home page. Make an attractive homepage that is clear about what you are working on.• Conference papers do not get ISI citation counts. So the trick is to ensure that after a conference you take that paper, correct it, extend it, and submit it to a journal.• When your paper is finally published, individually email the pdf to selected collaborators and contacts that you have met at conferences etc.• Source: Derek - https://www.eleceng.adelaide.edu.au/personal/dabbott/wiki/index.php/Citation_Competition Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 235. Optimize citations• Put your article in an institutional or subject repository.• Publicize yourself - link to your latest article in your email signature.• Make your article more accessible• Make your article more visible – Reading lists – Department website or personal webpage – Twitter and Facebook – LinkedIn – Join academic social networking sites – CiteULike – Email signature• Source: Optimize citations -http://journalauthors.tandf.co.uk/beyondpublication/optimizingcitations.asp• And• Promote your article - http://journalauthors.tandf.co.uk/beyondpublication/promotearticle.asp Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 236. Copyright issueYour publication freely available Besides the bibliographic details, you can add the publication itself to UvA- DARE, in pdf or Word. Of course, you yourself decide whether you only want to archive it (in which case the electronic version is not accessible) or if you wish to give interested researchers and readers full access to the electronic publication. There are great advantages to making it worldwide available. Publications which are freely available are more often downloaded and cited. If your publisher does not give permission to give access to the definitive publishers version/pdf, in many cases it is permitted to make the last authors version available (i.e. the version after peer review). This version has the same scientific content, but lacks the publishers lay-out. More information can be found at SHERPA/RoMEO and the Open Access and Copyright site of UvA.Source: Digital Academic Repository of the University of Amsterdam Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 237. Advertising• ResearcherID• Wikipedia• Web Site• Mindmeister• SSRN• getCITED• Academica• ResearchGate• The Berkeley Electronic Press™ Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 238. Advertising• MPRA• HAL• Malaysian Expert• CiteULike• PublicationsList• Academic Research Microsoft• WiKi• Methodspace• Ecademy• Best Virtual R&D Tools Box ©2012 Papers Research Teams By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 239. Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 240. The following text retrieved on 23rd April 2011 from the free encyclopedia Wikipedia (available at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Virtual_team).“A virtual team (also known as a geographically dispersed team or GDT) is a group of individuals who work across time, space and organizational boundaries with links strengthened by webs of communication technology. Powell, Piccoli and Ives define virtual teams in their literature review article "as groups of geographically, organizationally and/or time dispersed workers brought together by information and telecommunication technologies to accomplish one or more organizational tasks."[1] Ale Ebrahim, N., Ahmed, S. & Taha, Z. in their recent (2009) literature review paper, added two key issues to definition of a virtual team “as small temporary groups of geographically, organizationally and/ or time dispersed knowledge workers who coordinate their work predominantly with electronic information and communication technologies in order to accomplish one or more organization tasks”[2]” Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 241. Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 242. See the list of Nader Ale Ebrahim’s publications in the references section Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 243. Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 244. Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 245. Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 246. Source: SSRN eLibrary Search Results ORG: Contemporary Organizational Structures (Topic) Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 247. Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
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  • 255. Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 256. Document PublishingScribd.comDocstoc.comIssuu.com Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 257. Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 258. Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
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  • 260. CSTD (Commission on Science and Technology for Development ) 2011-2012 panel• Recently, a report published in the CSTD (Commission on Science and Technology for Development) 2011-2012 intersessional panel which hold on 13-15 December 2011, Manila, Philippines. In this report the paper “Ale Ebrahim, N., S. Ahmed and Z. Taha (2009). "Virtual R&D Teams in Small and Medium Enterprises: A Literature Review " Scientific Research and Essays” , is one of the references. Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 261. Thanks to whom citedLinkedInNader Ale Ebrahim wrote: Dear Montero, First of all, I should take this opportunity to thank you for accepting the LinkedIn connection request and cite my paper in your presentation entailed "Three Secrets to Turning Your Office Into The Anywhere Office®". Next, I have submitted my PhD thesis, and I am waiting for final defense. My experience regarding virtual teamwork return to my topic of research and my experience background which is reflected in the following publications http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/cf_dev/AbsByAuth.cfm?per_id=1379350 . I found you as a professional person in the filed of virtual teams, so I would like to keep in touch with you in case of any inquiry. Best Regards, Nader On 01/23/12 8:03 AM, Phil Montero wrote: -------------------- Nader - Thanks for connecting with me! I see we share several groups all having to do with virtual teams. What is your experience or interest in virtual teamwork? On January 23, 2012 7:00 AM, Nader Ale Ebrahim wrote: -------------------- Id like to add you to my professional network on LinkedIn. Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 262. Social NetworkResearch Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 263. Professor T. Ramayah Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 264. Publishing a book Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 265. Trace the citationKeeping Track of Your Research
  • 266. Record Citation• KNOWN CITATIONS• Mind Map Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 267. Links
  • 268. Useful LinksThomsonscientific.webex.comune.edu.au/library/eskillsplusadt.caul.edu.au Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 269. Smile - your research almost done! Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 270. Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 271. Thank you! Nader Ale Ebrahim Department of Engineering Design and Manufacture, Faculty of Engineering, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia Email: aleebrahim@perdana.um.edu.myResearch Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim
  • 272. References1. Research Tools, Nader Ale Ebrahim, Apr. 20102. Journal Citation Reports®, Thomson Reuters 20093. The publish or perish book: Your guide to effective and responsible citation analysis / Anne-Wil Harzing. , September 20104. Leary, Z. (2004) The Essential Guide to Doing Research. London: Sage Chapter Six5. Ale Ebrahim, N., Ahmed, S., & Taha, Z. (2009). Virtual R & D teams in small and medium enterprises: A literature review. [Review]. Scientific Research and Essay, 4(13), 1575–1590.6. Journal Citation Reports - Science - Thomson Reuters7. ISI Web of Knowledge8. ALE EBRAHIM, N., ABDUL RASHID, S. H., AHMED, S. & TAHA, Z. 2011. The Effectiveness of Virtual R&D Teams in SMEs: Experiences of Malaysian SMEs. Industrial Engineering and Management Systems, 10, 109-114.9. EBRAHIM, N. A., AHMED, S. & TAHA, Z. 2010. SMEs; Virtual research and development (R&D) teams and new product development: A literature review. International Journal of the Physical Sciences, 5, 916-930.10. ALE EBRAHIM, N., AHMED, S. & TAHA, Z. 2009. Modified Stage-Gate: A Conceptual Model of Virtual Product Development Process. African Journal of Marketing Management, 1, 211-219.11. ALE EBRAHIM, N., ABDUL RASHID, S. H., AHMED, S. & TAHA, Z. 2011. The Effectiveness of Virtual R&D Teams in SMEs: Experiences of Malaysian SMEs. Industrial Engineering and Management Systems, 10, 109-114.12. ALE EBRAHIM, N., AHMED, S., ABDUL RASHID, S. H. & TAHA, Z. 2012. Technology Use in the Virtual R&D Teams. American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 5, 9-14.13. ALE EBRAHIM, N., AHMED, S., ABDUL RASHID, S. H., TAHA, Z. & WAZED, M. A. 2012. Virtual Collaborative R&D Teams in Malaysia Manufacturing SMEs. Advanced Materials Research, 433-440, 1653-1659.14. ALE EBRAHIM, N., AHMED, S. & TAHA, Z. 2009. Modified Stage-Gate: A Conceptual Model of Virtual Product Development Process. African Journal of Marketing Management, 1, 211-219.15. ALE EBRAHIM, N., AHMED, S. & TAHA, Z. 2009. Virtual R & D teams in small and medium enterprises: A literature review. Scientific Research and Essay, 4, 1575–1590.16. ALE EBRAHIM, N., AHMED, S. & TAHA, Z. 2010. SMEs; Virtual research and development (R&D) teams and new product development: A literature review International Journal of the Physical Sciences, 5, 916–930. Research Tools Box ©2012 By: Nader Ale Ebrahim