The question becomes who owns the works and what rights does the owner has over the works.
Music, artwork, software, poetry.
Logos, ideas, phrases, works created by federal government.
ideas, images, sounds, discoveries, facts, texts that is unprotected by intellectual property rights and free for all to use or build upon.
A gray shadowy line whose boundaries are disputed; even so now with easy access to online material.A gray shadowy line whose boundaries are disputed; even so now with easy access to online material.What is Fair Use? A gray shadowy line whose boundaries are disputed; even so now with easy access to online material.
Fair Use liability for infringementYou are responsible for your actionsKnow the rules for infringement“The penalties for infringement are very harsh”
The teach ActThe acronym Teach stands for Technology Education and Copyright Harmonization The Teach Act became a law on 2002.
Norma Zarember EDTC 6340 Copyright
The Importance of Copyright copyright: The legal right of creative artists or publishers to control the use and reproduction of their original works.
Who owns the works THE AUTHOR By definition an author is someone who contributes copyrightable expression to the work. copyrightable expression Original authorship, fixed on a tangible medium of expression.
Examples of copyrightable expression: Software Artwork Music Website Poetry
Examples that do not qualify as Copyright Expression Logos Works created by Federal Government Ideas
Rights of the Copyright Owner The owner of a copyright has the exclusive right to reproduce work, to distribute copies, to display the work publicly .
Public Domain and Orphan Works The public domain is the realm of material images texts sounds ideas discoveries facts
ORPHANS WORKS Orphan works are works under the copyright published before 1923 But they are commercially unavailable and the copyright owner can not be found
Content on the web Using materials from the Internet Copyright law governs the use of materials you might find on the Internet, just as it governs the use of books, video or music in the analog world
Copyright protection Many people assume that everything posted on the Internet is public domain, probably because our law used to protect published works only if they displayed the proper copyright notice upon publication.
Implied and express licenses to use internet materials Whenever an author posts anything on the Internet, he or she should reasonably expect that it will be read, downloaded, printed out, forwarded, and even used as the basis for other works to some degree. So, just by posting, an author impliedly grants a limited license to use her work in this manner.
Many people assume that everything posted on the Internet is public domain, probably because our law used to protect published works only if they displayed the proper copyright notice upon publication.
Fair Use The role of fair use Fair use plays a critical role in the analog world where duplicating technology is cumbersome and authors make money by controlling copies. It balances authors' rights to reasonable compensation with the public's rights to the ideas contained in copyrighted works.
Where fair use may be questioned, implied rights may be broader, but an express right to use is best - it's clear and reassuring. It's possible today to search Creative Commons licensed works by license type