Telling Stories: Maori news on English- and Maori-language bulletins Raymond Nairn PhD NZ Psychological Society Annual Con...
The Data <ul><li>3 constructed weeks </li></ul><ul><li>Evening news bulletins </li></ul><ul><li>123 bulletins - 2100 items...
17 ‘Maori stories’ <ul><li>7 – abuse of Maori children </li></ul><ul><li>2 – allude to Maori male violence  </li></ul><ul>...
Analysing Agendas   <ul><li>1 st  Level – ‘what to think about’ </li></ul><ul><li>Were these the only stories? </li></ul><...
1 st  Level Agenda setting <ul><li>Abuse/violence : Hui of hope (1); Kahui rejected (4*); Nia Glassie (1*), Jhia Te Tua (2...
What other stories? <ul><li>Honorary doctorate for Tumu Te Heuheu  </li></ul><ul><li>Ruatoki – steps to ease children’s po...
2 nd  Level Agenda setting <ul><li>How to think about this…. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Frame, language, shots, sources… </li><...
Maori violence - Theme <ul><li>In the nature of Maori, especially men </li></ul><ul><li>Maori (men) seek out, enjoy </li><...
White Ribbon Day March <ul><li>FRAME : “Dads, brothers and sons took to the streets of Dunedin…to raise awareness of domes...
2 nd  Level Agenda: How to think about Maori <ul><li>Character :  abusive, savage, uncaring </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Adult ma...
References <ul><li>Gerbner, G. (1972).  Violence in television drama: trends and symbolic functions. In :  Comstock G, Rub...
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Ray Nairn, Telling stories

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Ray Nairn, Telling stories

  1. 1. Telling Stories: Maori news on English- and Maori-language bulletins Raymond Nairn PhD NZ Psychological Society Annual Conference Queenstown, 2011
  2. 2. The Data <ul><li>3 constructed weeks </li></ul><ul><li>Evening news bulletins </li></ul><ul><li>123 bulletins - 2100 items </li></ul><ul><li>English-language 28 Maori items </li></ul><ul><li>17 Maori stories </li></ul>
  3. 3. 17 ‘Maori stories’ <ul><li>7 – abuse of Maori children </li></ul><ul><li>2 – allude to Maori male violence </li></ul><ul><li>3 – deaths of Maori men </li></ul><ul><li>5 – miscellany Parekura Horomia: kids miss breakfast </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pounamu theft protest Kopu mill closure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Auction Tame Iti artwork Treaty settlement apologies </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Analysing Agendas <ul><li>1 st Level – ‘what to think about’ </li></ul><ul><li>Were these the only stories? </li></ul><ul><li>2 nd Level – ‘how to think about it’ </li></ul>
  5. 5. 1 st Level Agenda setting <ul><li>Abuse/violence : Hui of hope (1); Kahui rejected (4*); Nia Glassie (1*), Jhia Te Tua (2); Guilty pleas (5); Starship (1); Kahui trial (2*) </li></ul><ul><li>Maori men and violence : White Ribbon march (1); Te Tomo (1) </li></ul><ul><li>Maori deaths : Hone Tuwhare (1**); Barry Barclay (1**); Tamati Paraone (1**) </li></ul><ul><li>Misc : Kopu mill (2*), Horomia (1*), Tame Iti artwork auction (1), Treaty settlements apologies (1), Pro-pounamu thieves protest (2) </li></ul>
  6. 6. What other stories? <ul><li>Honorary doctorate for Tumu Te Heuheu </li></ul><ul><li>Ruatoki – steps to ease children’s police raid trauma </li></ul><ul><li>Carved pou erected at Miropiko (Hamilton) </li></ul><ul><li>Maori most prolific volunteers in community </li></ul><ul><li>Ngai Tahu and Crown monitor fish stocks </li></ul><ul><li>1 st meeting of Waikato River Guardians Establishment Committee </li></ul><ul><li>Malborough Sounds – local iwi in coastal environment working group </li></ul>
  7. 7. 2 nd Level Agenda setting <ul><li>How to think about this…. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Frame, language, shots, sources… </li></ul></ul><ul><li>White Ribbon Day March </li></ul><ul><li>Te Tomo </li></ul>
  8. 8. Maori violence - Theme <ul><li>In the nature of Maori, especially men </li></ul><ul><li>Maori (men) seek out, enjoy </li></ul><ul><li>Evidence of primitive, savage nature </li></ul><ul><li>FUNCTION – distract attention from violent effects of colonisation, Pakeha law & society on Maori </li></ul>
  9. 9. White Ribbon Day March <ul><li>FRAME : “Dads, brothers and sons took to the streets of Dunedin…to raise awareness of domestic violence against women” </li></ul><ul><li>SHOTS : LS – the march, CU – balloons, MS – banner: Te Whare Tangata Te Ao Marama, CU - putatara </li></ul>
  10. 10. 2 nd Level Agenda: How to think about Maori <ul><li>Character : abusive, savage, uncaring </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Adult male vs baby/toddler </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Violence – non-Maori child killer – ‘why trust?’ </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Paucity : symbolic annihilation </li></ul><ul><li>Content : symbolic demonisation </li></ul>
  11. 11. References <ul><li>Gerbner, G. (1972). Violence in television drama: trends and symbolic functions. In : Comstock G, Rubinstein E eds. Media Content and Controls . Washington, DC, US Government Printing Office. </li></ul><ul><li>McCreanor, T. (2009). Challenging and countering anti-Maori discourse: practices for decolonisation. Psychology Aotearoa, 1(1) : 16-20. </li></ul><ul><li>McCreanor, T. (1989). Talking about race. In H. Yensen, K. Hague, T. McCreanor (Eds.), Honouring the Treaty: An introduction for Pakeha to the Treaty of Waitangi , (90-112). Auckland: Penguin. </li></ul><ul><li>Poindexter, P., Smith, L. & Haider, D. (2003). Race and ethnicity in local television: Framing, story assignments and source selections. Journal of Broadcasting and Electronic Media, 47 , 524-536. </li></ul>
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