Ray Nairn,  Telling stories
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    Ray Nairn,  Telling stories Ray Nairn, Telling stories Presentation Transcript

    • Telling Stories: Maori news on English- and Maori-language bulletins Raymond Nairn PhD NZ Psychological Society Annual Conference Queenstown, 2011
    • The Data
      • 3 constructed weeks
      • Evening news bulletins
      • 123 bulletins - 2100 items
      • English-language 28 Maori items
      • 17 Maori stories
    • 17 ‘Maori stories’
      • 7 – abuse of Maori children
      • 2 – allude to Maori male violence
      • 3 – deaths of Maori men
      • 5 – miscellany Parekura Horomia: kids miss breakfast
        • Pounamu theft protest Kopu mill closure
        • Auction Tame Iti artwork Treaty settlement apologies
    • Analysing Agendas
      • 1 st Level – ‘what to think about’
      • Were these the only stories?
      • 2 nd Level – ‘how to think about it’
    • 1 st Level Agenda setting
      • Abuse/violence : Hui of hope (1); Kahui rejected (4*); Nia Glassie (1*), Jhia Te Tua (2); Guilty pleas (5); Starship (1); Kahui trial (2*)
      • Maori men and violence : White Ribbon march (1); Te Tomo (1)
      • Maori deaths : Hone Tuwhare (1**); Barry Barclay (1**); Tamati Paraone (1**)
      • Misc : Kopu mill (2*), Horomia (1*), Tame Iti artwork auction (1), Treaty settlements apologies (1), Pro-pounamu thieves protest (2)
    • What other stories?
      • Honorary doctorate for Tumu Te Heuheu
      • Ruatoki – steps to ease children’s police raid trauma
      • Carved pou erected at Miropiko (Hamilton)
      • Maori most prolific volunteers in community
      • Ngai Tahu and Crown monitor fish stocks
      • 1 st meeting of Waikato River Guardians Establishment Committee
      • Malborough Sounds – local iwi in coastal environment working group
    • 2 nd Level Agenda setting
      • How to think about this….
        • Frame, language, shots, sources…
      • White Ribbon Day March
      • Te Tomo
    • Maori violence - Theme
      • In the nature of Maori, especially men
      • Maori (men) seek out, enjoy
      • Evidence of primitive, savage nature
      • FUNCTION – distract attention from violent effects of colonisation, Pakeha law & society on Maori
    • White Ribbon Day March
      • FRAME : “Dads, brothers and sons took to the streets of Dunedin…to raise awareness of domestic violence against women”
      • SHOTS : LS – the march, CU – balloons, MS – banner: Te Whare Tangata Te Ao Marama, CU - putatara
    • 2 nd Level Agenda: How to think about Maori
      • Character : abusive, savage, uncaring
        • Adult male vs baby/toddler
        • Violence – non-Maori child killer – ‘why trust?’
      • Paucity : symbolic annihilation
      • Content : symbolic demonisation
    • References
      • Gerbner, G. (1972). Violence in television drama: trends and symbolic functions. In : Comstock G, Rubinstein E eds. Media Content and Controls . Washington, DC, US Government Printing Office.
      • McCreanor, T. (2009). Challenging and countering anti-Maori discourse: practices for decolonisation. Psychology Aotearoa, 1(1) : 16-20.
      • McCreanor, T. (1989). Talking about race. In H. Yensen, K. Hague, T. McCreanor (Eds.), Honouring the Treaty: An introduction for Pakeha to the Treaty of Waitangi , (90-112). Auckland: Penguin.
      • Poindexter, P., Smith, L. & Haider, D. (2003). Race and ethnicity in local television: Framing, story assignments and source selections. Journal of Broadcasting and Electronic Media, 47 , 524-536.