R Anand, Social relationships of adolescentsPresentation Transcript
Feedback on Educational Research Project At an Auckland High School 5/8/10
Literature on Social Relationships of Adolescents
Adolescence is a period where social relationships are likely to be formed due to the interactions and opportunities that present in the lives of growing individuals.
The study of adolescents has important implications for parents, educators and practitioners as means of promoting adolescents` positive behaviours ( Walker,et al; 2007).
Structure of Family Settings
Societal systems may influence the kind of social relationships adolescents engage within or outside of the family (Greenberger & Chen, 1998).
Provides Strategies of integration that develops within these structures ( Ceci, Stephen, Papierno, Paul, 2005).
Support networks help children to form a belief system encouraging them to become more resilient( Padilla-Walker, Laura, Carlo, Gustavo,2007).
An avenue for betterment of youth to occur through formalised social relationships( Flynn, Heather, & Kohler, 2007; MacFarlane, Glynn, Grace, & Peneitito, 2006 ).
Communities and Belief Systems Significance to NZ Society
Aim: To explore 4 immigrant adolescents’ view of non-kin relationships in ‘nuclear’ and ‘communal’ settings.
Design - The study was undertaken using a multiple case-study method
The Research Questions
Small number of students - indepth understanding of social relationship patterns
Acknowledgement of issue of sensitivity –relationships, culture and gender
2 immigrant adolescents in New Zealand living in nuclear settings with their parents, siblings 2 immigrant adolescents in New Zealand living in communal setting with extensive extended family support Participants & Procedure
Nature and frequency
Who do you seek support from outside your immediate family?
Where do you meet with them?
How often do you meet with them?
Specifics through Visual Mapping
. The Questionnaire
From whom and where do you seek support?
How and why do you seek support?
What is the nature of the support ?
What are the issues you are comfortable to discuss with them?
What were the reasons for choosing someone within your family to confide in issues personal to you?
What were the reasons for choosing some one outside of your family to confide in issues personal to you?
Grouping and Coding Coding : For each of the two groups responses were coded according to the relationships with respective groups or people who were mentioned by the participants. Analysis
Active consent –Parents and adolescents
Information to Participants
Informed consent, confidentiality of the data, minimising harm to participants through deception and the social sensitivity of their age, gender, culture , religion and social class
Recognise,acknowledge and preserve – family relationships
Care in reporting
T he findings suggested that communal family living was not necessarily associated with large numbers of relationships for support
Nuclear and communal
Categorising through theming
Insight into acculturation of participant
Insight into NZ born females in nuclear settings vs. their recently immigrated peers in communal settings
Insight into immigrant adolescents` kin and non-kin relationships in nuclear and communal settings.
Participants from nuclear settings were NZ born immigrants
Participants from the communal settings were very recent immigrants who had been resident in New Zealand for the last three years
(Small sample inconclusive around specific patterns ; however research generates questions around the area )
Results Main findings
Discussion- Emerging themes Visual Mapping Details-Nuclear & Communal 3 family friends Mum Grandparents on dad`s side 5 friends 5 cousins Brother Dad 3 or 4 family friends Grandparents on mum`s side Communal Setting Code A -Close to Aunt Nuclear Setting Code F – Close to Friends Parents Friend Aunt Grandparents . Pattern of Relationships indicative of the Sikh community. While access to the Western culture and Western Worldview came through support from friends the adolescents had access to culture and language from within the family. (McLeod, 1992; Kapil, 1980 ).
Nature of Study
Focus on a singe ethnic group
* Pilot for further study
The sample was not representative of the ethnic makeup of New Zealand and this could be improved by including a multicultural focused study, or, alternatively concentrating on one specific ethnic or national group.
Using a culture-sensitive approach ensure that the assistance given is appropriate and effective
Exploration of specific programmes
Facilitation –of improved integration into the NZ environment.
Worldwide research on immigrants suggests that integration that is related to psychological adaptation that is individual focused is the preferred mode of acculturation (Liebkind, 1992).
As long as immigrant adolescents` interactive needs are met in a culture-sensitive manner, they are likely to weather the difficulties of the stormy adolescent phase and adapt themselves to both their immediate cultural environment and the wider socio-cultural environment
Acknowledgement Dr. Jean Annan – Supervisor Dalys Beetham,RTLB ;Kevin Deed,D.P – Project facilitation Parents of Participating students Participating Students of the High School