CLIMATE CHANGE is a significant and emerging threat to public health,
and changes the way we must look at protecting vulnerable populations
Source: World Health Organization,
THE SUN - BENEFITS
The Sun lights our world, heats our planet, controls our weather, gives Earth energy, and
the Sun’s gravity prevents Earth from drifting off into space. The Sun is necessary for life
on earth, it helps plants grow, provides warmth and light, feeds our bodies energy to
synthesize minerals, and helps to prevent some diseases.
Source: Wikipedia.com, 2013
HARMFUL EFFECT of SUN
The sun produces light and
warmth but also can cause
increased heat and UV
UVA, UVB & UVC rays
cannot be seen or felt until
the body shows signs and
These harmful effects are:
increase in temperature,
heat exhaustion or stroke,
skin color changes from
sun tan or burns, damage in
the eyes (cataracts), sun
exacerbated diseases, and
Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), 2013
UV RADIATION LEVELS ARE ALWAYS CHANGING, THE
EFFECT IS BASED ON THE FOLLOWING:
Time of Day
Time of Year
Current illness or medications
can cause UV sensitivity
Source: The World Health Organization, 2003.
SUN PROTECTION STRATEGIES
Global Solar UV Index:
identifies the level of solar
UV radiation at the Earth’s
Surface and can be used
daily as a guide for
Avoid long exposure to sun
Apply & reapply sunscreen
that is broad spectrum; UVA,
UVB & UVC.
Wear Protective clothing.
Wear a large brimmed hat.
Wear UV eyewear protection.
Source: The World Health Organization, 2003.
UV Radiation Exposure
The most dangerous effect from UV
radiation exposure is skin cancer.
cancerous growths develop when
UV radiation alters the DNA of skin
cells damage to skin cells,
triggering mutations (genetic
defects) that lead the skin cells to
multiply rapidly and form malignant
Melanomas often resemble moles;
some develop from moles.
Estimated new cases and deaths
from melanoma in the United
States in 2013: New cases: 76,690
Source: The National Cancer Institute, 2013.
LESIONS, AND MARKS
Source: National Cancer Institute, 2013
• From 1999 to 2010, a total of
7,415 deaths in the United
States, an average of 618 per
year, were associated with
exposure to excessive natural
• Children are metabolically and
physiologically different from
adults. Their bodies don’t selfregulate, and core temperatures
can rise 3-5 times faster than an
• Children dehydrate easily and
may not be able to convey their
thirst or understand their need to
hydrate when playing outdoors.
• Child athletes are at risk of
exertional heat stroke because
of the physical demand on the
Source: Thebody. for Disease Control and Prevention, 2012
RECOGNIZE THE SIGNS &
SYMPTOMS OF HEAT STROKE
Loss of coordination
No saliva or tears
HEAT STROKE PREVENTION STRATEGIES
Hydrate: Drink 8 ounces every
Wear loose, lightweight
Gradually adjust to
exercise/play in the heat: start
walking, then build as
Take rest periods.
Parents, caregivers, teachers
& coaches should monitor
children regularly and know
how to mange exposure.
HEAT STROKE MANAGEMENT
• Act fast. Call 911
• Move to a cooler location.
• Rest lying down with feet
• If conscious have the
child drink as much water
• Loosen and/or remove
• Massage arms and legs.
• Wet body with cool
• If child vomits roll head to
Protect Your Eyes from UV Damage
Worldwide approximately 18 million people are
blind as a result of cataracts, of these 5% of all
cataract related disease burden is directly
attributable to UV radiation exposure.
Acute effects of UV radiation include
photokeratitis and photoconjunctivitis These
effects are reversible, easily prevented by
protective eyewear and are not associated with
any long-term damage.
Chronic effects of UV radiation include:
Cataract: an eye disease where the lens
becomes increasingly opaque, resulting in
impaired vision and eventual blindness;
Pterygium: a white or creamy fleshy growth on
the surface of the eye;
Annual eye exams should start early in
Wear Sunglasses that provide both UVA &
UVB Protection; UVB damage is cumulative
over time and the damage can be prevented.
Source: The World Health Organization, 201
PREVENTION IN YOUTH MAKES
FOR A HEALTHY LONG LIFE
• Wear Broad Spectrum
Sunscreen Year round.
• Shade your eyes with UV
• Wear lightweight protective
• Use the UV Index as a guide
• Don’t ignore moles and
• Drink plenty of water.
• Eat healthy foods rich in
antioxidants and vitamin C.
Source: Kidshealth.org., 2012
FURTHER INFORMATION & RESOURCES
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. (2012). Retrieved from:
Environmental Protection Agency website. (2013). Retrieved from:
Kidshealth.org website. (2013). Retrieved from:
National Cancer Institute website. (2013). Retrieved from:
Wikipedia.com website. (2013). Retrieved from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sun
World Health Organization. (2003). Retrieved from: