Effectiveness of Leadership Styles Visionary (provides long-term direction and vision) Coaching (develops employees for long-term) Affiliative (creates harmony in work relationships) Democratic (builds commitment through collaboration) Pacesetting (pushes to accomplish tasks) Commanding (demands compliance) -- Daniel Goleman
Controlling Facilitating leader team 80% 20% 20% 80% Fran Rhees, "From controlling to facilitating; how to L.E.A.D." % of Decision-making Responsibility
Consequences of Controlling For coordination For answers For group goals Group members Group members Group members feel overcontrolled feel blocked and feel committed only underused. to their own goals. Group members feel lower commitment and sense of responsibility; strive only for adequate performance.
Consequences of Facilitating For coordination For answers For group goals
Supervisors/managers are successful to the extent they:
can understand their own strengths and limitations,
can evaluate the needs of others, and
can adapt or adjust their style to meet those needs.
Johari Window Unknown Information neither of us know * childhood * potential Private Self Information only I know * feelings * opinions * past history Blind Spot Information you know, but I don’t * habits * body language Public Self Information you and I both know
Background: Johari Window "aha” insights Unknown Information neither of us know Private Self Information only I know Blind Spot Information you know, but I don’t Public Self Information you and I both know