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HAZMAT AWARENESS        HAZMAT       Recognition
Section 1                   IntroductionHAZMAT Awareness                        Slide 21- HAZMAT Recognition© 2007 - 2008
Of all the calls firefightersrespond to, some of themost difficult are thosethat involve unreportedhazardous materials.HAZ...
Whether the hazardous materials are beingtransported, stored or used, they presenttremendous potential for danger to life ...
A primary task in any incident is to recognizewhether hazardous materials may be present.Sometimes the recognition will be...
Learning Objectives: 1. Ways that Spilled or Released HAZMATS    are Harmful 2. Basic Clues to HAZMAT Recognition 3. Types...
Section 2           Harm From         HAZMATS: Part 1HAZMAT Awareness                        Slide 71- HAZMAT Recognition©...
Unconfined hazardousmaterials can cause bothshort- and long-term harmto people and theenvironment.HAZMAT Awareness        ...
The term “hazardous materials” covers anentire collection of chemicals and productsthat can cause a wide range of problems...
Most of the harmful effects of hazardousmaterials on humans or the environment canbe grouped into the “Seven Threats.”HAZM...
Seven threats: 1.     Thermal 2.     Mechanical 3.     Poison 4.     Corrosive 5.     Asphyxiation 6.     Radiation 7.    ...
Thermal effects: Thermal covers heat or cold. This would include burns from fire as well as frostbite from cryogenic subst...
Mechanical effects: Mechanical effects refer to damage caused by flying objects striking and injuring a person or property...
Poison effects: Exposure to poisons results in damage to organs or body systems. Different types of poisons attack differe...
Corrosive effects: Corrosives destroy or burn living tissue and can interact with combustibles causing a fire or explosion...
Section 3           Harm From         HAZMATS: Part 2HAZMAT Awareness                        Slide 161- HAZMAT Recognition...
Asphyxiation effects: Asphyxiation effects are caused by products that deprive the body of oxygen—resulting in suffocation...
Radiation effects: Radiation effects are caused by radioactive materials. The symptoms of radiation exposure include nause...
Etiological effects: Etiological effects are caused by biological materials and result in diseases—sometimes fatal disease...
There are hazardous materials that causeadditional harm to humans and theenvironment.These include irritants, which produc...
One important reminder about hazardousmaterials is that they are not harmful whenthey are safely contained.But once uncont...
Section 4                        Basic CluesHAZMAT Awareness                            Slide 221- HAZMAT Recognition© 200...
There are basic clues to watch for whenresponding to any incident.Each of these clues may alert you to thepresence of haza...
Basic clues: • Location & occupancy • Container types • Placards, labels & markings • Your senses HAZMAT Awareness        ...
Location & occupancy: Some obvious locations that would involve hazardous materials:     – Gas stations     – Chemical man...
Location & occupancy (cont.): Some not so obvious locations:      –General purpose stores      –High-tech     manufacturin...
Type of container: Certain containers are routinely used for storing and shipping hazardous materials; if the container is...
Placards, labels or markings: There are many marking systems used. You need to be familiar with each type to be able to re...
Your senses: • What do you see at the scene?        – Maybe a cloud of vapor, or material seeping from a hole          in ...
Section 5                      HAZMAT                    OccupanciesHAZMAT Awareness                         Slide 301- HA...
It doesn’t matter whether your department isin a rural or urban area or in a sleepy suburbwith little or no industry—you h...
Almost all communitieshave a gas station or ahardware store.And most communitieshave a main highway withtruck traffic or a...
Rural areas typicallycontain large amounts oftoxic, flammable andexplosive hazardousmaterials:       –Fertilizers       –F...
Urban industrialized areasmay have simplemanufacturing sites andhigh-tech fabricationplants with:       –Corrosives       ...
The small town or residential neighborhood ishome to all kinds of occupancies that containhazardous chemicals and gases:  ...
Pre-incident planning isimportant; get out intoyour community and knowwhat is there.Databases and on-scenepersonnel are he...
Section 6          HAZMAT      Containers: Part 1HAZMAT Awareness                        Slide 371- HAZMAT Recognition© 20...
It’s important to recognizecontainer shapes that aretypically used to store ortransport hazardousmaterials.Containers can ...
Common types of containers: • Cylinders • Drums • Boxes • Highway transportation containers HAZMAT Awareness              ...
Cylinders: Cylinders are used for all types of gases and liquids including propane, oxygen and nitrogen. They are often us...
Cylinders (cont.): The contents of the cylinder may be low risk, such as helium. But a high-pressure cylinder itself can b...
Cylinders (cont.): Do not assume that you know what type of product is in a cylinder because of the color of the container...
Cylinders (cont.): In general, tall, thin cylinders are under high pressure and short, wide cylinders are under low pressu...
Section 7          HAZMAT      Containers: Part 2HAZMAT Awareness                        Slide 441- HAZMAT Recognition© 20...
Drums: Drums are common in manufacturing facilities and are usually marked to indicate the contents. Some drums store wast...
Drums (cont.): Consider the situation when you come upon an unmarked steel drum in a home basement or storage area. What a...
Cardboard boxes: Cardboard boxes can contain all kinds of hazardous substances. If the box is the original container, it i...
Cardboard boxes (cont.): If repackaged, there will probably not be labels. Use context clues to consider the likelihood of...
Highway transportation containers: There are four typical tank trucks that carry materials which could be hazardous in an ...
Highway transportation containers(cont.):        – DOT 412 (MC 312)          corrosives        – MC 331          liquefied...
Highway transportation containers(cont.): There are many other types of typical containers out there. Some are on highways...
Section 8       Session SummaryHAZMAT Awareness                        Slide 521- HAZMAT Recognition© 2007 - 2008
Whenever you respond to a routine call,remember that the presence of hazardousmaterials is always a possibility.HAZMAT Awa...
Session Summary: 1. Ways that Spilled or Released HAZMATS    are Harmful 2. Basic Clues to HAZMAT Recognition 3. Types of ...
Uncontained and undetected hazardousmaterials have the potential to kill you quicklyor kill you slowly.HAZMAT Awareness   ...
The ability to recognizethe presence of hazardousmaterials at an incidentcan mean the differencebetween a successfulrespon...
The EndHAZMAT Awareness                           Slide 571- HAZMAT Recognition© 2007 - 2008
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  • Learning objectives: Present the ways that spilled or released hazardous materials are harmful to people and the environment. Present the basic clues to HAZMAT recognition and identification. Discuss the types of occupancies where hazardous materials may be stored or used. Show some typical containers that are used for hazardous materials.
  • For instance: Nerve poisons attack the central nervous system, shutting it down causing such important functions such as circulation and respiration to stop.
  • Corrosive examples: Acids such as hydrochloric acid or sulfuric acid, or bases, such as caustic potash or potassium hydroxide.
  • Asphyxiants include such things as inert gases that displace oxygen in the air and carbon dioxide that starves the blood of oxygen inside the body.
  • Examples: anthrax bacteria, bloodborne pathogens.
  • Sometimes the alarm will come in with a citizen reporting a “strong smell” as a description of the situation. Be aware.
  • For instance—fertilizers and fuel. Both are used in farm production. But if they mix and become involved in a fire this deadly combination is a bomb waiting to explode. Pesticides and herbicides—also found on most farms—present a potential life hazard to responders, the public, and animals.
  • Cylinders under pressure are also a potential problem.
  • Transcript of "Ha001 hazmat recognition"

    1. 1. HAZMAT AWARENESS HAZMAT Recognition
    2. 2. Section 1 IntroductionHAZMAT Awareness Slide 21- HAZMAT Recognition© 2007 - 2008
    3. 3. Of all the calls firefightersrespond to, some of themost difficult are thosethat involve unreportedhazardous materials.HAZMAT Awareness Slide 31- HAZMAT Recognition© 2007 - 2008
    4. 4. Whether the hazardous materials are beingtransported, stored or used, they presenttremendous potential for danger to life safetybeyond the usual hazards associated with afire or a vehicle crash.HAZMAT Awareness Slide 41- HAZMAT Recognition© 2007 - 2008
    5. 5. A primary task in any incident is to recognizewhether hazardous materials may be present.Sometimes the recognition will be straight-forward, but there will be times when you arenot sure. The rule of thumb always is “don’tgo until you know.”HAZMAT Awareness Slide 51- HAZMAT Recognition© 2007 - 2008
    6. 6. Learning Objectives: 1. Ways that Spilled or Released HAZMATS are Harmful 2. Basic Clues to HAZMAT Recognition 3. Types of Occupancies Where HAZMATS May be Stored or Used 4. Typical Containers that are Used for HAZMATS HAZMAT Awareness Slide 6 1- HAZMAT Recognition © 2007 - 2008
    7. 7. Section 2 Harm From HAZMATS: Part 1HAZMAT Awareness Slide 71- HAZMAT Recognition© 2007 - 2008
    8. 8. Unconfined hazardousmaterials can cause bothshort- and long-term harmto people and theenvironment.HAZMAT Awareness Slide 81- HAZMAT Recognition© 2007 - 2008
    9. 9. The term “hazardous materials” covers anentire collection of chemicals and productsthat can cause a wide range of problems.HAZMAT Awareness Slide 91- HAZMAT Recognition© 2007 - 2008
    10. 10. Most of the harmful effects of hazardousmaterials on humans or the environment canbe grouped into the “Seven Threats.”HAZMAT Awareness Slide 101- HAZMAT Recognition© 2007 - 2008
    11. 11. Seven threats: 1. Thermal 2. Mechanical 3. Poison 4. Corrosive 5. Asphyxiation 6. Radiation 7. Etiological HAZMAT Awareness Slide 11 1- HAZMAT Recognition © 2007 - 2008
    12. 12. Thermal effects: Thermal covers heat or cold. This would include burns from fire as well as frostbite from cryogenic substances, such as liquid oxygen or liquid natural gas. HAZMAT Awareness Slide 12 1- HAZMAT Recognition © 2007 - 2008
    13. 13. Mechanical effects: Mechanical effects refer to damage caused by flying objects striking and injuring a person or property. This happens when containers explode and send pieces flying like shrapnel. HAZMAT Awareness Slide 13 1- HAZMAT Recognition © 2007 - 2008
    14. 14. Poison effects: Exposure to poisons results in damage to organs or body systems. Different types of poisons attack different body functions. HAZMAT Awareness Slide 14 1- HAZMAT Recognition © 2007 - 2008
    15. 15. Corrosive effects: Corrosives destroy or burn living tissue and can interact with combustibles causing a fire or explosion. They can be acid or base. Both cause burning of skin, eyes, nose and mouth, vomiting and difficulty breathing. HAZMAT Awareness Slide 15 1- HAZMAT Recognition © 2007 - 2008
    16. 16. Section 3 Harm From HAZMATS: Part 2HAZMAT Awareness Slide 161- HAZMAT Recognition© 2007 - 2008
    17. 17. Asphyxiation effects: Asphyxiation effects are caused by products that deprive the body of oxygen—resulting in suffocation. HAZMAT Awareness Slide 17 1- HAZMAT Recognition © 2007 - 2008
    18. 18. Radiation effects: Radiation effects are caused by radioactive materials. The symptoms of radiation exposure include nausea, vomiting and burns to the skin. HAZMAT Awareness Slide 18 1- HAZMAT Recognition © 2007 - 2008
    19. 19. Etiological effects: Etiological effects are caused by biological materials and result in diseases—sometimes fatal diseases. HAZMAT Awareness Slide 19 1- HAZMAT Recognition © 2007 - 2008
    20. 20. There are hazardous materials that causeadditional harm to humans and theenvironment.These include irritants, which produce short-term effects such as coughing andinflammation—and those that cause long-termeffects such as carcinogens, which causecancer.HAZMAT Awareness Slide 201- HAZMAT Recognition© 2007 - 2008
    21. 21. One important reminder about hazardousmaterials is that they are not harmful whenthey are safely contained.But once uncontained, they can cause all kindsof problems—ranging from immediate death tolong-term illness or environmentaldestruction.HAZMAT Awareness Slide 211- HAZMAT Recognition© 2007 - 2008
    22. 22. Section 4 Basic CluesHAZMAT Awareness Slide 221- HAZMAT Recognition© 2007 - 2008
    23. 23. There are basic clues to watch for whenresponding to any incident.Each of these clues may alert you to thepresence of hazardous materials.HAZMAT Awareness Slide 231- HAZMAT Recognition© 2007 - 2008
    24. 24. Basic clues: • Location & occupancy • Container types • Placards, labels & markings • Your senses HAZMAT Awareness Slide 24 1- HAZMAT Recognition © 2007 - 2008
    25. 25. Location & occupancy: Some obvious locations that would involve hazardous materials: – Gas stations – Chemical manufacturing facilities – Garden or farm materials stores HAZMAT Awareness Slide 25 1- HAZMAT Recognition © 2007 - 2008
    26. 26. Location & occupancy (cont.): Some not so obvious locations: –General purpose stores –High-tech manufacturing facilities –Marinas and shipyards HAZMAT Awareness Slide 26 1- HAZMAT Recognition © 2007 - 2008
    27. 27. Type of container: Certain containers are routinely used for storing and shipping hazardous materials; if the container is present you should assume the HAZMAT is probably also on scene. HAZMAT Awareness Slide 27 1- HAZMAT Recognition © 2007 - 2008
    28. 28. Placards, labels or markings: There are many marking systems used. You need to be familiar with each type to be able to recognize the type of hazard involved. HAZMAT Awareness Slide 28 1- HAZMAT Recognition © 2007 - 2008
    29. 29. Your senses: • What do you see at the scene? – Maybe a cloud of vapor, or material seeping from a hole in a container • What do you hear? – The ominous hissing of gas escaping a container under pressure is a clue • What do you smell? – This is a dangerous clue, because if you get close enough to smell certain chemicals, you are already exposed HAZMAT Awareness Slide 29 1- HAZMAT Recognition © 2007 - 2008
    30. 30. Section 5 HAZMAT OccupanciesHAZMAT Awareness Slide 301- HAZMAT Recognition© 2007 - 2008
    31. 31. It doesn’t matter whether your department isin a rural or urban area or in a sleepy suburbwith little or no industry—you have hazardousmaterials in your community.HAZMAT Awareness Slide 311- HAZMAT Recognition© 2007 - 2008
    32. 32. Almost all communitieshave a gas station or ahardware store.And most communitieshave a main highway withtruck traffic or a traintrack with rail traffic.HAZMAT Awareness Slide 321- HAZMAT Recognition© 2007 - 2008
    33. 33. Rural areas typicallycontain large amounts oftoxic, flammable andexplosive hazardousmaterials: –Fertilizers –Fuels –Pesticides –HerbicidesHAZMAT Awareness Slide 331- HAZMAT Recognition© 2007 - 2008
    34. 34. Urban industrialized areasmay have simplemanufacturing sites andhigh-tech fabricationplants with: –Corrosives –Poisons –Irritants –FuelsHAZMAT Awareness Slide 341- HAZMAT Recognition© 2007 - 2008
    35. 35. The small town or residential neighborhood ishome to all kinds of occupancies that containhazardous chemicals and gases: – Dry cleaners – Paint stores – Swimming pools – HospitalsHAZMAT Awareness Slide 351- HAZMAT Recognition© 2007 - 2008
    36. 36. Pre-incident planning isimportant; get out intoyour community and knowwhat is there.Databases and on-scenepersonnel are helpful, butnothing takes the place ofhaving a documentedinspection survey prior tothe emergency.HAZMAT Awareness Slide 361- HAZMAT Recognition© 2007 - 2008
    37. 37. Section 6 HAZMAT Containers: Part 1HAZMAT Awareness Slide 371- HAZMAT Recognition© 2007 - 2008
    38. 38. It’s important to recognizecontainer shapes that aretypically used to store ortransport hazardousmaterials.Containers can vary in sizefrom a one ounce bottle toa ship’s hold containingthousands of tons ofcargo.HAZMAT Awareness Slide 381- HAZMAT Recognition© 2007 - 2008
    39. 39. Common types of containers: • Cylinders • Drums • Boxes • Highway transportation containers HAZMAT Awareness Slide 39 1- HAZMAT Recognition © 2007 - 2008
    40. 40. Cylinders: Cylinders are used for all types of gases and liquids including propane, oxygen and nitrogen. They are often used to store extremely volatile substances, such as acetylene or high health- hazard gases, such as chlorine. HAZMAT Awareness Slide 40 1- HAZMAT Recognition © 2007 - 2008
    41. 41. Cylinders (cont.): The contents of the cylinder may be low risk, such as helium. But a high-pressure cylinder itself can become a rocket if it is involved in a fire and the heat increases the inside pressure beyond the capacity of the container. Overheated cylinders have been known to travel long distances and then pierce concrete walls. HAZMAT Awareness Slide 41 1- HAZMAT Recognition © 2007 - 2008
    42. 42. Cylinders (cont.): Do not assume that you know what type of product is in a cylinder because of the color of the container. Color markings are sometimes used within industries, but cylinder colors are not uniform across industries and color is not a good indicator of contents. HAZMAT Awareness Slide 42 1- HAZMAT Recognition © 2007 - 2008
    43. 43. Cylinders (cont.): In general, tall, thin cylinders are under high pressure and short, wide cylinders are under low pressure. HAZMAT Awareness Slide 43 1- HAZMAT Recognition © 2007 - 2008
    44. 44. Section 7 HAZMAT Containers: Part 2HAZMAT Awareness Slide 441- HAZMAT Recognition© 2007 - 2008
    45. 45. Drums: Drums are common in manufacturing facilities and are usually marked to indicate the contents. Some drums store waste, which can also be hazardous—and is usually not marked. HAZMAT Awareness Slide 45 1- HAZMAT Recognition © 2007 - 2008
    46. 46. Drums (cont.): Consider the situation when you come upon an unmarked steel drum in a home basement or storage area. What are the chances that you’ve stumbled on something really hazardous? HAZMAT Awareness Slide 46 1- HAZMAT Recognition © 2007 - 2008
    47. 47. Cardboard boxes: Cardboard boxes can contain all kinds of hazardous substances. If the box is the original container, it is probably marked. HAZMAT Awareness Slide 47 1- HAZMAT Recognition © 2007 - 2008
    48. 48. Cardboard boxes (cont.): If repackaged, there will probably not be labels. Use context clues to consider the likelihood of hazardous materials. For example—is the box in a garden shed? It could contain pesticides or poisons. HAZMAT Awareness Slide 48 1- HAZMAT Recognition © 2007 - 2008
    49. 49. Highway transportation containers: There are four typical tank trucks that carry materials which could be hazardous in an accident: – DOT 406 (MC 306) fuel (gasoline) – DOT 407 (MC 307) chemicals HAZMAT Awareness Slide 49 1- HAZMAT Recognition © 2007 - 2008
    50. 50. Highway transportation containers(cont.): – DOT 412 (MC 312) corrosives – MC 331 liquefied compressed gases (propane) HAZMAT Awareness Slide 50 1- HAZMAT Recognition © 2007 - 2008
    51. 51. Highway transportation containers(cont.): There are many other types of typical containers out there. Some are on highways passing through your jurisdiction. Some are unique to the industries or occupations in your community. Stay alert and take time to notice what is around you. HAZMAT Awareness Slide 51 1- HAZMAT Recognition © 2007 - 2008
    52. 52. Section 8 Session SummaryHAZMAT Awareness Slide 521- HAZMAT Recognition© 2007 - 2008
    53. 53. Whenever you respond to a routine call,remember that the presence of hazardousmaterials is always a possibility.HAZMAT Awareness Slide 531- HAZMAT Recognition© 2007 - 2008
    54. 54. Session Summary: 1. Ways that Spilled or Released HAZMATS are Harmful 2. Basic Clues to HAZMAT Recognition 3. Types of Occupancies Where HAZMATS May be Stored or Used 4. Typical Containers that are Used for HAZMATS HAZMAT Awareness Slide 54 1- HAZMAT Recognition © 2007 - 2008
    55. 55. Uncontained and undetected hazardousmaterials have the potential to kill you quicklyor kill you slowly.HAZMAT Awareness Slide 551- HAZMAT Recognition© 2007 - 2008
    56. 56. The ability to recognizethe presence of hazardousmaterials at an incidentcan mean the differencebetween a successfulresponse—or a disaster.HAZMAT Awareness Slide 561- HAZMAT Recognition© 2007 - 2008
    57. 57. The EndHAZMAT Awareness Slide 571- HAZMAT Recognition© 2007 - 2008
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