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  • 1. Heather F.
    Julie G.
    Kristin O.
    Jennifer P.
    Nicole V.
    “I hear and I forget. I see and I remember. I do and I understand” -Confucius
  • 2. Key Points
    Constructivism is a type of learning in which the learner constructs much of what he or she learns or comprehends.
    It involves active participation in the learning process by using critical-thinking skills to analyze a problem and create an understanding of the topic or problem.
    Learning involves linking new information with prior knowledge.
    Motivation is very important because the learner has to participate in learning in order to construct an understanding.
    Collaboration is important because it is insightful to explore others’ perspectives.
  • 3. Theorist: Jean Piaget
    A psychologist who developed the cognitive learning theory by observing kids over the course of several year
    Defined four cognitive stages:
    Sensorimotor: learning takes place through children's senses and motor actions
    Preoperational: children begin to use symbols and images to mean something else
    Concrete Operational: children begin to learn factual information and different people's points of view
    Formal Operational: children think more abstractly and make their own beliefs and morals
    Piaget's 3 A‘s
    Adaption: Children's cognitive understanding or development at any given time
    Assimilation: how children fit the new information or experiences they have into their lives
    Accommodation: how the new information and experiences change their knowledge base and the world around them
  • 4. Theorist: Jerome Burner
    Received A.B degree from Duke University in 1937 and Ph. D from Harvard in 1947
    Published The Process of Education
    Founding father of the constructivist theory
    His theoretical framework is based on the theme that learners construct new ideas/concepts based on existing knowledge
    Theories emphasize the significance of categorization in learning
    Introduced the ideas of “readiness for learning” and spiral curriculum
  • 5. Theorist: Les Vygotsky
    Les Vygotsky (1896-1934) was a major figure in Russian psychology.
    Vygotsky’s theory stresses the relations between the individual and society.
    He believed that it is not possible to understand a child’s development without some understanding of the culture in which the child is raised.
    In his theory, elementary cognitive functions are transformed into higher mental functions through interactions with more knowledgeable adults and peers.
    Vygotsky is known for the term: zone of proximal development which refers to the difference what children can do on their own and with the assistance of others.
    Vygotsky believed that language was the most important psychological tool that influences children’s development.
  • 6. Theorist: John Dewey
    An educational psychologist who believed education was a social process in which learning should be student directed with teachers serving as a guide for resources.
    Believed students learn by doing.
    He founded several schools and has been called the Father of American Education.
  • 7. Classroom Implications
    In Regards to the Teacher
    Teachers are there to guide the students and facilitate learning experiences.
    They should not simple lecture and require students to memorize what they are told.
    Build off and use student responses when making "on-the-spot" decisions about instructional strategies and content being taught.
    Provide adequate amount of time for students to construct their perspectives
    Provide hands on activities and allow students to use the computer to gain further knowledge and showcase what they have learned
    In Regards to the Students
    Explore the learning environment and make decisions based off trial and error.
    Apply prior knowledge and new information to construct new understandings
    Work in groups to collaborate and bounce ideas off each other.
    Use the internet to further their knowledge.
    Use the computer to showcase what they have constructed as their understanding of the topic, i.e. a PowerPoint presentation.
  • 8. Constructivism in our Teaching
    Heather: “Piaget's constructivist thinking should be apart of classrooms today because it is targeted for children and can help teachers characterize their cognitive stages as the students progress in age.”
    Julie: “I will use constructivism in my teaching by having activities and projects that let my students do more of what they want to do with things that relate to their experiences that go along with the subject.”
    Kristin: “Vygotsky’s theory should be incorporated into the classroom because it gives teachers a better understanding of the differences in development among their students. Not all students develop the same way, this depends on their culture background and the types of adults and peers they interact with on a daily basis. Vygotsky believed that if a child receives appropriate help from and adult or peer, he or she generally performs at a higher level than those students who perform on their own. ”
    Jennifer: “Dewey’s theory should be incorporated into classrooms because it teaches students not to rely on teachers for everything. They learn by doing things themselves and it truly prepares them to become independent in society”
    Nicole: “I think that it is very important for teachers to allow their students to form their own perspectives of the world around them. I believe that children learn more by doing and are more interested in figuring things out for themselves than being lectured about topics. I will definitely use constructivism in my classroom to motivate students to learn for themselves.”
  • 9. Works Cited
    "Lev Vygotsky -- History of Psychology." Les Vygotsky. Web. 22 Nov. 2010. <http://elvers.us/hop/index.asp?m=3&a=86&key=153>.
    Meece, Judith L., and Denise H. Daniels. "Chapter 3: Cognitive Development: Piaget"s and Vygotsky's Theories." Child and Adolescent Development for Educators. 3rd ed. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill, 2008. 165-68. Print