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Narrative Module

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    Narrative Module Narrative Module Document Transcript

    • PAGE I KATA PENGANTAR Sejak diberlakukannya Permendiknas 22 tahun 2006 ten-tang Standar Isi , pembelajaran Bahasa Inggris di SMP meng-gunakan pendekatan berbasis jenis teks ( Genre Based Ap-proach ). Jenis-jenis teks yang diajarkan di SMP meliputi Descrip-tive text, Procedure text, Recount text, Report text dan Narrativetext. Modul ini berisi rangkuman berbagai materi mengenaijenis Narrative Text, tujuan komunikasi, struktur dan ciri-ciri ke-bahasaannya yang dapat membantu siswa dalam memahami danmenguasai jenis Narrative Text . Modul ini juga diperlengkapi dengan Materi Pembahasandan contoh-contoh analisis teks berbentuk naratif serta latihandan materi tes ketrampilan berbahasa Reading (membaca), danWriting (menulis), yang diambil dari berbagai sumber. Tiada gading yang tak retak, sangat disadari bahwamodul ini jauh dari sempurna sehingga kritik dan saran yangmembangun sangat diharapkan. Semoga modul ini bermanfaat.Semarang, Januari 2011Penulis
    • PAGE II Daftar IsiKata Pengantar …………………………………….. iDaftar Isi …………………………………………… iiPetunjuk Siswa …………………………………….. 1Standar Kompetensi, Kompetensi Dasar, Indikator . 2Dan Tujuan PembelajaranMateri Pembahasan ,……………………………… 5Analyzing The Generic Structure ………………… 16Exercises …………………………………………. 21Test ……………………………………………….. 30Daftar Pustaka ……………………………………. 41Kunci Jawaban …………………………………… 42
    • UNDERSTANDING TEXT TYPES 1PEMBELAJARAN TEKS BERBENTUK NARRATIVE UNTUK SISWA KELAS IX SEMESTER 2 Nuning Purnamawati NIP. 19670602 199403 2 005
    • PAGE 1Petunjuk Siswa Siswa mempelajari Materi Pembahasan tentang Narrative Text sebelum menerima penjelasan guru. Siswa mencatat kata-kata sulit untuk ditanyakan kepada guru. Dalam mempelajari contoh-contoh menganalisa Narrative Text dan latihan-latihan akan dipandu oleh guru. Langkah terakhir adalah siswa mengerjakan test secara mandiri.
    • PAGE 5 MATERI PEMBAHASAN A. WHAT IS NARRATIVE TEXT ? Narrative is an account of a sequence of events, usu-ally in chronological order. Relating to kinds of text, whichstudent has to complete studying in high school, narrative isa text which retells the story or previous experiences. The purpose of the text is to entertain or amuse read-ers or listeners about the story.
    • PAGE 6 B. FORMS OF NARRATIVES TEXT Common forms of narrative text which are studied in high school are: 1. Legend A legend is a narrative of human actions that are perceived both by teller and listeners to take place within human his story. Typically, a legend is a short,traditional and historicized narrative performed in a conversational mode. Some define legend as folktale. The example of legend in narrative text are :  Sangkuriang  Malin Kundang  The legend of Tangkuban Perahu  The story of Toba lake , etc
    • PAGE 7 2. FableA fabel is a short allegorical narrative making a moral point,traditionally by means of animal characters who speak and actlike human beings.The example of fable in narrative text are:  Mousedeer and crocodile.  The Ants and the Grasshopper  The smartest parrot, etc
    • PAGE 8 3. Fairy tale A fairy tale typically features such folkloric characters as fair- ies, goblins, elves, trolls, dwarves, giants or gnomes, and usu- ally magic or enchantments. The example of fairy tale in nar- rative text are:  Cinderella  Snow white  Pinocchio  Beauty and the beast  The story of Rapunzel, etc
    • PAGE 9 4.Science FictionScience fiction is fiction based upon some imagined develop-ment of science, or upon the extrapolation of a tendency insociety. Science fiction is that class of prose narrative treatingof a situation that could not arise in the world we know. Someexamples of science fiction are:  To the Moon from the Earth by Jules Verne  Starship Trooper by Robert Heinlein  A Space Odyssey by Arthur C. Clarke
    • PAGE 10 C. THE SOCIAL FUNCTION OF NARRATIVE TEXT The social function ( the purpose/the goal ) of narrative text is to tell stories or past events and entertain the readers or listeners about the story. . D. GENERIC STRUCTURE OF NARRATIVE TEXT  Orientation:(Beginning or introduction) Introduces main characters, setting and time.The open- ing paragraph introduces characters / participants of the story and sets the scene (it answers the questions who, when, what and where)  Complication:(Middle) The problem happens among the characters .It is about the problems which involve the main characters in the story developed  Resolution:(Ending) The problem is dissolved. It is about how the problems in the story are solved (better or worse). Here, the main characters find ways to solve the problems.
    • PAGE 11E. LANGUAGE FEATURES OF NARRATIVE TEXT  Using processes verbs  Using temporal conjunction (Penggunaan kata pen- ghubung yang menunjukkan waktu ex : One day, a week, later, then, a long, long time ago, when, etc  Using Simple Past Tense (Penggunaan Tenses Masa Lampau) SIMPLE PAST TENSEA. THE USE : TO DESCRIBE THE ACTION THAT HAPPENED IN THE PAST.B. THE FORMS : VERB 2 (+) SUBJECT + VERB 2 + COMPLEMENT (--) SUBJECT + DIDN’T + VERB 1 + COMPLEMENT (?) DID + SUBJECT + VERB 1 + COMPLEMENT + ? TO BE 2 ( WAS , WERE ) WAS IS USED IF THE SUBJECT : I, HE, SHE, IT WERE IS USED IF THE SUBJECT : YOU, WE , THEYC. THE ADVERB OF TIME :  YESTERDAY (KEMARIN)  LAST……(YANG LALU)  LAST WEEK( MINGGU YANG LALU)  LAST MONTH  LAST YEAR  LAST SUNDAY  LAST MONDAY  ……. AGO (YANG LALU)  TWO DAYS AGO  THREE WEEKS AGO  A YEAR AGO
    • PAGE 12 VERB 1 VERB 2 DO DID CUT CUT EAT ATE WRITE WROTE GO WENT SAY SAID DRIVE DROVE READ READ COOK COOKED BORROW BORROWED HELP HELPED PAINT PAINTED GET GOT CLEAN CLEANED STUDY STUDIED READ READ SPEAK SPOKE TELL TOLD SWEEP SWEPT HAPPEN HAPPENED END ENDED PRAY PRAYED DANCE DANCED TRY TRIED FOLLOW FOLLOWED DRINK DRANK LIVE LIVED LEAVE LEFT BEGIN BEGAN START STARTED BUY BOUGHT BRING BROUGHT DRAW DRAWED TEACH TAUGHT SLEEP SLEPT LEARN LEARNED Take TOOK PUT PUT HIT HIT
    • PAGE 13 Using noun phrases (Penggunaan frasa kata benda yang kaya dengan adjective , misalnya : long black hair, two red apples. Using Pronouns , example: I, me, they, their, its, it etc. Using Nouns, example :: traveler, bundles, tree, road, stepsister, housework (pekerjaan rumah tangga), etc. Using Saying verb yang menandai ucapan example said, told, promised dan thinking verb yang menandai pikiran, persepsi atau perasaan tokoh dalam cerita misalnya : thought, understood, felt etc.
    • PAGE 14 F. TYPES OF NARRATIVE: 1. Adventure narrative that contain about the struggle, dangerous, survived, heroic, treacherouse. 2. Fiction narrative that contain about the aliens, laser, space suttle, dimension, mutant. 3. Fantasy narrative that contain about magical, appari- tion, vanishing, shimmering, supernatural. 4. Romance narrative that contain about the embrace, jealously, desire, true love etc. 5. Mystery / crime narrative that contain about identify, investigate, secret, surveillance. 6. Historical narrative that contain about the historical of country, town, city and land.
    • PAGE 15 Istilah-istilah penting yang perlu diketahui dalam NarrativeGenre :  Specific/individual participant : Tokoh cerita bersifat spesifik atau khusus, yang mengacu pada satu atau beberapa individu dan tidak berlaku pada semua/ general.  Material Process disebut juga dengan istilah “Action verb” yaitu kata kerja yang mengacu pada aksi atau tindakan dari si tokoh, misalnya : makan (eat/ate/ eaten), tidur (sleep/slept), berenang (swim/swam/ swum),dll.  Behavioral process disebut juga dengan istilah lain “Verbal process” atau “speaking verbs” misal- nya, say, tell,speak, etc.  Relational Process disebut juga dengan isti- lah “Linking verb” (Kata kerja penghubung) yang berguna untuk menghubungkan subjek dengan pe- lengkap (sebagai Subject Complement). misalnya, to be (is,am,are,was,were) taste, look, seem, become, smell, consist of, derive from, function as, etc.  Mental Process disebut juga “Thinking verb” yaitu kata kerja yang berhubungan dengan persepsi panca indra atau persepsi batiniah, misalnya guess, think, feel, etc.  Temporal conjunction : Konjungsi/kata penghubung waktu yang menghubungkan kejadian satu dengan yang lain, misalnya firstly, then, next, afterthat, meanwhile, at that time, etc.  Temporal circumstance : Keterangan waktu, misal- nya Once, once upon time, etc.
    • PAGE 16 ANALYZING THE GENERIC STRUCTURETittle :The Ant and the Dove Orientation There was once a little black ant that has ever been saved by a kind white dove form a danger searching for food at the bottom of the tree. Suddenly he heard something moving slowly nearby. Complication Looking up the saw a cruel-looking man stalking forward toward the tree. He had a big gun which he kept pointed up in the air, ready to shoot. How horrified our friend must have felt, for at that moment he caught sight of his friend, the dove in that tree. The dove had saved his life Quickly, and with all his strength, the ant ran up the tree, calling the bird to fly away. Resolution The bird recognized her fiend, the ant and in a twinkle she had spotted the man with the gun. Quikcly she flew away, and the bird was out of sight in a moment. Reorientation The ant was so happy because he had been able to warm this friend in time and so save the bird a horrible death.
    • Analyzing Text PAGE 17Example 1. Cinderella Once upon a time there was a girl called Cinderella. She lived with her stepsisters. They were very bossy. They made Cinderella do all the housework. One day an invitation to the ball came to the family.Her stepsisters would not let her go. Cinderella was sad be-cause she wanted to go to the ball too. Her stepsisters went tothe ball without her. Fortunately, the fairy Godmother came and helped herto get to the ball. At the ball, Cinderella dance with the prince.The prince fell in love with her then married her. They livedhappily ever after.A. Generic Structure AnalysisOrientation : introducing participants, Cinderella and her stepsisters. They lived to gether once timeComplication : describing the conflict among the participants. Cinderella wanted to come to the ball but her s tepsisters did not let her goResolution : stating a problem solving, a happy ending. A fairy Godmother helped her to come to the ball
    • PAGE 18 Analyzing Text B. Language Feature Analysis Process verb : did, helped, fell in love, lived Simple past tense pattern : there was a girl, she lived, an invitation came to the ball, etc Pronouns : She, her, they Nouns : girl, stepsisters, Cinderella, housework, invitation, ball, family, fairy God mother, prince. C. Social Function of Narrative Purpose of narrative is to amuse, / entertain and to deal the reader.
    • Analyzing Text PAGE 19 Snow White Once upon a time there lived a little, named SnowWhite. She lived with her aunt and uncle because her parentswere died. One day she heard her aunt and uncle talking aboutleaving Snow White in the castle because they wanted to go toAmerica and they didn’t have enough money to take SnowWhite with them. Snow White didn’t want her uncle and aunt to do this.So she decided to run away. The next morning she run awayfrom home when her aunt and uncle were having breakfast,she run away into the wood. In the wood she felt very tired and hungry. Then shesaw this cottage. She knocked but no one answered so shewent inside and felt asleep Meanwhile seven dwarfs were coming home fromwork. They went inside. There, they found Snow White wokeup. She saw the dwarfs. The dwarfs said; “What is yourname?”. Snow White said; “My name is Snow White”. One ofthe dwarfs said; “If you wish, you may live here with us”.Snow White told the whole story about her. Then Snow whiteand the seven dwarfs lived happily ever after.
    • PAGE 20 Analyzing Text A. Generic Structure Analysis Orientation : introducing specific participants; Snow White Complication : revealing a series of crisis: Snow White’s aunt and uncle would leave her in a castle, Snow White run away, Snow White felt hungry in the wood. Resolution : the crisis is resolve: the dwarfs permitted Snow White lived in their cottage . B . Language Feature Analysis o Using saying verb : answered o Using thinking verb : decided o Using action verb : run away o Using time conjunction : once upon a time, one day o Using connectives : then, meanwhile o Using past tense : he heard her uncle
    • Exercises PAGE 21Task 1. Read the text and then analyze the generic structure of thetext ! The Legend of Toba Lake Once upon time, there was a handsome man. His name wasBatara Guru Sahala. He liked fishing. One day, he caught a fish. He wassurprised to find out that the fish could talk. The fish begged him to setit free. Batara Guru could not bear it. He made the fish free. As soon asit was free, the fish changed into a very beautiful woman. She attractedBatara Guru so much. He felt in love with that fish-woman. The womanwanted to marry with him and said that Batara Guru had to keep the se-cret which she had been a fish. Batara Guru aggreed and promised thathe would never tell anybody about it. They were married happily. They had two daughters. One dayBatara Guru got very angry with his daughter. He could not control hismad. He shouted angrily and got the word of fish to his daugters. Thedaughters were crying. They found their mother and talked her about it. The mother was very annoyed. Batara Guru broke his promise.The mother was shouting angrily. Then the earth began to shake. Volca-noes started to erupt. The earth formed a very big hole. People believedthat the big hole became a lake. Then this lake is known as Toba lake.Generic Structure:ORIENTATION : ……………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………...COMPLICATION : ……………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………...RESOLUTION : ……………………………………………………………………………... ……………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………...
    • PAGE 22 THE FAIRY TULIP Once upon a time, there was a good old woman who lived in a little house. She had a bed in her beautiful striped tulip garden. One night, she was awakened by the sound of sweet singing and babies laughing. The sounds seemed to come from the tulip bed., but she could see nothing. On the following night she was again awakened by the sweet singing and the babies laughing. She arose and walked quietly to the garden. To her surprise, she saw a little fairy mother crooning and rocking athe flower like a cradle. In each cup of the flower lay a little fairy baby playing and laughing. The old woman walked back to her house, and from that time on she never picked the flowers, nor did she allow her neighbours to touch them. (TARGET Bahasa Inggris SMP kelas VIII) Generic Structure: ORIENTATION : ……………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………... COMPLICATION : ……………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………... RESOLUTION : ……………………………………………………………………………... ……………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………...
    • PAGE 23Task 2. Read the text and answer the questions thatfollowed ! Why Doesn’t a Bear Have a Long Tail? One afternoon, a mouse deer was sitting in a pit,eating nuts. He heard a tiger was coming closer and he thoughtthe tiger was going to eat him.The mouse deer was very scared and his heart beat so hard.Then, an idea came to his mind and he made a loud noise ofchewing nuts, saying, "Wow, how delicious is this tigers eye!"He repeated it for five times.Tiger, the king of jungle, was so scared to hear that and hemoved back. Tiger met a bear on the way and he said, "Hey, Bear. Doyou hear what did the animal on the pit over there, eating tigerseyes?"Bear said, "I dont know, Your Majesty,"Tiger said, "Then lets see."Bear replied "But Im scared, Your Majesty"Tiger said, "Dont worry. Lets make a deal with me. Were go-ing to stay together, uniting our tails. If anything happens, bothof us will face it." Tiger and Bear tied their tails and moved into the pitwith full cautions because they were expecting to see a big en-emy.The mouse deer was surprised again.He thought quickly and yelled, "Oh, thats the glutton tiger! Hisfather owes us a white bear, now he will pay us with a blackbear. Come on black, over here."Bear was so surprised. "Hey, its a Tigers trick! He wanted touse me to pay his fathers debt!"
    • PAGE 24 Bear went into a panic, which also made Tiger panic because they were tied each other. Accidentally, Tiger stepped on the Bears tail, then jumped. Bear was beaten on the ground hard, and his tail was cut off. Thats why Bear doesnt have long tail. Thus the mouse deer escaped from the tiger twice. (Sahadadi Mulyana: 2004) Question 1. What does the story tell you? …………………………………………………………… …………………………………………….. 2. Who are the main characters of the story? …………………………………………………………… …………………………………………….. 3. Where is the setting of the story ? …………………………………………………………… …………………………………………….. 4. Why did the mouse deer feel so scared?! …………………………………………………………… …………………………………………….. 5. What did the mouse deer do to frighten the tiger? …………………………………………………………… …………………………………………….. 6. How did the bear lose his tail? Tell us! …………………………………………………………… …………………………………………….. 7. Is there any moral value of the text above? Mention! …………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………..
    • PAGE 25Task 3. Complete the story with the words in the box. Long time ago, _________(1) Arthur and his queenwhished for a child. At last a daughter was born. They named itRegina. To ________(2) the baby princess, the King held agreat party. Nobles and peasants, __________(3) and their la-dies, were invited. All were in the joyful moment. King Arthuralso invited his good friend, Baron Camelot. The Baronbrought his young son, ______(4) Henry, with him. Among the quests were one good ________(5). Shewas Catherine . She wished the _________(6) with a gift.Waving her hand, Catherine said, “ My gift shall be…..,” Before she could continue her speak, the _________(7)door flew open. It was the devil ______(8) named Darkea.She was furious because the King didn’t invite her to the_____(9) . “ And my gift for the child is,” said the witch, “ before thesun sets on her seventeenth birthday, she shall prick her fingeron the spindle of a spinning wheel and sleep forever.”. Thenshe disappeared. But Catherine was still there. She said, “ When there’strue love’s kiss, the _______(10) shall break and the princessopen her eyes.”.(Adapted: http/www.geocities.com/disneywonders/story4.html) Castle spell feast King prince Princess knights honor fairy witch
    • PAGE 26Text Organi- A Bat and The Weasels Language Features zationOrientation One evening, a bat went out to when hunt for food even though he was Action Verbs who not well. As he flew after some (Red Color) where insects, he felt dizzy and fell to the ground in a field.Complication Before he could get up, a weaselA crisis arises pounced on him. “Please, Mr. Saying Verbs Weasel,” the bat pleaded,” please (In Italics) let me go!”. The weasel just laughed, “Certainly not! I am a great hunter of birds!”Resolution Thinking quickly, the bat replied,” The crisis is Oh, but I am not a bird, I am a Feeling verbs resolved mouse. Look closely at my face. (in bold) Don’t I look like a mouse?”. The weasel agreed and let him go.Complication Time conjunc- A short time later, the bat fell toAnother crisis the ground again and was caught tions and connec- arises by a second weasel. Once again, tives he had to plead for his life. “Why (underlined) shouldn’t I kill you? I hunt mice! Exclaimed the weasel.Resolution “Oh, but I am not a mouse,” he The crisis is answered. “ I am a bat. Have you resolved ever a mouse with wings?” he asked, spreading his wings for the weasel to see. The weasel was convinced and set him free. Rose Wilson,2003:12
    • PAGE 27Task 4. Answer the following questions1. What does the writer want with the story? ______________________________________________ _____________________________2. In which part does the writer identify the main character of the story? ______________________________________________ _____________________________3. In which part does the writer identify the time and place where the story happened? ______________________________________________ _____________________________4. Who are the characters in this story? ______________________________________________ _____________________________5. Who is the main character? ______________________________________________ _____________________________6. When did the story happen? ______________________________________________ _____________________________7. Where did this story take place? ______________________________________________ _____________________________8. What do you learn from the complication? ______________________________________________ _____________________________9. What do you learn from the resolution? ______________________________________________ _____________________________10. What moral do you learn from this story?___________________________________________________________________________
    • PAGE 28 Task 5. Read this jumbled story, then arrange it into cor- rect order A. The underworld went to Hades (Pluto). He is not only called the God of Death but also the God of Wealth be- cause of the precious metals hidden in the earth. B. The story goes that Cronus learned that one of his chil- dren would overthrow him. To prevent this, every time Rhea gave birth to a child he would swallow it. How- ever, when their son Zeus (Jupiter) was born, Rhea had him hidden on the island of Crete. Then she presented Cronus with a stone, instead of the baby, wrapped in swaddling clothes. Cronus swallowed the stone, and Zeus grew to manhood. Zeus then forced his father to disgorge his brothers and sisters, and with their help overthrew Cronus and the other Titans. C. The greatest power in this new universe went to Zeus, who ruled over all gods and men from his palace high on mount Olympus. He was the God of justice and the God of oaths and hospitality. He married his sister Hera, and together they became the heads of a divine family made up of themselves and ten other gods and goddesses. D. In the beginning, according to the ancient Greeks, there was Chaos – a great mass of darkness without shape or sound or meaning. Out of this grew Night and Erebus, the shadowy world under the earth, which is the home of death. The came a wonderful thing called Love, which produced Light and Day. Mother earth, called Gaea, appeared next with Heaven’s blue, star-studded dome on high.
    • PAGE 29E. One brother, Poseidon, ruled the sea. He always carried a three-pronged spear. When he drove his golden chariot over the waters, they became calm and smooth before him.F. Now that Zeus and his brothers and sisters had power over the universe, they drew lots to see who should con trol different kingdomsG. Monsters first inhabited this mythological world, but in time giants called Titan drove them out. Cronus was the ruling Titan, and Rhea, his sister, was his queen(Buku Paket Bahasa Inggris Kelas III Program Bahasa: 1999) Put the result of your discussion into this chart. 1. __________ 2. __________ 3. __________ 4. __________ 5. __________ 6. __________ 7. __________
    • PAGE 30TESTChoose the correct answer by crossing a,b,c,d or e The Princess and the Bowling Ball Once upon a time there was a Prince. And this Prince’sdad and mum somehow got it into their royal heads that no prin-cess would be good enough for their boy unless she could feel apea trough one hundred mattresses . So it should come no surprise that the Prince had a veryhard time finding a Princess. Every time he met a nice girl, hismum and dad would pile one hundred mattresses on top of a peaand then invite her to sleep over. When the Princess came down for breakfast, the queenwould ask, “How did you sleep dear?”. The Princess would politely say, “Fine, thank you.” And the King would show her to the door. Now this went for three years. And of course nobody everfelt the pea under on hundred mattresses .Then the Prince set up aplan. He invited a Princess to sleep over in the palace. The Princetold her what must she said in the next morning. When the Princess came down for breakfast the nextmorning, the Queen asked, “ How did you sleep, dear?”. “This might sound odd” said the Princess. “But I thinkyou need another mattress. I felt like I was sleeping on a lump asbig as bowling ball.” The King and Queen were satisfied, and the Prince andThe Princess were married. And everyone lived happily, thoughmaybe not completely honestly, ever after. (Paket Bahasa Inggris Kelas 3 SMA jurusan Bahasa, 1994)1. Dina : What kind of text is it? Arif : It is … text. A. Procedure C. narrative B. Recount D. eport
    • PAGE 312. Shania : What is the purpose of this text? Dania : It is used to …… A. explain the audience how or why something occur B. tell about embarrassing or unforgettable experience C. tell about funny stories D. amuse or entertain the audience3. Sandra : If I’m not mistaken, our teacher had explained about the generic structure of the text above. But, I forget it. Can you tell me? Dyah : Of course, they are… A. Orientation, events, re-orientation. B. Orientation, events, twist C. Orientation, complication, resolution D. Issue, argument for, argument against, conclusion.4. Alifa : What kind of tense is mostly used in the text? Aliya : It uses …….. A. simple present tense C. present continuous tense B.simple past tense D. past continuous tense5. Sherly : How long did the Prince have hard time to find the suitable Princess for him? Carly : It took about … A. two years C. our years B. three years D. five years6. Rina : How the King and the Queen tested the princess for their Prince? Nadia : They asked the Princess….. A. to have breakfast with them B. to sleep over in the palace. C. To talk about their personal experience D. To sleep through 100 mattresses to feel a pea.7. Satrio : And everyone lived happily, though maybe not completely honestly, ever after. What is the closest synonym for the underlined word? Sari : I think it is …. . A. Lasting C. ended B. forever D. forward
    • PAGE 32 The Legend of Prambanan Temple A long time ago in Prambanan palace, lived a kingnamed Baka with his beautiful daughter called RoroJonggrang. Many rulers wanted to marry Roro, so theycompeted for her. When Bandung Bondowoso con-quered Prambanan, he managed to kill King Baka in abattle. Bandung let Roro live, but she was supposed tomarry Bandung. However she refused to marry him vol-untarily. Her refusal made Bandung humiliated and of-fended. Although Roro had tried to escape, her strugglewas in vain. Finally, Roro agreed to marry Bandung, but on onecondition: Bandung had to build her a big wonderful pal-ace with one thousand statues in it. Also, the task mustbe completed before the sun rose. Bandung agreed, hewas so confident he could complete the task easily. Bandung immediately called his invisible friendsfor help. They did what their master ordered. The workhad started and it seemed the palace would be soon com-pleted before dawn. Knowing it, Roro was worried.“What can I do?” Roro thought in panic. Suddenly, shehad an idea. She awoke her maids and nannies, thenasked them to do their daily routines as if morning hadcome. They also made shadow as if there was a sun inthe sky. Bandung was stunned. The sky looked red, theroosters started crowing, and the people pounded rice.Meanwhile, the job had not been finished yet. The evilspirits disappeared because they were scared of light.They hurriedly left Bandung worked to build his palaceand temples alone.
    • PAGE 33 When Bandung realized that Roro had used tricks, he was very angry. He then cursed her. He turned her into a stone, which completed the palace and tem- ples. Even today, the statue of Roro Jonggrang remains in the temple.8. Who was the King of Prambanan Palace? A. Baka B. Prambanan C. Roro Jonggrang D. Bandung Bondowoso9. Why was Bandung stunned? A. Because Roro agreed to marry him. B. Because the job had been finished. C. Because Roro turned into a statue. D. Because he thought that the morning had come.10. “When Bandung Bondowoso conquered Prambanan…” (Par 1, line 3) The underlined word has a similar meaning with … A. hit B. ruled C. defended D. uninhabited11. What moral value can you learn from the story? A. We should appreciate what Bandung Bondowoso did. B. We should not follow what Roro Jonggrang did. C. One will get deed that he/she has done. D. One may trick to other if it is possible.
    • PAGE 34 The Stingy and the Generous Long, long time ago there lived two brothers. They hadcompletely different characters. The big brother was very stingyand greedy. He never shared his wealth with poor people. Thelittle brother was exactly the opposite. He was generous andkind to poor people. He even had no money left because he hadshared it with the poor. One day the generous brother was sitting in his gardenwhen suddenly a little bird fell on his lap. It was wounded. Hetook care of it, fed it, and put it in a nice cage. After the bird washealthy, the generous brother let it fly. After some time the birdreturned to him and gave him a watermelon seed. The generous brother, then, planted the seed and wateredit until it grew into a good watermelon plant. Yet, the plant wasvery strange. It had only one fruit; a big and heavy one. Whenthe watermelon was ripe enough, the generous brother picked itand cut it into two. How surprise he was. The watermelon wasfull of gold.The generous brother sold the gold and became very rich. Hebuilt a big house and bought very large field. Still, he never for-got to share his wealth with the poor. 12. How did the generous brother get the watermelon seed? A. Finding in the field B. Curing a wounded bird C. Planting the watermelon D. Asking for the seed to his brother 13. What is the main idea of the first paragraph? A. They had completely different characters B. He never shared his wealth with poor people C. Long time ago there lived two brothers. D. He generous and kind to poor people
    • PAGE 35 14. What can you learn from the story? A. Being greedy is a fault. B. Helping people is a must C. Having good behaviour causes good things in return D. Sharing your money with others make you poor 15. The best arrangement of the following sentences is .... 1. When he opened his mouth, his piece of meat fell into the water and was gone. 2. On the way home, he came to a bridge over a river. 3. In the river he saw another dog with a piece of meat. 4. Once, a dog was carrying a piece of meat home. 5. He wanted that meat too, so he tried to bite the other dog. 6. Finally he went home with nothing. 7. As he crossed over the bridge, he looked down into the river. A. 3 – 5 – 6 – 2 – 4 – 7 – 1 B. 3 – 5 – 2 – 6 – 4 – 7 – 1 C. 4 – 2 – 3 – 1 – 5 – 7 – 6 D. 4 – 2 – 7 – 3 – 5 – 1 – 6 THE SHIRT OFA HAPPY MAN There was once a king who was very powerful and rich.But he was unhappy, because he felt ill all the time. No doctorsknew how to cure him, nor did any medicine do him good. One day, he called all his wise men to his palace and askedthem what to do. “There is only one way”, said a very old man. “Ifyou can find a happy man, take his shirt and wear it, you’ll be sooncured“ So the King sent his men to search far all the happy men.They traveled all over the country, but they could not find one.There was no body who was completely satisfied.
    • PAGE 36 The men were very tired of their long search, and did notknow when to go home. Just as they were worrying about that,they saw a workman who was singing merrily while he was atwork.“Are you happy?” they asked the man. “Yes, I am happy as alark”, answered the man.‘“Give us your shirt’ said the men, “Well give you as muchmoney as you need”. J“Alas!” cried the man, “My shirt is dirty.” 16. Why was the King always unhappy? A. He was not powerful anymore B. His men in a palace is greedy C. There were no good doctors D. He got sick all the time 17. What is the first paragraph about? A. A powerful and happy king. B. A king who is always sick. C. A hard working workman. D. An unhappy old wise man. 18. There was no body who was completely satisfied (paragraph 3) The word ‘completely’ in the sentence means …. A. Mainly B. Fully C. Usually D. nearly 19. What can you learn from the story? A. Looking for a good doctor is not easy B. Money can solve our difficulty C. It teaches us to be generous to the poor. D. Standing on our own feet is important
    • PAGE 37 Once, Juno, the queen of gods, announced,” I will give a pre-cious prize to the animal who has the most beautiful baby.” So all the animals gathered at one place. They had their babywith them. Juno went to all the animals one by one. When shesaw a flat-nose baby of a monkey, she remarked,” What an uglybaby! This baby can never get a prize at any rate.” The monkey’s mother was deeply hurt by Juno’s insultingcomment. She held her baby close to her heart and whispered intothe baby’s ear. “Don’t bother, my dear child. I love you mostdearly. To me you are the most precious prize. I don’t want anyother prize. May God grant you a long life.” 20. Who offered valuable prize to the animals with the most beautiful baby? A. the mother monkey B. the baby monkey C. Juno D. the ugly baby 21. What is the main idea of paragraph 3? A. The monkey hoped the God granted her baby a long life. B. The monkey’s mother was deeply hurt by Juno’s insulting comment. C. She held her baby close to her heart and whispered into the baby’s ear. D. The monkey loves her baby very much, and for her she is the most precious prize. 22. What is the main idea of the text above? A. The most precious prize. B. The most beautiful baby contest. C. A flat-nose baby of a monkey. D. The ugliest baby of a monkey
    • PAGE 38 23. What can we learn from the story above? A. We should be aware of animals. B. It is about how to take care of our baby. C. Winning the prize is not easy. D. Mother’s love has no equals. 24. The best arrangement of the following sentences is .... 1. When he opened his mouth, his piece of meat fell into the water and was gone. 2. On the way home, he came to a bridge over a river. 3. In the river he saw another dog with a piece of meat. 4. Once, a dog was carrying a piece of meat home. 5. He wanted that meat too, so he tried to bite the other dog. 6. Finally he went home with nothing. 7. As he crossed over the bridge, he looked down into the river. A. 3 – 5 – 6 – 2 – 4 – 7 – 1 B. 3 – 5 – 2 – 6 – 4 – 7 – 1 C. 4 – 2 – 3 – 1 – 5 – 7 – 6 D. 4 – 2 – 7 – 3 – 5 – 1 – 6A long time ago in Minahasa lived an old man with his grandson,Nando. Nando was limped. He could not walk well. His grandfa-ther loved him very much. He never permitted Nando to go outalone. Nandos grandfathers job was looking for wood in the jun-gle. Nando really wanted to go to the forest with him but he nevergave permission. But finally he let Nando to go to the forest withhim.In the forest, Nando walked slowly behind his grandfather. He wasvery excited. He saw some monkeys. When his grandfather lookedback, he was shocked. Nando was lost. He looked for him every-where but he couldnt find him. Sadly, the grandfather went backhome.
    • PAGE 39The following day, the grandfather was back to the jungle. When hewas walking, he heard a strange bird making sound "Moo poo ...Moo poo". He felt the bird said, "Opoku ... Opoku". It means "Mygrandpa ... My grandpa ...... The grandfather was surprised. He ap-proached the bird. It was limped. There were tears in the birds eyes.He knew that Nando had changed into a bird.25. What did Nando really want to do? A. To go to the forest with his grandfather. B. To be a strange bird in the jungle. C. To look for woods in the jungle. D. To walk slowly behind his grandfather.26. From the story we know that Nando was a ... boy. A. dishonest B. cruel C. selfish D. disobeyed27. "He was very excited." (paragraph 2) The underlined word means .... A. curious B. glad C. eager D. relieve28. What can we learn from the story? A. Be an obedient boy. B. Be a kindhearted boy. C. Be a supportive boy. D. Be a diligent boy.
    • PAGE 4029. Arrange the following sentences into a goodnarrative text. 1. The five-footed bear liked to help other animals. A rabbit under a mahogany 2. One afternoon, when the five-footed bear went home, he found a rabbit under a mahogany tree. 3. But all animals who lived with him didn’t feel strange. 4. Once upon a time there was a strange bear who lived in a jungle. 5. Then, the five-footed bear brought him to his home. 6. His home was open for anyone who wanted to stay. 7. He had five feet. 8. The rabbit looked hungry. A. 4 – 7 – 3 – 5 – 6 – 8 – 2 – 1 B. 4 – 7 – 1 – 3 – 8 – 6 – 5 – 2 C. 4 – 7 – 3 – 1 – 6 – 2 – 8 – 5 D. 4 – 7 – 3 – 1 – 5 – 2 – 6 – 8 Once there was an ant who lived with his colony under the ground. He liked not only cheating his friends but also being careless. His parents always 30…. Him but he didn’t care about it. One day he was very hungry and came to a little house there was a plate of delicious choco late cake and ate it hungrily although he was so full, he still wanted to tasted a glass of sweet orange juice near the cake. But the juice was too deep to drink and the surface was slippery. Poor ant, he fell down into the juice and time by time the juice sank him down. 30. A. agreed with C. promoted B. warned D. said
    • PAGE 2Standar Kompetensi, Kompetensi Dasar, Indikator, dan Tujuan PembelajaranREADING ( MEMBACA )A. Standar Kompetensi11. Memahami makna teks tulis fungsional dan esei pendek sederhana berbentuk narrative dan report untuk berinteraksi dalam konteks kehidupan sehari-hariB. Kompetensi Dasar11.3 Merespon makna dan langkah retorika dalam esei pendek sederhana secara akurat, lancar dan berterima untuk berinteraksi dalam konteks kehidupan sehari-hari dalam teks berbentuk narrative dan report11.4 Membaca nyaring bermakna teks tulis fungsional dan esei pendek sederhana berbentuk narrative dan report dengan ucapan, tekanan dan intonasi yang berterima untuk berinteraksi dalam konteks kehidupan sehari-hariC. Indikator mengidentifikasi berbagai informasi dari teks naratif/report melafalkan kata, frasa dan kalimat dengan baik dan benar membaca kata frasa dan kalimat dengan intonasi yang benar membaca nyaring teks naratif/report dengan baik dan benar
    • PAGE 3D. Tujuan Pembelajaran Siswa dapat mengidentifikasi berbagai informasi dari teks naratif/report Siswa dapat melafalkan kata, frasa dan kalimat dengan baik dan benar Siswa dapat membaca kata frasa dan kalimat dengan intonasi yang benar Siswa dapat membaca nyaring teks naratif/report dengan baik dan benarWRITING ( MENULIS )A. Standar Kompetensi12. Mengung kapkan makna dalam teks tulis fungsional dan esei pendek sederhana berbentuk narrative dan report untuk berinteraksi dalam konteks kehidupan sehari-hariB. Kompetensi Dasar12.2. Mengungkapkan makna dan langkah retorika dalam esei pendek sederhana dengan menggunakan ragam bahasatulis secara akurat, lancar dan berterima untuk berinteraksidalam konteks kehidupan sehari-hari dalam teks berbentuk narrative dan reportC. Indikator Melengkapi teks naratif/report Menyusun teks Menulis teks berbentuk naratif/report
    • PAGE 4D. Tujuan Pembelajaran Siswa dapat melengkapi teks naratif/report Siswa dapat menyusun teks Siswa dapat menulis teks berbentuk naratif/report
    • PAGE 41 DAFTAR PUSTAKAAkhmadi , Ali, SMP Kelas 9 SMArt Steps KTSP , Ganeca, Bandung, 2007http://desudjia.wordpress.com/2010/12/12/narrative-texts/http://mmursyidpw.wordpress.com/download/http://nurmanali.blogspot.com/2011/04/narrative-text.htmlhttp/www.geocities.com/disneywonders/story4.htmlhttp://www.learnerslink.com/journal_article.htmhttp://understandingtext.blogspot.com/search/label/Narrative?max-results=2http://www.scribd.com/doc/79570122/What-is-Narrative-TextPriyana, Jaka, BSE, Scaffolding English for Grade IX Students,Pusat Perbukuan Departemen Pendidikan Nasional , Jakarta, 2008
    • PAGE 42 KUNCI JAWABANEXERCISESTask 1Orientation : Once upon time.....( par 1 )Complication : One day Batara Guru got very angry ....( par 3 )Resolution : The mother was very annoyed ..... ( par 4 )Orientation : par 1Complication : par 2Resolution : par 3Task 21. It is a fabel that tells about why a bear doesn’t have a long tail.2. The main characters are mouse deer, tiger and bear.3. The setting of the story is in a jungle.4. Because he thought the tiger was going to eat.5. He made a loud noise of chewing nuts and saying “ Wow , how delicious is this tiger’s eye !” he repeated it for five times.6. Bear went into a panic, which also made Tiger panic because they were tied together. Accidentally, Tiger stepped on Bera’s tail, then jumped so bear was beaten on the ground hard, and his tail was cut off.7. Yes, there is. The moral value of the story is we must be smart to escape from a danger.Task 31. King 5. fairy 9. feast2. honor 6. princess 10.spell3. Knights 7. castle4. Prince 8. witch
    • PAGE 43Task 4.1. To amuse the reader.2. In the orientation3. In the orientation4. A bat and weasels5. A bat6. One evening7. In a field8. The bat fell to the ground and was caught by a weasel twice9. The bat could escape from the weasel.10. Smart think is needed to save a life.Task 51. D2. G3. B4. F5. E6. A7. CTEST1. C 11. C 21. B2. D 12. B 22. C3. C 13. C 23. D4. B 14. C 24. D5. B 15. D 25. A6. D 16. D 26. D7. B 17. B 27. B8. A 18. B 28. A9. D 19. C 29. C10. A 20. C 30. B