The Institute for Community Inclusion promotes the inclusion of people with disabilities in every aspect of society including:
Community Life Health Care
Disability 101 Defining Disability A history of Disability in the US Basic disability etiquette What do we mean when we say “inclusion”?
“ Disability” as Defined by Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act & The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)
A physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities
A history or record of such an impairment
Being regarded as having such an impairment, even when no limitations exist
Someone who has an association with someone with a disability
Major life activities include, but are not limited to: “ Major Life Activity” is Anything an Average Person Can Do with Little or No Difficulty
“ Substantially limits”
… unable to perform, or significantly limited in the ability to perform, an activity as compared with an average person. Factors to be considered are:
Its nature and severity
How long it will last or is expected to last, and
Its permanent or long-term impact, or expected impact
Over 36 million Americans have a disability. That’s about 12% of the US population
Worldwide, there are over 650 million people with disabilities. They are the world’s largest minority
Only 45 countries have anti-discrimination and other disability-specific laws.
From the 2010 American Community Survey (Conducted by the US Census Bureau) and the UN’s factsheet “Some Facts about Persons with Disabilities.
Living with a disability- 40 Years ago Christmas In Purgatory: A Photographic Essay On MentalRetardation Burton Blatt and Fred Kaplan Human Policy Press, June 1, 1974
History of the Disability Movement
“ If we are to achieve a richer culture… we must weave one in which each diverse human gift will find a fitting place” - Margaret Meade
Basic Disability Etiquette
When offering assistance,
Clarify assistance desired
Preferences are different
Be comfortable with “no”
Always direct communication to the person with a disability, not to his or her companion, assistant or interpreter.
Make a mistake? Apologize, correct, learn and move on
Treat adults as adults
In most cases, it’s okay to ask.
Why should you avoid saying…
Derived from an old German term “kripple” which means “to be without power” which is completely untrue
“ wheelchair bound”?
A wheelchair is a means for mobility and freedom, not something that restricts anyone
“ the” anything
“ the blind” “the disabled” etc. groups people into an undifferentiated category
People First Language
The key is to use “ person first ” language because people with disabilities are human first and have a disability second
“ A person who is blind ” instead of a “a blind person”
“ A student with epilepsy ” instead of “an epileptic”
“ A boy with an intellectual disability ” instead of “a retarded child”
What is “inclusion”? Why is inclusion important to Peace Corps?
“ An individual has not started living until he can rise above the narrow confines of his individualistic concerns to the broader concerns of all humanity. ” - Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.
Inclusive Outreach Where to find qualified applicants with disabilities Tools for Inclusive Outreach
Where to find qualified applicants with disabilities
Office of Disability Services
Organizations for Older Americans
AmeriCorps and Senior Corps programs
What tools are available for inclusive outreach?
Think about the tools Peace Corps uses to inform potential PCV’s about service.
Which resources include stories/images/quotes from PCV’s or RPCV’s with disabilities?
How can you include those resources in your outreach efforts?
Inclusive Presentations Universal Design and Presentations Communicating an Inclusive Message
Universal Design is the design of products and environments to be usable by all people , to the greatest extent possible, without the need for adaptation or specialized design
Principles of Universal Design
Flexibility in Use
Simple and Intuitive Use
Tolerance for Error
Low Physical Effort
Size and Space for Approach and Use
Provide essential information in different modes
Disability inclusion is really important because everyone should have the opportunity to reach their full potential. After years of advocating for the need for increased civil rights for people with disabilities, leaders in the disability movement can look and see tangible improvements in the opportunities available to Americans with disabilities but there is still a long way to go, especially in changing the attitudes and prejudices many Americans have toward people with disabilities. As people with disabilities continue to achieve far more than many people ever thought possible, attitudes are changing amongst Americans. This process is also happening in other countries, but the US has been a leader in increased civil liberties for people with disabilities in areas such as education, employment, access to transportation and community life.
Universal Design and Presentations
Think about space when you are setting up a meeting.
Good lighting benefits everyone.
Use signs that have both text and symbols.
Repeat questions from the audience so everyone can hear them clearly.
Culture of program environment
Fear of potential reactions
Refusal of other service members to share equipment
Stigma associated with disability
Need to disclose to other people outside of service program first
Reasons for Not Disclosing
Did not get close to people for fear of personal questions
Feel compelled to misrepresent
Told other service members he/she had a different diagnosis
Explained medical appointments by saying they were part of nutrition study
Unable to request accommodations
Report less support than people who did disclose
Higher stress from keeping the secret
Impact for Not Disclosing
Things to Remember about Disclosure
It is up to the individual to disclose a disability
The amount of information provided about a disability is up to the individual
If an individual discloses a disability, that information must be maintained confidentially and cannot be disclosed to others
Staff may only share information regarding disabilities if the individual provides approval
• Information about disability must be maintained confidentially with other medical, disability and accommodation-related information
Hints on Interviewing...
Offer the availability of accommodations prior to the interview
If someone discloses a disability, offer the availability of and process for acquiring accommodations
Avoid asking questions about an applicant’s disability.
Do not ask for details about a requested accommodation during the interview
Not everyone with a disability needs an accommodation
Click to edit Master title style Contact Information: National Service Inclusion Project 888.491.0326 [V/TTY] [email_address] www. SERVICE and INCLUSION .org