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Norwegian seafood management


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NSC presentation of the Norwegian seafood and fisheries management system.

NSC presentation of the Norwegian seafood and fisheries management system.

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  • 1. NORWEGIAN SEAFOOD MANAGEMENT Photo:JohanWildhagen©NorgesSjømatråd
  • 3. LEGISLATION REGULATION CONTROL RESEARCH Institute of Marine Research (IMR) International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES) National Institute of Nutrition and Seafood Research (NIFES) Norwegian Parliament The Ministry of Fisheries and Coastal Affairs The Directorate of Fisheries The Joint Norwegian-Russian Fisheries Commision Regional Fisheries Management Organisations (RFMOs) The Directorate of Fisheries Sales organizations The Coast Guard Norwegian Food Safety Authority
  • 4. RESEARCH Photo:KjartanMæstad©NorgesSjømatråd
  • 5. IMR ensures that Norway’s marine resources are harvested in a sustainable way. Research about marine ecosystems, aquaculture and the effects of climate fluctuations and human impacts. Provide advice to Norwegian authorities on aquaculture and ecosystems, also through the cooperation in ICES. Established in 1900 Approximately 700 employees Runs 8 research vessels and had more than 2800 days at sea last year Areas of operation are the Barents Sea, the Norwegian Sea, the North Sea and the Norwegian coastal zone THE INSTITUTE OF MARINE RESEARCH 1900 700 8 RESEARCH IMR
  • 6. Coordinates and promotes marine research on oceanography, the marine environment, the marine ecosystem, and on living marine resources in the North Atlantic. It is the prime source of scientific advise on the marine ecosystem to governments and international regulatory bodies. ICES is a network of 1600 scientists from 200 institutes linked together by an intergovernmental agreement (the ICES convention) Meet regularly throughout the year and give annual advices on management of marine species 20 member countries, members now include all coastal states bordering the North Atlantic and the Baltic Sea The ICES Council is the principal policy and decision-making body of ICES ICES INTERNATIONAL COUNCIL FOR THE EXPLORATION OF THE SEA 200 1600 RESEARCH
  • 7. NIFES is a governmental research institute within fish nutrition, seafood safety and health effects of eating seafood. It provides research on how fish feed affects the health and welfare of fish and what impact it has environmentally. This is done to secure that we have the best possible basis for a sustainable fisheries and aquaculture production. Founded in 1947. Administrative agency affiliated to the Ministry of Fisheries and Coastal Affairs. Gives scientific advice to the government and food authorities within its research areas, and it is also present internationally. 1947 RESEARCH NIFES NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF NUTRITION AND SEAFOOD RESEARCH
  • 8. LEGISLATION Photo:©Stortinget
  • 9. LEGISLATION The Marine Resources Act regulates the harvest of living marine resources. It is based on two forward-looking principles: ecosystem-based management and the precautionary principle. The Marine Resources Act also promotes employment and settlement in coastal communities; hence it is both an environmental and an industrial law. Passed in the Norwegian Parliament in 2008, replacing the Sea Water Fisheries Act of 1983. Covers all living marine resources, including marine genetic material, and applies to all legal persons within the territorial extent. Includes regulations preventing illegal and unregistered fisheries, which is reduced to next to nothing through cooperation with Russia. States that the resources can’t be privatized. THE MARINE RESOURCES ACT
  • 10. This law regulates who can fish for a living. Limited entry is necessary in order to ensure sustainable fisheries, a stable resource basis for those engaged in the industry, future investments and hence employment and settlement in coastal communities. Passed in the Norwegian Parliament in 1999. States that a vessel may not be used for commercial fishing unless a commercial licence has been issued. Allows only Norwegian citizens and active fishermen to be issued a commercial licence. THE PARTICIPATION ACT LEGISLATION LICENCE
  • 11. The Aquaculture Act is the basis of the legal framework for aquaculture operations. All such operations are strictly regulated for environmental reasons. This law promotes the profitability and competitiveness of the aquaculture industry within the framework of a sustainable development. Passed in the Norwegian Parliament 2006 replacing the Fish Farming Act and Sea Ranching Act. Describes demands for gears, monitoring and environmental status in the area before, during and after use. States that all aquaculture activities require a licence, and this licence applies to a specific geographical area. Managed by the Directorate of Fisheries THE AQUACULTURE ACT LEGISLATION
  • 12. REGULATIONS Photo:JohanWildhagen©NorgesSjømatråd
  • 13. REGULATIONS The Ministry drafts and implements laws and regulations regarding fisheries and aquaculture industry, seafood safety and transportation at sea. It coordinates resource management, fishing fleet, licensing and admission to fishery and aquaculture. The ministry’s main functions are quota negotiations, international fisheries agreements and national fishery regulation. They are also in charge of aquaculture policy and management, environmental sustainability of the aquaculture industry including fish health and -welfare, and licensing rules. Norway was the first country to establish a Ministry of Fisheries (1946). Four departments: Fisheries and aquaculture; Seafood; Coastal Management and Marine Environment; and Research, Management and Administration Advised by institutions like the Directorate of Fisheries, the Norwegian Food Safety Authority and ICES. THE MINISTRY OF FISHERIES AND COASTAL AFFAIRS 1946
  • 14. REGULATIONS The Directorate of Fisheries serves as the executive agency for the Ministry of Fisheries and Coastal Affairs. It is the Directorate of Fisheries’ task to ensure the regulations are complied with. This means setting criteria for participating in fisheries, technical regulations, sizes of catch and by catch, and time regulations for fisheries. The Directorate also has the overall responsibility for management of the Fish Farming Act and the Aquaculture Act, as well as executive responsibility for following up political objectives related to aquaculture. Established in 1900. More than 500 employees. Three main areas of operation: resource management, aquaculture and coast, and statistics. 7 regional and 22 local offices along the Norwegian coast. THE DIRECTORATE OF FISHERIES 1900 500
  • 15. REGULATIONS The Joint Norwegian-Russian Fisheries Commission is a bilateral management commission that sets and divides quotas for the most important shared fish stocks in the Barents Sea and the Norwegian Sea. These are cod, haddock, capelin and Greenland halibut. The quotas are set on advice from ICES. Norwegian-Russian marine research cooperation originates in the early 1900s; the formalized commission had its first session in 1976. The commission’s aim is long-term and sustainable harvest of joint resources. Organized through working groups focusing on technical measures, electronic reporting, and stock analysis. Holds sessions once a year. THE JOINT NORWEGIAN-RUSSIAN FISHERIES COMMISION 1976
  • 17. REGULATIONS NEAFC is the management organization for the North-East Atlantic. The objective of NEAFC is to ensure the long-term conservation and optimum utilization of the fishery resources in its area, providing sustainable economic, environmental and social benefits. Entered into force in November 1982. The contracting parties are Denmark (in respect of the Faroe Islands and Greenland), the EU, Iceland, Norway and the Russian Federation. NEAFC takes scientific advice from ICES. THE NORTH-EAST REGIONAL FISHERIES COMMISSION (NEAFC) 1982
  • 19. REGULATIONS NAFO is an intergovernmental fisheries science and management body, which contributes to rational management and conservations of the fishery resources. The scientific council of NAFO advise the fisheries commission, which annually decides on the regulations such as quotas within the area that NAFO manages. Founded in 1979 as a successor to the International Commission of the Northwest Atlantic Fisheries (ICNAF). Applies to most fishery resources of the Northwest Atlantic except salmon, tunas, whales, and sedentary species. 12 member states from North America, Europe, Asia and the Caribbean. Four of these are states bordering NAFO’s convention area. NORTHWEST ATLANTIC FISHERIES ORGANIZATION (NAFO) 1979
  • 21. CONTROL Photo:JCKvam/Forsvaretsmediesenter
  • 22. CONTROL Monitors and controls the whole value chain through activities like quayside and sales inspection, post landing audit and inspections at sea. The main focus is quota control and that fishing activities are in compliance with prevailing regulations. In addition the Directorate is responsible for aquaculture management and is in charge of aquaculture control functions. Has a 24/7 service through the Fisheries Monitoring Centre (FMC). The FMC controls position reports and electronic catch, and receives activity reports from vessels on a regular basis. Cooperates with other institutions such as the Norwegian coast guard, the sales organizations, and custom and tax authorities. Present along the Norwegian coast with 7 regional and 22 local offices. THE DIRECTORATE OF FISHERIES
  • 23. Photo:Forsvaretsmediesenter/SisselAmundsenTheisRoksvågPedersen
  • 24. The sales organizations’ main objective is to provide for clear, fair and controlled conditions in regard to fishing and trading of catches between fishermen and buyers. They have exclusive rights to first-hand sale of fish, and thereby the responsibility for registering all wild catch sold in Norway. The sales organizations are owned by the fishermen through their unions. There are six different sales organizations in Norway. Administer each vessel’s quota through controls at the landing site, weighing and documentation. Issue catch certificates as required by the EU. The directorate receives the data of registered fish, and this forms the basis of quota control and fisheries statistics. SALES ORGANIZATIONS CONTROL 6 4,364376 3,874834 3,874083 4,600444 5,497850 6,483323 3,323054 6,360354 CERTIFICATE
  • 25. Photo©NorgesSjømatråd
  • 26. CONTROL The coast guard is responsible for exercising resource control both of the Norwegian and foreign ocean-going fishing fleet. It conducts operative control of fishery activity through resource control, quota control, vessel inspections, customs control and general monitoring of the Norwegian waters. More than 800 employees. 15 vessels and 2 helicopters. 1711 inspections at ports and at sea by vessels and helicopters in 2012. Subordinated to the Ministry of Defence. THE COAST GUARD 800 15 2
  • 27. Photo:Forsvaretsmediesenter/TaralJansen
  • 28. CONTROL The Ministry of Fisheries and Coastal Affairs gets advice regardig fish health and welfare on both wild aquatic animals and aquaculture animals from the Norwegian Food Safety Authorities. The Norwegian Food Safety Authorities controls that aquaculture operations are in accordance with prevailing regulations. If for instance the occurrence of sea lice is higher than statutory levels, follow-up actions to reduce the environmental impact and maintain good fish health are imposed. 1500 employees. Perform inspections at fish farms on a regular basis. Receive scientific support from other research institutions, such as the National Veterinary Institute and the National Institute of Nutrition and Seafood Research. 8 regional and 50 district offices. THE NORWEGIAN FOOD SAFETY AUTHORITIES 1500
  • 29. Photo:JohanWildhagen©NorgesSjømatråd
  • 30. LEGISLATION REGULATION CONTROL RESEARCH Institute of Marine Research (IMR) International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES) National Institute of Nutrition and Seafood Research (NIFES) Norwegian Parliament The Ministry of Fisheries and Coastal Affairs The Directorate of Fisheries The Joint Norwegian-Russian Fisheries Commision Regional Fisheries Management Organisations (RFMOs) The Directorate of Fisheries Sales organizations The Coast Guard Norwegian Food Safety Authority