Hva skjer i Kina? - Norfishing 2012

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Tilførsel, bearbeiding og eksport av hvitfisk. Jinghua Xie; Universitetet i Tromsø

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Hva skjer i Kina? - Norfishing 2012

  1. 1. Hva skjer i Kina?-Tilførsel, bearbeiding og eksport av hvitfisk Jinghua Xie Tromsø Business School, University of Tromsø
  2. 2. Chinese Import of White Fish2 16.08.2012
  3. 3. Main Exporting Countries to China3 16.08.2012
  4. 4. Import Price of Cod and Pollack4 16.08.2012
  5. 5. Main Exporting Countries to China5 16.08.2012
  6. 6. Chinese Export of White Fish6 16.08.2012
  7. 7. Chinese Export of White Fish7 16.08.2012
  8. 8. Chinese Export of Salted Fish8 16.08.2012
  9. 9. Chinese Export of Salted Fish9 16.08.2012
  10. 10. Processing10 16.08.2012
  11. 11. Proportion Change of Main Provinces’ Aquatic Products Outputs in National Aquatic Products Outputs from 2005 to 201045.00%40.00%35.00%30.00% Shandong Province25.00% Zhejiang Province20.00% Fujian Province15.00%10.00% Liaoning Province 5.00% Guangdong Province 0.00% 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Year 黑龙江 吉 新疆 林 Liaoning 甘肃 内蒙古 北京 天 宁夏 青 山西 Shandong 海 陕西 河南 江苏 西藏 安徽 四川 重庆 湖南 Zhejiang 江 江 湖南 西 西 贵州 Fujian 云南 广西 Guangdong 11 16.08.2012
  12. 12. 河 南 The Number of The Aquatic Product Processing Enterprises in China from 2006 to 2010 Number 10100 10000 9900 9800 9700 9600 9500 9400 9300 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Year Data Resource: China Fishery Statistical Yearbook12 16.08.2012
  13. 13. Scale Map of Main Ground Fish Exporting Countries of Dalians Entriprises in 2011The Main Products Exporting Countries in Shandong Province 3.79% U.S. 2.61% 6.91% 2.30% European Countries 29% 55.39% Others(South Brazil Africa,erc.) CanadaEU America Spain Brazil Japan&South Kerea Others European Countries U.S. Brazil Canada Others(South Africa,erc.)13 16.08.2012
  14. 14. Import Price Export Price ($/T) ($/T)Pacific cod 2350-2800 4400-5000Atlantic cod 2500-2900 4500-5000Haddock 2400-2500 4000-4500Pollock 1300-1400 2400-260014 16.08.2012
  15. 15. • Yield ratePollack: 67%-72%Cod: 75%-80%.In general: 70%• CostTotal: $1010-$1060/TLabor: 49%Water& electricity: 10%.• ProfitMaximum: $100-200/T 15 16.08.2012
  16. 16. 2012 CodImport price of Cost of raw fish in value of produce frozen filletsAtlantic cod processing ($3333-3867) ($2500-2900) Cost ($1010-1060) water and electricity wage quality control and $105 (10%) $490 (49%) management $25 (2%) depreciation transportation and low-value consumables $80 (8%) customs control $60 (6%) $200-250 (25%) Expected Export price of frozen fillet ($4343-4877)16 16.08.2012
  17. 17. ($4343-4877) Import Price Export Price ($/T) ($/T)Pacific cod 2350-2800 4400-5000Atlantic cod 2500-2900 4500-5000Haddock 2400-2500 4000-4500Pollock 1300-1400 2400-260017 16.08.2012
  18. 18. Increasing Wage Cost The Trend of Workers’ Average Wage in Aquatic Product Processing Enterprises from 2007 to 2012 in Shandong Province 3500 3000Wage (¥) 2500 2000 1500 1000 500 0 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Year 18 16.08.2012
  19. 19. 2013 CodImport price of Cost of raw fish in value of produce frozen filletsAtlantic cod processing ($3333-3867) ($2500-2900) Cost ($1108-1158) $490 water and electricity wage quality control and $105 (9%) $588 (53%) management $25 (2%) depreciation transportation and low-value consumables $80 (7%) customs control $60 (5%) $200-250 (23%) Expected Export price of frozen fillet ($4441-4975)19 16.08.2012
  20. 20. ($4441-4975) Import Price Export Price ($/T) ($/T)Pacific cod 2350-2800 4400-5000Atlantic cod 2500-2900 4500-5000Haddock 2400-2500 4000-4500Pollock 1300-1400 2400-260020 16.08.2012
  21. 21. 2012 PollackImport price of Cost of raw fish in value of produce frozen fillets pollack processing ($1733-1867) ($1300-1400) Cost ($1010-1060) water and electricity wage quality control and $105 (10%) $490 (49%) management $25 (2%) Low-value consumables depreciation transportation and $60 (6%) customs control $80 (8%) $200-250 (25%) Expected Export price of frozen fillet ($2743-2877)21 16.08.2012
  22. 22. ($2743-2877) Import Price Export Price ($/T) ($/T) Pacific cod 2350-2800 4400-5000 Atlantic cod 2500-2900 4500-5000 Haddock 2400-2500 4000-4500 Pollock 1300-1400 2400-260022 16.08.2012
  23. 23. Possible Structural Change China’s Total Value and Added Value of Processed Aquatic Products from 2006 to 2010 250000Millions(¥) 200000 150000 Total Processing Value 100000 Added Value 50000 0 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 YearData source: China Fishery Statistical Yearbook 23 16.08.2012
  24. 24. Conclusion1.The processing cost in China has been significantly increasing due to the wage increase.2. It becomes more difficult to find skilled worker due to one child policy.3.Due to economic crisis in US and recently in EU, the Brazil market becomes more important.4.Profit margin is very tiny, a lot of small industries closed.24 16.08.2012
  25. 25. Thank You25 16.08.2012

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