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West Expansion
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  • 1. Westward Expansion 1801-1861 America establishes its boundaries By : Gary Strickland , Rainer Crandall , Shauntel Jones ,Tranija Colley , Lexi Wilson
  • 2. Big Ideas…
    • Between 1801 and 1861, exploration was encouraged as America underwent vast territorial expansion and settlement.
    • Westward migration was influenced by geography and economic opportunity.
    • Prior to the Civil War, most industrialization in America was in the North; however, the equipment produced in the North had an impact on the farming society in the South.
    • The abolitionists worked to end slavery.
    • The suffrage movement helped women gain equal rights.
  • 3. Post-Revolutionary America
  • 4. The Louisiana Purchase
    • New territories added to the United States after 1801
    • Louisiana Purchase
    • Jefferson bought land from France (the Louisiana Purchase), which doubled the size of the United States.
    • In the Lewis and Clark expedition, Meriwether Lewis and William Clark explored the Louisiana Purchase from the Mississippi River to the Pacific Ocean.
  • 5. Lousiana Purchase
  • 6. Other Territories
    • Florida
      • Spain gave Florida to the United States through a treaty.
    • Texas
      • Texas was added after it became an independent republic.
    • Oregon
      • The Oregon Territory was divided by the United States and Great Britain.
    • California
      • War with Mexico resulted in California and the southwest territory becoming part of the United States.
  • 7. Florida, Texas, Oregon, California
  • 8. Factors affecting westward expansion
    • Geographic and economic factors that influenced westward movement
      • Population growth in the eastern states
      • Availability of cheap, fertile land
      • Economic opportunity, e.g., gold (California Gold Rush), logging, farming, freedom (for runaway slaves)
      • Cheaper and faster transportation, e.g., rivers and canals (Erie Canal), steamboats
      • Knowledge of overland trails (Oregon and Santa Fe)
      • Belief in the right of “Manifest Destiny”—The idea that expansion was for the good of the country and was the right of the country
  • 9. Important Inventions
    • The cotton gin was invented by Eli Whitney. It increased the production of cotton and thus increased the need for slave labor to cultivate and pick the cotton.
  • 10. Important Inventions
    • Jo Anderson (a slave) and Cyrus McCormick worked to invent the reaper. The reaper increased the productivity of the American farmer.
  • 11. Famous Inventions
    • The steamboat was improved by Robert Fulton. It eventually provided faster river transportation that connected Southern plantations and farms to Northern industries and Western territories.
    • The steam locomotive provided faster land transportation.
  • 12. Beliefs about Civil Rights
    • Abolitionist movement
      • Most abolitionists demanded immediate freeing of the slaves.
      • Abolitionists believed that slavery was wrong.
      • Morally wrong
      • Cruel and inhumane
      • A violation of the principles of democracy
      • Abolitionist leaders included both men and women.
      • Harriet Tubman
      • William Lloyd Garrison
      • Frederick Douglass
  • 13. Beliefs about civil rights
    • Suffrage movement
      • Supporters declared that “All men and women are created equal.”
      • Supporters believed that women were deprived of basic rights.
        • Denied the right to vote
        • Denied educational opportunities, especially higher education
        • Denied equal opportunities in business
        • Limited in rights to own property
      • The movement was led by strong women who began their campaign before the Civil War and continued after the war had ended.
        • Isabel Sojourner Truth
        • Susan B. Anthony
        • Elizabeth Cady Stanton
  • 14. Sacagawea
    • She was pregnant but she helped Lewis & Clark translate other Indian tribes languages .