The Early Republic (1789-1800) By: Shauntel Jones, Joey Tardiff ,Andrez Garcia , James Alty
The Bill of Rights <ul><li>Drafted by James Madison </li></ul><ul><li>Relied heavily on Virginia Declaration of Rights (Ge...
Alexander Hamilton <ul><li>Co-author-  The Federalist Papers </li></ul><ul><li>Industrial vision of America’s future </li>...
Hamilton’s Financial Plan <ul><li>3 Parts: </li></ul><ul><li>Report on Public Credit-  Federal government assumes all stat...
Opposition to Plan <ul><li>Southerners felt plan favored Northern states </li></ul><ul><li>Debate over meaning of Constitu...
Bank of the United States <ul><li>Most controversial part of Hamilton’s plan </li></ul><ul><li>Led to formation of America...
Early Political Parties <ul><li>Hamilton and Federalists </li></ul><ul><li>Strong central gov’t </li></ul><ul><li>Rule by ...
Early Political Parties (con’t) <ul><li>Federalists </li></ul><ul><li>Supported by artisans, merchants, manufacturers, ban...
Foreign Policy Under Washington <ul><li>Revolution in France divides America </li></ul><ul><li>1793- Washington’s Neutrali...
Western Expansion <ul><li>1780s-90s: area between Appalachians and Miss. River settled rapidly </li></ul><ul><li>Led to co...
Think About It… <ul><li>Why was the issue of precedent important to Washington during his term as President? </li></ul><ul...
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The Early political parties (1789 1800)

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The Early political parties (1789 1800)

  1. 1. The Early Republic (1789-1800) By: Shauntel Jones, Joey Tardiff ,Andrez Garcia , James Alty
  2. 2. The Bill of Rights <ul><li>Drafted by James Madison </li></ul><ul><li>Relied heavily on Virginia Declaration of Rights (George Mason) </li></ul><ul><li>10 amendments specifying rights of the people </li></ul><ul><li>Went into effect 1791 </li></ul>
  3. 3. Alexander Hamilton <ul><li>Co-author- The Federalist Papers </li></ul><ul><li>Industrial vision of America’s future </li></ul><ul><li>Admired Britain’s strong central government and industrial strength </li></ul><ul><li>Ambitious, hardworking </li></ul><ul><li>Appointed first Secretary of the Treasury by GW </li></ul><ul><li>Ordered to solve nation’s financial problems </li></ul>Alexander Hamilton
  4. 4. Hamilton’s Financial Plan <ul><li>3 Parts: </li></ul><ul><li>Report on Public Credit- Federal government assumes all state debts </li></ul><ul><li>Report on Banking- Asked Congress to create a Bank of the U.S. to issue currency, manage debt, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Report on Manufactures- pass a protective tariff to stimulate domestic manufacturing </li></ul>
  5. 5. Opposition to Plan <ul><li>Southerners felt plan favored Northern states </li></ul><ul><li>Debate over meaning of Constitution </li></ul><ul><li>“ strict” vs “loose” interpretation </li></ul><ul><li>Was bank “necessary and proper” for the nation? </li></ul>Thomas Jefferson James Madison
  6. 6. Bank of the United States <ul><li>Most controversial part of Hamilton’s plan </li></ul><ul><li>Led to formation of America’s modern political parties </li></ul><ul><li>Federalists (pro-Bank), Democratic-Republicans (anti-Bank) </li></ul><ul><li>1791- Washington sides with Hamilton, Bank is created (BUS) </li></ul>First Bank of the US- Philadelphia
  7. 7. Early Political Parties <ul><li>Hamilton and Federalists </li></ul><ul><li>Strong central gov’t </li></ul><ul><li>Rule by wealthy, educated </li></ul><ul><li>Industrial vision </li></ul><ul><li>loose interpretation </li></ul><ul><li>Pro-England </li></ul><ul><li>Protective tariffs, BUS </li></ul><ul><li>Jefferson and the Republicans </li></ul><ul><li>Strong state govts </li></ul><ul><li>Rule by the common man </li></ul><ul><li>Agrarian vision </li></ul><ul><li>strict interpretation </li></ul><ul><li>Pro-France </li></ul><ul><li>Anti- tariffs, BUS </li></ul>
  8. 8. Early Political Parties (con’t) <ul><li>Federalists </li></ul><ul><li>Supported by artisans, merchants, manufacturers, bankers </li></ul><ul><li>North, urban cities </li></ul><ul><li>Basis for modern Republican party </li></ul><ul><li>Democratic-Republicans </li></ul><ul><li>Supported by farmers </li></ul><ul><li>South, western frontier </li></ul><ul><li>Basis for modern Democratic Party </li></ul>
  9. 9. Foreign Policy Under Washington <ul><li>Revolution in France divides America </li></ul><ul><li>1793- Washington’s Neutrality Proclamation (England vs France) </li></ul><ul><li>Impressments of American ships </li></ul><ul><li>Jay’s Treaty (1794) </li></ul><ul><li>Pinckney’s Treaty (1795) </li></ul>Chaos in France
  10. 10. Western Expansion <ul><li>1780s-90s: area between Appalachians and Miss. River settled rapidly </li></ul><ul><li>Led to conflicts with Natives (Battle of Fallen Timbers) in Northwest Territory </li></ul><ul><li>Treaty of Greenville (1795) </li></ul>Battle of Fallen Timbers (1794): American troops vs native confederation
  11. 11. Think About It… <ul><li>Why was the issue of precedent important to Washington during his term as President? </li></ul><ul><li>Why was Hamilton’s Financial Plan important to the early success of the nation? </li></ul><ul><li>Why did Washington warn against political parties in his Farewell Address? </li></ul><ul><li>Make predictions: future problems, issues facing the nation? </li></ul>

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