How were the patriots able to achieve their independence????
How were the patriots able to achieve their independence? Skyler, Laura ,Brendon, Alexis
How were the patriots able to achieve their independence? <ul><li>By beating the British in the Revolutionary war. The British sat back in the winter because they thought they were ready to fight meanwhile the Patriots were in training and healing the sick people so that they were ready to fight. </li></ul>
Who were the patriots led by? <ul><li>The American Revolution is the political upheaval during the last half of the 18th century in which thirteen of Britain's colonies in North America at first rejected the governance of the Parliament of Great Britain, and later the British monarchy itself, to become the sovereign United States of America. In this period the colonies first rejected the authority of the Parliament to govern them without representation, expelling all royal officials and setting up thirteen Provincial Congresses or equivalent to form individual self-governing states. Through representatives sent to the Second Continental Congress, they originally joined together to defend their respective self-governance and manage the armed conflict against the British known as the American Revolutionary War, also American War of Independence . Ultimately, the states collectively determined that the monarchy, by acts of tyranny, could no longer legitimately claim their allegiance. They then united to form one nation, breaking away from the British Empire in July 1776 when the Congress issued the Declaration of Independence, rejecting the monarchy on behalf of the United States of America. The war ended with effective American victory in October 1781, followed by formal British abandonment of any claims to the United States with the Treaty of Paris in 1783. </li></ul>
Information <ul><li>The American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), also known as the American War of Independence, was a war between the Kingdom of Great Britain and thirteen British colonies on the North American continent (as well as some naval conflict). </li></ul><ul><li>The war was the culmination of the political American Revolution, whereby the colonists overthrew British rule. </li></ul><ul><li>Native Americans and African Americans served on both sides. </li></ul>
Weapons <ul><li>Several weapons were used by both the Americans and British during the Revolutionary War. Some weapons were available easily and others were not. The Revolutionary War weapons had a prominent place in history because they helped Colonial American gain independence from Great Britain. </li></ul><ul><li>Among the Revolutionary War weapons the musket was the most used and commonly found. It is a long gun which looks like a rifle, and has a long barrel. This gun used to help target people who were far away and also aim accurately. The gun was light weighted and was easy for soldiers to carry. The pistol was also common during this time and it was very easy to handle because one can easily put into their pocket. However he pistol could be used with target that were close enough and it was not good for targets that were far away. </li></ul><ul><li>The other big sized weapons to be used were cannon. Cannon could kill a whole troop if it landed at the right place. However, these were used in major wars and to destruct buildings mainly. The enemy locations were destructed more than people being aimed directly. The cannon balls which were the main ammunition were made of lead and it was extremely difficult to load them. It needed the effort of two people to load cannon and also it had to be dealt with carte. Another common war weapon that was used during these times was the saber or the long sword. This was used more like a tool actually rather than a weapon of assault. </li></ul>
Timeline <ul><li>19 April 1775: The first shots marking the onset of the revolution were fired at Lexington. 17 June 1775: George Washington took over the command of the Continental Army in the Battle of Bunker Hill. 10-21 November 1775: Patriots siege by Tories, ending in truce. 11 December 1775: Virginia and North Carolina patriots routed Loyalist troops and burned Norfolk. 22 December 1775: Colonel Thomson with 1500 rangers and militia captured a force of Loyalists. 23-30 December 1775: Snow Campaign in SC, which was given the name because patriots were impeded by 15" of snow. 1 January 1776: Daniel Morgan was taken in as prisoner in attempt to take Quebec City. 17 March 1776: The British evacuated Boston and British Navy moved to Halifax, Canada. 12 June 1176: The Virginia Declaration of Rights. 28 June 1776: Patriots decisively defeated the British Navy at Fort Moultrie, South Carolina. 29 June 1776: The First Virginia Constitution. 8 July 1776: The Declaration of Independence was read publicly. 2 August 1776: Delegates began to sign The Declaration of Independence. </li></ul><ul><li>27 August 1776: Redcoats defeated George Washington's army in the Battle of Long Island. Washington's army escaped at night. 16 September 1776: Generals George Washington, Nathanael Greene and Israel Putnam triumphantly held their ground at the Battle of Harlem Heights. 11 October 1776: Benedict Arnold defeated at the Battle of Valcour Island (Lake Champlain). However, he delayed British advance. </li></ul>
Timeline (contd.) <ul><li>28 October 1776: The Americans retreat from White Plains, New York. British casualties (~300) were higher than those of America (~200). 26 December 1776: Washington crossed the Delaware and captured Trenton from Hessians 3 January 1777: Washington defeated British brigade. 16 August 1777: British General John Burgoyne detached Hessians, British regulars, Loyalists and Iroquois against Bennington. American militia attacked and defeated the British. 19 September - 17 October 1777: General John Burgoyne surrendered his British Army to American Maj. Gen. Horatio Gates. 6 February 1778: France signed a treaty with the Continental Congress which would provide troops, ships and supplies to America. 18 June 1778: British abandoned Philadelphia and moved to New York. 3 February 1779: Maj. Gen. Moultrie defeated British detachment at Port Royal Island, SC 3 March 1779: British Lt. Col. Jacques Marcus Prevost defeated Americans under Gen. John Ashe at Brier Creek, GA 21 June 1779: Spain declared war on Great Britain. 15-16 July 1779: American ‘Mad’ Anthony Wayne captured Stony Point, NY 12 May 1780: British captured Charleston, SC. 11 July 1780: French troops arrived at Newport, RI, to aid the American cause. 7 October 1780: King's Mountain, SC battle lasted 65 minutes. American troops led by Isaac Shelby and John Sevier defeated Maj. Patrick Ferguson and one-third of General Cornwallis's army. 1 January 1781: Mutiny of unpaid Pennsylvania soldiers 1 February 1781: The Battle of Cowan's Ford, Huntersville, NC. 2 March 1781: The Articles of Confederation adopted. 6 June 1781: Americans recaptured Augusta, GA 15 September 1781: French fleet drove British naval force from Chesapeake Bay. 19 October 1781: Cornwallis surrounded on land and sea by Americans and French and surrendered at Yorktown, VA 20 March 1782: Lord North resigned as British prime minister. 11 July 1782: British evacuated Savannah, GA 30 November 1782: British and Americans signed preliminary Articles of Peace. 19 April 1783: Congress ratified the preliminary peace treaty. 3 September 1783: The United States and Great Britain signed the Treaty of Paris 25 November 1783: The British forces evacuated New York and Brooklyn, the last British troop left the colonies. </li></ul><ul><li>23 December 1783: Washington resigned as Commander. </li></ul>