http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kiwi NEW ZEALAND Ms. Sonandre CMST &101 Fundamentals of Speech communication Group 5 Nina R., Nathanael W., Priscilla W., Rachelle J., Vivian G.
Statistics, Facts and History by Nina R. Group 5 We have chosen the Etiquette andFood, drink and concept of how to adapt to Rituals (verbal and Holidays others through developing non-verbal) by Vivian G. knowledge of their culture, by Priscilla W. verbal and non verbal. Our goal is to do this by presenting their: history, facts, statistics, etiquette, rituals, language, art, clothes, gender roles, food, drink and holidays Gender Roles and Art and Language Clothing (verbal and by Rachelle J. non-verbal) by Nathaniel W.
New Zealand is a small country. New Zealands spectacularly beautiful landscape includesvast mountain chains, steaming volcanoes, sweeping coastlines, deeply indented fiords and lush rainforests. It has a temperate maritime climate. Oceania, islands in the South Pacific Ocean, southeast of Australia 3,993,817 (July 2004 est.) Wellington Natural resources: natural gas, iron ore, sand, coal, timber, hydropower, gold, limestone. Agriculture: wheat, barley, potatoes, pulses, fruits, vegetables; wool, beef, lamb and www.infoplease.com/atlas/country/nz.httl mutton, dairy products; fish.
New Zealand today is an independent nation within the British Commonwealth. The British Monarch, although constitutional head of state, plays no active role in the administration of New Zealands government.Ethnic Make-up: •New Zealand European 74.5%, •Maori 9.7%, •other European 4.6%, •Pacific Islander 3.8%, •Asian and others 7.4%Religions: •Anglican 24%, www.mch.govt.nz/nz-identity-heritage/flags •Presbyterian 18%, •Roman Catholic 15%, •Methodist 5%, • Baptist 2%, •other Protestant 3%, •unspecified or none 33% (1986) www.Zealand.org.newz/history Languages: English, Maori(both official)National Holiday: Waitangi Day,February 6 www.En.wikipedia.org/newzealand./ portal: New Zealand
New Zealand has an incredibly rich and dynamic history and culture. It is thought that onlythe birds lived here before around 1400 AD so all of our human history is fairly recent.Maoris were the first inhabitants of New Zealand, arriving on the islands in about 1000. Maorioral history maintains that the Maoris came to the island in seven canoes from other parts ofPolynesia. The European influenced on the history of New Zealand. 1769 Captain 1790 whalers, 1840 On 6th James Cook traders and February the 1642 Abel British explorer, missionaries 1838 Treaty of Tasman was makes his first 1833 James visit to New arrived, Bishop John 1839 The Waitangi was the first establishing Busby arrives signed, Zealand. He settlements Batiste Islands were whereby all European claims parts of at the Bay of mainly along Francis part of powers of (Holland) to the country in Islands, in his Pompallier, the name of the far northern Australian Sovereignty in discover the coast of New capacity as from France, New Zealand King George Zealand. colony of were ceded to Islands. III. He then Official British founds the 1806 -First New South Queen Victoria circum European Resident. first Marist Wales. and Captain navigated the women arrive Hobson Islands and mission at in New became charted the Zealand. Hokianga. Governor coast. From the discovery of New Zealand to status as an independent colony. www.zealand.org.newz/history
1845 – 1870 Hostilities between Maori and European 1872. Telegraph communication links Auckland, Wellington and the southern provinces.Over 1.000 miles of railway are constructed.www.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Ne 1893 Women granted the right to vote.wzealandwarsmemorial.jpg 1898 Old age pensions act. 1907 New Zealand proclaimed a Dominion 1977 - The national anthem of New Zealand approved. -Waitangi Tribunal 1987-The Constitution Act adopted as well as other legal documents. Maori language the official language. New http://www.wikipedia.org/wiki/domini on_of_N_Z Zealand declared its territory free of nuclear area 1990 - 1997, Jenny Shipley of the National party became New Zealands first woman prime minister. 2008 National reintroduces titular honors 6 years after Labour removed them from the New Zealand Honor System www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jenny_Shipley
http://www.123rf.com/photo_8353034_welcome-to-new-zealand.html Consists of a firm handshake and a smile. (New Zealand - Culture, Etiquette, and Customs) Smiling and maintaining eye contact shows interest at meeting the other person. (New Zealand - Culture, Etiquette, and Customs) Men are to wait for a woman to reach their hand out first when meeting for a handshake. (Country Etiquette-New Zealand Etiquette tips, 2011) Appropriate gifts include flowers, chocolate, liquor, or a book about your country if you are a guest at someone’s home in New Zealand. (New Zealand - Culture, Etiquette, and Customs) Open gifts as you receive any. (New Zealand - Culture, Etiquette, and Customs) Verbal greetings include “Hello” “Gidday” and especially in North Island, “Kia Ora”(“good health”, “are you well?” (Wilson)
Wait to be seated. (New Zealand - Culture, Etiquette, and Customs) Elbows off table and hands above table when at the dinner table. (New Zealand - Culture, Etiquette, and Customs) When you are finished eating, place your knife and fork parallel on your plate with handles facing to the right. (New Zealand - Culture, Etiquette, and Customs)Maori Dining Etiquette: Visitor will be asked to the dining room following the Powhiri. (New Zealand - Culture, Etiquette, and Customs) Do not eat until the food has been blessed by the speaker from the homeland. (New Zealand - Culture, Etiquette, and Customs) Thank your hosts formally and publicly close to the end of the meal before leaving the seating area. (New Zealand - Culture, Etiquette, and Customs) To show respect and gratitude be prepared to sing a song from your home country. (New Zealand - Culture, Etiquette, and Customs)
in New Zealand because it is part of their lifestyle. ("Maori culture," ) The ceremony includes speeches, dancing, singing and hongi. ("Maori culture," ) The importance of the ceremony is to bring 2 groups together, negotiating the terms of their meeting and ending with guests joining their hosts as one. ("Maori culture," ) The ceremony can be for visitors, or for a funeral, or for tourist to experience. ("Maori culture," ) Powhiri usually consists of these basics: Wero- is the challenge where Maori warriors will perform intimidating gestures and expressions, shouting out battle scream acting as if ready for war. They will leave a leaf or carved effigy as a symbolic offering. ("Maori culture," ) Karanga-the call is when female callers bring a range of imagery and cultural expression. ("Maori culture," ) Whaikorero- which are the formal speeches of the home people. ("Maori culture," ) Waiata is a song sung by the home people. ("Maoriwww.zimbio.com/pictures/ynAdQdWX- culture," )ZK/South+Korean+President+Visits+Auckland/bDjgtqBaVh4 Koha is a gift which is given by the guests which is an envelope of money. ("Maori culture," ) Hongi is the non-verbal gesture which consists of pressing of noses signifying the joining together of the guests and the home people. ("Maori culture," ) Hakari is the meal that is shared by the joining of people and signifies the end of the Powhiri. ("Maori culture,")
(Rotoruas Mud and Maori Culture, 2011) Hongi – the unique and very sacred Maori physical embrace where the visitors and hosts become one. “The hongi is the traditional greeting(Maori Culture in NZ, 2011) of nose pressing. It is the exchange of the ha, or breath of life… This greeting creates the visitor at one with the tangata whenua (hosts)”. “The most sacred part of the Maori is the face and the head. When you make contact with another human, it’s the embracing, the light touching of the noses. Because you’re now dealing with the most sacred part of the person. It’s the essence of life to mankind. (Haymond, 2008)
Gender Roles and Clothes Modern and Traditional http://www.boondocksclothing.co.nz/shop/ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:HoneHeke1845.jpgBy: Nathaniel
One area where men have low representation is in early childhood education (ECE). In 2010, there were 19,901 early childhood teachers in New Zealand, only 349 (1.75%) of whom were men. Similar to ECE, nursing is another non traditional role where men are the minority. Only 7.76% of New Zealand nurses are male. Men are deterred from the nursing profession for similar reasons that they are deterred from ECE including; believing others would see them as unmanly, having limited career options and being poorly paid. Concerted effort is required to recruit more men in nursing and to break gendered stereotypes.
Gender roles The Modern Apprenticeship Scheme aims to increase the number of young people in industry training. The traditional under-representation of women in non- traditional work represents a significant opportunity for improved female participation and increased diversity in the Modern Apprenticeship Scheme. However it has failed to deliver gender equality to date. In 2010, there were 11,926 modern apprentices87. Female participants accounted for 12.4% but this is almost entirely due to the inclusion of hairdressing in the modern apprenticeship scheme. Without hairdressing the women’s participation rate drops to 8.4%.
http://www.new-zealand-vacations-in-west-auckland.com/maori- clothing.htmlClothing from the past A knee long kilt like garment held by a waistband called puipui. Men had the more ornate design on their waistband with geometric patterns in black and white opposing the plain belt of the woman’s one. A cloak that was worn around the shoulders. Its various names reflected its use and the material of decoration. Softened fibres of New Zealand flax were the first choice of material to weave the base called kakahu . A Korowai was a cloak decorated with tassles and bird feathers.
Clothing in the present In keeping with New Zealands relaxed lifestyle, dress is informal on mostoccasions.
New-Zealand-locum-tenens http://blog.gmedical.com/Locums-for-a-Small-World/bid/42121/Ta-moko-A-rite-of-passage-for-any-Ta Moko is a type of art form used my the Maori people of New Zealand.The Maori, being the natives to the New Zealand land. This type of art goesfar back. Ta Moko is a tattoo; not just any tattoo, it is applied by chiseling itinto the skin as opposed to normal tattoos using a needle. Ta Moko for mencan be anywhere on the body, but for women it is primarily on the lips andface. Wiki (2011) J.M. Wilson (2003). The Maori people have tribes, by using theTa Moko, one could communicate which tribe they belonged to and theirplace in the tribe such as their social standing. Ta Moko was used to conveysomeone’s ancestry. As time has gone on the use of Ta Moko’s has declined,as has the ability to read someone’s Ta Moko. The Maori are not required toget Ta Moko’s, they get them because they choose to. The symbols anddesigns on their tattoos are unique to them. If you can read someone’s TaMoko you can learn a lot about them, who they are, and where they camefrom. The Maori obviously are very proud of their heritage or they wouldnot chose to adorn their bodies with it. Many people in our culture are very cautious around those whowould have tattoos all over their bodies, especially their face. “Americansplace an undue emphasis on looks” (p.95. Understanding NonverbalMessages: Appearance. Blue Book). Having a lot of tattoos here in Americacan sometimes be tied to bikers and criminals, this kind of stereotypingwould make it hard for us to communicate with the Maori, but byunderstanding their culture and the purpose behind the Ta Moko we cancommunicate with less judgment and more acceptance.
Anyone who has seen a movie based inEurope or Australia knows that English hassome different dialects. The same is truefor the English spoken in New Zealand. Eventhough we speak the same language as NewZealanders the fact that we speak adifferent dialect would make it difficultfor us to understand some of the thingsthey say. The term for the English used byNew Zealanders is called “Kiwi Slang”. Anexample of some confusion that we wouldfind by the language is terms like “brassedoff” meaning annoyed, another would be“yonks” meaning forever. What might soundweird to us, makes complete sense to them.Our biggest asset in communication isawareness. Do your research beforetraveling to another country, you can easilylook up Kiwi Slang and print out a guide ofthe different words and their meaning tohelp you out in communicating with NewZealanders. By being aware of thesedifferences in our language we can helpbridge the gap of communication.
bach = holiday home mate = buddy, friendbrassed off = annoyed no worries= no need to worry non-Maori NewChoice= very good pakeha = Zealander http://www.fourcorners.co.nz/new-zealand/languageCrikey= wow! rattle your dags = hurry upcrook = unwell she’ll be right = not a problemcuppa = cup of tea, coffee stubby = small bottle of beerdairy = corner store stuffed = really tireddunny = toilet suss = to figure outfizzy drink = soda pop ta = thanksflash = looking good tata = goodbyegood on ya, mate!= well done take-aways = fast foodgood as gold= affirmative answer take a hike= go away!hard yakka= hard work tea = dinner scenic tour, roundabouthunky dory = everything’s fine tiki tour = wayJandal= thongs, flip-flops tramping = hikingjersey = sweater tomato sauce = ketchuplift = elevator wellies = gumbootsLolly= candy wop-wops = out of the way locationloo = toilet yonks = forever
Appetizers Desert Paua Fritters Pavolva http://www.newzealand.com/travel/media/topic-index/food-&-wine/food-&-wine_home.cfm (Blue abalone shell fish unique to N.Z.) (Meringue cake topped with whipped fresh Green lip mussels steamed with lemon cream and kiwifruit) Sausage Rolls Steamed pudding with golden syrup (Sausage meat with herbs in a flaky pastry) Hokey Pokey (Ice cream with sponge toffee in it) Entrée Lolly cake Fish and Chips (Brown cake made with malt biscuits and a hard (With New Zealand’s favorite Watties Tomato marshmallow rolled in coconut) Catsup) Pineapple guava Roast Lamb with mint sauce Drinks Lamb shanks Wine (With potatoes and fresh vegetables) Sauvignon Blanc from the Marlborough region Whitebait flan Chardonnay from the Gisbone area (Small herring type fish in flan) Cabernet from the Auckland’s Waihek Island Beer Tui’s Beer Speight’s Beer Lion Red beer Non-alcoholic Information from interview with Damon Gladstone Ginger Beer Goodwin who visited New Zealand in 2010 From the east coast city of Gisborne L&P (lemonade-style soda) Lemon and Paeroa from the area of PaeroaThe legal drinking age was lowered from 20 to 18 around 10 yearsago. It is enforced quite rigorously by ID checks at bars, clubs and AND Famous candy (complimentary)alcohol retailers. The smoking age is 18 and is likewise enforced. R J’s licorice chocolate log
A way to interact and communicate with the Maori culture, is to attend a Hangi, which is a way of cooking food (Kai is the Maori word for food) and a social occasion to share with friends and family. Hangi is a special way of cooking food under the ground using red hot rocks and steam. Rocks or bricks are heated on a pile of burning wood. When the rocks are hot they need to be carefully rolled or lifted into a pit in the ground and the wire baskets of food quickly put on top. The basket is then covered with wet sheets and the wet sheets get covered with wet sacks. Then the sacks are covered with dirt. The water from the wet cloths turns into steam through the heat of the rocks, the steam can’t escape through the dirt so it steam cooks the food. The meat is put in the basket first basket (chicken, fish, shellfish, pork and lamb), the veggies on top (kumara (purple potatoes), pumpkin, and corn on the cob and herbs and spices. You can also add the desert of steam pudding in the basketSeven hours later you open the box and enjoy the succulent meat and vegetables that taste wonderful after being steamed inthe earth, and also get to know new friends and old friendshttp://www.genuinemaoricuisine.com/Folders/Hangi.html
New Zealand Public Holidays:New Years Day 1 January Sunday 1 January (Tues Jan 3alternate holiday for most workers)Day after New Years Day 2 January Monday 2 JanuaryWaitangi Day 6 February Monday 6 FebruaryAnniversary Day Auckland / Northland 29 JanuaryMonday 30 JanuaryGood Friday varies Friday 6 AprilEaster Monday varies Monday 9 AprilANZAC Day 25 April Wednesday 25 AprilQueens Birthday 1st Monday in June Monday 4 June(Queen of England)Labour Day 4th Monday in October Monday 22 October(spelled differently in NZ)Christmas Day 25 December Tuesday 25 DecemberBoxing Day 26 December Wednesday 26 December http://www.tapeka.com/publicholidays.htm#2012_New_Zealand_Public_Holidays
Two special Holidays that are only celebrated in New Zealand are: AnzacDay and Waitangi DayAnzac DayHeld on Apirl 25 is similar to our Veterans Day. It is to commemoratethose who died in the service of their country and to honor thoseservicemen and women who returned. This originated from theanniversary of the landing of the Australian and New Zealand ArmyCorps at Gallipoli in 1915. On the first anniversary of that landing services were held throughoutthe country in remembrance of the 2,721 New Zealand soldiers who diedduring the eight-month Gallipoli Campaign. Since 1916 Anzac Day hasevolved to the observance we know today.They even have a special cookie called an Anzac Biscuit (cookie).Waitangi DayHeld on February 6 February to commemorate the signing of NewZealands founding document - the Treaty of Waitangi - in 1840. Thisholiday was first declared in 1974, and has grown in significance for allNew Zealanders through the Māori renaissance that has fostered betterunderstanding of the Treaty’s ramifications. Official celebrations areheld at the Waitangi Treaty Grounds in the Bay of Islands, Northland,but there are also many other events throughout the country.http://www.newzealand.com/travel/media/features/events/events_celebrating-waitangi-day_feature.cfm
1. If you were to attend a traditional Maori, what would you bring as your gift to the host?2. How would you introduce yourself to someone from New Zealand?3. What challenges might you find in interacting with a Maori who has a Ta Moko on their face, and why?
References BibliographyCountry Etiquette-New Zealand Etiquette tips. (2011, November 2). Retrieved from Vayama:http://www.vayama.com/etiquette/new-zealand/Maori Culture in NZ. (2011, november 7). Retrieved from South ABC: http://www.southabc.com/en/tag/maoriRotoruas Mud and Maori Culture. (2011, May 1). Retrieved from Travel with a Challenge:http://www.travelwithachallenge.com/New-Zealand-Rotorua.htmHaymond, B. (2008, September 25). Pōwhiri and Hongi of New Zealand’s Māori: a Sacred Ritual. Retrieved from Temple Study:http://www.templestudy.com/2008/09/25/powhiri-and-hongi-of-new-zealands-maori-a-sacred-ritual/New Zealand - Culture, Etiquette, and Customs. (n.d.). Retrieved 11 1, 2011, from Kwintessential:http://www.kwintessential.co.uk/resources/global-etiquette/new-zealand.htmlWilson, P. J. (n.d.). New Zealand. Retrieved 11 1, 2011, from Countries and their Cultures: http://www.everyculture.com/Ma-Ni/New-Zealand.htmlWebsites Referenced:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_Zealand_arthttp://awanderingminstreli.tripod.com/tamoko.htmhttp://www.infoplease.com/ce6/world/A0859991.html#ixzz1cKbp8MzThttp://www.kwintessential.co.uk/recources/global.etiquette/newzealandhttp://www.enzed.com/history.htmlwww.En.wikipedia.org/newzealandwww.timelinesdb.comwww.newzealand.com/int/article/new-zealand-facts
References Continued…www.zealand.org.newz/historyhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:HoneHeke1845.jpghttp://www.boondocksclothing.co.nz/shop/http://www.everyculture.com/Ma-Ni/New-Zealand.htmlhttp://www.fashionz.co.nz/http://www.virtualoceania.net/newzealand/photos/maori/http://www.virtualoceania.net/newzealand/photos/maori/Information from interview on 11/10/11 with Damon Goodwin who visited New Zealand in 2010http://www.newzealand.com/travel/media/topic-index/food-&-wine/food-&-wine_home.cfmhttp://www.genuinemaoricuisine.com/Folders/Hangi.htmlPersonal Experience of Hangi in London, Englandhttp://www.tapeka.com/publicholidays.htm#2012_New_Zealand_Public_Holidayshttp://www.newzealand.com/travel/media/features/events/events_celebrating-waitangi-day_feature.cfm
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