Foreing Policy Draft 1
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Foreing Policy Draft 1 Foreing Policy Draft 1 Document Transcript

  • CIMUN 2010: The Human Rights Council Foreign Policy Handout What is Foreign Policy? A foreign policy is a country’s means of incorporating its own national goals and objectives on its interaction with other members of the international community. What Determines a Country’s Foreign Policy? Global/External factors: Factors that exist beyond a state’s control that influence its behaviour on an international level Domestic/Internal factors: Circumstances that exist within the country that influence its behaviour with other states. The preparation of a foreign policy is divided into several steps. Step 1: Delegation Profile i. General Background: History: Date of independence/state establishment Former colonies/ relationship with colonial powers Internal struggles / civil wars Recent conflicts / wars / crises Geographic Attributes → GEOPOLITICS:  Location  Natural resources  Neighbouring countries Social Attributes:  Population size  Demographic composition  Religions  Languages  Ethnicities  Literacy  Wealth distribution 1
  •  Host/Source of refugees  Health and well-being indicators; including malnourishment, disease prevalence rates, hospital capacity  Population size  Demographic composition  Religions  Languages  Ethnicities  Literacy  Host/Source of refugees Political:  Ruling regime (head of state, political party, ethnic/religious belonging)  Internal stability  Electoral system  Opposition groups  Interest groups and NGO activities  Armed militia/terrorist groups Military:  Army size, strength and equipment →Military budget  Military defence pacts  Previous military interventions  Involvements in international disputes/crises ii. Economic Profile: Economy:  Currency  GDP  Unemployment rate  Poverty and Inequality rate  Major industries and sectoral contributions  Main exports (type and quantity)  Main imports; dependence ratios  Agricultural performance and commodities  Trading partners  Foreign aid (sources of foreign aid) iii. International Relations:  Sphere of influence: how influential is your country in the global political and economic arena?  Relations with regional and international powers  Significant International and Regional bilateral relations/treaties/pacts/agreements 2
  •  Membership in international or regional organizations (political, economic, social, military etc)  role within UN (financial contribution, sponsorship of programs/resolutions)  Fundraising role in international organizations, such as the IMF and World Bank  Voting stance on food-related treaties and declarations  Voting stance on Security Council resolutions esp. foreign policy ones (see:)  Voting stance on the environmental treaties  Voting stance on the humanitarian law treaties  Voting stance on the peace initiatives  Stance on “War against Terror” and has your country made any statements concerning its commitment to pursuing threats against international peace and security?  Stance on economic sanctions, both previous and ongoing  Foreign aid? Are you a recipient or a donator? Step 2: In-depth Position Analysis Here you use the background information obtained through your delegation profile to determine your country’s position regarding the two topics. Below is a shortlist of some of the issues you will need to be familiar with in preparation for the conference debates. Topic 1: Internet Freedom and Censorship What is your country’s stance on the issue of Internet Freedom and Security? Is your country known to advocate freedom of Internet usage? Has your country implemented any crackdowns on Internet usage, activism or cyber dissent? Is your country known to advocate censorship or condemn it? Does your own country have an established legislation that regulates Internet usage? Analyze your country’s position with regards to current human rights violations pertaining to the Internet. Topic 2: Contemporary Forms of Slavery Is your country a party to any conventions, treaties or initiatives that aim to combat contemporary forms of slavery? Is your country seen as an origin, transit or destination country? 3
  • Analyze the economic conditions of your country in order to accordingly assess how susceptible your citizens are to falling victim to Forced Labour, Human Trafficking, or Debt bondage? Does your country have a means of combating contemporary forms of slavery? Is your country known to have high levels of Poverty, Discrimination or Social exclusion? Step 3: Strategy Set the strategy that you intend to follow in order to achieve your goals. Remember that the conference will involve plenty of debating, negotiation and report-writing. Here are some tips to consider when devising your conference strategy: Do your homework. Delegates that typically stand out in MUN conferences are the ones that do their research ahead of time and are comfortable with the topics being discussed. Dig deep. Prepare arguments and counterarguments. Research not only your foreign policy but others’ as well. This way you won’t be caught by surprise, and you’ll have an idea what your bloc will look like. Know your dirt. Expect what other delegations might criticize you for and try to think how you will refute that Be civilized. Self-explanatory Prisoner’s dilemma. Know who your opponents are, their possible goals and who your allies are and how you will go about attempting to persuade them to accept your goal. Identify moderators that could assist you in building bridges. Be one yourself if your foreign policy permits you. Be creative. Different delegations will need different ways to be persuaded of something. Adopt diverse negotiating tactics to get your point across. Integrative and Distributive. Determine whether the combination of the topic discussed and your foreign policy dictate the use of integrative vs distributive negotiation. Middle Grounds. Compromise can push the debate a long way forward. Make sure not to neglect your and their red-lines though. References. Improve the quality of your reports by referring to existing documents/resolutions/declarations. It adds an ‘impressive’ edge to your final report 4
  • Comprehensiveness. We’re discussing two juicy topics this year with so many dimensions that need to be addressed. Make sure that you tackle all sides of the debates and have them included in the documents you produce. You choose whether you want to produce one comprehensive report or several ones addressing the different issues. Fit the role. Remember that you are the head of a state/organization or a famous public figure. Act the role professionally. The minute you walk into the conference room you automatically become one of the finest diplomats out there with a specific agenda/national interests that you need to argue for. Fight for your right. Participate! Debate! Refute arguments! And most importantly contribute to the reports being written by negotiating hard with other delegations to make sure that your points are added in the final report. General Tips: 1. Arrive on time so you don’t miss out on important debates/voting 2. Always make sure to coordinate with your partner 3. Maintain diplomatic decorum during both formal and informal debate sessions 4. Do not panic- we will be there to assist you throughout the conference! 5. Have fun- play it right and this could be an experience you will remember for the years to come!!! IMPORTANT: Please DO NOT rely on Wikipedia as your only source of background information for your delegation. It should only serve as a starting point. The websites mentioned above provide far more timely and accurate data for research purposes You do not need to memorize the information making up your delegation profile. Just read it carefully to have a better feel of your country’s agenda, and always keep a copy with you in the conference. Your profile information will be very useful in some conference situations The delegation profile is not all of the foreign policy!!!!! Relying solely on the delegation profile will mean that you will not be able to engage in meaningful debate in the conference 5
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