Rumipro: Natural Solution for Simple indigestion & Ruminal AtonyDocument Transcript
Pashudhan; Vol. 37, Issue 09 (2011): Page 05 : Natural Solution for Simple indigestion & Ruminal Atony Dr. Ruturaj Patil, Dr.Tanweer Alam, Dr. Siddaramanna, Dr.Asha.H.B and Dr.Nagesh INTRODUCTION Livestock production system of ruminants in India is mainly extensive and most ofthe feed and fodder requirements are met from grazing on community lands, and or on cropresidues based rations resulting in low productivity. Indigestion is a non-infectious disease,which is very common among the ruminants. The simple accumulation of excessivequantities of relatively indigestible feed may physically impair rumen function for 24-48 hr.It may be predisposed by late pregnancy, old age, traumatic reticuloperitonitis, exhaustion,lack of water etc., sudden ingestion of excessive quantities of highly palatable feed such ascorn or grass silage or excessive quantities of relatively indigestible & poor quality roughagecan cause indigestion. Any change in diet/indiscriminate feeding may result in change inruminal pH (acid or alkali) that result in reduction of ruminal activity and change in normalflora. Many feed additives like antimicrobial agents, ionophores, biological agents andprobiotics have been tried earlier, a new generation feed additives have further widenedthe scope for manipulation of rumen pH in ruminants. In Ayurveda, plants like Piper nigrum (Pippali), Eclipta alba (Bhangra), Andrographispaniculata (Kalmegh), Mucuna pruriens (Kaunch beej) and Terminalia chebula (Harad Ckilka) etc. areconsidered potent and are used to improve the micro flora activity, salivary secretions & maintainingthe pH which helps in maximising the beneficial micro flora activity in the gut. (Barthakur & Arnold1995), (Kalpana & Srinivasan 1996) & (Pandey et al 2008). Keeping this in view the present study
was undertaken to evaluate the efficacy of the product (developed and suppliedby Natural Remedies, Bangalore) for management of anorexic condition in large ruminants.MATERIALS AND METHODS The present study included in vivo experiment comprising supplementary feeding at the rate of 25g/cow/day for three days to Anorexic cows with varied/multipleetiological conditions. The feeding trials were conducted in the field conditions at threedifferent places of Bangalore District. The experiment included a feeding trial conducted toassess the improvement in ruminal motility, salivary secretions, dung consistency and timetaken to restore regurgitation upon supplementation of .Experimental animalsFifteen crossbred cows of varying age and lactation suffering from Anorexia with multipleetiology were supplemented with at the rate of 25 g/cow/day for 3 days in thefield conditions. The crossbred cows in all the cases were observed for improvement inruminal motility, salivary secretions, dung consistency and time taken to restoreregurgitation and the details were recorded for each cow by giving score card as mentionedbelow+ = Slight Improvement++ = Good Improvement+++ = Significant Improvement++++ = Excellent Improvement
No. Time taken to of Ruminal Type of restore Salivary crossbred Motility Dung Quality ailment regurgitation secretions cows Improvement (Days) studied 1 2Results The results obtained in this study are presented in Table 1. The ruminal motility wasrestored within three days of supplementation in all crossbred cows with excellentimprovement in most of the cows and in all the cases cows took 1-2 days to restoreregurgitation and fully showed rumination. The dung quality was improved fromwatery/loose consistency to normal semisolid consistency. The salivary secretions wereexcellent upon supplementation.Table.1. Effect of supplementation of in Anorexic cases of varied etiology No. of Time taken Ruminal crossbred Dung to restore Salivary Type of ailment Motility cows Quality regurgitation secretions Improvement studied (Days) 1 Anorexia +++ +++ 1 ++++ 2 Anorexia/Acidosis ++++ ++++ 1 +++ 3 Anorexia +++ +++ 1 ++++ 4 Anorexia ++ +++ 1 ++++ 5 Anorexia + ++ +++ 2 +++ Anorexia/Diarrhoea/ 6 ++ +++ 2 +++ Acidosis 7 Anorexia ++ ++++ 2 +++ 8 Anorexia ++++ ++ 2 ++++ 9 Anorexia/Impaction +++ +++ 2 ++++ 10 Anorexia +++ ++ 2 +++ 11 Anorexia +++ ++ 2 +++ 12 Anorexia +++ ++ 2 +++ 2(Bloat 13 Anorexia/Bloat ++ +++ +++ Recovered) 2(Bloat 14 Anorexia/Mild Bloat ++ +++ ++++ Recovered) 15 Anorexia +++ +++ 1 ++++
These findings suggest that supplementation to anorexic cows withmultiple etiology stabilised the Rumen pH by optimising and augmenting Rumenfermentation. It can be concluded that supplementary feeding of at the rate of25g/cow/day for three days is effective in anorexic condition in ruminants.REFERENCESKalpana Patel & K.Srinivasan; Influence of dietary spices or their active principles on digestiveenzymes of small intestinal mucosa in rats; International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition;(1996) 47: 55-59.Pandey M. M., S. Rastogi & A. K. Rawat: Indian Herbal Drug for General Healthcare: An Overview;The Internet Journal of Alternative Medicine. 2008 Volume 6 Number 1Barthakur N. N. and N. P. Arnold; Nutritive value of the chebulic myrobalan (Terminalia chebulaRetz.) and its potential as a food source; Food Chemistry; Volume 40, Issue 2, 1991, Pages 213-219.Pradhan N.R.; Therapeutic efficacy of herbosal, A herbal digestive tonic for Ruminants; Indian Vet. J.;(1995) 72:195-197.