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  • 1. Unit 9.1 Transparency 2 - page i SO, HOW DO YOU REDUCE THE LIKELIHOOD OF BAD CONSEQUENCES? Different risky behaviours have different probabilities depending on: • your choice (the PRICE decision-making process) • the risky circumstances in which you find yourself • your personality and character and • sometimes sheer luck • How much control do you have over these four areas? There’s nothing you can do about sheer luck (or bad luck). Although you have some control over your own personality or character, changing it is difficult. Also, often circumstances in your community or family or peer group are beyond your control, and you therefore have only limited control over these. But you do have lots of control over your own choice. YOUR CHOICE: Since you have lots of control over your decision-making process, you can reduce the risks of bad consequences by making sensible decisions… P - Identify the purpose of the action R - Identify the risks, consequences and probabilities I - Assess the reliability of your information C - Consider compromises, and create alternatives E - Enjoy the feeling of having made a good decision Grade 9 | Unit 9.1 | Page 9
  • 2. Transparency 2 - page ii YOUR HIGH-RISK CIRCUMSTANCES: You have only limited control over the circumstances in which you live, but being aware of how they can influence the probability of risk and bad consequences, will give you a powerful tool in your decision-making, and will help you reduce the likelihood of bad consequences. YOUR PERSONALITY OR CHARACTER: As you grow older, you are able to judge your own strengths and weaknesses better and so are able to have some control over them. Understanding yourself better is also an important part of being able to make good decisions and thereby reducing the likelihood of bad consequences. LUCK: You have no control over luck (good or bad luck). There is nothing you can do to change your luck. However, knowing that winning in games of chance (like Lotto, slot machines, coin tossing and dice throwing) depends on luck, you are able to avoid irresponsible behaviour like trying to win back your losses. Levels of control Lots of control Limited control No control Decision-making Circumstances, Luck and games personality of chance Grade 9 | Unit 9.1 | Page 10