Ics part 3

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  • IS-700.A: National Incident Management System, An Introduction January 2009 Page 2.
  • Ics part 3

    1. 1. Visual 3.1ICS Features and PrinciplesUnit 3:ICS Featuresand Principles
    2. 2. Visual 3.2ICS Features and PrinciplesUnit Objectives Describe the basicfeatures of ICS. Select the correctterminology for ICSfacilities. Identify common tasksrelated to personalaccountability.
    3. 3. Visual 3.3ICS Features and PrinciplesICS Features: Overview Facilities and Resources Comprehensive resourcemanagement Incident locations andfacilities Communications/InformationManagement Integratedcommunications Information andintelligence management Professionalism Accountability Dispatch/Deployment Standardization Common terminology Command Establishment and transferof command Chain of command andunity of command Planning/OrganizationalStructure Management by objectives Incident Action Plan (IAP) Modular organization Manageable span of control
    4. 4. Visual 3.4ICS Features and PrinciplesCommon Terminology – No Codes!Using commonterminology helps define: Organizationalfunctions. Incident facilities. Resource descriptions. Position titles.
    5. 5. Visual 3.5ICS Features and PrinciplesWhy should you useplain English duringan incident response?Discussion Question
    6. 6. Visual 3.6ICS Features and PrinciplesWhy Plain English?EMT = Emergency Medical TreatmentEMT = Emergency Medical TechnicianEMT = Emergency Management TeamEMT = Eastern Mediterranean Time (GMT+0200)EMT = Effective Methods TeamEMT = Effects Management ToolEMT = El Monte, CA (airport code)EMT = Electron Microscope TomographyEMT = Email Money Transfer
    7. 7. Visual 3.7ICS Features and PrinciplesICS Features: Overview Standardization Common terminology Command Establishment and transferof command Chain of command andunity of command Planning/OrganizationalStructure Management by objectives Incident Action Plan (IAP) Modular organization Manageable span of control Facilities and Resources Comprehensive resourcemanagement Incident locations andfacilities Communications/InformationManagement Integratedcommunications Information andintelligence management Professionalism Accountability Dispatch/Deployment
    8. 8. Visual 3.8ICS Features and PrinciplesCommand: DefinitionCommand: The act of directing,ordering, or controlling, byvirtue of explicit statutory,regulatory, or delegatedauthority.At an incident scene, theIncident Commander has theauthority to assume command!
    9. 9. Visual 3.9ICS Features and PrinciplesTransfer of Command Moves theresponsibility forcommand from oneIncident Commanderto another. Must include a transferof command briefing(which may be oral,written, or both).
    10. 10. Visual 3.10ICS Features and PrinciplesWhen Command Is Transferred A more qualified IncidentCommander arrives. A jurisdiction or agency islegally required to takecommand. Incident complexitychanges. The current IncidentCommander needs to rest.
    11. 11. Visual 3.11ICS Features and PrinciplesWhat would youinclude in atransfer of commandbriefing?Discussion Question
    12. 12. Visual 3.12ICS Features and PrinciplesChain of command: Is an orderly line of authority within theresponse organization. Allows incident managers to direct and controlthe actions of all personnel under theirsupervision. Avoids confusion by requiring that orders flowfrom supervisors. Does not prevent personnel from sharinginformation.Chain of Command
    13. 13. Visual 3.13ICS Features and PrinciplesUnder unity of command,personnel: Report to only one incidentsupervisor. Receive work assignmentsonly from the assignedsupervisor.Unity of Command
    14. 14. Visual 3.14ICS Features and PrinciplesInstructions: Working as a team . . .1. Review the scenario and thediscussion question presented in theStudent Manual.2. Choose a spokesperson to recordyour responses.3. Be prepared to share your answers in5 minutes.Activity: Assuming Command
    15. 15. Visual 3.15ICS Features and PrinciplesICS Features: Overview Standardization Common terminology Command Establishment and transferof command Chain of command andunity of command Planning/OrganizationalStructure Management by objectives Incident Action Plan (IAP) Modular organization Manageable span of control Facilities and Resources Comprehensive resourcemanagement Incident locations andfacilities Communications/InformationManagement Integratedcommunications Information andintelligence management Professionalism Accountability Dispatch/Deployment
    16. 16. Visual 3.16ICS Features and PrinciplesManagement by ObjectivesPriorities for incidentobjectives are:#1: Life Safety#2: IncidentStabilization#3: Property/EnvironmentalPreservation
    17. 17. Visual 3.17ICS Features and PrinciplesICS OrganizationDiffers from day-to-day organizationalstructures and positions by: Using unique ICS position titles andorganizational structures. Assigning personnel based on expertise, notrank. For example, a director may not holdthat title when deployedunder an ICS structure.
    18. 18. Visual 3.18ICS Features and PrinciplesModular OrganizationIncident command organizational structure isbased on: Size, type, and complexity ofthe incident. Specifics of the hazardenvironment created bythe incident. Incident planning processand incident objectives.
    19. 19. Visual 3.19ICS Features and PrinciplesIncident Action PlanningEvery incident must have anIncident Action Plan (IAP) that: Specifies the incidentobjectives. States the activities. Covers a specified timeframe,called an operational period. May be oral or written.IncidentActionPlan
    20. 20. Visual 3.20ICS Features and PrinciplesElements of an Incident Action PlanEvery IAP must have fourelements: What do we want to do? Who is responsible fordoing it? How do we communicatewith each other? What is the procedure ifsomeone is injured?
    21. 21. Visual 3.21ICS Features and PrinciplesActivity: Incident Action PlanInstructions: Working as a team . . .1. Identify four items you would includein an IAP for the severe weatherscenario in Unit 2.2. Write these items on chart paper.3. Select a spokesperson. Be preparedto present in 5 minutes.
    22. 22. Visual 3.22ICS Features and PrinciplesManageable Span of ControlSpan of control: Pertains to the number of individuals orresources that one supervisor can manageeffectively during an incident. Is key to effective andefficient incidentmanagement.Resource 2Resource 2Resource 3Resource 3Resource 1Resource 1SupervisorSupervisor
    23. 23. Visual 3.23ICS Features and PrinciplesICS Management: Span of ControlICS span of control forany supervisor: Is between 3 and 7subordinates. Optimally does notexceed 5subordinates.
    24. 24. Visual 3.24ICS Features and PrinciplesActivity: Span of ControlInstructions: Working individually . . .1. Review the scenario and answer the questionpresented in the Student Manual.2. Be prepared to share your answer in 5 minutes.Incident CommandIncident CommandResourceResource ResourceResource ResourceResource ResourceResourceResourceResource ResourceResource ResourceResource ResourceResource
    25. 25. Visual 3.25ICS Features and PrinciplesICS Features: Overview Standardization Common terminology Command Establishment and transferof command Chain of command andunity of command Planning/OrganizationalStructure Management by objectives Incident Action Plan (IAP) Modular organization Manageable span of control Facilities and Resources Comprehensive resourcemanagement Incident locations andfacilities Communications/InformationManagement Integrated communications Information and intelligencemanagement Professionalism Accountability Dispatch/Deployment
    26. 26. Visual 3.26ICS Features and PrinciplesIncident Facility Map SymbolsIncidentCommandPostStagingAreaBase Camp,Helibase,and Helispot
    27. 27. Visual 3.27ICS Features and PrinciplesIncident Facilities: Summary A single Incident Command Post should beestablished on all incidents—even smallones! Incidents may require additional facilities(e.g., a call center). Areas may be predesignated incidentfacilities for the surrounding community(e.g., shelters, staging areas, helibases,medical centers).
    28. 28. Visual 3.28ICS Features and PrinciplesResources: DefinitionResources are personneland major items ofequipment, supplies, andfacilities available orpotentially available forassignment to incidentoperations and for whichstatus is maintained.
    29. 29. Visual 3.29ICS Features and PrinciplesResource ManagementResource managementincludes processes for: Categorizing resources. Ordering resources. Dispatching resources. Tracking resources. Recovering resources. Reimbursing otherorganizations.
    30. 30. Visual 3.30ICS Features and PrinciplesICS Features: Overview Standardization Common terminology Command Establishment and transferof command Chain of command andunity of command Planning/OrganizationalStructure Management by objectives Incident Action Plan (IAP) Modular organization Manageable span of control Facilities and Resources Comprehensive resourcemanagement Incident locations andfacilities Communications/Information Management Integrated communications Information and intelligencemanagement Professionalism Accountability Dispatch/Deployment
    31. 31. Visual 3.31ICS Features and PrinciplesBefore an incident, it is critical to develop anintegrated voice and data communicationssystem (equipment, systems, and protocols).Incident communications are facilitated through: The development and use of a commoncommunications plan. The interoperability of communication equipment,procedures, and systems.Integrated Communications
    32. 32. Visual 3.32ICS Features and PrinciplesWhat are someexamples of informationand intelligence used tomanage an incident?Discussion Question
    33. 33. Visual 3.33ICS Features and PrinciplesActivity: Information ManagementInstructions: Working as a team . . .1. Review the scenario presented in theStudent Manual.2. Discuss the implications for incidentmanagement, and record your answers onchart paper.3. Select a team spokesperson and beprepared to share your answers in 5minutes.
    34. 34. Visual 3.34ICS Features and PrinciplesICS Features: Overview Standardization Common terminology Command Establishment and transferof command Chain of command andunity of command Planning/OrganizationalStructure Management by objectives Incident Action Plan (IAP) Modular organization Manageable span of control Facilities and Resources Comprehensive resourcemanagement Incident locations andfacilities Communications/InformationManagement Integrated communications Information and intelligencemanagement Professionalism Accountability Dispatch/Deployment
    35. 35. Visual 3.35ICS Features and PrinciplesAccountability (1 of 2) Check-In. All responders mustreport in to receive an assignmentin accordance with the proceduresestablished by the IncidentCommander. Incident Action Plan. Responseoperations must be coordinated asoutlined in the IAP. Unity of Command. Eachindividual will be assigned to onlyone supervisor.
    36. 36. Visual 3.36ICS Features and PrinciplesAccountability (2 of 2) Span of Control. Supervisorsmust be able to adequatelysupervise and control theirsubordinates, as well ascommunicate with andmanage all resources undertheir supervision. Resource Tracking.Supervisors must record andreport resource statuschanges as they occur.
    37. 37. Visual 3.37ICS Features and PrinciplesDispatch/DeploymentAt any incident: The situation must beassessed and theresponse planned. Managing resources safelyand effectively is the mostimportant consideration. Personnel and equipmentshould respond only whenrequested or when dispatchedby an appropriate authority.
    38. 38. Visual 3.38ICS Features and PrinciplesWhy shouldn’t personnelarrive at an incidentwithout being requestedor dispatched?Discussion Question
    39. 39. Visual 3.39ICS Features and PrinciplesActivity: DeploymentInstructions: Working individually . . .1. Review the scenario and answer thequestion presented in the StudentManual.2. Be prepared to share your answer in 5minutes.
    40. 40. Visual 3.40ICS Features and PrinciplesSummary (1 of 2)ICS: Utilizes management features including theuse of common terminology and a modularorganizational structure. Emphasizes effective planning through theuse of management by objectives andIncident Action Plans. Supports responders by providing data theyneed through effective information andintelligence management.
    41. 41. Visual 3.41ICS Features and PrinciplesSummary (2 of 2)ICS: Utilizes the principles of chain of command,unity of command, and transfer ofcommand. Ensures full utilization of incident resourcesby maintaining a manageable span ofcontrol, establishing predesignated incidentfacilities, implementing resourcemanagement practices, and ensuringintegrated communications.

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