Promoting College Retention of Low-Income and First-Generation Students (Part 1)

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In this workshop, Bottom Line will discuss the importance of supporting students not only through the college application process, but also during college. By learning about the results of an external …

In this workshop, Bottom Line will discuss the importance of supporting students not only through the college application process, but also during college. By learning about the results of an external study and best practices from Bottom Line’s College Success model, participants will gain tips on how to best contribute to the success of low-income and first-generation college students.

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  • 1. Promoting College Retention of Low-Income and First Generation Students Greg Johnson Executive Director Bottom Line B tt Li & Kolajo Afolabi Doctoral Candidate Harvard Graduate School of EducationSuccess depends on you Get In Graduate Go Far
  • 2. Presentation Overview The Scope of the Problem Bottom Line’s Model Using Evaluation to Assess PerformanceSuccess depends on you 2 Get In Graduate Go Far
  • 3. The Vanishing Pipeline 3000 2964 2500 2000 1904 1500 1000 500 675 36% of attendees 23% of HS graduates 0 Total HS College Graduates Grads Attendees Data from “Getting to the Finish Line” study by Northeastern University, Center for Labor Market Studies of BPS Class of 2000 after 7 years.Success depends on you 3 Get In Graduate Go Far
  • 4. Graduates by Type of School 4-Year Colleges -1230 E ll d 1230 Enrolled -590 Graduated (48%) 2 Year Colleges -674 Enrolled -85 Graduated (13%)Success depends on you 4 Get In Graduate Go Far
  • 5. Why Aren’t They Graduating? Lack of Guidance upon College Entry – Poor advice throughout the application process leads to less than ideal college lists and a lousy start to college experience Academic Reasons – Many students are academically not prepared for the rigors of a college education (competitive schools and non competitive schools) non-competitive – Remedial courses are commonplace Financial Reasons – They can’t afford the school they decide to attend – They are often working full-time (or close) during the school year Personal/Emotional Reasons – Challenging lives create distractions which lead to academic and other difficultiesSuccess depends on you 5 Get In Graduate Go Far
  • 6. What is Bottom Line?Bottom Line’s mission is to build a better communitythrough higher education by helping disadvantaged g g y p g gstudents get in to college, graduate from collegeand go far in life. – Founded in 1997 – Independent from high schools and colleges – Located in Boston, MA and Worcester, MA – Launching in NYC in July 2011Success depends on you 6 Get In Graduate Go Far
  • 7. Bottom Line Programs Two programs support our mission: College Access (650 high school seniors) – Counselors provide students with one-on-one service along the entire spectrum of the college application and financial aid processes College Success (949 students) – We continue to support ~50% of the students from the high school to college transition through to graduation (based on the college they elect to attend)Success depends on you 7 Get In Graduate Go Far
  • 8. Eligibility Criteria to participate in Bottom Line: –HHave at l t least a 2 5 GPA t 2.5 AND – Come from a household with an AGI less than 200% of the Federal Poverty guidelines – Be in the first generation in your family to go to college Note: All services are free of charge gSuccess depends on you 8 Get In Graduate Go Far
  • 9. For High School SeniorsIn our College Access Program, Bottom Line provides one-on-one guidancethrough the entire application and decision process Applications Decisions Help each Support student Help with Review Build a college make the Build a one- financial aid decisions quality list of essay right on-one and and financial potential writing and choice relationship l ti hi scholarship h l hi aid award id d colleges application about where applications letters completion to attend college “When “Wh I was 14, I was sent to th United States to live with my 14 t t the U it d St t t li ith father- a man I did not know. I was 16 when I moved out on my own. I worked 50 hours per week to pay rent, buy food and help my mom and sisters in Haiti. In my junior year of high school, I found out about Bottom Line. They became a parent to me. I started to believe in myself and that I could make it to college ” college.Jerry AlciusRegis College ‘12 12 Success depends on you 9 Get In Graduate Go Far
  • 10. Bottom Line MethodDirect students to colleges with quality academic and othersupport programs in place – Bridge programs exist in many places and often are critical for early successInsist they go to affordable schools and reduce financial burdenwhere possible – Minimize/eliminate Private LoansRemain engaged and manage problems closely through one-on-one mentoring and intrusive advising – Make frequent visits create a stalking mentality visits-createSuccess depends on you 10 Get In Graduate Go Far
  • 11. College SuccessIn our College Success Program, we provide one-on-one support for up to six yearsusing our 4-tiered support model (DEAL) to give students the tools to succeed College Success When my mother passed away, I didn’t know what to do. I called Bottom Line They do Line. kept me company as I created the funeral plans. With Bottom Line’s help, I arranged (Financia Aid ability to take a leave of absence to care for my brother and sister, since our mother, our ee al) sole supporter, was gone. But, Bottom Line Degre Employa Life e made s re that this tra ma in my life onl sure trauma m only sidetracked me, but did not derail me from my goal of getting a college degree. Majory Gabriel UMass Boston ‘09 Success depends on you 11 Get In Graduate Go Far
  • 12. The Keys to College Success - DEAL DEGREE AID -Select a major that’s the right fit j g -Renew scholarship and financial aid p -Assess your credits to make sure you’re on applications track -Figure out how to pay your balance -Interpret your syllabi to succeed in each class -Troubleshoot problems with your bill -Identify and use strategies to improve y g p -Assess your debt y performance -Make good decisions about finances -Connect with tutoring, advising, and other resources EMPLOYABILITY LIFE -Find a career path that fits your interest and -Send cards and care packages during the year skills -Make monthly on-campus visits and call and -Secure summer internships and part-time jobs Secure part time email often -Write and update your resume and cover letter -Be there to listen whenever you need it -Connect with Bottom Line-specific internships -Challenge you to work hard to achieve your -Build a unique professional “brand” goals -Help you solve problems whenever we can HelpSuccess depends on you 12 Get In Graduate Go Far
  • 13. Summer Transition to College Success Kick-Off – Explanation of program benefits and get commitment to remain g g engaged Success Summer Checklist Meeting – One-on-one meetings to ensure students are ready, covering Health Care W i H lth C Waivers, H Housing F i Forms, L Loan P Promissory N t i Notes, Payment Plans, Course Registration, etc… College Training Camp – Day of activities to introduce our DEAL curriculum and discuss the challenges of life as a college student Summer Send-Off – Late summer party with all students. Includes team building by campus destinationSuccess depends on you 13 Get In Graduate Go Far
  • 14. School Year Support Calendar Semester 1 Semester 2 – First Week Visit – Early Semester Visit – Group Event on Campus – Group Event on Campus – Mid Semester Check In Mid-Semester Check-In Visit – Mid Semester Check In Mid-Semester Check-In Visit – Semester-End Check-In/Course – Financial Aid Renewal Visit Registration Visit – End of Semester Check-In/Course – Pre-Finals Phone Call Registration Visit – Job/Internship Advising Communications: – Pre-Finals Phone Call – CCare P k Package at Mid T t Mid-Term – Good Luck Card Communications: – Thanksgiving Card – Care Package at Mid-Term – Holiday Card – Happy Valentine’s Card – Birthday Card – Congratulations Card – Bi-Weekly Summer Job Bulletin Email Winter Break Summer Break – Diagnostic Assessment – Diagnostic Assessment (June) (January) – Summer Course Registration – Resume S R Supportt – Job/Internship Support – Job/Internship Advising – Financial Aid Advising/Advocacy – Go Far Forum (Career Fair) Additional visits and calls may be added based on conversations and student status ti d t d t t tSuccess depends on you 14 Get In Graduate Go Far
  • 15. Assessing Student ProgressFollowing each semester, we implement anassessment of each student using a Rubric to alertus when a student is in danger - Red: Has a problem that requires immediate attention and is in danger of not graduating - Yellow: Caution- something on the horizon that bears watching - Green: Student appears on track to graduateSuccess depends on you 15 Get In Graduate Go Far
  • 16. Degree Indicators Red Yellow Green Semester GPA 2.0 to Semester GPA 2.31 Semester GPA below 2.0 Semester 2.3 or better One or more F’s, I’s , Performance P f Two or more D’s T D’ No N more th 1 D than Two or more W’s Two or more W’s No more than 1 W Cumulative Cumulative GPA 2.0 to Cum. GPA 2.31 or Cumulative GPA below 2.0 Performance 2.3 better egree e Not likely on track to y Definitely on track to y Not on track to graduate in Progress toward graduate in expected graduate in expected time frame Degree time frame (8,10,12 expected time frame (8,10,12 semesters) semesters) (8,10,12 semesters) Mediocre fit, may notDe Not a fit, not in desired major j Good fit, can handle be able to handle yet, or not handling academic academic Major Fit academic requirements of requirements of this requirements, major, will not graduate in should graduate in major, may not this major this major graduate in this major Course registration Course Has not registered for Course registration is all set, registered Registration courses for Spring semester needs improvement for right classesSuccess depends on you 16 Get In Graduate Go Far
  • 17. Employability Indicators Red Yellow Green Only one “quality” work 2+ “quality” work experience (3 months experiences (3 months Work Experience No job ever duration, 15+ hrs per duration, 15+ hrs per week) week) bility Has several Has one extracurricular Has no extracurricular extracurricular Extracurricular experience, volunteer experience, volunteer experiences, volunteer Experience experience, leadership experience, leadership experiences, leadership (after high school) experience (level of p experience experiences (level of p ( Employab involvement i relevant) i l t is l t) involvement is relevant) Very Rough – needs Slightly rough – needs work in all of the some work in one or Polished - confident, following areas: some of following positive attitude, good Personal Brand confidence, attitude, areas: confidence, people skills, good people skills, skills attitude, attitude people skills, skills communicator communication skills communication skills Not Resourceful. Not Tries to be resourceful Resourceful - able to find responsive to BL help, but isn’t always jobs/opportunities Resourcefulness doesn’t seek other help, successful. Open to independently. Takes hard for him/her to get a help, but doesn’t always advantage of BL help and E job. job get good results results. school career services Doesn’t have a plan or Has a plan which may Has plan which will has a plan that Future Plans not lead to positive definitely lead to positive definitely won’t lead to a result. result. positive resultSuccess depends on you 17 Get In Graduate Go Far
  • 18. Aid Indicators Red Yellow Green Balance due for Balance due, Current Spring 2010 on Balance will be student should Semester Bill account, student paid on time, be all set figuring Aid d Status having trouble or no balance out how to pay it, paying it needs follow up Financial Aid Financial Aid applications Unsure of status applications Financial Aid (FAFSA, (FAFSA other of Financial Aid (FAFSA, (FAFSA other Application required forms) applications required forms) Status are incomplete are completeSuccess depends on you 18 Get In Graduate Go Far
  • 19. Life Indicators Red Yellow Green Sort of stable, Not stable, ongoing and i d Stable, St bl no significant and Stability likely immediate immediate manageable issues issues issues Poor coping p g skills & Mediocre coping Good coping Life strategies, needs skills, needs skills, able to Coping Skills a lot of attention some attention & deal with and assistance assistance with problems as L with problem problem solving they arise solving Mediocre fit with Poor fit with Good fit with college culture college culture— college culture, College leads to periods very unhappy unhappy, generally Fit of unhappiness, negatively happy at usually affecting life school manageableSuccess depends on you 19 Get In Graduate Go Far
  • 20. Reasons for Evaluation12 years of practical experience and 18 months ofcodificationNot enough money or patience for a 6 year, double-blind rigorous evaluationThe evolution of our program model created aninteresting and worthy co pa so g oup o Access te est g a d o t y comparison group of ccessOnly and Success Program studentsSuccess depends on you 20 Get In Graduate Go Far