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  • 1. Formatted: Left: 3 cm, Right: 3 cm, Top: 3 cm, Bottom: 3 cm, Header distance from edge: 1.25 cm, Footer distance from edge: 1.25 cm Save the Essay Academic Angels Project Manager – Natasha Jonnud Research – Kerry SnodePresentation & Design – Claire Boyle and Bronte Allen Formatted: Left 1
  • 2. Using two examples from the genre of horror examine what a Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 13 pt, Bold‘classic horror’ film is.The horror genre is one of the most popular genres in film and, we may say, Comment [bma1]: Doesn‟t specify that horror is a genre of film Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 ptthat it has started to develop practically almost immediately with the Formatted: Justified, Line spacing: Doubledevelopment of show business and a the free access of wide audiences to Formatted: Font: 12 pt Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 ptcinemas and television. We can find a lot of causes of the popularity of this Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 ptgenre, but it is still not so easy to explain its phenomenon, - namely why it isso attractive for people despite all its unreality. However, it would be a greatmistake to say that horror movies are plain or even primitive,. Naturally Comment [cb2]: Used a conjunction to link these two sentences togetherhaving said this though, there are naturally some movies which are really so Formatted: Font: 12 pt Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 ptgreatly stereotyped, unbearably plain, and absolutely thoughtless. But in my Comment [T3]: Removal of opinion/first person.opinion perhaps, it is simply exclusion or films that were created by Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 ptspecialists who are far from real moviemaking and they can create nothing Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 ptbut films of low quality regardless of its genre. Also, I‟d say that, as any other Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12branch of art cinema, it has its genius as well as and but yet its mediocre pt, Italic Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 ptmajority because good films may can be created only by a good crew and Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Italicthe genre is not so important regardless of the genre. Among such this rare Comment [K4]: The Titles of the films have been changed to italics as this is the right way according to the Harvardgenius of cinema, I would name the crews that worked on are two horror Referencing System Formatted: Font: 12 ptfilms: of horror genre,; they are “Invasion of Body Snatchers” and “The Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 ptThing”. I would credit the said crew,s not because I do not want to agree with Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 ptthose who believe that Donald Siegel and John Carpenter were outstanding Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 ptdirectors -, on the contrary, I am glad that people who worked on these two Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Italic Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 ptfilms were led by such well-qualified professionals. So, we may say It can be Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Italicsaid that “Invasion of the Body Snatchers” and “The Thing” are classics of Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt 2
  • 3. the horror genre and the best ones,. bBut what I would like to analyzeanalyse is the reason why they are treated as such and in which ways they Comment [cb5]: Changed the spelling from American English to British Englishare similar or and different from each other. Formatted: Font: 12 pt Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 ptFirst of all, it is necessary to say make the point that that these two films Formatted: Line spacing: Doublewere created at different times. “Invasion of the Body Snatchers” was Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Italiccreated in the middle 1950s, more precisely in 1956 whereas “The Thing” Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt Comment [cb6]: Changed thewas created in 1982. It seemsSome might say that such a large time pronoun of „we‟ to make the essay have a more academic style of writing Formatted: Font: 12 ptdifference should make the films completely different but, strangely enough, Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 ptthey have a lot of common aspects.; Tthat is why at the beginning I would I Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt Comment [bma7]: Changed some wording to make the sentence flowwould first like to dwell upon the similarities of both films. First of all, we may better Formatted: Font: 12 ptsayit may be interpreted that, to a certain extent, the themes is close of the Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12two films are closely related. Both films focus on the problem of the invasion pt, Italic Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 ptof human or just alive bodies by some aliens who that tends to control the Formatted: Indent: Left: 1.27 cm, Line spacing: Doublehosts‟ personality, actions and judgementjudgments. personality, the hosts Comment [K8]: Any quote that is over 40 words must be indented into the text separated by line spacing and not haveactions judgments, etc. In the case of “Invasion of the Body Snatchers”, we quotation marks Formatted: Font: 12 ptdeal with creatures that, “ Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt Comment [bma9]: Changed the word „thing‟ as it is not specific enough [have]s to wait for the perfect moment when the target is asleep), and Formatted: Line spacing: Double Formatted: Font: 12 pt spend the next few hours consuming and taking on that form. If the Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt Comment [bma10]: „do it‟ like „thing‟ host wake up when the process is not complete, the whole procedure is also not specific enough to tell the reader what is happening is a failure” (LeGacey, 1978,:p.288). Formatted: Font: 12 pt Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt Comment [K11]: Single quotationOn the other hand, in “The Thing”, the alien thing needs just a few minutes to marks should be used on quotes under 40 words and included in the text. This is the correct referencing according tocontrol its victim do it because „“it can assimilate the host while it‟s still the Harvard System, all referencing should use the same system Formatted: Font: 12 ptconscious, against the host‟s will‟” (Landon, 1993,:p.39). Probably, such Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt 3
  • 4. changes are caused by the changes of time or epoch. It is obvious that therhythm of life in the 1980s was much faster than in the 1950s,; certainly itfound its expression in the perception of the idea of possible alien assault orattempts to invade human minds.By the way, As well as this, I think that both films express represent the trend Comment [bma12]: Too conversational Formatted: Font: 12 ptthat took place in the their own societiesy when the idea of total control of a Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pthuman mind became more and more widely spread. It means thatsymbolically by aliens with the symbolic use of the aliens, the creators of thefilms tried to imply those powers that either political or economical powers, bythat by using different means, was aimed at the total control of publicconsciousness through the invasion of the mind of a separate individual. This Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 ptidea is feasible It was quite actual if we take into account if we take intoconsideration the time when both films were released., When the film“Invasion of the Body Snatchers” was released in 19562, it was during the Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Italicearly part of the year of the beginning of tThe cCold wWar when the tension Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 ptbetween the well-developed democratic world and the communistic SovietUnion grew and the governments of many countries, including the mostdemocratic, had started to struggle for the control of public opinion and eveneach particular individual. At the same time Similarly, in 1982 when “The Comment [K13]: The cold war actually began at the end of the 1940‟s but lasted for many years until the earlyThing” was released, it was it was a period when the cold war achieved its 1990‟s, the film would of been released during the time of the Cold War.apologe and the world was on the eve of the President Ronald Reagan‟s Formatted: Font: 12 pt Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 ptdeclaration of the war on the „empire of evil‟, a when the situation was very Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Italicthat resembling resembled to that of the early 1950s. Furthermore, during Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 ptthese times, the degree of surveillance grew and specialists began to speak 4
  • 5. spoke about the total control of certain organizations organisations over Comment [cb14]: Changed the spelling from American English to British Englishpeople. In such a situations, the people transformed into pods in the horror Formatted: Font: 12 pt Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 ptfilms, possibly serving as I‟ve just named look like a prophecy or and a Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 ptwarning against such dangerous practices.One more thing On the contrary, something that makes “Invasion of the Body Comment [cb15]: Changed this to a conjunction so make it clear the essay will now be taken into a differentSnatchers” and “The Thing” quite different is the degree of the combination direction Formatted: Font: 12 ptof reality and unreality. as I would call it. In my opinion, at this point I would Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12consider “The Thing” ias much more radical thing in the sense that the film is pt, Italic Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 ptfull of fantastic elements and the state of paranoia overwhelms the audience Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Italicand keeps them people in such a state during the whole film. On the other Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12hand, in “Invasion of the Body Snatchers” it is quite difficult to distinguish pt, Italic Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 ptwhether what we see is real or not unreal. Personally, when I watched both Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12films I had a permanent doubt about in the mental health of the its main pt, Italic Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 ptcharacters; it was quite difficult to say whether it the happenings was Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 ptsomething were really unusual, extraordinary things that happened to normal Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 ptpeople in the a city or whether it was simply a simple hallucination, illusion, or Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 ptjust a nightmare. and oOnly at the end does it becomes clear that the whole Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 ptcity was really transformed into pods people,. Wwhereas in “The Thiang” it is Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Italicevident practically from the very beginning.; Eeveryone realizes realises that Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt Comment [cb16]: Changed the spelling from American English tothe characters act in an unreal situation and they really confront some aliens British English Formatted: Font: 12 ptthat intend to control their bodies and their minds. Probably, Tthe cause of Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 ptsuch a difference probably lies in the history of the origin of the films., Ffor Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 ptwe know that “Invasion of the Body SnatchersSatchers” was significantly Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Italic Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt 5
  • 6. influenced by precedingoceeding films noir that tended to externalised the Comment [T17]: Preceding instead o proceedingmoral conflict of the detective story. Such films inhabit, “ Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt shadow worlds and hover without resolve between the supernatural Formatted: Indent: Left: 1.27 cm, Line spacing: Double and mundane rationalism. In the same sense “Invasion of the Body Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Italic Snatchers” and the other alien takeover films… psychologically Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt externalised the central conflict of the alien invader film – they were less films about aliens than they were about alienation”1 (Biskindg, Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt 1983, PPp.139). Comment [K18]: The correct way to write page is p. For one page or pp. For more than one page Formatted: Font: 12 ptHowever, the director tries to keep us in suspense for a while and inrushes Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 ptthe film with rationalism and realism. but wWhen the nightmare becomes the Formatted: Line spacing: Double Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 ptreality he widely uses film noir techniques such as shots down tight corridors, Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 ptsilhouettes running against streetlights, close ups on sweaty faces, and tiltedangles. Having said this Tthough, he does not forget about classical horrorfilms scenes techniques such as, “ shots up from under the plank under which McCarthy and Winter hide, Formatted: Indent: Left: 1.27 cm, Line spacing: Double with the pod people crossing calmly assuring them there is nothing to fear, the wide-angled shots out of the office window down onto the public square, which becomes inexplicably frightening the moment all visitors are cleared and the bustle of everyday chaos suddenly turns Comment [K19]: According to the into something ordered and people start organizing the pods to be Harvard Referencing system you can used colons or commas I chose to use colons on all of the references to be distributed about the country” (Biaskind, 1983,:p.141). consistant Formatted: Font: 12 pt Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt Formatted: Font: 12 pt1 Peter Biskindg 1983 PP.139 Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt 6
  • 7. Whereas in “The Thing” its creators used the experience of past works in the Formatted: Line spacing: Double Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12field of horror films genre. and Consequently , I would say this film is „purer‟ pt, Italic Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pthorror in the sense that the psychological tension here is weakened by acertain simplification due to which where we should not guess whether it is akind of the psychological problems of the characters or a paranormal Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 ptphenomenon, for the latter is quite obvious. Also I want to add that Inaddition, “The Thing” is much richer in special effects, particularly when we Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Italicsee victims of aliens who “‟transform into twisted versions of themselves, Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 ptcomplete with claws, spider-like limbs, teeth and lots of flailing tentacles‟”(Landon, 1993,:p.36). And again I again think that this is the result of time Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 ptchangeswhen the film was made because in the 1980s ,due to thedevelopment of computer technologies and more sophisticated technicalequipment, impressive special effects became an essential part of any goodhorror film. pretending to be interesting and popular. Whereas, in the 1950s,not only were technical opportunities were not so good, but the tradition offilm shooting was a bit different.; Mmore attention was usually given to thepsychological side and could only be enforced by special effects - whichwere not very „special‟ though in comparison to with the 1980s effects. Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt Formatted: Justified, Line spacing:As for some more similarities Another similarity of both “Invasion of Double Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Italicthe Body Snatchers” and “The Thing”, we may find is not only Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pttheme and probably the idea of the film but also the atmosphere of Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Italic Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 ptthe films. Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Italic Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt 7
  • 8. As I have already said, these films deals with the alien intrusion into humanlife, into human body, mind and consciousness. These films also may serveas a warning about the dangers of such a situation, of a the total control of Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pthuman consciousness when people become pods but not instead of thinking Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 ptbeings.It This is reinforced by the reigning atmosphere of tension, even and Formatted: Justified, Right: 0.53 cm, Line spacing: Doubleparanoia that makes us forget about the unreality of the events and throwsus deep into the action. making it It is obvious that the creators of these filmshad similar aims. Comment [cb20]: All of these paragraphs should be one, as they are all discussing the same point Formatted: Font: 12 ptFinally, I would like to comment on the similarity in ofadd a few words about Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt Formatted: Justified, Line spacing:the way nature of alien invasion within these films. Even though the form of Double Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 ptinvasion Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt Comment [cb21]: Added an extra piece of information into the paragraphIt may be a bit different - with the aliens in „Invasion of the Body Snatchers’ to give extra information on the point that had been made, rewording something that something that was in aonly being able to slowly attack men while they are asleep, where as the separate paragraph later on Formatted: Font: 12 ptaliens in „The Thing‟ act rapidly at any time without the need of human will - Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 ptby its form but the principle of such an invasion remains similar. Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Italic Comment [bma22]: These areWhat I mean is the fact that certainly aliens Aliens in “Invasion of the Body wasted words, they need to get to the pointSnatchers” and “The Thing” act differently, I have already mentioned that the Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt Formatted: Justified, Right: 0.53 cm, Line spacing: Doublelatter act rapidly without human will and they can act in any time while the Formatted: Font: 12 ptformer are quite long reacted beings, they cannot attack men, only if they are Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Italicnot asleep. Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Italic Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt 8
  • 9. But wWe see that there is one common principle: aliens in these this films Formatted: Justified, Line spacing: Doubleattack from inside, I mean meaning they want to invade human bodies and Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 ptminds but not their land, or property,: they do not threat directly to have nointerest in their physical wealth. It seems that the human inner world is muchmore important for them than anything else; because they try being able tocontrol human‟s memoriesy, and consequently our their feelings, emotions,our state of mind, perception of the world, our their present and our their Comment [K23]: See footnote for commentpast. Moreover, they “‟have access to the being‟s memories, allowing them to Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 ptblend in almost perfectly without being detected by future target hosts who Formatted: Font: 12 pt Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 ptmay know the person who has now been Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Italic Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 ptreplaced by these horrible alien creatures‟”2 (Gregory, 1972). Thus, we see Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Italicthat unlike many other films about alien invasion “Invasion of the Body Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt Comment [T24]: American spellingSnatchers” and “The Thing” pay much more attention to the inner world of changed Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 ptpeople, implying the spiritual emptiness that threatens to the people of the Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt20th century. because inIn my opinion the aliens symbolizse all theose Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 ptcomplicated processes that took place in our society in the 20th century, and Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt Comment [cb25]: All of thesethese processes and that still continues to exist, and that leading to the moral paragraphs should be one, as they are all discussing the same pointdegradation of people to their transformation into pods. Formatted: Font: 12 pt Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12Taking into account everything all above mentioned, I can come to the pt, Italic Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 ptconclusion conclude that “Invasion of the Body Snatchers” and “The Thing” Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Italicare real masterpieces of the horror genre. and we We have perceive them Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt Comment [cb26]: Changed thenot only in the proper sense but we should also realizerealise what the spelling from American English to British English Formatted: Font: 12 pt2 Gregory, Charles. “The Pod Society Versus the Rugged Individualists.” The Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 ptJournal of Popular Film 1. Winter 1972. Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt 9
  • 10. creators of these films implied metaphorically. In my paper I have named alot of things that are both either similar or and different in these films, butwhat is the most important factor is the fact that they both were, and remain,extremely popular; and the a film that would be better than superior to them Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 ptcan be hardly imagined. One of the evidences Evidence of for my this ideais the fact that there are numerous remakes of these films that, in its turn,tells us about the actuality of the plot, themes and ideas conveyed with thehelp of “Invasion of the Body Snatchers” and “The Thing”. Thus, I can say Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Italicthat both films should be regarded as classics of horror genre and their Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Italictraditions should be continued but not blindly copied. that This would lead to Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 ptthe development and prosperous future of this genre. Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt Comment [K27]: According to the Harvard referencing system it is not necessary for footnotes if you reference the text after the quote, however this quote didn‟t have a page number therefore it should have a footnote Comment [K28]: Page numbers added central to the page 10
  • 11. Comment [K29]: Bibliography Page should be on a separate page from the actual essay Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt Formatted: Font: 12 pt Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt Comment [K30]: Surname of AuthorReference:Bibliography was spelt wrong Formatted: Font: 12 pt Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 ptBiskind, Peter. (1983) “The Mind Managers: Invasion of the Body Snatchers Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12and the Paranoid Style in American Movies.” Iin: Seeing Is Believing: How pt, No underlineHollyiwood Taught US to Stop Worrying and Love Movies. New York: Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 ptPantheon, 1983. Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Italic Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 ptBiskind, Peter. (1983) “TThe Russians Are Coming, Aren‟t They? Them! The Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12Thing, and the Extremists from Beyond the Center.” Iin: Seeing Is Believing: pt, No underlineHow Hollyiwood Taught US to Stop Worrying and Love Movies. New York: Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 ptPantheon Pantheon; NY:, 1983. Comment [K31]: The correct way to reference a book according to the Harvard System Formatted: Font: 12 ptGregory, Charles. (1972) “The Pod Society Versus the Rugged Individualists.” The Journal of Popular Film and Television. Winter, (1). Taylor & Francis, Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 ptInc: Philadelphia Winter 1972. Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Italic Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 ptLandon, Brooks. (1993) „The Thing in All Its Guises: Reconsidering a Comment [K32]: This is the correct way to layout a reference that is from aScience Fiction Classic.‟ Chapter 2 of The Aesthetic of Ambivalence: Journal (article) according to theRethinking the Science Fiction Film in the Age of Electronic (Re)production. Harvard system(2) Westport: CT: Greenwood Press Westport, CT:, 1993. Formatted: Font: 12 pt Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12LeGacy, Arthur. (1978) “Invasion of the Body Snatchers: A Metaphor for the pt, ItalicFifties.” Literature/Film Quarterly (6.2) Maryland: Sailsbury University Press, Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt1978. Comment [K33]: This is also an article this is now correct Formatted: Font: 12 pt Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Italic Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt 11