GROUP DYNAMICS -The social process by which people interact face-to-face in groups is called group dynamics.- Group dynamics involves the influence of personality, power, and behaviour on the group process.- It helps groups to work effectively.
Types of Groups Formal groups- structured to pursue a specific task. Informal groups- who emerge naturally in response to organizational or member interests.
Advantages of small groups– Interact more with each other and easier to coordinate their efforts– More motivated, satisfied, and committed– Easier to share informationDisadvantages of small groups- Less effective- Less no. of ideas
Advantages of large groups– More resources at their disposal to achieve group goals.– Enables managers to obtain division of labor advantages .Disadvantages of large groups– Problem of communication and coordination– Conflict
Stages of Group Development Forming – Group members get to know each other and reach common goals. Storming – Group members disagree on direction and leadership. Norming – Close ties and consensus begin to develop between group members.
Stages of Group Development Performing – The group begins to do its real work. Adjourning - These may include parties or ceremonies that exhibit emotional support or celebration of their success.
Group Norms– Shared guidelines or rules for behavior that most group members follow.Group Cohesiveness- The degree to which members are attracted to their group.
Managing Groups and Teams for High Performance Social loafing – The human tendency to put forth less effort in a group than individually. – Results in possibly lower group performance and failure to attain group goals