NITA-U Presentation at 1st National Communication conference 5-9-2011
1st NATIONAL CONFERENCE ON COMMUNICATIONSOvercoming Challenges to Uganda’s Communications SectorGovernment Plans to Support High Speed Internet AccessJames SaAka: EXECUTIVE DIRECTORNATIONAL INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY AUTHORITY, UGANDA <br />
Outline of the presentation<br />ICT/IT and the National Development Agenda<br />Policy, Institutional and Regulatory Reforms<br />Initiatives for developing the National ICT Infrastructure<br />The case for the National Backbone Infrastructure/e-government infrastructure Project<br />Other initiatives to promote and support high speed internet access <br />Challenges,<br />Opportunities, Prospects and Way forward<br />8/12/2011<br />
ICT and the National DEVELOPMENT AGENDA<br />Having identified inadequate stock and quality of physical infrastructure as a key binding constraint to national development - the Government of Uganda has prioritized ICT as a strategy and tool for ensuring faster transformation of the country from a peasant to prosperous knowledge based economy.<br />Enhancing the use and application of ICT services in business and service delivery is a core strategy for both the NDP and the NRM manifesto. <br />Promotion of science, technology, innovation, and Information and Communications Technologies (ICT) is one of the eight objectives of the NDP.<br />The NDP and NRM manifesto do recognize ICTs as critical enabling factor for the conducive functioning of the rest of the economy as well as facilitating efficient public service delivery.<br />Besides, the classification of sectors depending on their contribution to development under the NDP also puts the ICT sector among the primary growth drivers.<br />8/9/2011<br />
Policy, INSTITUTIONAL & REGULATORY Reforms<br />Since the 1990s, the government has implemented a number of policy, institutional and regulatory reforms in the ICT with the aim of promoting faster development of ICT infrastructure; greater access to affordable communications, broadcasting and IT services; high speed internet access and e-government.<br />The reforms included:<br />Liberalisation of the communications and broadcasting industry (allowing competition in the sector)<br />Privatization and divestiture<br />8/9/2011<br />
Policy, INSTITUTIONAL & REGULATORY Reforms<br />Creation of independent regulators and standard agencies i.e.<br />UCC)/BC for Communications and Broadcasting, <br /> NITA U for IT <br />POSTA Uganda for postal and Courier services <br />UIICT for telecommunication capacity building<br />In 2006 all issues relating to ICT were put under a single policy framework, the Ministry of Information and Communication Technology (MoICT) with full political leadership and technical departments.<br />8/9/2011<br />
INITIATIVES FOR DEVELOPING THE NATIONAL ICT INFRASTRUCTURE<br />In general, the reforms in the ICT sector have contributed enormously towards the development of the National ICT infrastructure especially in communications and broadcasting subsectors. <br />In regard to IT subsector, the government has taken more proactive steps to develop the infrastructure through development of the National Backbone Infrastructure/E-Government Infrastructure (NBI/EGI) project.<br />The rest of the presentation will focus on the NBI/EGI project outlining the past achievements, on-going initiatives and future plans of Government in relation to supporting high speed internet access across government and promotion of e-government.<br />8/9/2011<br />
NITA U ESTABLISHMENT <br />The National Information Technology Authority Uganda (NITA-U) was established by an Act of Parliament (National Information Technology Authority, Uganda Act of 2009). <br />The statutory mandate of NITA-U is to; <br />Coordinate, promote and monitor Information Technology (IT) developments in Ugandawithin the context of National Social and Economic development<br />The Vision of NITA-U: <br /> A facilitator of a knowledge-based, globally competitive<br />Uganda where social transformation and economic <br /> development is supported through Information<br /> Technology enabled service.<br />8/9/2011<br />
NITA U ESTABLISHMENT CONT<br />NITA U Key objectives include :<br />To provide high quality Information Technology Services to Government;<br />To Promote standardization in the planning, acquisition, implementation, delivery ,support and maintenance of information Technology equipment and services, to ensure uniformity in quality, adequacy and reliability of Information Technology usage in Government and throughout Uganda;<br />To promote cooperation, coordination and rationalization among users and providers of Information Technology at National and Local level so as to avoid duplication of efforts and ensure optimal utilization of scarce resources; and<br />To promote and be the focal point of co-operation for Information Technology users and providers at regional and International levels;<br />To provide access to and utilization of Information Technology by the special interest groups.<br />. <br />8/9/2011<br />
NITA U ESTABLISHMENT CONT<br />NITA U key functions include <br />To provide first-level Technical support and advice for critical Government IT Systems including managing the utilization of the resources and infrastructure for centralized Data Center facilities for large systems <br />To identify and advise Government on all matters of Information Technology Development, utilization and deployment including systems development, Information Technology Security, training and support <br />To co-ordinate, supervise and monitor the utilization of the Information Technology in the public and private sectors;<br />. <br />8/9/2011<br />
NITA U ESTABLISHMENT CONT<br />NITA U key functions include <br />To regulate and enforce standards for Information Technology hardware and software equipment procurement in all Government Ministries, Departments, agencies and parastatals;<br />To create and manage the national databank, its inputs and outputs<br />To set, monitor, and regulate standards for information Technology planning, acquisition, implementation, delivery, support, organization, sustenance, disposal, risks management, data protection, security and contingency planning;<br />To regulate the electronic signature infrastructure and other related matters as used in the electronic transactions in Uganda;<br />To promote and provide technical guidance for the establishment of e-Government, e-Commerce and other e-Transactions in Uganda;<br />. <br />8/9/2011<br />
NITA U ESTABLISHMENT CONT<br />NITA U key functions include <br />To provide for information management services through acting as records management facility and information repository;<br />To provide guidance in information technology audit services to Government;<br />To provide guidance on the establishment of an infrastructure for information sharing by Government and related stakeholders;<br />Note : The detailed objects and functions of the Authority are respectively spelt out in section 4 and 5 of the NITA-U Act<br />. <br />8/9/2011<br />
BACKGROUND - THE NBI/EGI PROJECT<br />The GoU, through NITA-U is implementing the National Data Transmission Backbone Infrastructure and e-Government Infrastructure Project (NBI/EGI) whose major aims are to connect all major towns within the country onto an Optical Fibre Cable based Network and to connect Ministries and Government Departments onto the e-Government Network to deliver high speed internet/broadband <br />The NBI/EGI is composed of two components, the National Data Transmission Infrastructure (NBI) and the e-Government Infrastructure (EGI). Phases I and II have been completed and consist of the following:<br />Laying of 1536.39Km of Optical Fibre Cable across the country to build the National Data Transmission Backbone;<br />Linking Uganda to neighbouring countries – Kenya (Malaba & Busia, Southern Sudan (Elegu);<br />Connecting the towns of Kampala, Entebbe, Bombo, Mukono, Jinja, Busia, Tororo, Malaba, Kumi, Mbale, Soroti, Lira, Gulu, Masindi, Nakasongola, Luwero, Mbarara, Kasese, Fort Portal and Kyenjojo.<br />8/9/2011<br />
BACKGROUND - THE NBI/EGI PROJECT<br />The EGI component is intended to connect all Ministries and Government Departments into an e-Government Network to provide services such as internet, videoconferencing, data and voice communication. The EGI consists of the following:<br />Installation of the Primary Data Centre for the Government at Statistics House has been completed with messaging and collaboration software installed that will be piloted in State House, Ministry of ICT and NITA – U. Extension to other MDAs will follow the rollout of the pilot sites;<br />Connection of 27 Ministries and some Departments through the laying of Optical Fibre Cable onto the e-Government Network;<br />Deployment of services such as videoconferencing, Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP), Data exchange and internet access over the e-Government Infrastructure.<br />8/9/2011<br />
Benefits of the NBI/EGI PROJECT<br />Seamless and secure communication for Government institutions.<br />High speed data and Internet connectivity throughout the country to all major towns and District headquarters to enable the provision of eGovernment Services such as eHealth, online Education, eTax, Integrated Financial Management System (IFMS) to all districts and towns.<br />Provision of connectivity to targeted user groups (Schools, Institutions of Higher Learning and Hospitals, Research institutions etc) to enable them access high speed internet bandwidth at reduced costs <br />High speed internet bandwidth to the Business Process Outsourcing (BPO) Centres across the country to provide jobs to the unemployed youth and generate revenue for Government.<br />Finally, the extra capacity that will be utilized to generate revenue for GoUthrough the commercialization of the Infrastructure. This will ensure that Government will be able to repay the concessional loan utilized for Phases I, II and III and fund the expansion of subsequent phases. <br />8/9/2011<br />
STATUS OF ACTIVITIES FOR THE NBI<br />Conducting Forensic and Security audit of the NBI<br />Commercialization of phase I & II of the NBI<br />Implementing Phase III of the NBI<br />Implement Masaka- Mutukula OFC connection as an alternative route to the sea cables<br />Bulk purchase of broadband for MDAs & LG<br />Extending fibre and last mile solutions to critical sites that will drive accelerated value creation: District Head offices, Hospitals (District and Referral) Police (posts, prioritized stations and barracks)<br />Establishment of a National databank to enable e-Government Services<br />Design of Phase 4 to cover especially Northern Uganda <br />8/9/2011<br />
Other initiatives to promote and support high speed internet access <br />Provision of conducive legal and regulatory environment - a set of regulations to promote e-government have already been enacted these include;<br />e-transactions, <br />e-signature and <br />computer misuse act among others.<br />Promoting secure access for online transactions through the implementation of Public Key Infrastructure (PKI)<br />Promoting community-based information systems through the District Business Information Centres (DBICS) and Internet Point of Presence (POPs). <br />8/9/2011<br />
Other initiatives to promote and support high speed internet access <br />Establishment of National IT Standards & Regulatory Framework and Systems<br />Conducting of the e-readiness survey – this survey aims at:<br /><ul><li>Establishing the current status and capacity of e-government infrastructure and facilities.
Establish the National IT standards and regulatory framework
Establish framework for management of IT Programmes </li></ul>1. Each MDA /LG<br /> use their own IT <br /> infrastructure<br />2. Isolated IT <br />systems in MDAs<br /> & LGs<br />3. No interoperability<br /> between IT <br /> systems<br />4. High maintenance<br />costs<br /><ul><li>Operationalise NBI Phase 1 & 2
Develop national data centre & shared services for MDAs/LG
Implement Masaka - Mutukula</li></ul>KNOW WHERE WE ARE<br />PLAN OUR STEPS<br />MEASURE OUR PROGRESS<br />KNOW WHERE WE WANT TO GET TO<br />
CHALLENGES AND MITIGATION MEASURES <br />Inadequate resources – competing national needs and priorities<br />Resistance to change from manual to electronic enabled systems<br />Rapid changes in technology <br />Underdeveloped complementary infrastructure such as Energy, constrain expansion and roll out of IT <br />8/9/2011<br />
Opportunities, Prospects and Way forward<br /><ul><li>There is enormous goodwill of stakeholders coupled with growing recognition of the role IT can play in social and economic development
Uganda exhibits a growing cadre of IT professionals including zealous and explorative youths
Global and regional IT/ICT initiatives such as ITU/NEPAD Infrastructure programmeeg. EASSy(Submarine cable project).
E-government/IT support services and applications – e-banking, e-taxation, e-learning etc.
Prospects for PPP (commercialization of the NBI, possibility of hosting a Government portal etc) which will address the challenge of underfunding
Prioritisation of IT in the national development agenda (NDP, NRM Manifesto etc) cannot be overemphasised.</li></ul>8/9/2011<br />
END <br />THANK YOU FOR YOUR KIND ATTENTION<br />FOR GOD AND MY COUNTRY<br />8/12/2011<br />
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