Dante AlighieriDescription:• Dante Alighieri was born in Italy in 1265 and died in 1321. He was a poet, prose writer, literary theorist, moral philosopher, and political thinker. He is best known for his poem “Inferno”.Significants:• He wrote the poem Inferno and gave people a idea of what hell and heaven is like.• People started to pay money to the pope to stop them from going to hell after their death.• His description of hell and heaven became power used by the Catholic Church to have more economical, moral and political power. People developed a sense of fear about hell.
Johannes Gutenberg’s Printing PressDescription:• Johannes Gutenberg was born in Germany in 1398 and died in 1468. He was a Jewish blacksmith, goldsmith, printer and a publisher. He is best known for his creation , the printing press.Significants :• He made the printing press in 1440.• With his printing press people didn’t have to publish books with hand. Which made more copies of the book and poor people could even get it.• Priests use to write the bible by hand but writing but with the printing press many copies of the bible were made and many people could obtain it.
ChristopherDescription: Columbus (1451-1506)• Christopher Columbus was born in Italy in 1451 and died in 1506. He was a discoverer.Significant:• He discovered America and brought back corn, potatoes, tobacco leaves , pumpkin, strawberry, tomatoes, papaya and chilly.• Because of him other countries followed him and started to explore the world. It was the age of discovery.
Leonardo Da VinciDescription:• Leonardo Da Vinci was born in Italy in 1452 and died in 1519. He was a painter, sculptor, architect, musician, scientist, mathematician, engineer, inventor, anatomist, geo logist, cartographer, botanist and writer. He was a genius and his most famous creation was the tank and Mona Lisa.Significants:• He designed machines that no one could imagine in his time. The material in that time couldn’t make the things he designed.• His tank that he designed changed the way of fighting in war.
Galileo GalileiDescription:• Galileo Galilei was born in Italy in 1564 and died in 1564. He was a physicist, mathematician, astronome r, and philosopher who played a major role in the Scientific Revolution.Significants:• Galileo found out that the earth orbits the sun with his telescope.• His telescope and the lows of motion changed the way people viewed the universe.
Niccolò MachiavelliDescription:• Niccolò Machiavelli was born in Italy 1469 and died in 1527. He was historian, philosopher, humanist, and writer based in Florence during the Renaissance. He is remembered as the write of “The Prince”.Significant:• He wrote the book “The Prince” and tried to give out ideas how to be a good leader.• His book inspired people in a bad way. People used his book for evil in his time. Adolf Hitler was one of the people who read the book and became a leader.
Martin LutherDescription:• Martin Luther was born in Germany in 1483 and died 1519. He was a monk and believed in the Catholic way more than anyone else. But he had questions to the church so he nailed the “(95 theses) on the church door.Significants:• He initiated the Protestant Reformation. He also wrote the “95 theses” and nailed it on the church door in Wittenberg.• He influenced the shape of Protestant Christianity more than any other person.
Francis XavierDescription:• Francis Xavier was born in Spain in 1506 and died in 1546. He was a monk that spread Catholic to the India, Japan, Borneo and other places.Significants:• He and other monks came to Japan to spread Catholic to Japan.• He came to Japan to spread religion causing other countries to come to Japan. Because of this Europeans and Japanese started to trade.
Oda NobunagaDescription:• Oda Nobunga was born in Japan in 1534 and died in 1582. He was the first samurai to rule Japan.Significant:• He let Francis Xavier spread Catholic in Japan. Also Samurai used to fight only with swords but Oda Nobunaga saw the Europeans holding a matchlock. He made copies and made soldiers use it.• Catholic was spread all around Japan and approximately 30 thousand people believed in Catholic in the 1600s. With the matchlock we have learned new tactics to win in wars.
Toyotomi HideyoshiDescription:• Toyotomi Hideyoshi was born in Japan in 1547 and died in 1598. He was the second person to rule Japan.Significant:• He conducted surveys of farmland to better a certain how much rice should be collected in taxes. He also banned the positions of weapons by farmers. Carrying out raids with the aim of confiscating swords.• He clearly divided social status of samurai and farmers, by their jobs. Which led to social system of modern society. This system made society more stable.