STAINED GLASS TO  CANCER TREATMENT? Nanotechnology : then and now!
SIMILAR….YET  VERY  DIFFERENT Depiction of a forest glass shop from  Sir John Mandeville's Travels , dated 1420 – 1450. Br...
SIMILAR….YET  VERY  DIFFERENT Both show NANOTECHNOLOGISTS!! Depiction of a forest glass shop from  Sir John Mandeville's T...
WHAT IS NANOTECHNOLOGY? Nanotechnology  is the understanding and control of matter at dimensions of roughly 1 to 100 nanom...
WHAT IS NANOTECHNOLOGY? … How small is  extremely  small? <ul><li>The nanometer is  extremely  small.  </li></ul><ul><li>A...
EXACTLY  HOW  SMALL IS NANO? meter 1/100 th  of a meter (centimeter) 1/1000 th  of a meter (millimeter) All these are stil...
… ..SMALLER THAN YOU CAN SEE! One-millionth of meter (micrometer) Nanoscale objects are 1,000 times SMALLER!!! 6-8 µm
… ..SMALLER THAN YOU CAN SEE! Viruses 3-50 nm DNA 2.5 nm Atoms <1 nm A nanometer is one-BILLIONTH of a meter!! Buckyball ~...
MEDIEVAL NANOTECHNOLOGISTS <ul><li>Recipe for Stained glass: </li></ul><ul><li>Sand </li></ul><ul><li>Chemicals to lower t...
THINGS ARE DIFFERENT….. Size really does matter! Bulk Nano
THINGS ARE DIFFERENT….. Size really does matter! Bulk Nano Nanoparticles interact differently with light.
Chang, Kenneth. “Tiny is Beautiful: Translating ‘Nano’ Into Practical.”  New York Times  22 Feb 2005: Science. CHANGING TH...
Chang, Kenneth. “Tiny is Beautiful: Translating ‘Nano’ Into Practical.”  New York Times  22 Feb 2005: Science. CHANGING TH...
GOLD NANOPARTICLES TODAY <ul><li>How does it work? </li></ul><ul><li>Nanoshells absorb infrared light, which causes them t...
SILVER NANOPARTICLES TODAY Silver nanoparticles are used to kill bacteria in: Athletic apparel Socks Refrigerators Plastic...
YOUR TURN! You
YOUR TURN! <ul><li>Two Activities: </li></ul><ul><li>Collaborative Stained glass panel </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(color in the...
<ul><li>Thank you! </li></ul>This project was supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. ESI-0532536.  A...
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Nanostained Glass cart demo

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A presentation for the Nanostained Glass cart demo on NISEnet.org

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Nanostained Glass cart demo

  1. 1. STAINED GLASS TO CANCER TREATMENT? Nanotechnology : then and now!
  2. 2. SIMILAR….YET VERY DIFFERENT Depiction of a forest glass shop from Sir John Mandeville's Travels , dated 1420 – 1450. British Library, London
  3. 3. SIMILAR….YET VERY DIFFERENT Both show NANOTECHNOLOGISTS!! Depiction of a forest glass shop from Sir John Mandeville's Travels , dated 1420 – 1450. British Library, London
  4. 4. WHAT IS NANOTECHNOLOGY? Nanotechnology is the understanding and control of matter at dimensions of roughly 1 to 100 nanometers, where unique phenomena enable novel applications. Encompassing nanoscale science, engineering and technology, nanotechnology involves imaging, measuring, modeling, and manipulating matter at this length scale. --National Nanotechnology Initiative (2003) … But what does that mean?
  5. 5. WHAT IS NANOTECHNOLOGY? … How small is extremely small? <ul><li>The nanometer is extremely small. </li></ul><ul><li>At the nanometer scale, many materials behave differently . </li></ul><ul><li>We can harness this new behavior to make new technologies. </li></ul>
  6. 6. EXACTLY HOW SMALL IS NANO? meter 1/100 th of a meter (centimeter) 1/1000 th of a meter (millimeter) All these are still visible with your eyes. 1/10 th of a meter
  7. 7. … ..SMALLER THAN YOU CAN SEE! One-millionth of meter (micrometer) Nanoscale objects are 1,000 times SMALLER!!! 6-8 µm
  8. 8. … ..SMALLER THAN YOU CAN SEE! Viruses 3-50 nm DNA 2.5 nm Atoms <1 nm A nanometer is one-BILLIONTH of a meter!! Buckyball ~1 nm Nanotube ~1 nm
  9. 9. MEDIEVAL NANOTECHNOLOGISTS <ul><li>Recipe for Stained glass: </li></ul><ul><li>Sand </li></ul><ul><li>Chemicals to lower the melting point of sand </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sodium carbonate (soda ash) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Calcium oxide (lime) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Chemicals to create the color </li></ul><ul><li>Lots of heat! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mixture becomes molten at 1500 °F </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. THINGS ARE DIFFERENT….. Size really does matter! Bulk Nano
  11. 11. THINGS ARE DIFFERENT….. Size really does matter! Bulk Nano Nanoparticles interact differently with light.
  12. 12. Chang, Kenneth. “Tiny is Beautiful: Translating ‘Nano’ Into Practical.” New York Times 22 Feb 2005: Science. CHANGING THE SIZE OF THE GOLD PARTICLES AFFECTS THEIR COLOR Size=25 nm Shape: spherical Color: RED Size=50 nm Shape: spherical Color: GREEN Size=100 nm Shape: spherical Color: ORANGE
  13. 13. Chang, Kenneth. “Tiny is Beautiful: Translating ‘Nano’ Into Practical.” New York Times 22 Feb 2005: Science. CHANGING THE SIZE AND SHAPE OF THE SILVER PARTICLES AFFECTS THEIR COLOR Size=100 nm Shape: spherical Color: YELLOW Size=40 nm Shape: spherical Color: BLUE Size=100 nm Shape: triangular Color: RED
  14. 14. GOLD NANOPARTICLES TODAY <ul><li>How does it work? </li></ul><ul><li>Nanoshells absorb infrared light, which causes them to heat up. </li></ul><ul><li>Infrared light does not harm healthy tissue. </li></ul><ul><li>Nanoshells are coated with molecules that target cancer cells. </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing the temperature of the cancer cells by more than 54°F kills them </li></ul>glass bead N. Halas, J. West (Rice University); Hirsch , et al. PNAS. 100: 13549 (2003 ) 60-100 nm
  15. 15. SILVER NANOPARTICLES TODAY Silver nanoparticles are used to kill bacteria in: Athletic apparel Socks Refrigerators Plastic containers Washing machines
  16. 16. YOUR TURN! You
  17. 17. YOUR TURN! <ul><li>Two Activities: </li></ul><ul><li>Collaborative Stained glass panel </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(color in the pattern using the dropper as a paint brush) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Take home your own stained “glass” window </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(snip off some pieces of stained “glass” and laminate them in the card) </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>Thank you! </li></ul>This project was supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. ESI-0532536. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Foundation .

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