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“ Getting information off the Internet is like taking a drink from a fire hydrant.”
What is Information Literacy ?
Information Literacy, which encompasses knowledge of one's information needs and the ability to identify, locate, evaluate, organize and effectively use information to address issues or problems at hand, is a prerequisite for participating effectively in the information society, and is part of the basic human right of life long learning. The Prague Declaration (2003)
The ALA Definition
Information literacy is a set of abilities that enables an individual to “recognize when information is needed and have the ability to effectively locate, evaluate, and use the needed information."
American Library Association. Presidential Committee on Information Literacy. Final Report. (Chicago: American Library Association, 1989). http://www.ala.org/acrl/nili/ilit1st.html
“ Information literacy is the ability to locate, evaluate, manage and use information from a range of sources for problem solving, decision making and research.“
Bruce, C . and P.C Candy (1995). Developing information literate graduates: prompts for good practice. The Learning Link: information literacy in practice . D. Booker. Adelaide, AUSLIB press: 245-252.
Mastering in Information Literacy (IL) directly and indirectly facilitates promoting :
Learning to Learn
Learning to Teach
Teaching to Learn
Teaching to Teach
These processes would lively involve in the modern method of 3P (PPP) system of teaching.
3P = Participate ; Present; Practice
Information seeking strategies: Brainstorm all possible sources, select the best sources
Location and access: Locate sources, Find information within sources
Task definition: Define the problem, identify the information needed
Use of information: Engage, extract relevant information
Synthesis: Organize information, present the result
Evaluation: Judge the result and the process
[ Eisenberg and Berkowitz (1996 ) ]
Identify —subject, audience, keywords and plan strategy;
Explore —resources required, information available;
Select —relevant information; stages of work, appropriate citations;
Organize —information earlier selected, between fact, fiction and opinion;
Create —information in your own words, revise and edit and create bibliography;
Present —share information with appropriate audience; display in appropriate format;
Assess —feedback; self-assessment and assessment with teacher;
Apply —review feedback and apply to next learning activity.
Prof. Russell Bowden, in his keynote address published in the Proceedings of the Information Skills for Learning: Part II "Empowering-8" International Workshop Sponsored by IFLA ALP, UNESCO-IFAP5 in 2005
Information Literacy - Empowering-8 Model
Why is Information Literacy important?
Equips individuals to be self-directed, lifelong learners
Goes beyond knowing how to use a computer or learning one specific interface
Highlights the global nature of information
Includes critical evaluation of information
Allows for transfer of knowledge
Allows for informed decision making
Information literate person should have:
Ability to utilize information technology
Knowledge of information sources
Knowledge of information-seeking processes
Ability to organize and control information
Ability to use info to develop a new knowledge base
Ability to use info to extend one’s knowledge base
Ability to use info wisely for the good of others
Standards or Outcomes
Information Literacy Competency (ILC )
focuses on five (05) broad abilities:
to recognize the need for information
to know how to access information
to understand how to evaluate information
to know how to synthesize information
to be able to communicate information
an information literate person is one who: recognizes that accurate and complete information is the basis for intelligent decision making; recognizes the need for information; formulates questions based on information needs; identifies potential sources of information; develops successful search strategies;
Contd./ accesses sources of information including computer-based and other technologies; evaluates information; organizes information for practical application; integrates new information into an existing body of knowledge; uses information in critical thinking and problem solving.
What is Lifelong Learning? Lifelong learning is the concept that "It's never too soon or too late for learning“ Wikipedia A lifelong learning framework encompasses learning throughout the life cycle, from birth to grave and in different learning environments, formal, non-formal and informal. The World Bank Group
Why Lifelong Learning is Essential ? People who are successful Lifelong Learners start with a belief that their participation in lifelong learning is an essential ingredient to living a fulfilled life.
Image by Courosa
learning is a great activity.
I t expands your viewpoint.
It gives you new knowledge you can use to improve your life.
Even if you discount the worldly benefits, the act of learning can be a source of enjoyment
But in a busy world, it can often be hard to fit in time to learn anything that isn’t essential.
The only things learned are those that need to be.
Everything beyond that is considered frivolous.
Even those who do appreciate the practice of lifelong learning, can find it difficult to make the effort.
Fifteen steps to cultivate Lifelong Learning (LLN)
1. Always have a book.
2. Keep a “To-Learn” List
3. Get More Intellectual Friends
4. Guided Thinking
5 Put it Into Practice
6. Teach Others
7. Clean Your Input
8. Learn in Groups
Contd./ 9. Unlearn Assumptions 10. Find Jobs that Encourage Learning 11. Start a Project 12. Follow Your Intuition 13. The Morning Fifteen 14. Reap the Rewards 15. Make it a Priority [http://www.lifehack.org/articles/lifestyle/15-steps-to-cultivate-lifelong-learning.html ]
Benefits of Lifelong Learning for Adults 50-plus
Keeps your mind sharp * Improves memory
Offers an inexpensive way to try something new
Saves money as you learn to “do it yourself”
Gives you a feeling of accomplishment
Helps you meet people who share your interests
Builds on skills you already have
Offers an opportunity to learn a new skill or trade