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Global catastrophic risks are risks that seriously threaten human well-being on a global scale. An immensely diverse collection of events could constitute global catastrophes: potential factors range from volcanic eruptions to epidemic infections, nuclear accidents to worldwide tyrannies, out-of-control scientific experiments to climatic changes, and cosmic hazards to economic collapse. This paper outlines how catastrophe exposures place special demands on insurer capitalization and require a distinct risk management approach. The interaction or co-variance (versus independence) of the various risks, a company faces, is an important factor in determining the company’s total capital requirements.