Module 5 begins with a case study that shows how diet and medications impact Maria's journey to kidney failure and reviews how to modify meal plans to lower sodium, phosphorus, and potassium. Simple graphics are provided to help clients learn how they can prepare for renal replacement therapy – Hemodialysis (HD), peritoneal dialysis (PD), and kidney transplantation. Learn how HD and PD treatments differ and review why the diet requirements are not the same. The pros and cons of each option are included. Numerous patient resources are shown for use when discussing treatment options. The entire program content is briefly reviewed at the end.