National Aeronautics and Space Administration      John W. Hines    Chief TechnologistNASA-Ames Research Center           ...
NASA-Ames Research Center                          National Aeronautics and Space Administration                          ...
NASA	  Ames:7	  Decades	  of	  Innova3on	  2010+	                                                                         ...
National Aeronautics and Space Administration•    ISS•    Free Flyers•    Asteroids•    Moon•    Mars•    Beyond          ...
Space Missions Directorate             National Aeronautics and Space Administration                                      ...
National Aeronautics and Space AdministrationMars Science Laboratorywww.nasa.gov
Kepler Spacecraft            hJp://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/kepler/	  Kepler	  is	  a	  space	  observatory	  launched	 ...
National Aeronautics and Space Administration                                                 Small Satellites	www.nasa.go...
National Aeronautics and Space Administration                             Innovation in Small Satellites         •  Lunar ...
GeneSat-­‐1	                                       PharmaSat-­‐1	                    Nanosail-­‐D	                        ...
ISS National Laboratory – ISS Utilization   Platform-Agnostic Space Payloads
Multi-user EXPRESS                 National Aeronautics and Space AdministrationRacksMiddeck locker scale instruments inva...
National Aeronautics and Space Administrationwww.nasa.gov
National Aeronautics and Space Administrationwww.nasa.gov
National Aeronautics and Space Administration                           Planetary Hitch Hiker	                            ...
National Aeronautics and Space Administration                 Heliophysics Priorities                                     ...
National Aeronautics and Space Administration                                    Innovative SmallSat                      ...
National Aeronautics and Space Administrationwww.nasa.gov
•      Food	  Produc3on	  	  •      Biological-­‐ISRU	  	  •      Advanced	  Sensors	  	  •      Advanced	  Materials	  • ...
National Aeronautics and Space Administration          Innovation in Science                                              ...
National Aeronautics and Space Administration                Innovation in Aeronautics                                    ...
National Aeronautics and Space Administration                  Innovation in Technology                                   ...
Solar	  System	  Internet	  •  Extends	  the	  reach	  of	  the	  Earth’s	  Internet	  	  across	  the	     solar	  system...
Possible Areas of Future Activities 	                   National Aeronautics and Space AdministrationCharacteristics: *	• ...
National Aeronautics and Space Administrationwww.nasa.gov
Space Technology Grand Challenges                                 National Aeronautics and Space AdministrationSpace	  Tec...
Technology	  and	  InnovaRon	  Strategy	                                   …	  Addressing	  Global	  Needs	               ...
National Aeronautics and Space Administration                Innovation in Outreach and                        EducationIn...
National Aeronautics and Space Administration  Thanx for your attention!www.nasa.gov
National Aeronautics and Space Administrationwww.nasa.gov
National Aeronautics and Space Administrationhttp://www.nasa.gov/offices/oct/home/index.html      www.nasa.gov
OCT - Complete Technology Maturation Pipeline               National Aeronautics and Space Administration      •  Space Te...
NASA	  SPACE	  TECHNOLOGY	  ROADMAP	                   TECHNICAL	  AREA	  BREAKDOWN	  STRUCTURE	  National Aeronautics and...
Big Nine Projects                    36	  
National Aeronautics and Space Administration    NASA                                                            Small	  S...
National Aeronautics and Space AdministrationActive Initiatives   1. Small Spacecraft and Missions Enterprise (SSME)   2. ...
Technology Development at NASA
Technology Development at NASA
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Technology Development at NASA

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Technology Development at NASA

  1. 1. National Aeronautics and Space Administration John W. Hines Chief TechnologistNASA-Ames Research Center in  Silicon  Valley...   …Innova0on  starts  here   www.nasa.gov August, 2012
  2. 2. NASA-Ames Research Center National Aeronautics and Space Administration San Francisco Bay Area CA, USAStanford Ames in  Silicon  Valley...   …Innova0on  starts  here www.nasa.gov  
  3. 3. NASA  Ames:7  Decades  of  Innova3on  2010+   NASA     Lunar     Science     InsRtute   PhoneSat   X-­‐36   2000   TekRtes   Human  Centered     Pioneer   CompuRng   OOREOS  Flight  Simulator   Blunt  Body     Galileo   1990   Concept   Viking   1980   Lunar  Prospector   LCROSS   Pioneer   Venus   Air   Transonic     TransportaRon     Flow   Life  Sciences     Research   1970   System   Li2ing  Body   Tiltrotor   Kepler   Astrobiology   NASA  Research  Park   1960   Swept-­‐   Back/Wing   Flight     Kuiper  Observatory   Research   ER-­‐2   Nanotechnology   SOFIA   1950   CFD  Conical  Camber  1940   Arcjet  Research   Hypervelocity  Free  Flight   80x120  Wind  Tunnel   One  of  the  World’s  Fastest     OperaRonal  Supercomputers  
  4. 4. National Aeronautics and Space Administration•  ISS•  Free Flyers•  Asteroids•  Moon•  Mars•  Beyond www.nasa.gov
  5. 5. Space Missions Directorate National Aeronautics and Space Administration Observation and Discover how theTo develop a scientific Understanding theunderstanding of Earths Sun, Heliosphere, discovery of our solar universe works,system and its response and Planetary system’s planetary explore how the objects. …strategy based universe began andto natural or human- Environments as a on progressing from developed into itsinduced changes, and single connectedto improve prediction of system flybys, to orbiting, to present form, andclimate, weather, and landing, to roving and search for Earth-like finally to returning planets.natural hazards. samples from planetary-Atmospheric Composition • Heliosphere bodies Planets Around Other-Weather • Magnetospheres Stars-Carbon Cycle & • Inner Solar System • Space Environment The Big BangEcosystems • Outer Solar System Dark Energy, Dark Matter-Water & Energy Cycles • Small Bodies of the Solar Stars-Climate Variability & System GalaxiesChange • Mars Program Planning www.nasa.gov Black Holes-Earth Surface & Interior
  6. 6. National Aeronautics and Space AdministrationMars Science Laboratorywww.nasa.gov
  7. 7. Kepler Spacecraft hJp://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/kepler/  Kepler  is  a  space  observatory  launched  by  NASA  to  discover  Earth-­‐like  planets  orbi3ng  other  stars.  The  spacecraE,  named  in  honor  of  the  17th-­‐century  German  astronomer  Johannes  Kepler,      Launch  date:  March  7,  2009  3:49  AM  Orbit  height:  92,955,807  miles  (149,597,871  km)  Speed  on  orbit:  3.661  miles/s  (5.892  km/s)  Cost:  US$  550  million  Launch  site:  Cape  Canaveral  Air  Force  StaRon  Launch  Complex  17  Manufacturer:  Ball  Aerospace     Photometer  |    Kepler  Planet  Count   The  Kepler  photometer    is  basically  a  Schmidt  telescope  design  with  a  Confirmed  Planets:  74   0.95-­‐meter  aperture  and  a  105  square  deg  (about  12  degree  Planet  Candidates:  2,321   diameter)  field-­‐of-­‐view  (FOV).  It  is  pointed  at  and  records  data  from  just  a  single  Eclipsing  Binary  Stars:  2,165   group  of  stars  for  the  three  and  one-­‐half  or  more  year  duraRon  of  the  mission.  The   photometer  is  composed  of  just  one  "instrument,"  which  is,  an  array  of  42  CCDs  (charge   coupled  devices).  Each  50x25  mm  CCD  has  2200x1024  pixels.  
  8. 8. National Aeronautics and Space Administration Small Satellites www.nasa.gov Synthetic Biology
  9. 9. National Aeronautics and Space Administration Innovation in Small Satellites •  Lunar Crater Observation and Sensing Satellite (LCROSS) - Lunar Kinetic Impactor Mission to explore the presence and nature of water ice on the Moon. •  Lunar Atmosphere and Dust Environment Explorer (LADEE) - Will seek new information about the tenuous lunar atmosphere and dust environment. •  Pharmasat - Fully-automated, miniaturized triple cubesat spaceflight system for biological payloads. •  O/OREOS - studies how exposure to space changes organic molecules and biology. •  IRIS will use a solar telescope and spectrographto explore the solar chromospheres. www.nasa.gov
  10. 10. GeneSat-­‐1   PharmaSat-­‐1   Nanosail-­‐D   O/OREOS  
  11. 11. ISS National Laboratory – ISS Utilization Platform-Agnostic Space Payloads
  12. 12. Multi-user EXPRESS National Aeronautics and Space AdministrationRacksMiddeck locker scale instruments invarious research disciplines such asbiotechnology and plant research Sub-rack class payloads and facilitiesCubeLab NanoLab European Space Agency Astronaut Thomas Reiter, Expedition 13 Flight Engineer, installing the EMCS facility into the EXPRESS Rack 3A. 10 J. Robinson www.nasa.gov
  13. 13. National Aeronautics and Space Administrationwww.nasa.gov
  14. 14. National Aeronautics and Space Administrationwww.nasa.gov
  15. 15. National Aeronautics and Space Administration Planetary Hitch Hiker   Green  propulsion  Modularity enables payload,propulsion Comsat  and  ESPA   , and CompaRble   launch 6U  nanosat  dispenser   flexibility. Low-­‐cost  and  versaRle   plakorm   Standardized  nanosat   payloads   www.nasa.gov
  16. 16. National Aeronautics and Space Administration Heliophysics Priorities CINEMAwww.nasa.gov SOHO IRIS
  17. 17. National Aeronautics and Space Administration Innovative SmallSat Architectureswww.nasa.gov
  18. 18. National Aeronautics and Space Administrationwww.nasa.gov
  19. 19. •  Food  Produc3on    •  Biological-­‐ISRU    •  Advanced  Sensors    •  Advanced  Materials  •  Life  support  loop-­‐ closure    •  Space  Medicine    •  Life  Detec3on    •    Scien3fic  Discovery   Vision:  To  harness  biology  in  reliable,  robust,  engineered  systems  to  support  NASA’s  explora<on  and   science  missions,  to  improve  life  on  Earth,  and  to  help  shape  NASA’s  future  
  20. 20. National Aeronautics and Space Administration Innovation in Science UAVs and other Platforms to study storms and firesSensors andInstruments Synthetic Biology and Other Biological Applications And Technologies www.nasa.gov
  21. 21. National Aeronautics and Space Administration Innovation in Aeronautics Advanced aircraft conceptsBiomass energy for fuel Hybrid Rockets Airships www.nasa.gov Fuel Cells
  22. 22. National Aeronautics and Space Administration Innovation in Technology Re-entry Technologies Supercomputing VisualizationExploration Technologies www.nasa.gov Human-Machine Interfaces
  23. 23. Solar  System  Internet  •  Extends  the  reach  of  the  Earth’s  Internet    across  the   solar  system  via  “Disrup0on  Tolerant   Networking”  (DTN)  communica0ons  protocols  •  Layered  open  architecture  supports  evolu0on  and   interna0onal  interoperability  
  24. 24. Possible Areas of Future Activities National Aeronautics and Space AdministrationCharacteristics: * • Anticipatory (ability to anticipate futureevents on basis of current data) • Collaborative (ability to cooperate withother systems) • Curious (motivation to explore, investigate,and discover) • Self-modeling (ability to reason about itsown changing status) • Adaptive (functionality change over time tomeet changing needs) • Self-Repairing (ability to reconfigure and/or repair itself autonomously) • Biologically-inspired sensor fusion &sensory-guided motor control • Portability (ability to be effortlessly mobilewith no compromise of function)” www.nasa.gov
  25. 25. National Aeronautics and Space Administrationwww.nasa.gov
  26. 26. Space Technology Grand Challenges National Aeronautics and Space AdministrationSpace  Technology  Grand  Challenges:  a  set  of  important  space-­‐related  problems  that  must  be  solved  to  efficiently  and  economically  achieve  our  missions.  We  will  use  the  Space  Technology  Grand  Challenges  with  the  Space  Technology  Roadmaps  to  priori3ze  our  technology  por[olio  with  an  eye  towards  the  Agency’s  future.   More  InformaRon  at    hlp://www.nasa.gov/offices/oct/strategic_integraRon/grand_challenges_detail.html  OFFICE OF THE CHIEF TECHNOLOGIST www.nasa.gov www.nasa.gov/oct 28
  27. 27. Technology  and  InnovaRon  Strategy   …  Addressing  Global  Needs   NaRonal   Technology   Commercial,   DoD,   Defense   And  Economic   Entrepreneural   And   CompeRRveness   Other  Gov,   Security   Space   SoluRon   InternaRonal   Industry;   Space   Academia   Space   Research,   Development,   And   ExploraRon  Spin-­‐off  Technologies  for   Robust  Aerospace  Non-­‐Space  ApplicaRons   Industry  &   CompeRRve   NASA  Missions   Advantage  
  28. 28. National Aeronautics and Space Administration Innovation in Outreach and EducationInstituting Science in Schools, Yuri’s NightChabot Science Center Education DayExploration Day at Ames www.nasa.gov
  29. 29. National Aeronautics and Space Administration Thanx for your attention!www.nasa.gov
  30. 30. National Aeronautics and Space Administrationwww.nasa.gov
  31. 31. National Aeronautics and Space Administrationhttp://www.nasa.gov/offices/oct/home/index.html www.nasa.gov
  32. 32. OCT - Complete Technology Maturation Pipeline National Aeronautics and Space Administration •  Space Technology Research Grants •  Flight Opportunities •  NASA Innovative •  Game Advanced Concepts Changing (NIAC) Development •  Center Innovation •  Technology Fund Demonstration •  Franklin Missions •  Centennial Small Challenges Prize Satellite Subsystem •  Edison Small •  Small Business Technologies Satellite Innovation Research Demonstration & Small Business Technology Transfer Missions (SBIR/STTR)OFFICE OF THE CHIEF TECHNOLOGIST www.nasa.gov www.nasa.gov/oct 5
  33. 33. NASA  SPACE  TECHNOLOGY  ROADMAP   TECHNICAL  AREA  BREAKDOWN  STRUCTURE  National Aeronautics and Space Administrationwww.nasa.gov
  34. 34. Big Nine Projects 36  
  35. 35. National Aeronautics and Space Administration NASA Small  Spacecra2   National Missions Systems  and   Interests Technologies Sustainable  and   Biological   Sustaining   Technologies  and   Technologies ApplicaRons Space  and  Earth   Nano-­‐  and  Micro-­‐   Science  and   Technologies  and   Systems ARC Space  Physics   Technologies  and   ApplicaRons Technology Sensors,  Instruments,   Expertise Human  and   RoboRc   Devices,Materials  ,   Photonics,  OpRcs,   Areas ExploraRon   Technologies Imaging AeronauRcs   InformaRon  Systems,   ComputaRon,   CommunicaRons,  and   Commercial,  Hypersonics,  EDL   Intelligent  Systems TechnologiesEntrepreneurial STEM Space www.nasa.gov
  36. 36. National Aeronautics and Space AdministrationActive Initiatives 1. Small Spacecraft and Missions Enterprise (SSME) 2. Biological Technologies for Life Beyond Low Earth Orbit (BT4LBLEO) 3.  Science Instruments for Small Missions (SISM) 4.  Advanced Digital Materials and Manufacturing for Space (ADMMS) 5.  Designing High-Confidence Software and Systems (DHCSS) 6.  Cyber-Physical Systems Modeling and Analysis (CPSMA)Other Suggested Initiatives 1.  First Responder, Emergency, and Diasaster Assistance (FREDA) 2.  Emerging Aeronautics Systems and Technologies (EAST) 3.  GREEN Technologies (Technologies for Sustainability) www.nasa.gov 38
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