Spectroscopy of Organics in Space

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  • 1. ir Spectroscopy of Organics in Space (iSOS) POC: Andrew Mattioda, andrew.mattioda@nasa.gov, 650-604-1075 Infrared Spectroscopy Background• Infrared (IR) Spectroscopy is a research workhorse, used to identify, characterize and monitor materials.• IR spectroscopy is used in the field by • Law enforcement for the identification of narcotics • Military for identification of explosives & other hazards • Environmental scientists for the identification of hazardous chemicals • Scientists for the characterization & monitoring of molecules • Industry for quality control• At present, a small, portable, space qualified FTIR to monitor the chemical environment does not exist for use on cube sats, the ISS, manned space flight or robotic missions.
  • 2. ir Spectroscopy of Organics in Space (iSOS) POC: Andrew Mattioda, andrew.mattioda@nasa.gov, 650-604-1075Solution to the IR Spectroscopy in Space problem • In the past, IR spectrometers were large, bulky lab based instruments. • Recently industry developed a small, portable IR spectrometer for use in extreme environments, in the field. • This IR spectrometer has been independently tested for MIL-STD- 810F and IP67 certifications, ensuring its ruggedness for shock, vibration and operation in extreme temperatures. • iSOS will take this COTS spectrometer and configure it for space and cube sat. research.
  • 3. ir Spectroscopy of Organics in Space (iSOS) Point of Contact: Andrew Mattioda, andrew.mattioda@nasa.gov, 650-604-1075 Description/Goals/Objectives/Issues/TRL Concept Image/Customers/TeamConcept Description: Infrared (IR)spectroscopy is the Concept Image:workhorse tool used to identify, characterize, quantify andmonitor materials. Although it is routinely used in hazardouswaste sites, quality control, research, law enforcement, etc., anIR spectrometer does not exist for space exploration. There is aCOTS spectrometer (GSA approved) which can be utilized forsmall sats, robotic and manned space missions.Goals & Objectives: Investigate the COTS IR spectrometer forspace applications, modify it for a cube sat mission investigatingorganics in space and space qualify the spectrometer. Customers: NASA SMD, ESMD, SOMD & Industry forIssues: remote control of the instrument, sampling configureadjustment, resolution improvement (if possible). research, safety and quality controlTRL: 6 to 7 Team: Andrew Mattioda, Emmett Quigley Technical Milestones/Products/Resources Approach/Significance/Application Milestones: Date COTS cube sat sized spectrometer MIL-STDTechnical Approach: Reconfigure a COTS IR 810G certified for operation in extreme Completedspectrometer to function inside a cube sat . temperatures, temperature and functional shock,Significance/Application: A cube sat. sized IR humidity, sand and dust, immersion and vibration.spectrometer would significantly enhance cube sat. Determine best sampling configuration April 2013research opportunities, enable hazards detection in Install spectrometer in cube sat framework June 2013space environments and allow the in-situ Products: Dateidentification of molecules, minerals, etc. in Thermo Scientific TruDefender FTI S1 (GSA) January 2013extraterrestrial environments Resources:Benefit/Outcome: Development of a miniture IR FTE: 0.1spectrometer for research and environmental hazard Procurement: $ 45.5K, mostly for purchase of GSAidentification in space, adding a workhorse tool to potential COTS spectrometercube sat. research opportunities. Travel: $0